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To C. J. F. Bunbury   9 May [1856]

Summary

On geographical dispersal of plants. Would be interested in CJFB’s views on representative species and on his hypothesis of a mundane cold period, which CD cannot prove geologically, but thinks, if it explains many facts of geographical distribution, may be admitted as probable. Hooker and Alphonse de Candolle do not agree with him.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles James Fox Bunbury, 8th baronet
Date:  9 May [1856]
Classmark:  Suffolk Record Office, Bury St Edmunds (Bunbury Family Papers E18/700/1/9/6)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1871

Matches: 1 hit

  • … DCP-LETT-1871

To William Preyer   30 April 1871

Summary

Is sending copy of Descent.

Thanks for copy of WP’s book [Die Blutkrystalle (1871)].

Discusses shape of external ear.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Thierry (William) Preyer
Date:  30 Apr 1871
Classmark:  DAR 147: 265–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7729

Matches: 16 hits

  • … To William Preyer   30 April 1871
  • … DAR 147: 265–7 Charles Robert Darwin Down 30 Apr 1871 William Thierry (William) Preyer …
  • … Thanks for copy of WP’s book [ Die Blutkrystalle (1871)]. Discusses shape of external ear. …
  • … See letter from William Preyer, 27 April 1871  and n.  7. …
  • … See annotations to letter from Hubert Airy, 3 April 1871  and n.  3. …
  • … See letter from William Preyer, 27 April 1871  and n.  8. …
  • … See letter from William Preyer, 27 April 1871  and n.  2. …
  • … in relation to sex. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. Müller, …
  • … Wilhelm. 1871. Beiträge zur pathologischen Anatomie und Physiologie des menschlichen …
  • … Leipzig: Voss. Preyer, William Thierry. 1871. Die Blutkrystalle. Jena: Mauke’s Verlag. …
  • … See letter from William Preyer, 27 April 1871 . CD refers to the presentation list for …
  • … 19, Appendix IV. See letter from William Preyer, 27 April 1871  and n.  3. CD refers to …
  • … CD refers to Preyer’s Die Blutkrystalle ( Preyer 1871 ) and Wilhelm Müller’s Beiträge zur …
  • … Anatomie und Physiologie des menschlichen Rückenmarks ( W.  Müller 1871 ); see letter from …
  • … William Preyer, 27 April 1871  and nn.  5 and 6. …
  • … April 30. 1871. My Dear Sir, I am very much obliged for your extremely kind letter. — …

To A. R. Wallace   24 March [1871]

Summary

On the flourishing sales of their respective books. Mentions reviews of Descent in Pall Mall Gazette [21 Mar 1871] and in the Spectator [11 Mar 1871, pp. 288–9; 18 Mar 1871, pp. 319–20].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  24 Mar [1871]
Classmark:  The British Library (Add MS 46434)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7616

Matches: 14 hits

  • … To A.  R.  Wallace   24 March [1871] …
  • … Library (Add MS 46434) Charles Robert Darwin Down 24 Mar [1871] Alfred Russel Wallace …
  • … and selection in relation to sex. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. …
  • … books. Mentions reviews of Descent in Pall Mall Gazette [21 Mar 1871] and in the …
  • … Spectator [11 Mar 1871, pp. …
  • … 288–9; 18 Mar 1871, pp. 319–20]. …
  • … Wallace 1871b), published in the second half of March 1871 ( Publishers’ Circular , …
  • … 1 April 1871, p.  211). CD’s copy is in the Darwin Library–Down. The …
  • … see letter from John Murray, 22 March 1871 ). CD refers to Philip Brookes Mason. See …
  • … letter to P.  B.  Mason, 24 March [1871] and n.  1. …
  • … letter from Wallace is that of [15 March 1871]; CD had already acknowledged it ( letter to …
  • … A.  R.  Wallace, 16 March 1871 ). CD refers to the …
  • … second part of [Morley] 1871a, which appeared on 21 March 1871, and to a review in …
  • … the Spectator , 11 and 18 March 1871, pp.  288–9 and 319–20. …

From J. W. Spengel   10 May 1871

Summary

Thanks CD for his letter referring to JWS’s bibliographical paper ["Darwinian bibliography", Z. Ethnol. 3 (1871): 56–67]. Will be glad to inform CD of any additions to the list and would be grateful for information on future publications.

Author:  Johann Wilhelm Spengel
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 May 1871
Classmark:  DAR 177: 235
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7751

