skip to content

Darwin Correspondence Project

From Ernst Haeckel1   30 December 1876

Jena

30 Dec 76

Hochverehrter theurer Freund!

Zu dem kommenden neuen Jahre wünsche ich Ihnen von Herzen alles Gute und namentlich stetige Befestigung Ihrer Gesundheit, damit Sie unserer Wissenschaft durch weiteren Ausbau Ihrer epochemachenden Theorien noch vielen Nutzen und Fortschritt bringen. Für Ihr neues Werk über “Cross and Self- Fertilisation” sage ich Ihnen meinen herzlichsten Dank.2 Ich hoffe, es bald lesen zu können.

Unter den vielen angenehmen und interessanten Erinnerungen, welche ich von meiner britischen Reise mit zurückgebracht habe, ist mir der Besuch bei Ihnen in Down die liebste und werthvollste, und ich wiederhole Ihnen nochmals meinen herzlichsten Dank dafür, dass Sie mir denselben gestattet und mich so freundlich aufgenommen haben.3 Die mit Ihnen verlebten Stunden werden mir stets unvergesslich sein!

Im Januar erscheint ein neues Journal, welches sich die Förderung des Darwinismus zur besonderen Aufgabe gemacht hat: “Kosmos. Zeitschrift für Entwickelungslehre”. Redacteur ist Dr. Ernst Krause in Berlin (Pseudonym: “Carus Sterne”). Er ist ein sehr geschickter Schriftsteller und hat ein ausgezeichnetes Werk “Entstehen und Vergehen” geschrieben. Das Journal soll ähnlich wie Ihre “Nature” gehalten werden.4

Wir hoffen guten Erfolg davon   Mitredacteure sind Dr. Gustav Jaeger (Stuttgart) und Professor Caspary (Heidelberg). Sie würden dem Kosmos grosse Hülfe leisten, wenn Sie gestatten wollten, dass ihr Name an der Spitze der Mitarbeiter stünde (auch ich gehöre dazu).5 Sie verpflichten sich dadurch zu Nichts! Wir bitten sehr um Ihre Zustimmung!

Die III. Aufl. meiner Anthropogenie haben Sie hoffentlich richtig erhalten. Im Januar sende ich Ihnen den Schluss der “Gastraea- Theorie”.6

Mit herzlichsten Grüssen und hochachtungsvoller Empfehlung an Mrs. Darwin und an Ihre Tochter7 Ihr treu ergebener | Ernst Haeckel

Footnotes

For a translation of this letter, see Appendix I.
Haeckel’s name is on CD’s presentation list for Cross and self fertilisation (see Appendix III).
Haeckel had attended the annual meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science in Glasgow from 6 to 13 September 1876 (Report of the 46th meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science (1876): 153–4). Afterwards he travelled in Scotland (Krauße 1987, p. 133). He visited Down on 26 September 1876 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)).
Ernst Ludwig Krause was one of the editors of Kosmos: Zeitschrift für einheitliche Weltanschauung auf Grund der Entwickelungslehre in Verbindung mit Charles Darwin und Ernst Haeckel (Kosmos: journal for uniform worldview based on the theory of evolution as proposed by Charles Darwin and Ernst Haeckel). The first issue was published in April 1877; for more on the founding of the journal and its relation to other popular science journals at this time, see Daum 1998, pp. 359–69. Under the pseudonym Carus Sterne, Krause had published Werden und Vergehen: eine Entwicklungsgeschichte des Naturganzen in gemeinverständlicher Fassung (Genesis and decline: a history of the whole of nature in popular form; Krause 1876). CD’s copy is in the Darwin Library–CUL. Nature, a weekly illustrated journal of science, was first published in November 1869 and aimed to communicate scientific work to a general audience and to raise its status in education and daily life (Nature, 4 November 1869, p. 1; for more on the setting up of the journal and its editorial policy, see Roos 1981 and Baldwin 2015, pp. 21–47).
The co-editors of Kosmos were Gustav Jäger and Otto Caspari. CD’s and Haeckel’s names appeared in the full title of the journal (see n. 4, above).
CD’s copy of the third edition of Anthropogenie: oder, Entwickelungsgeschichte des Menschen (Anthropogeny, or the developmental history of humans; Haeckel 1877) is in the Darwin Library–Down. The final part of Haeckel’s Biologische Studien: Studien zur Gastraea-Theorie (Haeckel 1870–7) was published in 1877; all the parts are in the Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL.
Elizabeth Darwin.

Bibliography

Baldwin, Melinda. 2015. Making Nature: the history of a scientific journal. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Cross and self fertilisation: The effects of cross and self fertilisation in the vegetable kingdom. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1876.

Daum, Andreas W. 1998. Wissenschaftspopularisierung im 19. Jahrhundert: bürgerliche Kultur, naturwissenschaftliche Bildung und die deutsche Offentlichkeit, 1848–1914. Munich: R. Oldenbourg.

Haeckel, Ernst. 1870–7. Biologische Studien. 2 vols. Vol. 1: Studien über Moneren und andere Protisten. Vol. 2: Studien zur Gastraea-theorie. Leipzig: Engelmann. Jena: H. Dufft.

Krauße, Erika. 1987. Ernst Haeckel. 2d edition. Leipzig: B. G. Teubner.

