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To Charles Lyell   17 March [1863]


His better opinion [of work of Boucher de Perthes].

Explains his position on CL’s treatment of species.

Mentions positive response to his ideas on the part of a German professor [Ernst Haeckel], Alphonse de Candolle, and a botanical palaeontologist [Gaston de Saporta].

Notes negative reaction of entomologists.

Mentions Falconer’s objections [to Antiquity].

Mentions work of Hooker.

Comments on paper by Owen ["On the aye-aye", Rep. BAAS 32 (1862) pt 2: 114–16]

and CD’s review of Bates’s paper [Collected papers 2: 87–92].

Thinks Natural History Review is excellent.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  17 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.291)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4047

To J. D. Hooker   17 March [1863]



Lyell’s Antiquity of man lacks originality.

Statements in Lyell provoke CD to determine exact publication date of Origin and JDH’s introductory essay [to Flora Tasmaniae].

CD now believes in repeated periods of global cooling and migration.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  17 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 187
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4048

From T. W. Woodbury   17 March 1863


Bee species of different sizes build cells the same size.

Author:  Thomas White Woodbury
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 Mar 1863
Classmark:  DAR 181: 150
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4049

To T. W. Woodbury   [after 17 March 1863]


Thanks for the artificial comb.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas White Woodbury
Date:  [after 17 Mar 1863]
Classmark:  International Bee Research Association, Eva Crane Library
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4050

To Journal of Horticulture and Cottage Gardener   [17–24 March 1863]


Reports the observations of Hermann Crüger and John Scott that fruit is set by orchids whose flowers never open and that pollen-tubes are emitted from pollen-masses still in their proper position. These cases convince CD that in Orchids he underestimated the power of tropical orchids to produce seed without insect aid but he is not shaken in his belief that the structure of the flowers is mainly related to insect agency.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Journal of Horticulture
Date:  [17–24 Mar 1863]
Classmark:  Journal of Horticulture and Cottage Gardener n.s. 4 (1863): 237
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4069