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From John Morley   30 March 1871

Summary

Questions CD’s attribution of a sense of beauty to animals and his use of natural selection to explain phenomena JM feels it more appropriate to describe as social selection.

Author:  John Morley, Viscount Morley of Blackburn
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  30 Mar 1871
Classmark:  DAR 87: 170, DAR 88: 165–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7645

From Edouard van Beneden   31 March 1871

Summary

Many thanks for copy of Descent.

Would like to visit CD when he comes to England.

Author:  Édouard Joseph Louis Marie (Édouard) van Beneden
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  31 Mar 1871
Classmark:  DAR 160: 133
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7648

From James Crichton-Browne   [29–31 March 1871]

Summary

On the power of concentration to influence body organs.

Author:  James Crichton-Browne
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [29–31 Mar 1871]
Classmark:  DAR 161: 324
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7649

From J. E. Gray   2 April 1871

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Summary

Sexual differences in sloths. J. G. Wagler article on sloths [Isis 24 (1831): 604–12].

Author:  John Edward Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 Apr 1871
Classmark:  DAR 88: 95–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7652

From E. B. de Fonblanque   2 April 1871

Summary

Encloses notes that illustrate apparent intelligent reasoning by a dog which tricked an adversary, and by an elephant peaceably enduring a painful operation.

Author:  Edward Barrington de Fonblanque
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 Apr 1871
Classmark:  DAR 162: 140
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7653

From A. F. Boardman   3 April 1871

Summary

Apologises for shortcomings of his argument in earlier letters, explaining he has had little scientific education, but a life-long interest in progressive development. Resumes theorising.

Author:  Alex F Boardman
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Apr 1871
Classmark:  DAR 160: 231
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7654

From C. M. C. Darwin   3 April 1871

Summary

A friend with similar interests has asked to be introduced to CD, as he has some facts that will amuse him.

Author:  Charlotte Maria Cooper Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Apr 1871
Classmark:  DAR 99: 33
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7655

From J. E. Gray   3 April 1871

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Summary

Corrects error in his letter [7652] about date of Wagler article in Isis. Wagler said it was females that had the yellow dorsal spot.

Author:  John Edward Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Apr 1871
Classmark:  DAR 88: 97
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7656

From Hubert Airy   3 April 1871

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Summary

Comments on discussion of residual organs in Descent [ch. 1].

Describes his ability to contract the platysma myoides at will.

Suggests reason for loss of voluntary movement of ears in men and monkeys.

Author:  Hubert Airy
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Apr 1871
Classmark:  DAR 87: 37–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7657

From James Crichton-Browne   3 April 1871

Summary

Sends photographs of general paralytics. Expressions of exaltation of [these?] patients do not come out well in the photographs.

Is experimenting with idiots under his care. Has been unable to produce a blush in any one of them.

Author:  James Crichton-Browne
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Apr 1871
Classmark:  DAR 53.1: A30, C134–6; DAR 161: 315
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7658

From David Wedderburn   6 April 1871

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Summary

Sexual selection in deer.

Assemblies of black cocks.

Nests of spotted flycatcher.

Author:  David Wedderburn
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Apr 1871
Classmark:  DAR 88: 163, 167–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7660

From John Wood   6 April 1871

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Summary

Corrects CD on his assertion that the platysma myoides "cannot voluntarily be brought into action" [Descent 1: 19].

Author:  John Wood
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Apr 1871
Classmark:  DAR 87: 145–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7661

From J. E. Gray   7 April 1871

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Summary

Sexual differences in coloration in Lemur macaco.

Author:  John Edward Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Apr 1871
Classmark:  DAR 88: 98
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7663

From Hermanus Hartogh Heijs van Zouteveen   7 April 1871

Summary

On some errata in Descent.

Sends extracts from a statistical study giving proportion of sexes in [population of] Netherlands.

Author:  Hermanus Hartogh Heijs van Zouteveen
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Apr 1871
Classmark:  DAR 88: 99
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7664

From G. F. Ansell   8 April 1871

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Summary

Anecdotes about a dog and cat evidencing "a high order of instinct".

Author:  George Frederick Ansell
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 Apr 1871
Classmark:  DAR 87: 105–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7668

From Napoleon de la Fleurière   8 April [1871]

Summary

Believes CD should answer the critical article [review of Descent] in the Times [of 7 and 8 Apr].

Moral sense and moral conduct.

Author:  Napoleon de la Fleurière
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 Apr [1871]
Classmark:  DAR 164: 135
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7669

From Francis Galton   9 April [1871]

Summary

Arrangements for transfer of rabbits to CD.

Author:  Francis Galton
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  9 Apr [1871]
Classmark:  DAR 105: A41
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7671

From J. N. Hoare   10 April 1871

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Summary

Sends quotations from Xenophon and Horace pointing to sexual selection. [See Descent, 2d ed., p. 29 n.]

Author:  John Newenham Hoare
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Apr 1871
Classmark:  DAR 87: 147–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7673

From John Wood   11 April 1871

Summary

Emotional states leading to contraction of the platysma. Contraction of skin muscles.

Author:  John Wood
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  11 Apr 1871
Classmark:  DAR 181: 141
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7674

From R. M. Kettle   11 April [1871]

Summary

Thanks CD for correcting proof slips quoting CD letters to Charles Boner, though she does not agree with CD’s too short comments.

Author:  Rosa Mackenzie Kettle
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  11 Apr [1871]
Classmark:  DAR 169: 9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7675
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