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To J. D. Hooker   [3 May 1857]

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JDH’s last letter demolishes woolly alpine plant theory.

Correlation of apetalous flowers and cold climate.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [3 May 1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 196
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2088

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   [3 May 1857] …
  • … J.  D. Hooker 1862. See letter to J.  D. Hooker, [29 April 1857] , n.  7. …
  • Hooker, tabulating alpine plants according to their ‘woolliness’ (see letter to J.  D. Hooker, [2 May 1857] ). …
  • … See letter to J.  D. Hooker, [2 May 1857] , n.  2. …

To J. D. Hooker   [June 1857]

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Request for Floras of Pacific Islands and Greenland.

Individual variation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [June 1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 222b
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2198

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker    [June 1857] …
  • … questions for Hooker. In the letter to J.  D. Hooker, 20 October [1857] , CD stated that …
  • … following the letter to J.  D. Hooker, 20 October [1857] . The final question in this …
  • … in any species is apt to be highly variable ( letter to J.  D. Hooker, 16 [May 1857] ). …
  • … See also letters to J.  D. Hooker, 3 June [1857] and 5 June [1857] , in which CD expressed …
  • … of a neighbouring Pacific island in 1857 (J.  D. Hooker 1857), would presumably have known …
  • … by CD in the letters to J.  D. Hooker, 16 [May 1857] and 3 June [1857] . The chapter of …

From J. D. Hooker   [17–23 December 1857]

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Sending more Candolle volumes for survey of species with well-marked varieties.

Has begun his introduction [to Flora Tasmaniae]; will not make generalisations.

J. D. Dana’s pamphlet too metaphysical for JDH.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [17–23 Dec 1857]
Classmark:  DAR 104: 194
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2188

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From J.  D. Hooker   [17–23 December 1857] …
  • … the relationship to the letter to J.  D. Hooker, 25 December [1857] , in which CD reported …
  • … 16 December (see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 9 December [1857] ). Hooker’s mention of sending …
  • … CUL. For CD’s opinion of Dana 1857 , see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 25 December [1857] . …
  • … written. Candolle and Candolle 1824–73 . See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 9 December [1857] . …
  • Hooker refers to CD’s calculations on the order Labiatae (see letter from J.  D. Hooker, [6 December 1857] ). …
  • J.  D. Hooker 1855[–60]) was published separately. The ‘two tracts’ were probably Asa Gray’s review of Arthur Henfrey’s Elementary course on botany (London, 1857) …

To J. D. Hooker   6 September [1857]

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Some negative results in variety tabulation survey.

Galls on wild carrot.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  6 Sept [1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 209
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2137

Matches: 3 hits

To J. D. Hooker   4 December [1857]

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Inquiries on effect of dry heat on temperate plants for glacial chapter.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  4 Dec [1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 216
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2180

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   4 December [1857] …
  • … of John Stevens and Harriet Henslow . Letter from J.  D. Hooker, [2 December 1857] . …
  • … pp.  153–4. See letter from J.  D. Hooker, [6 December 1857] , and letter to F.  J. H. …
  • … 1857]. See letter from J.  D. Hooker, [2 December 1857] . Frances Harriet Hooker was the …
  • … p.  413). See letter from J.  D. Hooker, [6 December 1857] . The final results of CD’s …

From J. D. Hooker   [6 December 1857]

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Finds CD’s results [of his survey of well-marked varieties from A. P. and Alphonse de Candolle’s Prodromus systematis naturalis regni vegetabilis (1824–73)] "very curious and suggestive". Thinks the Labiatae will present an obstacle to him as it is a very large and distinct order with well-defined species and genera. Would like to see him tackle more volumes of Candolle’s Prodromus, as his case can only be established by evidence from mundane plants. CD should beware of generalising from local species variability. A comparison of C. C. Babington’s and G. Bentham’s [British] Floras [Babington Manual of British botany (1843, 4th ed., 1856); Bentham Handbook of British flora (1858)] would be invaluable. Suggests CD write to Ferdinand Müller and Charles Moore in Australia. Moisture favouring extension of species is important for CD’s view.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [6 Dec 1857]
Classmark:  DAR 104: 195–6, DAR 47: 192
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2181

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From J.  D. Hooker   [6 December 1857] …
  • … J.  D. Hooker, 4 December [1857] . See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 4 December [1857] . In CD’ …
  • Hooker about the leaf arrangement in Linum (see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 20 October [1857] , …
  • Hooker to investigate this point (see CD note attached to letter to J.  D. Hooker, 20 October [1857] ). …
  • … did not hold. See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 9 December [1857] , for CD’s response to this …
  • … friend Dr. J.  D. Hooker (Flora Indica, Introductory Essay, &c. )’ ( Decaisne 1857 , p.   …
  • Hooker and Thomson 1855 and to J.  D. Hooker 1853–5 . Babington 1851  and Bentham 1858 . In October 1857, …

To J. D. Hooker   14 [November 1857]

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Rule that species vary most in larger genera seems universal.

