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To ?   8 December [1861–8]

Summary

Thanks for information on inheritance of mental peculiarities in cats.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  8 Dec [1861-8]
Classmark:  Dr Jeremy J. C. Mallinson (private collection): sold at Sotheby’s (dealers), 11 December 2017, lot 50
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13770J

To ?   31 December [1861–8]

Summary

"As I have never especially attended to Conchology I am sorry to say I cannot tell you the name of the enclosed shell which I now return–"

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  31 Dec [1861-8]
Classmark:  J. David Archibald (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13881A

From H. W. Bates   [1 December] 1861

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Summary

Furnishes CD with more information on Volucella and gives him references relating to this and butterfly colourings. States that colours are not necessarily related to resting-places but rather an endowment to enable them to withstand adverse conditions.

Author:  Henry Walter Bates
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1 Dec] 1861
Classmark:  DAR 205.10: 93
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3336

To J. D. Hooker   1 December [1861]

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Summary

Rudimentary ovules of Acropera.

High opinion of Bates.

Orchid anatomy.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  1 Dec [1861]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 135
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3337

To H. W. Bates   3 December [1861]

Summary

Thanks HWB for references.

Praises his paper ["Contributions to an insect fauna of the Amazon valley", read before Linnean Society, 21 Nov 1861, Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 23 (1862) : 495–566] which solves "one of the most perplexing problems which could be given to solve".

Discusses the difficulties of writing and expresses disappointment at Wallace’s book [Travels on the Amazon (1861)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Walter Bates
Date:  3 Dec [1861]
Classmark:  Cleveland Health Sciences Library (Robert M. Stecher collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3338

To John Higgins   3 December 1861

Summary

Acknowledges receipt of £245 18s.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Higgins
Date:  3 Dec 1861
Classmark:  Dominic Winter Auctioneers (dealers) (10 April 2019, lot 138)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3338F

To Ludwig Rütimeyer   5 December [1861]

Summary

Admires LR’s book [Die Fauna der Pfahlbauten (1861)].

Will attempt to arrange for skull of wild white Chillingham cattle to be sent by Earl of Tankerville.

CD has come to same conclusion as LR on zebus.

CD’s MS of Variation is half-prepared.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Karl Ludwig (Ludwig) Rütimeyer
Date:  5 Dec [1861]
Classmark:  Universitätsbibliothek Basel, Handschriften (G IV 91, 3)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3339

To Daniel Oliver   7 December [1861]

Summary

Trusts DO’s opinion on Acropera ovules.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  7 Dec [1861]
Classmark:  DAR 261.10: 3 (EH 88205987)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3340

To J. D. Hooker   [9 December 1861]

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Summary

Henri Lecoq’s miserable book on plant geography [Étude sur la géographie botanique de l’Europe (1854–8)].

H. W. Bates’s pleasure at meeting JDH.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [9 Dec 1861]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 136, 129c
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3341

To Asa Gray   11 December [1861]

Summary

Discusses the worsening relations between their two countries and the possibility of war.

Expects Orchids and his Primula paper [Collected papers 2: 45–63] to be out soon.

Thanks AG for some facts on dimorphism.

George Bentham has given him a list of Oxalis and Mentha species that are dimorphic like Primula.

Is in a "thick mud" regarding design in nature.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  11 Dec [1861]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (62)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3342

To John Innes   15 December [1861]

Summary

Delighted to have Quiz [Johnny Innes’ dog].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Brodie Innes
Date:  15 Dec [1861]
Classmark:  Cleveland Health Sciences Library (Robert M. Stecher collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3343

To John Lindley   15 December [1861]

Summary

Thanks JL for a flower of Bolbophyllum, a genus that puzzles him.

Recent work has convinced him a number of orchids are male. Points out that JL [in The vegetable kingdom (1846), pp. 177–8] "accidentally misquoted" R. H. Schomburgk on this point.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Lindley
Date:  15 Dec [1861]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Lindley letters, A–K: 198)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3344

To H. W. Bates   15 December [1861]

Summary

Praises MS of first chapter of HWB’s book [The naturalist on the river Amazons (1863)]. Suggests he give common names and make comparisons to familiar English species to help readers. Suggests a few changes. Will speak strongly to Murray about publishing whenever HWB is ready.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Walter Bates
Date:  15 Dec [1861]
Classmark:  Leeds University Library Special Collections (Brotherton collection) (tipped into a copy of Bates 1892)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3345

To J. D. Hooker   18 [December 1861]

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Summary

Lindley suggests Gongora may be female Acropera.

CD’s orchid book nearly ready for press.

Discovers trimorphism in Lythrum is in H. Lecoq [Études sur la géographie botanique de l’Europe (1854–8)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  18 [Dec 1861]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 137
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3346

To John Innes   19 December [1861]

Summary

Arrangements for receiving Quiz.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Brodie Innes
Date:  19 Dec [1861]
Classmark:  Cleveland Health Sciences Library (Robert M. Stecher collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3347

From B. O’Neile Wilson   22 December 1861

Summary

Variation in instincts among domestic animals.

Author:  Benjamin O’Neile Wilson
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 Dec 1861
Classmark:  DAR 181: 118
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3348

From John Innes   [24 December 1861]

Summary

Arrangements for sending Quiz.

Author:  John Brodie Innes
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [24 Dec 1861]
Classmark:  DAR 167: 6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3349

To John Lindley   24 December [1861]

Summary

Delayed thanking JL for two notes until he heard from Hooker about Acropera luteola; had no idea A. luteola was not a well-known name.

Cites his reasons for identifying A. loddigesii as male; hopes for a Gongora flower from Hooker which, JL suggested, may be the female.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Lindley
Date:  24 Dec [1861]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Lindley letters, A–K: 199)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3350

To J. D. Hooker   27 [December 1861]

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Summary

Seeks information on heating hothouses night and day.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  27 [Dec 1861]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 138
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3351

To J. D. Hooker   28 [December 1861]

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Summary

Gongora cannot be female of Acropera; it may itself be a male.

Hopes Daniel Oliver will "sink Atlantis" in his Royal Institution lecture.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  28 [Dec 1861]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 139
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3352
Document type
letter (26)
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