Matches: 24 hits

  • … From J.  W.  Spengel   10 May 1871
  • … DAR 177: 235 Johann Wilhelm Spengel Berlin 10 May 1871 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Darwinian bibliography", Z. Ethnol. 3 (1871): 56–67]. Will be glad to inform CD of any …
  • … in relation to sex. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. Du Bois- …
  • … Reymond, Emil Heinrich. 1871. Das Kaiserreich und der Friede; Leibnizische Gedanken in den …
  • … Naturgeschichte 36(1): 235–43. Wagner, Moritz. 1871. Neue Beiträge zu den Streitfragen des …
  • … Dorotheenstrasse 66 | Berlin, May 10. 1871. Dear Sir I have been very glad to receive this …
  • … Darwins, kritisch betrachtet. München 1871. E.  du Bois-Reymond. (Das Kaiserreich und der …
  • … preuss. Akademie der Wissenschaften. Berlin 1871 E.  v. Hartmann. Die Philosophie des …
  • … Abänderung der Arten. Naturforscher.  1871. No 15. Die Theorie der “natürlichen Zuchtwahl” …
  • … naturwissenschaftliche Vorträge) Wien, 1871 D.  Riolacci. La théorie de Darwin. Conférence …
  • … 2nd ed. Berlin: C. Dunker. Huber, Johannes. 1871. Die Lehre Darwin’s kritisch betrachtet. …
  • … Vienna: n.p. Spengel, Johann Wilhelm. 1871. Die Darwinsche Theorie. Verzeichniss der in …
  • … been found. The reference is to Spengel 1871 , a bibliography of works on Darwinian theory …
  • … and Italian. There are two copies of Spengel 1871  in the Darwin Pamphlet Collection– …
  • … CUL; one is dated 24 August 1871 and contains numerous additions on interleaved pages in …
  • … letter from J.  W.  Spengel, 4 November 1871 ). Spengel’s brother has not been identified. …
  • … was published in Zeitschrift für Ethnologie 3 (1871): 133–43; there is also a review by …
  • … German translation of Descent (Carus trans.  1871) in the same journal issue, pp.  349–59. …
  • … between CD and Spengel has been found. The references are to J.  Huber 1871 , Du …
  • … Bois-Reymond 1871 , Hartmann  …
  • … 1870  and 1871, Hofmeister 1868, Klein 1870a, …
  • … Jäger 1870 , Veltmann 1870 , Wagner 1871 (a copy of parts 1 and 2 is in the Darwin …
  • … Pamphlet Collection–CUL), Klein 1870b, Anon.  1871, Wagner 1870, Reuschle 1869 , E.  O.   …

From E. R. Lankester   17 April [1871]

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Summary

Has had Hinrich Nitsche’s pointed ear photographed. Nitsche also has photographed the ear of a foetal orang. [See Descent 1: 21–3.]

Author:  Edwin Ray Lankester
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 Apr [1871]
Classmark:  DAR 87: 39–40
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7693

Matches: 20 hits

  • … From E.  R.  Lankester   17 April [1871] …
  • … DAR 87: 39–40 Edwin Ray Lankester Leipzig 17 Apr [1871] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … summary of CD’s writings, culminating in Descent , on 11 March 1871, pp.  243–4. …
  • … The Times published their review of Descent on 7 April 1871, p.   …
  • … 3, and 8 April 1871, p.  5. …
  • … the letter from Hinrich Nitsche, 18 April 1871 . Lankester refers to Hinrich Nitsche (see …
  • … letter to E.  R.  Lankester, 22 March [1871] ). The photographer has not been identified. …
  • … See letter from Hinrich Nitsche, 18 April 1871  and enclosures 1 and 2. CD discussed …
  • … see letter from Hinrich Nitsche, 18 April 1871  and enclosure 3). CD published a woodcut …
  • … in relation to sex. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. [Leifchild, …
  • … John R. ] 1871. Review of Descent . …
  • … Athenæum 4 March 1871, pp. 275–7. …
  • … Nature. Lankester refers to the first volume of Carus trans.  1871 (see also letter from …
  • … Eduard Koch, 14 April 1871 ). The first 2500 copies of Descent had sold out within a week …
  • … March and a further 2000 in April (see letters from John Murray, 23 February [1871] , 27  …
  • … February [1871] , 9  …
  • … March [1871] , and …
  • … 10 May 1871 ). Descent was given …
  • … a negative review in the Athenæum on 4 March 1871 ( [ …
  • … Leifchild] 1871 ). The Illustrated London News published a …

From Arthur Nicols   15 April 1871

Summary

Objects to the negative reviews of Descent, notably in the Athenæum and the Times.

The exceptions are the Academy, Nature, and his own, in the Field [37 (1871): 210].

Author:  Robert Arthur (Arthur) Nicols
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 Apr 1871
Classmark:  DAR 172: 57
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7687

Matches: 18 hits

  • … From Arthur Nicols   15 April 1871
  • … DAR 172: 57 Robert Arthur (Arthur) Nicols Mill Hill 15 Apr 1871 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … The exceptions are the Academy , Nature , and his own, in the Field [37 (1871): 210]. …
  • … 3, and 8 April 1871, p.  5. …
  • … in the Saturday Review , 4 and 11 March 1871; although the review was generally positive, …
  • … of sexual selection to human beings ( Saturday Review 11 March 1871, pp.  315–16). …
  • … The Priory | Mill Hill | NW. April.  15 1871. Dear Sir. I have to thank you for your kind …
  • … to the letter from Arthur Nicols, 7 March 1871 . Nicols refers to Descent. Descent was …
  • … 1871c), by Philip Henry Pye-Smith in Nature ( Pye-Smith 1871 ), and by an anonymous author …
  • … in the Field , 18 March 1871. For reviews of Descent , see Correspondence vol. 19, …
  • … reviewed Descent in the Athenæum ( [Leifchild] 1871 ); there was an anonymous review …
  • … in The Times , 7 April 1871, p.   …
  • … in relation to sex. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. [Leifchild, …
  • … John R. ] 1871. Review of Descent . …
  • … Athenæum 4 March 1871, pp. 275–7. …
  • … Pye-Smith, Philip Henry. 1871. Review of Descent of man , …
  • … by Charles Darwin. Nature , 6 April 1871, pp. …
  • … 442–4, 13 April 1871, pp. 463–5. …

To F. E. Abbot   6 June [1871]

Summary

Sends subscription for the Index.