Response to Gardeners’ Chronicle note on "Bees and kidney beans" [Collected papers 1: 275–7].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  14 [Nov 1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 215
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2170

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   14 [November 1857] …
  • … 1847–59  from Hooker (see letters to J.  D. Hooker, 30 September [1857] , 20 October [ …
  • … 1857] ). See letter to J.  D. Hooker, [23 October 1857] . Candolle and Candolle 1824–73 . …
  • … Wiegmann 1828 . See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 2 June [1857] . John Lindley , whom Hooker …
  • … 1848–]1853. See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 20 October [1857] . Letter from Henry Coe, 4  …

To J. D. Hooker   14 July [1857]

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Asks to borrow several Floras. Must redo calculations as John Lubbock has shown him an important error.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  14 July [1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 204
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2124

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   14 July [1857] …
  • … June 1847] ). See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 5 July [1857] . Boreau 1840 . Fürnrohr 1839 . …
  • … 14 [July 1857] ). See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 1 July [1857] . The letter has not been …
  • … For CD’s query, see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 5 July [1857] . CD had mentioned this case of …

To J. D. Hooker   1 August [1857]

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Important issue at stake with new flora calculations: evidence that species are only strongly marked varieties. Planning large-scale survey.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  1 Aug [1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 206, 207
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2130

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   1 August [1857] …
  • … Koch 1843–4 . Ledebour 1842–53 (see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 22 August [1857] ). …
  • … Gray 1856a. J.  D. Hooker 1853–5  and J.  D. Hooker and Thomson 1857–8. Wollaston 1854 . …
  • … Boreau 1840 . See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 14 July [1857] . By ‘hair splitters’ CD means …
  • Hooker, 27 [June 1854] , and letter from J.  D. Hooker, [29 June 1854] . The proper dosage of chloroform had recently been the subject of discussion in various medical journals following an increase in the number of deaths resulting from its use. See letters to J.  S. Henslow, 10 August [1857] , …

From J. D. Hooker   [11 April 1857]

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JDH cites W. H. Harvey’s observations on Fucus and David Don’s on Juncus as examples of variations that are independent of climate. There are many such cases. Gives his working scheme for categorising variation.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [11 Apr 1857]
Classmark:  DAR 104: 198–201
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2074

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From J.  D. Hooker   [11 April 1857] …
  • … to J.  D. Hooker, 8 April [1857] . See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 8 April [1857] . This note …
  • … to Hastings (see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 8 April [1857] & n.  5) and by the relationship …
  • … are on the subject of variation’. See also the letter to J.  D. Hooker, 12 April [1857] . …

To J. D. Hooker   20 October [1857]

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Returns some of the systematics books borrowed from JDH. Will now take on A. P. and Alphonse de Candolle [Prodromus].

Arrangements for a visit.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  20 Oct [1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 212, 222c
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2156

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   20 October [1857] …
  • … enquire’. Hooker answered the query in the letter from J.  D. Hooker, [6 December 1857] . …
  • … lent to him by Hooker (see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 30 September [1857] ). Ledebour 1842– …
  • … Darwin’s diary). See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 30 September [1857] . Letter to Gardeners’ …

To J. D. Hooker   9 December [1857]

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Survey of species with well-marked varieties: JDH’s Labiatae case a "great blow", but result is very generally consistent.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  9 Dec [1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 217
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2182

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   9 December [1857] …
  • … D. Hooker, 4 December [1857] , and the letter from J.  D. Hooker, [6 December 1857] . CD …
  • … 1857] , and letter from J.  D. Hooker, [6 December 1857] . See letter to Ferdinand Jakob …

From J. D. Hooker   [2 December 1857]

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News of Mrs Henslow’s death.

Studying Impatiens, which bears on CD’s problems. Though genus is endemic to India, with over 100 species, CD will be glad to know they do not run into one another.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [2 Dec 1857]
Classmark:  DAR 104: 178–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2178

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From J.  D. Hooker   [2 December 1857] …
  • … Wednesday before letter to J.  D. Hooker, 4 December [1857] . Harriet Henslow had died in …
  • … November 1857 (see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 21 November [1857] ). Harriet Henslow was the …
  • … to vary. ’ See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 20 October [1857] . The crossing of sweet and …

To J. D. Hooker   25 December [1857]

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Species with marked varieties.

