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To Asa Gray   5 September [1857]

Summary

Encloses an abstract of his ideas on natural selection and the principle of divergence; the "means by which nature makes her species".

Discusses varieties and close species in large and small genera, finding some data from AG in conflict with his expectations.

Has been observing the action of bees in fertilising kidney beans and Lobelia.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  5 Sept [1857]
Classmark:  Archives of the Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (48)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2136

Matches: 1 hit

  • … seeds from Kew (see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 14 [November 1857] ). The enclosure up to and …

To Edouard Bornet   1 December 1866

Summary

Thanks JBEB for Papaver seeds. Has long wished to see some of the closely allied subspecies and hopes to make some crossing experiments with them.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Jean-Baptiste-Édouard (Édouard) Bornet
Date:  1 Dec 1866
Classmark:  Muséum national d’histoire naturelle, Bibliothèque de Botanique, Paris (Ms CRY 501, fol. 387)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5292

Matches: 1 hit

  • … vol.  6, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 4 December 1857 ) and had cited his observations on …

To J. D. Hooker   24 September [1861]

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Summary

CD’s orchid paper is to become orchid book [Orchids].

Primula paper is done [Collected papers 2: 45–63].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  24 Sept [1861]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 113
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3263

Matches: 1 hit

  • … vol.  6, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 22 August [1857] , and letter from Robert …

To J. D. Hooker   8 April [1856]

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Summary

Mustering support at Royal Society Council for John Lindley’s Copley Medal. CD thinks Albany Hancock deserves a Royal Medal.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  8 Apr [1856]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 160
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1851

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Medal in 1857 (see letters to J.  D. Hooker, 2 June 1857  and 5 June [1857] , and Royal …

To T. C. Eyton   9 June [1857]

Summary

Comments on TCE’s work [Catalogue of the species of birds in his collection (1856)].

Mentions African dog’s skin.

Asks about colours of horses

and about variation in tracheae of male birds.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Campbell Eyton
Date:  9 June [1857]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.146)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2103

Matches: 1 hit

  • … of horses, see the letter to J.  D. Hooker, 5 June [1857] and letter to T.  C. Eyton, 26 [ …

From M. T. Masters   4 April 1868

Summary

MTM did not write Gardeners’ Chronicle review of Variation [(1868): 184].

Encloses letters supporting a project [Botanical Congress?] to promote horticulture, and hopes CD will reconsider giving his support.

Author:  Maxwell Tylden Masters
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 Apr 1868
Classmark:  DAR 171: 76
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6092

Matches: 1 hit

  • … admired Buckle 1857–61 (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 7 March [ …

To J. D. Hooker   24–5 November [1858]

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Summary

Praises JDH’s Australian introduction.

Disputes JDH’s emphasis on SE. and SW. Australian flora.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  24-5 Nov [1858]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 255
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2371

Matches: 2 hits

  • … vol.  6, letter from J.  D. Hooker, [6  December 1857] . Hooker persisted in this opinion. …
  • J.  D. Hooker, 2 November [1858] ). CD refers to the speech to be made at the presentation of the Royal Society’s Copley Medal to Charles Lyell at the anniversary meeting on 30 November 1858 ( Proceedings of the Royal Society of London 9 (1857– …

From Asa Gray   16 February 1857

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Summary

Discusses the ranges of alpine species in U. S. and considers the possible migration routes of such species from Europe.

Lists those U. S. genera which he considers protean and describes the U. S. character of some genera which are protean in Europe.

Describes how he distinguishes introduced and aboriginal stocks of the same species.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 Feb 1857
Classmark:  DAR 165: 96
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2053

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Asa Gray, 1 January [1857] and n.  6. See letters to J.  D. Hooker, 1 December [1856] and …

To J. D. Hooker   26 [March 1862]

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Summary

Both JDH’s and Bates’s letters are excellent. JDH has said all that can be said against direct effect of conditions, but CD still sticks to his own and Bates’s side. CD should have done what JDH suggests (since naturally he is pleased to attribute little to conditions) – viz., started on the fundamental principle that variation is innate and stated that afterwards, perhaps, this principle would be made explicable. Variation will show that "use and disuse" have some effect. Does not believe in perfect reversion. Demurs at JDH’s "centrifugal variation"; the doctrine of the good of diversification amply accounts for variation being centrifugal.

The wonderful mechanism of Mormodes ignea.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  26 [Mar 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 147
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3484

Matches: 1 hit

  • … vol.  6, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 22 August [1857] , and letter to Asa Gray, 5  …

From J. D. Hooker   5 September 1864

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Summary

R. I. Murchison’s address [see 4595] smashes Ramsay’s glacial theory.

JDH defends his view that CD should not answer Kölliker.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 Sept 1864
Classmark:  DAR 101: 238–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4608

Matches: 1 hit

  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [1 September 1864] and n.  8. Tautphoeus 1857 . See letter …

To J. D. Hooker   22 June [1869]

Summary

The house at Barmouth.