FEA’s article ["The intuitional and scientific schools of free religion", Index 15 Apr 1871] is one of the most striking CD has read.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Ellingwood Abbot
Date:  6 June [1871]
Classmark:  Harvard University Archives (Papers of F. E. Abbot, 1841–1904. Named Correspondence, 1857–1903. Folder: Darwin, Charles and W. E. Darwin (son), 1871–1883, box 44. HUG 1101)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7804

Matches: 12 hits

  • … To F.  E.  Abbot   6 June [1871] …
  • … schools of free religion’ ( Abbot  1871 ). The …
  • … lecture appeared in the 15 April 1871 issue of the Index . CD’s copy has not been found. …
  • … Bibliography Abbot, Francis Ellingwood. 1871. The intuitional and scientific schools …
  • … of free religion. [Read 5 February 1871. ] Index 2: 113–15. …
  • … 1857–1903. Folder: Darwin, Charles and W. E. Darwin (son), 1871–1883, box 44. …
  • … HUG 1101) Charles Robert Darwin Down 6 June [1871] Francis Ellingwood Abbot …
  • … schools of free religion", Index 15 Apr 1871] is one of the most striking CD has read. …
  • … between this letter and the letter from F.  E.  Abbot, 11 May 1871 . See letter from F.   …
  • … E.  Abbot, 11 May 1871 , and letter to F.   …
  • … E.  Abbot, 27 May [1871] . There are three issues of the Index in the Darwin Archive–CUL ( …
  • … refers to a lecture delivered by Abbot on 5 February 1871, ‘The intuitional and scientific …

To James Crichton-Browne   26 March [1871]

Summary

Has sent photographs of insane woman to be engraved. Assumes JC-B has no objection.

Is making immense use of JC-B’s MS. The book ought to be described as "by Darwin & Browne".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Crichton-Browne
Date:  26 Mar [1871]
Classmark:  DAR 143: 341
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8253

Matches: 13 hits

  • … Browne is extensively cited. See letter to James Crichton-Browne, 20 February [1871] . …
  • … To James Crichton-Browne   26 March [1871] …
  • … DAR 143: 341 Charles Robert Darwin Down 26 Mar [1871] James Crichton-Browne …
  • … between this letter and the letters to James Crichton-Browne, 20 February [1871] and …
  • … 7 April [1871] (see nn.  2 and 7, below). For the photographs, see Correspondence vol.   …
  • … in Expression , p.  296. See also letter to James Crichton-Browne, 7 April [1871] . See …
  • … letters to James Crichton-Browne, 8 February 1871  and …
  • … 20 February [1871] . CD had requested photographs …
  • … in his letters to James Crichton-Browne, 8 February 1871 , and …
  • … 20 February [1871] ; Crichton-Browne had offered to send …
  • … some in his letters of 16 February 1871 and …
  • … 19 February 1871. CD probably refers to the …
  • … letter from James Crichton-Browne, 16 February 1871 . CD refers to Expression , in which …

From Emma Darwin to F. P. Cobbe   [14 April 1871]

Summary

Thanks for FPC’s book (presumablyAlone to the alone: prayers for theists (Cobbe ed. 1871)).

CD much interested in article ‘Darwinism in morals’ in the Theological Review (Cobbe 1871).

CDs and FPC’s views on moral sense in hive bees, and an article in the Pall Mal Gazette ([Morley] 1871b).

Author:  Emma Wedgwood; Emma Darwin
Addressee:  Frances Power Cobbe
Date:  [14 Apr 1871]
Classmark:  The Huntington Library (CB 389)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7684F

Matches: 14 hits

  • … From Emma Darwin to F.  P.  Cobbe   [14 April 1871] …
  • … Library (CB 389) Emma Wedgwood/Emma Darwin Down [14 Apr 1871] Frances Power Cobbe …
  • … 1871b; see letter to John Morley, 14 April [1871] and n.  8). …
  • … Alone to the alone: prayers for theists (Cobbe ed.  1871)). CD much interested in …
  • … morals’ in the Theological Review (Cobbe 1871). CDs and FPC’s views on moral sense in hive …
  • … Bibliography Cobbe, Frances Power. 1871. Darwinism in morals. Theological Review 8: 167– …
  • … Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. Keynes, Randal. 2001. Annie’s box. Charles …
  • … to the article in the Pall Mall Gazette of 12 April 1871 ([Morley] 1871b; see n.   …
  • … 5, below). In 1871, the Friday after 12 April was 14 April. Cobbe presumably sent …
  • … the alone: prayers for theists (Cobbe ed.  1871). On Emma Darwin’s religious beliefs, see …
  • … in morals’ in the Theological Review ( Cobbe 1871 ). See letter from Emma Darwin to F.   …
  • … P.  Cobbe, [7 April 1871] . Cobbe had criticised CD’s hypothetical case of hive bees who …
  • … it implied an abolition of moral principles ( Descent 1: 73; Cobbe 1871 , pp.  190–1). …
  • … The article appeared in the 12 April 1871 issue of the Pall Mall Gazette ([Morley] …

