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To ? [‘Julian’]   [c.1864]


[No informatiion about content.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  [c. 1864]
Classmark:  The British Library (Surrogate RP 10629)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4375F

To Athenæum   5 May [1863]


Replies to a reviewer’s statement, that any theory of descent will connect large classes of facts, by pointing out that no other explanation has been as satisfactory as natural selection. But whatever view is adopted "signifies extremely little in comparison with the admission that species have descended from other species and have not been created immutable".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Athenæum
Date:  5 May [1863]
Classmark:  Athenæum, 9 May 1863, p. 617
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4142

To an editor   24 March [1863?]


Encloses a dialogue on species from a New Zealand newspaper [S. Butler’s First dialogue on evolution, from the Christchurch Press].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  24 Mar [1863?]
Classmark:  Canterbury Museum, Christchurch, New Zealand
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4058

To Athenæum   18 April [1863]


Attacks the doctrine of "heterogeny" (spontaneous generation during each geological period) as completely lacking in evidence.

Defends natural selection as connecting large classes of facts in natural history. That certain forms have not changed since remote epochs is not an objection of any force.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Athenæum
Date:  18 Apr [1863]
Classmark:  Athenæum, 25 April 1863, pp. 554–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4108

To ?   28 April [1863?]


Discusses exchange of photographs with Édouard Claparède, "for whom I feel the highest respect".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  28 Apr [1863?]
Classmark:  Christie’s (dealers) (6 August 1975, lot 176)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13866

To W. E. Darwin   [5 May 1863]


Discusses dimorphic plants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  [5 May 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 110
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4140

From William Alexander Wooler   5 May 1863


Encloses plants derived from a cowslip–polyanthus cross.

Author:  William Alexander Wooler
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 May 1863
Classmark:  DAR 181: 158
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4141

From A. C. Ramsay   6 May 1863


Glad CD likes his Presidential Address to Geological Society [1863].

Will continue the practice [of discussing the break in succession of strata].

Has devised a diagram showing number of genera and species in each geological formation and the number that pass from formation to formation.

Describes the glaciated terrain of S. Wales.

Author:  Andrew Crombie Ramsay
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 May 1863
Classmark:  DAR 176: 11
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4143

From J. D. Hooker   [7 May 1863]



Falconer going to France in defence of his views.

On scientific squabbling.

Herschel’s theory of the earth.

Bates’s book.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [7 May 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 101: 135–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4144

To Charles Lyell   [7 May 1863]



Falconer’s letter [attacking CL, Athenæum 4 Apr 1863, pp. 459–60] is most unjust.

Regrets his letter [to Athenæum, on heterogeny] now criticised by Owen.

Comments on article by Samuel Haughton [On the form of cells made by wasps – with an appendix on the origin of species (1863)].

Mentions forthcoming reviews by Asa Gray [in Am. J. Sci.].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  [7 May 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 185: 46
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4145

From W. E. Darwin   8 May [1863]



Describes the structure of Corydalis and its arrangement for making pollen accessible to bees.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 May [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 76: B188–90
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4147

To George Snow   8 May 1863


Has pleasure in giving GS a testimonial for the office of surveyor for the Bromley District.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Snow
Date:  8 May 1863
Classmark:  Lawrences Auctioneers (dealers) (30 April – 2 May 2019, Lot 207)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4147F

To J. D. Hooker   [9 May 1863]



Lists the six honest believers in his species theory in England.

Asa Gray complains that Lyell acts like a judge on species, whereas CD complains of Lyell’s indecision.

CD working on divergence of leaves.

Distribution of Cameroon plants and the glacial theory.

Survival of island relics.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [9 May 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 192
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4148

From W. H. Flower   9 May 1863


Sends photos of the niata ox skull presented by CD.

Author:  William Henry Flower
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  9 May 1863
Classmark:  DAR 164: 138
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4149

From Charles Lyell   9 May 1863


Has been to Osborne on the Isle of Wight to visit Queen Victoria, who had lots of questions about CD.

Author:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  9 May 1863
Classmark:  Kinnordy MS (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4149F

To Thomas Rivers   [9 May 1863]



Doubts the fruit will stick on his Chinese double peach and asks TR to send him a couple when ripe.

Would like to grow seeds of the "curious monstrosity" of a wall-flower, to see whether the monstrosity is hereditary.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Rivers
Date:  [9 May 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 185: 84
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4150

To W. E. Darwin   [10 May 1863]


Thanks WED for his botanical specimens and observations.

Discusses Corydalis and the fertilisation of Fumariaceae.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  [10 May 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 111
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4151

From Henry Fletcher Hance   10 May 1863


Sends sketch of Catasetum tridentatum fruit at request of Edward Bradford.

CD incorrectly asserted that Catasetum is male [Orchids, pp. 236–8].

Author:  Henry Fletcher Hance
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 May 1863
Classmark:  DAR 166: 95
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4152

To Asa Gray   11 May [1863]


CD despairs when men like AG and Lyell consider themselves incapable of judging on change of species by descent.

Is confused over phyllotaxy.

Has been looking at Plantago lanceolata.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  11 May [1863]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (59)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4153

To Osbert Salvin   11 [May 1863]


At the suggestion of J. D. Hooker CD offers his opinion on the value of a proposed collection to be made at the Galápagos. The display would not be attractive or appealing to amateurs in natural history, but the scientific value of good collections of every species would be very great if those of each island are rigorously kept separate.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Osbert Salvin
Date:  11 [May 1863]
Classmark:  Sybil Rampen
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4153A
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