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Darwin Correspondence Project

To W. E. Darwin   23 January [1872]1


Jan. 23

My dear W.

Many thanks.— I will wait till after Dividend & chance it.— It will put off bother & it is always pleasant to receive a good dividend.—2

Amy Ruck has sent me some good observations on the fine soil on old ploughed land, being everywhere 212 thick on top of slope & 412 at base of slope.3 And another case of ridges & furrows running down a slope, which were almost obliterated at the base.—

The late storms of wind & rain I see have had great power on the recent castings on our nearly flat field— I saw scores presenting a section, thus


Yours affecty. | C. Darwin

Look, to old ridges on Southampton Common near you, on left going to Southampton 14 or 12 mile beyond the Turnpike.


The year is established by the relationship between this letter and the letter from Amy Ruck to Horace Darwin, [20 January 1872].
The letter from William containing advice on an investment to which this letter is evidently a reply has not been found.


Discusses earthworm activity observed in old ploughed fields.

Letter details

Letter no.
Charles Robert Darwin
William Erasmus Darwin
Sent from
Source of text
Natural History Museum (General Special Collections MSS DAR 34)
Physical description

Please cite as

Darwin Correspondence Project, “Letter no. 8174,” accessed on 18 September 2021,

Also published in The Correspondence of Charles Darwin, vol. 20