From Emma Darwin to F. P. Cobbe   [7 April 1871]

Summary

CD is reading the Theological Review (Cobbe 1871) with the greatest interest and attention.

Author:  Emma Wedgwood; Emma Darwin
Addressee:  Frances Power Cobbe
Date:  [7 Apr 1871]
Classmark:  The Huntington Library (CB 388)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7666F

Matches: 12 hits

  • … From Emma Darwin to F.  P.  Cobbe   [7 April 1871] …
  • … Library (CB 388) Emma Wedgwood/Emma Darwin Down [7 Apr 1871] Frances Power Cobbe …
  • … is reading the Theological Review (Cobbe 1871) with the greatest interest and attention. …
  • … 106). CD’s heavily annotated copy of Cobbe 1871  is in the Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL. …
  • … Bibliography Cobbe, Frances Power. 1871. Darwinism in morals. Theological Review 8: 167– …
  • … and selection in relation to sex. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. …
  • … The date is established by the publication date of Cobbe 1871 , and by the Darwins’ return …
  • … to Down on 5 April 1871 (see n.   …
  • … 2, below). In 1871, the Friday after 5 April was 7 April. Cobbe’ …
  • … Descent appeared in the April issue of the Theological Review ( Cobbe 1871 ). The Darwins …
  • … were in London from 1 to 5 April 1871 (CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). Cobbe praised ‘the …
  • … of every sketch and recital’ ( Cobbe 1871 , p.  169). She went on to criticise CD’s theory …

To George Fraser   14 April [1871]

Summary

Cannot provide comment on GF’s paper for publication. Hopes GF will publish in Nature. Will consider his remarks when revising book [Descent].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Fraser
Date:  14 Apr [1871]
Classmark:  DAR 144: 297
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7684

Matches: 12 hits

  • … To George Fraser   14 April [1871] …
  • … DAR 144: 297 Charles Robert Darwin Down 14 Apr [1871] George Fraser …
  • … Darwin. 2d edition. London: John Murray. 1874. Fraser, George. 1871. Sexual selection. …
  • … Nature , 20 April 1871, p. 489. …
  • … relationship between this letter and the letter from George Fraser, 12 April 1871 . See …
  • … letter from George Fraser, 12 April 1871 . Fraser published the …
  • … observations he recorded in his letter of 12 April 1871  in Nature , …
  • … 20 April 1871 ( G.   …
  • … Fraser 1871 ). There was no additional note from …
  • … CD. CD incorporated two observations from Fraser 1871  in Descent 2d ed. ; …
  • … see letter from George Fraser, 12 April 1871  and n.  14. …
  • … See letter from George Fraser, 13 April 1871  and n.  3. …

To T. H. Huxley   21 September [1871]

Summary

On Mivart’s Genesis of species, and THH’s intention to reply to it.

Chauncey Wright’s pamphlet [see 7940].

CD is revising Origin and will answer Mivart on incipient organs. "Pendulum is swinging against us, but will swing back again".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  21 Sept [1871]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 279)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7958

Matches: 15 hits

  • … To T.  H.  Huxley   21 September [1871] …
  • … Archives (Huxley 5: 279) Charles Robert Darwin Down 21 Sept [1871] Thomas Henry Huxley …
  • … to Henry Huxley; see letter from T.  H.  Huxley and H.  A.  Huxley, 20 September 1871 . …
  • … from T.  H.  Huxley and H.  A.  Huxley, 20 September 1871 . See letter from T.  H.   …
  • … Huxley and H.  A.  Huxley, 20 September 1871 . St George Jackson Mivart. CD refers to …
  • … of species (Mivart 1871a; see letter from T.  H.  Huxley, 20 September 1871 and n.  3). …
  • … in relation to sex. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. Lorenzi, …
  • … Giovanni de. 1871. Caso di rara anomalia dell’osso malare. Giornale della Regia Accademia …
  • … malar bones in Descent 1: 124. See letter from Michele Lessona, 5 August 1871 , n.   …
  • … 3, and Lorenzi 1871 . CD refers to Origin 6th ed. ; see …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 16 September [1871] and n.  5. …
  • … from Alexander Agassiz, [before 1 June 1871] and n.  6. CD refers to Thomas Robert Malthus …
  • … see letter from Michele Lessona, 5 August 1871  and n.  3. CD refers to Chauncey Wright …
  • … letter from T.  H.  Huxley, 20 September 1871 and n.  1. Mivart wrote a hostile review of …
  • … letter from T.  H.  Huxley, 20 September 1871 and n.  2. Mivart made this accusation in [ …

From A. R. Wallace   7 August 1871

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Summary

Sends notes on Fritz Müller’s letter.

