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From J. D. Hooker   13–15 July 1858

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Sends proofs [of "On the tendency of species to form varieties … ", read 1 July 1858, Collected papers 2: 3–19]. CD could publish his abstract [later the Origin] as a separate supplemental number of [Journal of the Linnean Society].

JDH has studied in detail CD’s manuscript on variable species in large and small genera and concurs with its consequences. Discusses methodological idiosyncrasies of systematists, e.g., Bentham, Robert Brown, and C. C. Babington, which complicate CD’s tabulations.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [13 or 15] July 1858
Classmark:  DAR 100: 116–19, 168
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2307

From J. D. Hooker   31 July 1858

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The CD–Wallace paper has gone to press.

JDH’s tabulation of variable species from Bentham was done in haste.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  31 July 1858
Classmark:  DAR 100: 122
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2316

From J. D. Hooker   12 November 1858

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Busy with introductory essay to [The botany of the Antarctic voyage, pt III] Flora Tasmaniae [printed separately as On the flora of Australia (1859)].

Now explains greater abundance of European species in Tasmania than in Fuegia by CD’s "refrigeration" hypothesis.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Nov 1858
Classmark:  DAR 100: 123–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2358

From J. D. Hooker   [20 November 1858]

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At work on the introductory essay to Flora Tasmaniae.

Discusses the effects of climate and geography on "vegetable strife".

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [20 Nov 1858]
Classmark:  DAR 50: E1–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2367

From J. D. Hooker   22 December 1858

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Would appreciate loan of CD’s chapter on transmigration across tropics, which may help with the difficulties of Australian distribution.

Still regards plant types as older than animal types.

The Cape of Good Hope and Australian temperate floras cannot be connected by the highlands of Abyssinia.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 Dec 1858
Classmark:  DAR 100: 128–30
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2382

From J. D. Hooker   [26 December 1858]

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JDH cannot abide CD’s connection of wide-ranging species and "highness". Australian flora contradicts this in many ways.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [26 Dec 1858]
Classmark:  DAR 100: 125–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2385

From J. D. Hooker   25 January 1859

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Relieved by Wallace’s letter.

At work on introductory essay to Flora Tasmaniae.

European plants naturalised in Australia are almost all adapted to invading disturbed ground.

JDH supports Asa Gray against Alphonse de Candolle as foreign member of Royal Society.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Jan 1859
Classmark:  DAR 100: 131–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2404

From J. D. Hooker   [9 March 1859]

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Outlines the basic categories of phanerogams.

Places Gymnospermae in the dicotyledons.

Evaluates the variable utility of embryological characters in plant classification.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [9 Mar 1859]
Classmark:  DAR 100: 152–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2428

From J. D. Hooker   [8–11 April 1859]

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Lyell has been strongly urging John Murray to publish CD’s book [Origin]. JDH feels Lyell overestimates the public interest in such works.

Gives examples of plants showing most marked varieties on the edge of their range.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [8–11 Apr 1859]
Classmark:  DAR 100: 127
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2444

From J. D. Hooker   [21 November 1859]

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JDH’s congratulations on Origin.

Lyell believes S. P. Woodward wrote review in Athenæum.

Lyell’s and Huxley’s positive responses.

JDH has only plunged into a few chapters.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [21 Nov 1859]
Classmark:  DAR 100: 135–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2539

From J. D. Hooker   [12 December 1859]

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JDH half through Origin. High praise for facts and reasoning.

Lyell told JDH his criticisms: small matters JDH did not appreciate.

Reactions of G. Bentham, J. S. Henslow, and C. C. Babington.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [12 Dec 1859]
Classmark:  DAR 100: 137–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2579

From J. D. Hooker   [20 December 1859]

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Forwards letter from Asa Gray.

Bentham is very agitated by Origin. CD over-emphasises natural selection. His theory accounts for too much and would be improved by unburdening it of natural selection.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [20 Dec 1859]
Classmark:  DAR 104: 180–1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2589

From J. D. Hooker   [20 April 1860]

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CD’s observations on curved styles read well. JDH seeks morphological rationale of curvature in the position of nectaries.

He has avoided lecturing to Royal Family’s children at Buckingham Palace.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [20 Apr 1860]
Classmark:  DAR 100: 139–40
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2764

From J. D. Hooker   [28 April 1860]

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Has examined Leschenaultia and concludes the external viscid surfaces have nothing to do with the stigmatic surface. Agrees with CD’s style and nectary conclusions; accounts for their form and position in irregular flowers by describing floral development.

[Enclosed are some queries by CD with answers by JDH. Gives information on seed setting by Mucuna

and an opinion on the abruptness of N. and S. limits of plant ranges.]

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [28 Apr 1860]
Classmark:  DAR 100: 150–1, DAR 166.2: 262
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2774

From J. D. Hooker   8 June 1860

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Glad to hear good news of Etty [Henrietta Darwin].

CD’s observations on Scaevola are capital. The indusium collects the pollen and is the homologue of the pollen-collecting hairs of Campanula. A boat-shaped organ forms a second indusium, the inside base of which forms the stigmatic surface. The latter later protrudes as horns, forming the stigma.

Describes W. H. Harvey’s scientific career and thinks his letter interesting. Agrees with Harvey that the primary agency of natural selection is as great a mystery as ever. [Response to 2823.]

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 June 1860
Classmark:  DAR 157a
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2825A

From J. D. Hooker   2 July 1860

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JDH reports on the debate on the Origin at Oxford [BAAS] meeting.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 July 1860
Classmark:  DAR 100: 141–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2852

From J. D. Hooker   [26 November – 4 December 1860]

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Encourages CD’s work in vegetable physiology.

Ascending the Lebanon JDH noted limits of plant distribution as CD requested: lower limits of a genus sharper than upper. Sharpness of boundaries related to a plant’s moisture requirement.

Impressed by "sporadic" distribution at the Jardin des Plantes in Paris.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [26 Nov – 4 Dec 1860]
Classmark:  DAR 100: 158–60
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3000

From J. D. Hooker   [6–11 December 1860]

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JDH’s page-by-page criticisms on Origin, first edition, as requested by CD for preparation of the third edition.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [6–11 Dec 1860]
Classmark:  DAR 104: 218
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3013

From J. D. Hooker   28 December 1860

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CD’s article worth publishing in Gardeners’ Chronicle. JDH interprets CD’s observation in terms of selection. Has observed similar phenomenon in Cruciferae, where it can be taxonomically important.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 Dec 1860
Classmark:  DAR 100: 143–4, 146–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3033

From J. D. Hooker   [11 May – 3 December 1860]

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CD’s divergent series explains those anomalous plants that hover between what would otherwise be two species in a genus.

Inclined to see conifers as a sub-series of dicotyledons that developed in parallel to monocotyledons, but retained cryptogamic characters.

Mentions H. C. Watson’s view of variations.

Man has destroyed more species than he has created varieties.

Variations are centrifugal because the chances are a million to one that identity of form once lost will return.

In the human race, we find no reversion "that would lead us to confound a man with his ancestors".

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [11 May – 3 Dec 1860]
Classmark:  DAR 205.5: 217 (Letters), DAR 47: 214
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3036
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