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Darwin Correspondence Project

To John Higgins   19 November [1856]1

Down Bromley Kent

Nov. 19th

My dear Sir

I am very glad to hear of the increased Rent, which will make my Farm a very good investment; & I truly thank you for your kind attention to my interests.2

With respect to the £105, I shd. prefer your second plan of a Lien for 15 years; but if you think the other plan of payment with interest to myself at 5 per cent, the fairer plan to Mr Hardy (who seems so excellent a tenant) I have the money & could transmit it immediately; but for myself, as I have said, I shd. prefer the lien.—3

With my very sincere thanks, pray believe me my dear Sir | Your’s very faithfully | Ch. Darwin To | John Higgins Esqe


Dated by the reference to the rent increase on the Beesby farm (see n. 2, below).
John Higgins was the agent for CD’s farm near Beesby, Lincolnshire. According to his Investment book (Down House MS), CD received £215 6s. 5d. rent on his farm on 12 June 1856 and a payment of £238 18s. 8d. on 19 December 1856. Subsequent payments continued to be made at around the higher level.
Francis Hardy was CD’s tenant. A lien was the right to retain possession of another person’s property until the owner paid a debt.


Is very glad to hear of the increased rent. Prefers lien agreement with tenant, Mr Hardy.

Letter details

Letter no.
Charles Robert Darwin
John Higgins
Sent from
Source of text
Lincolnshire Archives (HIG/4/2/1/99)
Physical description

Please cite as

Darwin Correspondence Project, “Letter no. 1993,” accessed on 3 August 2021,

Also published in The Correspondence of Charles Darwin, vol. 6