Author:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Aug 1871
Classmark:  DAR 89: 85–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7899

Matches: 13 hits

  • … From A.  R.  Wallace   7 August 1871
  • … DAR 89: 85–6 Alfred Russel Wallace Barking 7 Aug 1871 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … province (now state), Brazil. See letter from Fritz Müller, 14 June  1871  and n.  14. …
  • … See letter to Fritz Müller, 2 August [1871] . CD had suggested …
  • … that the letter from Fritz Müller, 14 June [1871] , should be published ( letter to A.   …
  • … R.  Wallace, 1 August [1871] ). There is no evidence that CD submitted it for publication …
  • … Letter from Fritz Müller, 14 June 1871 . See also letters to A.   …
  • … R.  Wallace, 1 August [1871] and …
  • … 4 August [1871] . See …
  • … letter from Fritz Müller, 14 June 1871  and n.  4. …
  • … See letter from Fritz Müller, 14 June 1871  and n.  5. …
  • … See letter from Fritz Müller, 14 June 1871  and n.  7. Müller lived in Santa …
  • … Holly House, Barking, E. Aug.  7th.  1871 Dear Darwin I send a few notes on Fritz Muller’s …

From Paolo Mantegazza   10 June 1871

Summary

Michele Lessona will translate Descent into Italian [1871].

Sends his review from Nuova Antologia [17 (1871): 177–94].

In a letter to Archivio per l’Anthropologia he raises some doubts about sexual selection and proposes "Neogenesis" as a complement to natural selection in cases of rapid change.

Author:  Paolo Mantegazza
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 June 1871
Classmark:  DAR 171: 37
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7814

Matches: 17 hits

  • … From Paolo Mantegazza    10 June 1871
  • … DAR 171: 37 Paolo Mantegazza Florence 10 June 1871 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Michele Lessona will translate Descent into Italian [1871]. Sends …
  • … his review from Nuova Antologia [17 (1871): 177–94]. In a letter to Archivio per l’ …
  • … and selection in relation to sex. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. …
  • … Florence 10 Juin 1871— Illustre Professeur. Votre grande ouvrage a fait une grande …
  • … was done by Michele Lessona (Lessona trans.  1871). Mantegazza reviewed Descent as well as …
  • … in the May issue of Nuova Antologia 17 (1871): 177–94; there is a lightly annotated copy …
  • … note was evidently made after CD had read Mantegazza 1871 and is probably a reminder for …
  • … his letter to Mantegazza of 22 September 1871. ‘S.  S. ’: …
  • … see letter to Paolo Mantegazza, 22 September 1871  and n.  3). This note was probably …
  • … that has not been found. In Mantegazza 1871, p.  306, Mantegazza refers to his receiving …
  • … Florence 10 June 1871— Illustrious Professor. Your great work has made a great impression, …
  • … under my direction since the beginning of 1871— In my Anthropology course, I devoted one …
  • … ma direction dépuis le commencement du 1871— Dans mon cours d’Anthropologie j’ai dedié une …
  • … Antropologia e la Etnologia (Mantegazza 1871) is in the Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL.   …
  • … of ‘neogenesi’ (neogenesis), see Mantegazza 1871, pp.  323–5. Mantegazza argued that …

To John Murray   19 February [1871]

Summary

Discusses publication of Descent. Orders copies of vol. 2 sent to Wallace, Mivart, and F. P. Cobbe.

Will attend Athenaeum and vote for RC.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  19 Feb [1871]
Classmark:  DAR 143: 280
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7489

Matches: 14 hits

  • … To John Murray   19 February [1871] …
  • … DAR 143: 280 Charles Robert Darwin Down 19 Feb [1871] John Murray …
  • … Bibliography Cobbe, Frances Power. 1871. Darwinism in morals. Theological Review 8: 167– …
  • … Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. Freeman, Richard Broke. 1977. The works …
  • … for Descent is addressed ‘Albemarle Street’ and dated 23 February 1871 ( letter to John …
  • … Murray, 23 February 1871 ). See …
  • … letter from John Murray, 18 February [1871] . CD refers to Alfred Russel Wallace, St …
  • … Mivart, and Frances Power Cobbe (see letters to R.  F.  Cooke, 17 January [1871] and …
  • … 30 January [1871] ). See …
  • … letter from John Murray, 18 February [1871] . CD’s letter to Cobbe has …
  • … been found. Cobbe’s article ( Cobbe 1871 ) appeared in the April issue of the Theological …
  • … between this letter and the letter from John Murray, 18 February [1871] . Robert …
  • … Francis Cooke had written on 15 February 1871 that he expected the whole edition of 2500  …
  • … went to London on Thursday 23 February 1871 (CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)), and probably …

From John Murray   12 April [1871]

Summary

Asks CD’s opinion of a request from Loescher of Turin. Thinks Loescher should have named his translator.

Does CD know the name of the Times reviewer?

