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To Nature   7 November [1881]

Summary

Summarises letter of William Nation [13350]. The facts given strongly support the conclusion that there is some close connection between the parasitic habits of birds that lay their eggs in others’ nests and the fact of their laying eggs at "considerable intervals of time".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Nature
Date:  7 Nov [1881]
Classmark:  Nature, 17 November 1881, p. 51
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13471

To ?   23 November 1881

Summary

Sends copies of Variation, Descent, and Journal of researches from "the library of my late brother".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  23 Nov 1881
Classmark:  Charles Hamilton (dealer) (29 January 1970)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13507

From F. B. Zincke   1 November 1881

Summary

Has found prehistoric tools in his orchard that he believes have been buried by the action of earthworms.

Author:  Foster Barham Zincke
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Nov 1881
Classmark:  DAR 184: 12
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13448

From L. J. Jones   1 November [1881]

Summary

Points out an error in Earthworms.

Author:  Lawrence John Jones, 4th baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Nov [1881]
Classmark:  DAR 168: 80
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13449

To S. H. Vines   1 November 1881

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Summary

Asks SHV about nature of granular matter formed in root cells of Euphorbia peplus which have been placed in solution of ammonium carbonate.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Sydney Howard Vines
Date:  1 Nov 1881
Classmark:  DAR 185: 75
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13450

To Archibald Geikie   11 November 1881

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Summary

Interested in the fossil scorpions found by AG in the Lower Carboniferous strata of Scotland. Hopes further searches will yield more land animals and offers to subscribe funds to such a search if it falls outside the Geological Survey’s work.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Archibald Geikie
Date:  11 Nov 1881
Classmark:  DAR 185: 134
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13451

To L. J. Jones   2 November 1881

Summary

Thanks LJJ for informing him of error [in Earthworms].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Lawrence John Jones, 4th baronet
Date:  2 Nov 1881
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.599)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13452

From W. B. Tegetmeier   2 November 1881

Summary

Encloses his review of Earthworms.

Author:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 Nov 1881
Classmark:  DAR 178: 85
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13453

To J. V. Carus   2 November 1881

Summary

Sends corrections ("two bad errata & a blunder") in Earthworms, which is selling well in England.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Julius Victor Carus
Date:  2 Nov 1881
Classmark:  Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz (Slg. Darmstaedter Lc 1859: Darwin, Charles, Bl. 193–194)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13454

From S. H. Vines   2 November [1881]

Summary

On the action of ammonium carbonate on plant cells. "Aggregation" of protoplasm.

Author:  Sydney Howard Vines
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 Nov [1881]
Classmark:  DAR 180: 6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13455

To C.-F. Reinwald   2 November 1881

Summary

Errata discovered in Earthworms are listed. Large sales in England, but this is no indication for France. [See 13510.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles-Ferdinand Reinwald
Date:  2 Nov 1881
Classmark:  David Schulson (dealer) (catalogue 43)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13455A

To F. B. Zincke   3 November 1881

Summary

CD thinks the celts [prehistoric tools] on the pan could not have been buried wholly by worms.

As for large size of Arctic mammals, CD suggests it is an advantage in retaining warmth.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Foster Barham Zincke
Date:  3 Nov 1881
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13456

To W. B. Tegetmeier   3 November 1881

Summary

Thanks for the review [of Earthworms].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Date:  3 Nov 1881
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13457

From J. F. Simpson   4 November 1881

Summary

Relates some of his observations on the behaviour and activity of earthworms.

Author:  James Frederick Simpson
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 Nov 1881
Classmark:  DAR 177: 167
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13459

To S. H. Vines   4 November 1881

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Summary

Thanks SHV for his letter [13455] in answer to his questions about the action of ammonium carbonate on the root cells of Euphorbia peplus. Suggests further observations.

Has read J. Sachs [Textbook of botany, English translation (1875)] and H. A. De Bary [Vergleichende Anatomie (1877)] on milk-tubes. He believes that tubes he has observed in germinating roots of Euphorbia myrsinites are modified milk tubes. Will send a paper on the subject to the Linnean Society.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Sydney Howard Vines
Date:  4 Nov 1881
Classmark:  DAR 185: 76
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13459A

From T. H. Farrer   5 November 1881

Summary

Has received Earthworms.

Author:  Thomas Henry Farrer, 1st Baron Farrer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 Nov 1881
Classmark:  DAR 164: 104
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13461

To L. J. Jones   6 November 1881

Summary

Explains source of error [in Earthworms].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Lawrence John Jones, 4th baronet
Date:  6 Nov 1881
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.600)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13462

To John Lubbock   6 November 1881

Summary

Supports the statements on Henry Hicks in JL’s address.

Bonney is an "objector general".

CD has always supported A. C. Ramsay.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Lubbock, 4th baronet and 1st Baron Avebury
Date:  6 Nov 1881
Classmark:  The British Library (Add MS 49645: 104–5)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13463

From Wilhelm Pfeffer   6 November 1881

Summary

It is impossible to trace the direct connections between stimuli and responses in plant movements. Disagrees with much of Julius von Wiesner [Die Bewegungsvermögen der Pflanzen (1881)]. Disagrees with CD on induced movements and circumnutation.

Author:  Wilhelm Friedrich Philipp (Wilhelm) Pfeffer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Nov 1881
Classmark:  DAR 174: 39
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13464

From T. M. Reade   6 November 1881

Summary

Praise for Earthworms.

Author:  Thomas Mellard Reade
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Nov 1881
Classmark:  DAR 176: 32
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13465
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