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To Daniel Oliver   1 April [1861]

Summary

CD never dreamed primroses did not abound with DO; apologises for trouble and sends flowers.

Will repay DO for cost of Cypripedium and for the Dionaea, if any can be got.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  1 Apr [1861]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.243)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3106

To Daniel Oliver   4 April [1861]

Summary

Primula siberica seems to be the only non-dimorphic species. Has made over one hundred Primula crosses.

Regrets Henslow’s illness.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  4 Apr [1861]
Classmark:  DAR 261.10: 29 (EH 88206012)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3110

To Daniel Oliver   23 April [1861]

Summary

Congratulations on DO’s marriage.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  23 April [1861]
Classmark:  Newcastle University Special Collections (Spence Watson/Weiss Archive GB186 SW/6/3)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3125F

To Daniel Oliver   1 May [1861]

Summary

Thanks W. H. Fitch for drawing for the Primula paper. Death of experimental plants delays publication.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  1 May [1861]
Classmark:  DAR 261.10: 7 (EH 88205991)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3133

To Daniel Oliver   27 May [1861]

Summary

Requests that exotic species of Vinca, which never set seed at Kew, be fertilised by pressing a fine bristle between anthers as a moth would its proboscis.

Asks that Primula farinosa be sent.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  27 May [1861]
Classmark:  DAR 261.10: 8 (EH 88205992)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3161

To Daniel Oliver   11 September [1861]

Summary

Has put Drosera off while amusing himself with Primula and orchids.

Dionaea is prettily adapted to weight detection.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  11 Sept [1861]
Classmark:  DAR 261.10: 30, 66 (EH 88206013, EH 88206049)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3251

To Daniel Oliver   8 October [1861]

Summary

Asks DO to look for nectar in Stanhopea saccata labellum. CD’s theory predicts nectar should be present, but afraid there is none.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  8 Oct [1861]
Classmark:  DAR 261.10: 31 (EH 88206014)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3279

To Daniel Oliver   30 November [1861]

Summary

Requests that DO examine enclosed microscope slides of Acropera ovules, to confirm CD’s opinion that females are non-functional.

Can DO comment on disagreement between Robert Brown and John Lindley over the number of Acropera carpels?

O. Heer’s Atlantis theory vs CD’s hypothesis of a migration north during warm periods.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  30 Nov [1861]
Classmark:  DAR 261.10: 2 (EH 88205986)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3333

To Daniel Oliver   7 December [1861]

Summary

Trusts DO’s opinion on Acropera ovules.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  7 Dec [1861]
Classmark:  DAR 261.10: 3 (EH 88205987)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3340

To Daniel Oliver   9 April [1861]

Summary

Asks DO to identify enclosed Fumaria or Corydalis flower, with springing hood adaptation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  9 Apr [1861]
Classmark:  DAR 261.10: 6 (EH 88205990)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3499

To Daniel Oliver   12 [April 1862]

Summary

DO’s observations on polymorphism in Primula and Campanula. CD recognises three classes of dimorphism, as in Primula, Thymus, and Campanula and violets.

DO’s Campanula paper and Royal Institution lecture [Not. Proc. R. Inst. G. B. 3 (1858–62): 431–3].

CD’s interest in Fumariaceae from A. Gray’s comments on "selfing".

Bees bite holes in flowers when same species grows in high density.

Organisation of CD’s notes.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  12 [Apr 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 261.10: 1 (EH 88205985)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3504

To Daniel Oliver   20 [April 1862]

Summary

Requests Oxalis acetosella, which he suspects is dimorphic.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  20 [Apr 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 261.10: 56 (EH 88206039)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3512

To Daniel Oliver   24 April [1862]

Summary

Thanks for Oxalis. Only experimentation will show whether disproportion of long- to short-styled flowers is a functional dimorphism.

Case of aestival flowers is very curious.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  24 Apr [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 261.10: 47 (EH 88206030)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3516

To Daniel Oliver   [before 11 June 1862]

Summary

Asa Gray approves of Orchids; his work on American species confirms CD’s findings.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  [before 11 June 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 261.10: 33 (EH 88206016)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3583

To Daniel Oliver   1 June [1867]

Summary

Asks DO to identify a plant grown from earth adhering to the foot of a woodcock.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  1 June [1867]
Classmark:  Cleveland Health Sciences Library (Robert M. Stecher collection), FF10
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3587

To Daniel Oliver   8 June [1862]

Summary

Describes floral anatomy of a Catasetum sent by DO.

Has gone on from orchids to studying insect agency in Pelargonium.

His doubts on the worth of publishing Orchids.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  8 June [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 261.10: 32 (EH 88206015)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3592

To Daniel Oliver   24 July [1862]

Summary

Asa Gray has a self-fertilising Platanthera, like the bee orchid. CD believes problem of the latter will some day be explained. Speculates [Ophrys] arachnites may be crossing form and bee orchid self-fertilising form of the same species.

Cytisus adami is a puzzle.

Pleased if DO will review Orchids [Nat. Hist. Rev. n.s. 2 (1862): 371–6] .

His review of Primula paper was capital. [Nat. Hist. Rev. n.s. 2 (1862): 235–43].

Requests peloric plants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  24 July [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 261.10: 34 (EH 88206017)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3664

To Daniel Oliver   29 [July 1862]

Summary

Cares more for dimorphism now than for orchids. Today saw the three forms of Lythrum, which means there should be 18 different practicable crosses.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  29 [July 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 261.10: 55 (EH 88206038)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3702

To Daniel Oliver   2 September [1862]

Summary

Exciting work on trimorphism in Lythrum salicaria. Requests Lythraceae from Kew.

Wants to know of plants other than Melastoma and Lythrum with coloured pollen.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  2 Sept [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 261.10: 35 (EH 88206018)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3706

To Daniel Oliver   [17 September 1862]

Summary

Performed a large number of Lythrum crosses before leaving home.

Working on Drosera for amusement. Has tried effect on plants of vegetable substances active on animal nervous systems, e.g., opium; makes Drosera inactive for hours.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  [17 Sept 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 261.10: 36 (EH 88206019)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3709
Document type
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Author
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Oliver, Danieldisabled_by_default
Correspondent
Date
1860 (21)
1861 (14)
1862 (13)
1863 (9)
1864 (11)
1865 (2)
1867 (1)
1871 (2)
1874 (3)
1875 (3)
1877 (2)
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