Author:  John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Apr [1871]
Classmark:  DAR 171: 395
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7676

Matches: 10 hits

  • … From John Murray   12 April [1871] …
  • … DAR 171: 395 John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50 12 Apr [1871] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Michele Lessona (see letter from Luigi Pomba, 6 May  1871 ). Murray refers to the …
  • … anonymous review of Descent in The Times (7 April 1871, p.   …
  • … 3, and 8 April 1871, p.  5). …
  • … and selection in relation to sex. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. …
  • … and the letter from R.  F.  Cooke, 26 April 1871 (see n.  2, below). Ermanno Loescher had …
  • … translation of Descent (Lessona trans.  1871). No letter from Loescher has been found, but …
  • … see the letter from R.  F.  Cooke, 26 April 1871 , and the letter from …
  • … Luigi Pomba, 6 May 1871 . Loescher’s translator was …

From Francis Galton   25 April 1871

Summary

Upset to learn he has misrepresented CD’s doctrine on Pangenesis [in Proc. R. Soc. Lond. 19 (1871): 393–410]. Hopes that CD’s letter to Nature [3 (1871): 502–3; Collected papers 2: 165–7] will clarify the doctrine and attract attention to it.

Author:  Francis Galton
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Apr 1871
Classmark:  DAR 105: 28–29
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7717

Matches: 13 hits

  • … From Francis Galton   25 April 1871
  • … DAR 105: 28–29 Francis Galton London, Rutland Gate, 42 25 Apr 1871 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … misrepresented CD’s doctrine on Pangenesis [in Proc. R. Soc. Lond. 19 (1871): 393–410]. …
  • … Hopes that CD’s letter to Nature [3 (1871): 502–3; Collected papers 2: 165–7] will clarify …
  • … in his letter to Nature , [before 27 April 1871]. There is no other passage containing the …
  • … Bibliography Galton, Francis. 1871. Experiments in pangenesis, by breeding from rabbits of …
  • … been largely transfused. [Read 30 March 1871. ] Proceedings of the Royal Society of London …
  • … On 30 March 1871, Galton gave a paper before the Royal Society of London, in which he …
  • … that according to CD gemmules travelled through the blood ( Galton 1871 ; see letter from …
  • … Francis Galton, 9 January 1871 , n.  1). …
  • … CD published a letter in Nature , 27 April 1871, pp.  502–3, in order to …
  • … clarify his position on gemmules (see letter to Nature , [before 27 April 1871]). …
  • … No letter to Galton concerning Galton 1871  or CD’s letter to Nature has been found. …

To Hubert Airy   10 [December] 1871

Summary

Discusses movement of ears and contraction of the platysma.

Discusses phyllotaxy, citing work of Carl Nägeli and Chauncey Wright.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Hubert Airy
Date:  10 [Dec] 1871
Classmark:  DAR 143: 16
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8060

Matches: 15 hits

  • … To Hubert Airy   10 [December] 1871
  • … DAR 143: 16 Charles Robert Darwin Down 10 [Dec] 1871 Hubert Airy …
  • … also letter from Chauncey Wright, 1 August 1871  and n.  15. George Henslow’s paper was …
  • … Down. Beckenham. | Kent Nov.  10. 1871. My dear Sir. I am much obliged for your letter …
  • … the letter from Hubert Airy, 9 December 1871 . The copyist presumably misread the date on …
  • … the original letter. See letter from Hubert Airy, 9 December 1871 . Robert Lowe …
  • … had visited Down House on 15 January 1871, with John Lubbock, Thomas Henry Huxley, and …
  • … See letter from Hubert Airy, 9 December 1871  and n.  1. CD refers James Crichton-Browne, …
  • … letter to James Crichton-Browne, 2 November [1871] ), and probably to William Ogle (see …
  • … letter to William Ogle, 13 April [1871] ). See …
  • … also letter from John Wood, 11 April 1871 , and letter from …
  • … Charles Langstaff, 3 May 1871 . See …
  • … letter from Hubert Airy, 9 December 1871  and n.  3. Carl Wilhelm von Nägeli’s observation …
  • … in CD’s letter to Chauncey Wright, 13 and 14 July [1871] . Wright discussed his paper …
  • … on phyllotaxy (Wright 1871c) in his letter of 11 October 1871 . See …

To Francis Darwin   16 May [1871]

Summary

George [Darwin] plans a trip to America and would like FD to go [see 7757]. CD will gladly pay whole cost if the trip will not interfere with FD’s medical work.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  16 May [1871]
Classmark:  DAR 271.3: 3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7761

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To Francis Darwin   16 May [1871] …
  • … DAR 271.3: 3 Charles Robert Darwin Bassett 16 May [1871] Francis Darwin …
  • … Cambridge Tatler ( [Darwin] 1871 ); see first letter from …
  • … Francis Darwin, [after 22 May 1871] and n.  6. …
  • … Bibliography [Darwin, Francis]. 1871. Letter on the melancholy of …
  • … Bachelors. Cambridge Tatler 22 May 1871, pp. 45–7. …
  • … to the United States; see letter from G.  H.  Darwin, [14 May 1871] and n.  1. See letter …
  • … from G.  H.  Darwin, [14 May 1871] . The reference is to Marlborough Robert Pryor. Francis …
  • … 1920, p.  67). Francis wrote a short article that appeared in the 22 May 1871 issue of the …

