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To an editor   24 March [1863?]

Summary

Encloses a dialogue on species from a New Zealand newspaper [S. Butler’s First dialogue on evolution, from the Christchurch Press].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  24 Mar [1863?]
Classmark:  Canterbury Museum, Christchurch, New Zealand
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4058

To H. W. Bates   4 March [1863]

Summary

CD relates Asa Gray’s pleasure over HWB’s paper and Gray’s plans to write abstract [Am. J. Sci. 2d ser. 36 (1863): 285–90].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Walter Bates
Date:  4 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  Cleveland Health Sciences Library (Robert M. Stecher collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4022

To Thomas Rivers   5 March [1863]

Summary

Thanks for information on weeping trees; asks for a few weeping elm seeds.

The double peach is in flower; the almond has not flowered; will beg a specimen of fruit later.

Has been unwell.

Tells of Hooker’s admiration for TR’s articles.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Rivers
Date:  5 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  Sotheby, London (23–4 July 1987)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4023

To J. D. Hooker   5 March [1863]

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Summary

Ill health.

At work on Variation.

Reading JDH on Welwitschia.

Letter from Lyell defends his position on species.

Anger at Owen.

John Lubbock’s lectures.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  5 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 184
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4024

To Smith, Elder and Company   5 March [1863]

Summary

Accepts offer of £5 [for remaining stock of Geology of "Beagle"].

Orders postage stamps for son.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Smith, Elder & Co
Date:  5 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (Ms.23181, ff.6-10 (S. E. & Co. work slip, ff.6-7, letter ff.8-9, address envelope f.10))
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4025

To Charles Lyell   6 March [1863]

Summary

Comments at length on CL’s book [Antiquity of man (1863)]. CD is "greatly disappointed that you have not given judgment and spoken fairly out what you think about the derivation of species".

Lists large number of queries concerning minor points.

Praises especially the chapters on language and glaciers.

Comments on the temperature of Africa during the glacial period, especially with regard to the views of Hooker.

Mentions Owen’s paper on the aye-aye [Rep. BAAS 32 (1862) pt 2: 114–16].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  6 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.289)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4028

To H. B. Dobell   6 March [1863]

Summary

Thanks for information [on regeneration quotation].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Horace Benge Dobell
Date:  6 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 143: 389
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4030

To John Scott   6 March 1863

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Summary

Answers JS’s criticism of natural selection, which he doubts JS understands. CD does not believe in an "innate selective principle".

To understand "utility" JS should read CD on correlation.

Origin of maize: no longer thinks husked form was wild because of Asa Gray’s evidence on its variability.

Has information from Thomas Rivers on weeping habit in trees.

JS’s experiments on coloured primroses.

Encloses bibliographical note on Passiflora.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  6 Mar 1863
Classmark:  DAR 93: B66–8, B71
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4031

To W. D. Fox   9 March [1863]

Summary

Has quoted WDF on crossing white and slate muscovy ducks [Variation 2: 40]. When not crossed, do these breed true?

Will also quote him on Mr Woodd’s white ewes that produced black lambs by a ram with only black spots [Variation 2: 30].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Darwin Fox
Date:  9 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  Christ’s College Library, Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 138)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4033

To Smith, Elder and Company   10 March [1863]

Summary

Receipt for cheque enclosed.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Smith, Elder & Co
Date:  10 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (Ms.23181, ff.11-15 (S. E. & Co. work slip, ff.11-12, letter ff.13-14, address envelope f.15))
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4034

To Charles Lyell   12–13 March [1863]

Summary

[On Antiquity of man] CD is "convinced that at times … you have … given up immutability". "A clear expression from you, if you could have given it, would have been potent with the public."

Objects to CL’s description of CD’s view "as a modification of Lamarck’s doctrine". Quotes Henrietta [Darwin]’s observations on this description.

Comments on CL’s controversy with Owen concerning the human brain.

The controversy between Falconer and CL.

The "wretched" review of CL [Antiquity of man, Athenæum 14 Feb 1863, pp. 219–21] and Huxley [Man’s place in nature].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  12–13 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.290)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4038

To J. D. Hooker   13 [March 1863]

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Summary

Lyell’s position on mutability.

Fertilisation of trees by bees.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  13 [Mar 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 186
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4039

To [Thomas White Woodbury]   15 March [1863]

Summary

TWW should look at bee and comb specimens received by CD from Africa.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas White Woodbury
Date:  15 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  B. Altman & Co. (New York Times, 12 October 1975, p. 39)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4042

To the secretary, Royal Prussian Academy of Sciences, Berlin   16 March 1863

Summary

Thanks Academy on his election as a Corresponding Member.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Royal Prussian Academy of Sciences
Date:  16 Mar 1863
Classmark:  Archiv der Berlin-Brandenburgischen Akademie der Wissenschaften (II–III–120: 67)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4043

To W. D. Fox   16 [March 1863]

Summary

If WDF should hear what ram was put to the ewes, CD would like to add it [see Variation 2: 30].

Will add "cautiously" that WDF believes white and slate muscovy ducks breed true [Variation 2: 40].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Darwin Fox
Date:  16 [Mar 1863]
Classmark:  Christ’s College Library, Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 137)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4044

To Charles Lyell   17 March [1863]

Summary

His better opinion [of work of Boucher de Perthes].

Explains his position on CL’s treatment of species.

Mentions positive response to his ideas on the part of a German professor [Ernst Haeckel], Alphonse de Candolle, and a botanical palaeontologist [Gaston de Saporta].

Notes negative reaction of entomologists.

Mentions Falconer’s objections [to Antiquity].

Mentions work of Hooker.

Comments on paper by Owen ["On the aye-aye", Rep. BAAS 32 (1862) pt 2: 114–16]

and CD’s review of Bates’s paper [Collected papers 2: 87–92].

Thinks Natural History Review is excellent.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  17 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.291)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4047

To J. D. Hooker   17 March [1863]

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Summary

Lyell’s Antiquity of man lacks originality.

Statements in Lyell provoke CD to determine exact publication date of Origin and JDH’s introductory essay [to Flora Tasmaniae].

CD now believes in repeated periods of global cooling and migration.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  17 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 187
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4048

To T. W. Woodbury   [after 17 March 1863]

Summary

Thanks for the artificial comb.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas White Woodbury
Date:  [after 17 Mar 1863]
Classmark:  International Bee Research Association, Eva Crane Library
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4050

To Asa Gray   20 March [1863]

Summary

Discusses the meaning of C. K. Sprengel’s term "dichogamy". Dichogamous plants are functionally monoecious; Primula is functionally dioecious.

Reports Hermann Crüger’s observations of Cattleya and of bees pollinating Catasetum. Crüger will observe Melastomataceae.

Has built a hothouse.

Fears Amsinckia cannot be dimorphic.

Ill health slows his work on Variation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  20 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (58)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4053

To W. D. Fox   23 March [1863]

Summary

Thanks WDF for authentic details of number and colour of lambs [Variation 2: 30].

Complains of his eczema.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Darwin Fox
Date:  23 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.292)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4057
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Darwin, C. R.disabled_by_default
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