Roos, David A. 1981. The ‘aims and intentions’ of Nature. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 360: 159–80.

Translation

From Ernst Haeckel1   30 December 1876

Jena

30 Dec 76

Highly honoured, dear friend!

For the coming new year, I wish you with all my heart all the best, particularly a steady improvement of your health, so you may bring even more benefits and progress to our science through further development of your epoch-making theories. For your new work on “Cross and Self-Fertilisation” I send you my most heartfelt thanks.2 I hope to be able to read it soon.

Among the many agreeable and interesting memories that I brought back from my British journey, visiting you at Down is the dearest and most valuable. Let me thank you yet again for allowing me to come and for receiving me so kindly.3 The hours spent with you will always be unforgettable to me!

In January a new journal will appear, which has made the promotion of Darwinism it its special mission: “Kosmos. Zeitschrift für Entwickelungslehre”. The editor is Dr. Ernst Krause of Berlin (pseudonym: “Carus Sterne”). He is a very skilled writer and has written an outstanding work, “Entstehen und Vergehen”. The journal is expected to be similar to your “Nature”.4

We are hoping for much success   The co-editors are Dr. Gustav Jaeger (Stuttgart) and Professor Caspary (Heidelberg). You would help Kosmos greatly by giving permission for your name to head the list of contributors (mine, too, is on it).5 You would be under no obligation! We strongly urge you to agree!

Hopefully you have duly received the III. edition of my Anthropogenie. In January I will send you the conclusion of the “Gastraea-Theorie”.6

With the most cordial greetings and my most respectful regards to Mrs Darwin and to your daughter7 Yours truly devoted | Ernst Haeckel

Footnotes

For a transcription of this letter in its original German, see p. 406.
Haeckel’s name is on CD’s presentation list for Cross and self fertilisation (see Appendix III).
Haeckel had attended the annual meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science in Glasgow from 6 to 13 September 1876 (Report of the 46th meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science (1876): 153–4). Afterwards he travelled in Scotland (Krauße 1987, p. 133). He visited Down on 26 September 1876 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)).
Ernst Ludwig Krause was one of the editors of Kosmos: Zeitschrift für einheitliche Weltanschauung auf Grund der Entwickelungslehre in Verbindung mit Charles Darwin und Ernst Haeckel (Kosmos: journal for uniform worldview based on the theory of evolution as proposed by Charles Darwin and Ernst Haeckel). The first issue was published in April 1877; for more on the founding of the journal and its relation to other popular science journals at this time, see Daum 1998, pp. 359–69. Under the pseudonym Carus Sterne, Krause had published Werden und Vergehen: eine Entwicklungsgeschichte des Naturganzen in gemeinverständlicher Fassung (Genesis and decline: a history of the whole of nature in popular form; Krause 1876). CD’s copy is in the Darwin Library–CUL. Nature, a weekly illustrated journal of science, was first published in November 1869 and aimed to communicate scientific work to a general audience and to raise its status in education and daily life (Nature, 4 November 1869, p. 1; for more on the setting up of the journal and its editorial policy, see Roos 1981 and Baldwin 2015, pp. 21–47).
The co-editors of Kosmos were Gustav Jäger and Otto Caspari. CD’s and Haeckel’s names appeared in the full title of the journal (see n. 4, above).
CD’s copy of the third edition of Anthropogenie: oder, Entwickelungsgeschichte des Menschen (Anthropogeny, or the developmental history of humans; Haeckel 1877) is in the Darwin Library–Down. The final part of Haeckel’s Biologische Studien: Studien zur Gastraea-Theorie (Haeckel 1870–7) was published in 1877; all the parts are in the Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL.
Elizabeth Darwin.

Bibliography

Baldwin, Melinda. 2015. Making Nature: the history of a scientific journal. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Cross and self fertilisation: The effects of cross and self fertilisation in the vegetable kingdom. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1876.

Daum, Andreas W. 1998. Wissenschaftspopularisierung im 19. Jahrhundert: bürgerliche Kultur, naturwissenschaftliche Bildung und die deutsche Offentlichkeit, 1848–1914. Munich: R. Oldenbourg.

Haeckel, Ernst. 1870–7. Biologische Studien. 2 vols. Vol. 1: Studien über Moneren und andere Protisten. Vol. 2: Studien zur Gastraea-theorie. Leipzig: Engelmann. Jena: H. Dufft.

Krauße, Erika. 1987. Ernst Haeckel. 2d edition. Leipzig: B. G. Teubner.

Roos, David A. 1981. The ‘aims and intentions’ of Nature. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 360: 159–80.

Summary

Describes new journal, Kosmos, to be edited by Ernst Krause. Asks CD to lend his name to journal.

Has sent Anthropogenie, 3d ed.

Will send his study [Biologische Studien, pt 2: Studien zur Gastraea-theorie (1877)] in January.

Thanks CD for hospitality at Down.

Letter details

Letter no.
DCP-LETT-10738
From
Ernst Philipp August (Ernst) Haeckel
To
Charles Robert Darwin
Sent from
Jena
Source of text
DAR 166: 69
Physical description
4pp (German)

Please cite as

Darwin Correspondence Project, “Letter no. 10738,” accessed on 25 September 2021, https://www.darwinproject.ac.uk/letter/DCP-LETT-10738.xml

Also published in The Correspondence of Charles Darwin, vol. 24

letter