To William Preyer   13 May 1871

Summary

Obliged for letter about human ear. Comments on ears and on E. R. Lankester’s idea about the ear-lobe.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Thierry (William) Preyer
Date:  13 May 1871
Classmark:  DAR 147: 267–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7756

Matches: 13 hits

  • … To William Preyer   13 May 1871
  • … DAR 147: 267–8 Charles Robert Darwin Bassett 13 May 1871 William Thierry (William) Preyer …
  • … in relation to sex. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. Müller, …
  • … Wilhelm. 1871. Beiträge zur pathologischen Anatomie und Physiologie des menschlichen …
  • … was in Jena ( letter from William Preyer, 8 May 1871  and n.  9). …
  • … See letter from William Preyer, 8 May 1871  and n.  9. CD had described the ears of the ‘ …
  • … hole in the lobe, in Descent 2: 341. CD refers to Wilhelm Müller and to W.  Müller 1871 . …
  • … Letter from William Preyer, 8 May 1871 . The French astronomer Pierre Jules César Janssen …
  • … see 3d enclosure to letter from Hinrich Nitsche, 18 April 1871 ). CD also refers to …
  • … Peter Paul Rubens; see letter from William Preyer, 8 May 1871  and n.  8. …
  • … See letter to Hinrich Nitsche, 25 April [1871] . Edwin …
  • … Ray Lankester’s letter of 17 April [1871] had been sent from Leipzig, but Preyer said he …
  • … Bassett, Southampton] May 13. 1871 My dear Sir I am much obliged for your interesting …
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Correspondents in Commentary
20 Items

Frank Chance

Summary

The Darwin archive not only contains letters, manuscript material, photographs, books and articles but also all sorts of small, dry specimens, mostly enclosed with letters. Many of these enclosures have become separated from the letters or lost altogether,…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … first is undated but we know it was written before 25 April 1871 because Darwin alluded to a case …
  • … report by the pigeon-fancier W. B. Tegetmeier, 25 April [1871] . In his letter Chance is …
  • … (Letter from Frank Chance, [before 25 April 1871] ) Responding to this meticulous self …
  • … were very rare. When we were editing volume 19 (1871), Chance’s enclosure of beard and …
  • … : In your work on the ""Descent of Man"" (ed. 1871) ii. 298, 299, in …
  • … followed up on a similar case that CD had observed on 13 May 1871. William’s letter of 5 June 1871

Henrietta Emma Darwin

Summary

Henrietta “Etty” Darwin (1843–1927) was the eldest of Charles Darwin’s daughters to reach adulthood. She married Richard Buckley Litchfield in 1871. She was a valued editor to her father as well as companion and correspondent to both of her parents.…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … reach adulthood. She married Richard Buckley Litchfield in 1871. She was a valued editor to her …
  • … by her father for his scientific writing, particularly his 1871 work,   The Descent of Man .  In …

William Winwood Reade

Summary

On 19 May 1868, an African explorer and unsuccessful novelist, William Winwoode Reade (1838–1875) offered to help Darwin, and started a correspondence and, arguably, a collaboration, that would last until Reade's death. After a first 1861 tour of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … of it" – Winwood Reade to Charles Darwin, 31 January 1871 ) and sought Darwin’s advice on …

Francis Galton

Summary

Galton was a naturalist, statistician, and evolutionary theorist. He was a second cousin of Darwin’s, having descended from his grandfather, Erasmus. Born in Birmingham in 1822, Galton studied medicine at King’s College, London, and also read mathematics…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … his results tended to disprove Darwin’s theory (Galton 1871). This brought a quick rejoinder from …
  • … together to facilitate cross-circulation ( 13 September 1871 ). His views on inheritance continued …

John Lubbock

Summary

John Lubbock was eight years old when the Darwins moved into the neighbouring property of Down House, Down, Kent; the total of one hundred and seventy surviving letters he went on to exchange with Darwin is a large number considering that the two men lived…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … parliament to include a question on cousin-marriage in the 1871 census.  This was unsuccessful, but …
  • … to carry off anothers wife? ( from John Lubbock, 18 March [1871] ). It was Lubbock who drew …

Eliza Burt Gamble

Summary

Women have interpreted and applied evolutionary theory in arguments about women’s nature for over a century. Eliza Burt Gamble (1841-1920) was a pioneer in this endeavor. Gamble was an advocate of the Woman Movement, a mother, a writer, and a teacher from…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … and abilities of the sexes. In Descent of Man (1871) , Darwin explicitly noted that “man has …
  • … to Sex , Vol. I (New York: D. Appleton & Company, 1871), p. 245, GoogleBooks, (accessed …
  • … in Relation to Sex , Vol. II (London: John Murray, 1871), 328, 327, The Complete Work of …

Virginia Isitt: Darwin’s secretary?

