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CD memorandum   July 1857

Summary

Memorandum about £250 investment in Patent Siliceous Stone Company, owned by David Thomas Ansted and Frederick Ransome.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  unknown
Date:  July 1857
Classmark:  DAR 210.10: 23
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2115F

To T. H. Huxley   3 October [1857]

Summary

Thinks naturalists look for something further than Cuvier’s view of classification. Poses a theoretical problem on the classification of the races of man to prove that a genealogical system is best.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  3 Oct [1857]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 139)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2150

To James Buckman   4 October [1857]

Summary

Asks JB to obtain information about pigeons.

Inquires where his article has been published ["On the discovery of Cnicus tuberosus at Avebury, Wilts.", Ann. & Mag. Nat. Hist. 2d ser. 20 (1857): 337–9].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Buckman
Date:  4 Oct [1857]
Classmark:  Dorset County Museum (tipped into Origin 1st ed.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2151

To J. S. Henslow   14 October [1857]

Summary

JSH’s Myosotis is beginning to sport. Asks whether some features are not odd.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Stevens Henslow
Date:  14 Oct [1857]
Classmark:  DAR 93: A119
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2153

To J. S. Henslow   18 October [1857]

Summary

Sends details on Myosotis sports. Feels sure he could make any flower in some degree monstrous in four or five generations.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Stevens Henslow
Date:  18 Oct [1857]
Classmark:  DAR 93: A45–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2154

To Gardeners’ Chronicle   18 October [1857]

Summary

Describes his experiments with kidney beans to test the agency of bees in their fertilisation. His results suggest they are essential.

Asks what George Swayne could mean by the advantage of artificial fertilisation of early beans [Trans. Hortic. Soc. Lond. 5 (1824): 208–13].

Has observed that hive-bees, which normally suck nectar from the flower of the kidney bean, will use holes cut through the calyx by humble-bees, though the holes cannot be seen from the mouth of the flower. Suggests hive-bees see humble-bees at work and understand what they are doing and "rationally" take advantage of the shorter path to the nectar. [See also 2359.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Gardeners’ Chronicle
Date:  18 Oct [1857]
Classmark:  Gardeners’ Chronicle and Agricultural Gazette, 24 October 1857, p. 725
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2155

To J. D. Hooker   20 October [1857]

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Summary

Returns some of the systematics books borrowed from JDH. Will now take on A. P. and Alphonse de Candolle [Prodromus].

Arrangements for a visit.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  20 Oct [1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 212, 222c
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2156

To J. D. Hooker   [23 October 1857]

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Summary

Return of books.

JDH coming to Down.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [23 Oct 1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 214
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2157

From Bernard Peirce Brent   23 October 1857

Summary

Discusses the difficulties of breeding mules by crossing canaries and finches.

Author:  Bernard Peirce Brent
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 Oct 1857
Classmark:  DAR 160: 299
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2158

From Walter White   26 October 1857

Summary

Writes concerning library books requested by CD.

Author:  Walter White
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  26 Oct 1857
Classmark:  DAR 261.11: 19 (EH 88206071)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2159

From Thomas Glover   26 October 1857

Summary

Describes his work, which demonstrates that hybrids of Cactus are fertile.

Author:  Thomas Glover
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  26 Oct 1857
Classmark:  DAR 165: 58
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2160

To W. D. Fox   30 October [1857]

Summary

Has come to think his brains were not made for thinking – he immediately feels better when at Moor Park.

News of his family.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Darwin Fox
Date:  30 Oct [1857]
Classmark:  Christ’s College Library, Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 104)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2161

To T. C. Eyton   2 November [1857]

Summary

Has TCE observed whether hybrids of Chinese and common forms [of geese] were wilder, or less tame, than both parents?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Campbell Eyton
Date:  2 Nov [1857]
Classmark:  Cadbury Research Library: Special Collections, University of Birmingham (EYT/1/42)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2164

From Henry Coe   4 November 1857

Summary

Responds to CD’s article on kidney beans [Collected papers 1: 275–7]. Sends beans as evidence of crossing.

Author:  Henry Coe
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 Nov 1857
Classmark:  DAR 161: 192
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2165

To T. H. Huxley   [before 12 November 1857]

Summary

Glad THH has taken up aphid question versus Owen ["On the agamic reproduction and morphology of Aphis", Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 22 (1858): 193–236].

Fertilisation and inheritance discussed. Speculates that fertilisation may be a mixture rather than a fusion. Can understand in no other way why crossed forms tend to go back to ancestral forms.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  [before 12 Nov 1857]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology, and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 58)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2166

From Frederick Smith   10 November 1857

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Summary

Sends drawings of two forms of workers of Cryptocerus discocephalus in response to CD’s request for examples of insects whose workers show disparity of form.

Author:  Frederick Smith
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Nov 1857
Classmark:  DAR 11.2: 65a
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2167

To Robert Patterson   12 November [1857]

Summary

The [Irish] rabbits arrived safely. "They shall be skeletonized." CD now has rabbits from Shetland, Madeira and Ireland; hopes to receive one from Jamaica.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Robert Patterson
Date:  12 Nov [1857]
Classmark:  W. E. Praeger 1935, p. 714
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2168

To Gardeners’ Chronicle   [before 12 November 1857]

Summary

Asks writer of an article on weeds why he supposes "there is too much reason to believe that foreign seed of an indigenous species is often more prolific than that grown at home?" The point is of interest to CD "in regard to the great battle of life which is perpetually going on all around us". Cites analogous observations by Asa Gray and J. D. Hooker. Does writer know "of any other analogous cases of a weed introduced from another land beating out … a weed previously common in any particular field or farm?"

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Gardeners’ Chronicle
Date:  [before 12 Nov 1857]
Classmark:  Gardeners’ Chronicle and Agricultural Gazette, 14 November 1857, p. 779
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2169

To J. D. Hooker   14 [November 1857]

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Summary

Rule that species vary most in larger genera seems universal.

Response to Gardeners’ Chronicle note on "Bees and kidney beans" [Collected papers 1: 275–7].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  14 [Nov 1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 215
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2170

From Henry Coe   14 November 1857

Summary

More on kidney bean crosses.

Author:  Henry Coe
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 Nov 1857
Classmark:  DAR 161: 193
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2171
Document type
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Date
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02 (18)
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