Dana’s pamphlet also too metaphysical for CD.

Natural selection chapter on hybridism completed.

Doubts JDH will resist theory in his introduction to Flora Tasmaniae.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  25 Dec [1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 218
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2194

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   25 December [1857] …
  • … 1857] . J.  D. Hooker 1860. See letter from J.   D. Hooker, [17–23 December 1857] and n.   …
  • … 1857 (see letter from J.  D. Hooker, [17–23 December 1857] ). In ‘Thoughts on species’ ( …
  • … II). See letter from J.  D. Hooker, [17–23 December 1857] . CD did not conclude his …

To J. D. Hooker   20 January [1857]

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CD will advise Daniell not to apply for Royal Society grant.

CD’s experiment: fish fed seeds, which germinated when voided.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  20 Jan [1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 189
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2042

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   20 January [1857] …
  • … relationship to the letters to J.  D. Hooker, 17 January [1857] , and to T.  H. Huxley, …
  • … Freeman Daniell . See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 17 January [1857] . See letter to T.   …
  • 1857] . William Sharpey was a secretary of the Royal Society. The letter has not been found. Recorded in CD’s Experimental book, p.  19 (DAR 157a). CD refers to the children’s story ‘The old woman and the pig’. For CD’s earlier experiments to investigate fish as a means of distributing plant seeds, see Correspondence vol.  5, letters to W.  D. Fox, 7 May [1855] , and to J.  D. Hooker, …

To J. D. Hooker   5 June [1857]

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Royal Society medals.

Correlation of variability and abnormal development is G. R. Waterhouse’s law. Relation of this law to polymorphism.

Colouring and marks of ancestral horse deduced from facts observed in pigeons.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  5 June [1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 201
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2102

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   5 June [1857] …
  • … to J.  D. Hooker, 2 June [1857] . See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 2 June [1857] . CD had …
  • … Frankland . See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 3 June [1857] . George Robert Waterhouse had …

To J. S. Henslow   25 September [1857]

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Thanks JSH for his magnificent present. Hopes Hooker will bring the specimens.

Have water-fowl ever been seen at Ipswich on Mr Ransome’s great tank?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Stevens Henslow
Date:  25 Sept [1857]
Classmark:  DAR 93: A58–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2329

Matches: 3 hits

  • … colouring of their wings ( OED ). See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 11 September [1857] . …
  • … mentioned in the letter to J.  D. Hooker, 11 September [1857] . William Erasmus Darwin had …
  • … specimens (see letter to J.  D. Hooker, [23 October 1857] ). ‘Copper’ is short for the …

To William Sharpey   2 June [1857]

Summary

Supports nomination of John Lindley for award of Royal Medal of the Royal Society.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Sharpey
Date:  2 June [1857]
Classmark:  Houghton Library, Harvard University (MS Lowell Autograph File 84)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2100

Matches: 2 hits

  • … and Joseph Prestwich was a recipient in 1865. See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 2 June [1857] . …
  • … J.  D. Hooker, 2 June [1857] . See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 2 June [1857] . CD’s previous …

To J. D. Hooker   [after 20 January 1857]

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CD finds Alphonse de Candolle very useful, though JDH has low opinion.

CD argues for accidental introductions explaining some odd distributions, e.g., New Zealand vs Australian plants.

CD’s method.

Diverging affinities in isolated genera.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [after 20 Jan 1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 190
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2033

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   [after 20 January 1857] …
  • … relationship to the letters to J.  D. Hooker, 17 January [1857] , and 20 January[1857]. …
  • … See letters to J.  D. Hooker, 17 January [1857] and 20 January [1857] . CD refers to a …
  • … January [1857] . See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 15 March [1857] , for an explanation of what …
  • Hooker, 7 March [1855] and 5 June [1855] , and letter from J.  D. Hooker, [6–9 June 1855] ). Wollaston 1854  and 1856. As Thomas Vernon Wollaston remarked in the introduction of Insecta Maderensia , ‘the total absence of numerous genera (and even of whole families) which are looked upon as all but universal, constitutes one of the most striking features of our entomological fauna. ’ ( Wollaston 1854 , p. x). See also letter from T.  V. Wollaston, [12 April 1857] . …

From J. D. Hooker   [27] June 1857

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Embryology of plants of low systematic order. Comparative development begins only with first post-cotyledonary leaves.

Curt letter to JDH from George Henslow.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [27] June 1857
Classmark:  DAR 100: 115
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2114

Matches: 2 hits

  • … From J.  D. Hooker   [27] June 1857
  • … June in 1857. See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 25 June [1857] . George Henslow , the youngest …
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