Summary

In an undated and incomplete draft letter to a “Miss I.”, Emma Darwin appears to be arranging for Miss I. to come to Down for a trial period as a secretary. When the letter first came to light, no one had heard of the mysterious “Miss I.” and, as far as we…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Emma wrote to her daughter Henrietta on 17 September 1871: Mr Powell [the vicar of Down …
  • … in education at the Convent College in Arras. In 1871, Darwin was receiving letters relating …

Marianne North

Summary

Marianne North was born in Hastings where her father became a Liberal MP. Her family supported Marianne’s attempts at singing and painting as suitable activities for a Victorian lady. After her parents died, Marianne sold the family home and began…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … aim of painting the flora of different countries. Between 1871 and 1885 Marianne North visited …

Benjamin Renshaw

Summary

How much like a monkey is a person? Did our ancestors really swing from trees? Are we descended from apes? By the 1870s, questions like these were on the tip of everyone’s tongue, even though Darwin himself never posed the problem of human evolution in…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … quite these terms. Nevertheless, his Descent of Man (1871) dealt directly with human origins …

William B. Bowles

Summary

As a famous figure in the debates surrounding human evolution, Darwin could be something of a lightning rod for eccentric thinkers with their own ideas about his theories. The idea of a “missing link” compelled one such enthusiast to write to him about the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … the publication of Darwin’s  Descent of Man in 1871 in the search for the so-called “missing …

Mary Treat

Summary

Mary Treat was a naturalist from New Jersey who made significant contributions to the fields of entomolgy and botany. Over the period 1871–1876, she exchanged fifteen letters with Darwin - more than any other woman naturalist.

Matches: 2 hits

  • … to the fields of entomolgy and botany. Over the period 1871–1876, she exchanged fifteen letters with …
  • … Treat initiated her and Darwin’s correspondence in 1871 at the request of their mutual friend and …

Jane Gray

Summary

Jane Loring Gray, the daughter of a Boston lawyer, married the Harvard botanist Asa Gray in 1848 and evidence suggests that she took an active interest in the scientific pursuits of her husband and his friends. Although she is only known to have…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Francis, saw the Grays when they toured the United States in 1871, and Emma Darwin wrote to Jane …
  • … with them (letter from Emma Darwin to Jane Gray, 28 October 1871. Archives of the Gray Herbarium, …

Elizabeth Garrett Anderson

Summary

Elizabeth Garrett was born in Whitechapel, London. She was initially educated at home but at 13 sent to boarding school. She was always interested in politics and current affairs but decided to pursue a career in medicine at a time when women were excluded…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Garrett married James George Skelton Anderson in 1871 and had three children. The couple retired to …

Alexander Burns Usborne

Summary

Alexander Burns Usborne was born in Kendal, Westmorland, in 1808, the son of Alexander and Margaret Usborne; his father died in 1818 and in his will was described as the purser on HMS Hannibal. His son joined the navy in 1825 aged 16 as a second-class…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 1851 (HO107/1877/160/2), 1861 (RG 9/1428/56/38), 1871 (RG10/2106/42/4), 1881 (RG11/2185/145/41) …

Hermann Müller

Summary

Hermann (Heinrich Ludwig Hermann) Müller, was born in Mühlberg near Erfurt in 1829. He was the younger brother of Fritz Müller (1822–97). Following the completion of his secondary education at Erfurt in 1848, he studied natural sciences at Halle and Berlin…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … part of the instruction for teachers of natural history. In 1871, he was recognised by the …

Frances Power Cobbe

Summary

Cobbe was born in Dublin, Ireland, and educated at home, at Newbridge House, county Dublin, except for two years at a school in Brighton: she hated the school. After she left, she kept house for her mother and father, and after her mother's death for…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Cobbe was born in Dublin, Ireland, and educated at home, at Newbridge House, county Dublin, except …

John Murray

Summary

Darwin's most famous book On the origin of species by means of natural selection (Origin) was published on 22 November 1859. The publisher was John Murray, who specialised in non-fiction, particularly politics, travel and science, and had published…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … ‘I hope to Heaven book will sell well’ (12 January [1871] Letter 7438 ). A second printing was …
  • … planning a third ( Letter 7604 ). In the summer of 1871, Darwin decided to publish on …

Joseph Simms

Summary

The American doctor and author of works on physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874, while he was staying in London. He enclosed a copy of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … science and religion.  He graduated as a medical doctor in 1871 from the Eclectic Medical College of …

Thomas Burgess

Summary

As well as its complement of sailors, the Beagle also carried a Royal Marine sergeant and seven marines, one of whom was Thomas Burgess. When the Beagle set sail he was twenty one, having been born in October 1810 to Israel and Hannah Burgess of Lancashire…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … there were several silk mills in Rainow itself. By 1871 Burgess had retired from the police, …

Gaston de Saporta

Summary

The human-like qualities of great apes have always been a source of scientific and popular fascination, and no less in the Victorian period than in any other. Darwin himself, of course, marshalled similarities in physiology, behaviour and emotional…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … and Selection in Relation to Sex . London: John Murray, 1871. Charles Darwin, The …