His poor health.

Bentham’s interesting Linnean Society Address ["On geographical biology", Proc. Linn. Soc. Lond. (1869): lxv–c].

CD particularly wishes to know how botanists agreed with zoologists on distribution.

Still thinks isolation more important in preserving old forms than Bentham is inclined to believe.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  22 June [1869]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 134–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6793

Matches: 2 hits

  • … 11 February [1857] ( Correspondence vol.  6). See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [before 7 May  …
  • Hooker 1866). See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 6 June 1869 ; CD refers to Nils Johan Andersson . CD had written in 1845: ‘I have little doubt that Cocos isl d . , north of the Galapagos Archipelago, from its insulated position, & judging from the Galapagos Arch.  would have a most peculiar flora & fauna’ ( Correspondence vol.  3, letter to Edward Forbes, 13 May [1845] ; see also Correspondence vol.  6, letter to Charles Lyell, 11 February [1857] ). …

To J. D. Hooker   [1 September 1864]

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Summary

CD continues to have trouble reconciling the Veitch’s names for Bignonia plants and Kew names.

Lyell and Falconer called on CD in London.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [1 Sept 1864]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 248
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4605

Matches: 1 hit

  • J.  D.  Hooker, 30 August 1864 . In 1864, 1 September was a Thursday. Quits was the title of a novel ( Tautphoeus 1857 ). …

From Asa Gray   22 May 1855

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Summary

Has filled up CD’s paper [see 1674].

Distribution and relationships of alpine flora in U. S.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 May 1855
Classmark:  DAR 106: D1–D2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1685

Matches: 1 hit

  • … after the third part of volume two. J.  D. Hooker 1857 and 1862. See letter to Asa Gray, …

To J. S. Henslow   28 [September 1860]

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Summary

Has been observing Drosera. Asks JSH whether a curious motion in the red fluid poured out from the viscid hairs is a known or common phenomenon. It surprised him, but he is "so ignorant of vegetable physiology".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Stevens Henslow
Date:  28 [Sept 1860]
Classmark:  DAR 93: A76–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2932

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Correspondence vol.  6, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [21 March 1857] and n.  5). He cited his …

To J. D. Hooker   [29 July 1865]

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Summary

Was glad to read JDH’s article on glaciers of Yorkshire ["Moraines of the Tees Valley", Reader 6 (1865): 70].

Reader article [6 (1865): 61–2] about English and foreign men of science is unjust.

Lubbock is now lost to science.

B. Verlot’s pamphlet on variations of flowers [Sur la production et la fixation des variétés dans les plantes d’ornement (1865)] is very good.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [29 July 1865]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 273
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4874

Matches: 1 hit

  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 13 July 1865  and n.  15). Buckle 1857–61 . See letter …

To George Henry Kendrick Thwaites   7 February [1858]

Summary

Thanks GHKT for letter on plant acclimatisation and variation among alpine and lowland forms in Ceylon.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Henry Kendrick Thwaites
Date:  7 Feb [1858]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.150)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2211

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Correspondence vol.  6, letters to J.  D. Hooker, [29 April 1857] , [2 May 1857] , and [3  …

To Charles Lyell   11 February [1857]

Summary

Discusses a proposed expedition to Australia. Urges collecting and investigating productions of isolated islands. Recommends dredging the sea-bottom.

Mentions keeping Helix pomatia alive in sea-water.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  11 Feb [1857]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.145)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2050

Matches: 1 hit

  • … to William Sharpey, 24 January [1857] ). J.  D. Hooker 1853–5 . The recently extinct, …

From B. P. Brent   15 June 1861

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Summary

On his father’s crossing experiments with cacti, in which hybrids were found quite fertile.

On his breeding of guinea-pigs.

Sends Miss E. Watts’s message about crested fowls and Brahmas.

Author:  Bernard Peirce Brent
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 June 1861
Classmark:  DAR 160.2: 300
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3184

Matches: 1 hit

  • … vol.  6, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 30 September [1857] , and letter from Thomas Glover, …

From J. D. Hooker   [before 17 March 1855]

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Summary

JDH criticises C. J. F. Bunbury’s paper on Madeira [J. Linn. Soc. Lond. (Bot.) 1 (1857): 1–35].

Absence of Ophrys on Madeira suggests to JDH a sequence in creation of groups.

Why are flightless insects common in desert?

Australian endemism.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [before 17 Mar 1855]
Classmark:  DAR 104: 210–13
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1644

Matches: 1 hit

  • … April 1855 (C.  J. F. Bunbury 1857). See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 7 March [1855] . CD made …

To J. D. Hooker   6 October [1858]

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Summary

Abstract growing to inordinate length.

Writing in support of S. Passell as assistant at Linnean Society.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  6 Oct [1858]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 248
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2335

Matches: 1 hit

  • … vol.  6, letter to J.  D. Hooker, 30 September [1857] . An unsigned obituary of Robert …
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