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To J. D. Hooker   [3 May 1857]

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Summary

JDH’s last letter demolishes woolly alpine plant theory.

Correlation of apetalous flowers and cold climate.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [3 May 1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 196
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2088

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   [3 May 1857] …
  • … J.  D. Hooker 1862. See letter to J.  D. Hooker, [29 April 1857] , n.  7. …
  • Hooker, tabulating alpine plants according to their ‘woolliness’ (see letter to J.  D. Hooker, [2 May 1857] ). …
  • … See letter to J.  D. Hooker, [2 May 1857] , n.  2. …

To J. D. Hooker   [June 1857]

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Request for Floras of Pacific Islands and Greenland.

Individual variation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [June 1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 222b
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2198

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker    [June 1857] …
  • … questions for Hooker. In the letter to J.  D. Hooker, 20 October [1857] , CD stated that …
  • … following the letter to J.  D. Hooker, 20 October [1857] . The final question in this …
  • … in any species is apt to be highly variable ( letter to J.  D. Hooker, 16 [May 1857] ). …
  • … See also letters to J.  D. Hooker, 3 June [1857] and 5 June [1857] , in which CD expressed …
  • … of a neighbouring Pacific island in 1857 (J.  D. Hooker 1857), would presumably have known …
  • … by CD in the letters to J.  D. Hooker, 16 [May 1857] and 3 June [1857] . The chapter of …

To J. D. Hooker   6 September [1857]

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Summary

Some negative results in variety tabulation survey.

Galls on wild carrot.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  6 Sept [1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 209
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2137

Matches: 3 hits

To J. D. Hooker   4 December [1857]

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Summary

Inquiries on effect of dry heat on temperate plants for glacial chapter.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  4 Dec [1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 216
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2180

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   4 December [1857] …
  • … of John Stevens and Harriet Henslow . Letter from J.  D. Hooker, [2 December 1857] . …
  • … pp.  153–4. See letter from J.  D. Hooker, [6 December 1857] , and letter to F.  J. H. …
  • … 1857]. See letter from J.  D. Hooker, [2 December 1857] . Frances Harriet Hooker was the …
  • … p.  413). See letter from J.  D. Hooker, [6 December 1857] . The final results of CD’s …

To J. D. Hooker   14 [November 1857]

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Rule that species vary most in larger genera seems universal.

Response to Gardeners’ Chronicle note on "Bees and kidney beans" [Collected papers 1: 275–7].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  14 [Nov 1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 215
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2170

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   14 [November 1857] …
  • … 1847–59  from Hooker (see letters to J.  D. Hooker, 30 September [1857] , 20 October [ …
  • … 1857] ). See letter to J.  D. Hooker, [23 October 1857] . Candolle and Candolle 1824–73 . …
  • … Wiegmann 1828 . See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 2 June [1857] . John Lindley , whom Hooker …
  • … 1848–]1853. See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 20 October [1857] . Letter from Henry Coe, 4  …

To J. D. Hooker   14 July [1857]

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Asks to borrow several Floras. Must redo calculations as John Lubbock has shown him an important error.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  14 July [1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 204
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2124

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   14 July [1857] …
  • … June 1847] ). See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 5 July [1857] . Boreau 1840 . Fürnrohr 1839 . …
  • … 14 [July 1857] ). See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 1 July [1857] . The letter has not been …
  • … For CD’s query, see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 5 July [1857] . CD had mentioned this case of …

To J. D. Hooker   1 August [1857]

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Important issue at stake with new flora calculations: evidence that species are only strongly marked varieties. Planning large-scale survey.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  1 Aug [1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 206, 207
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2130

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   1 August [1857] …
  • … Koch 1843–4 . Ledebour 1842–53 (see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 22 August [1857] ). …
  • … Gray 1856a. J.  D. Hooker 1853–5  and J.  D. Hooker and Thomson 1857–8. Wollaston 1854 . …
  • … Boreau 1840 . See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 14 July [1857] . By ‘hair splitters’ CD means …
  • Hooker, 27 [June 1854] , and letter from J.  D. Hooker, [29 June 1854] . The proper dosage of chloroform had recently been the subject of discussion in various medical journals following an increase in the number of deaths resulting from its use. See letters to J.  S. Henslow, 10 August [1857] , …

To J. D. Hooker   20 October [1857]

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Returns some of the systematics books borrowed from JDH. Will now take on A. P. and Alphonse de Candolle [Prodromus].

Arrangements for a visit.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  20 Oct [1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 212, 222c
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2156

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   20 October [1857] …
  • … enquire’. Hooker answered the query in the letter from J.  D. Hooker, [6 December 1857] . …
  • … lent to him by Hooker (see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 30 September [1857] ). Ledebour 1842– …
  • … Darwin’s diary). See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 30 September [1857] . Letter to Gardeners’ …

To J. D. Hooker   9 December [1857]

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Survey of species with well-marked varieties: JDH’s Labiatae case a "great blow", but result is very generally consistent.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  9 Dec [1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 217
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2182

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   9 December [1857] …
  • … D. Hooker, 4 December [1857] , and the letter from J.  D. Hooker, [6 December 1857] . CD …
  • … 1857] , and letter from J.  D. Hooker, [6 December 1857] . See letter to Ferdinand Jakob …

To J. D. Hooker   25 December [1857]

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Species with marked varieties.

Dana’s pamphlet also too metaphysical for CD.

Natural selection chapter on hybridism completed.

Doubts JDH will resist theory in his introduction to Flora Tasmaniae.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  25 Dec [1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 218
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2194

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   25 December [1857] …
  • … 1857] . J.  D. Hooker 1860. See letter from J.   D. Hooker, [17–23 December 1857] and n.   …
  • … 1857 (see letter from J.  D. Hooker, [17–23 December 1857] ). In ‘Thoughts on species’ ( …
  • … II). See letter from J.  D. Hooker, [17–23 December 1857] . CD did not conclude his …

To J. D. Hooker   9 February [1858]

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Six volumes of Candolle’s Prodromus confirm rule that small genera vary less than large. Labiatae an exception to rule.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  9 Feb [1858]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 223
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2212

Matches: 3 hits

  • … J.  D. Hooker, [6 December 1857] , and letter to J.  D. Hooker, 9 December [1857] ). His …
  • … vol.  6, letter to J.  D. Hooker, 30 September [1857] . The order Labiatae was discussed …
  • … vol.  6, letter from J.  D. Hooker, [17–23 December 1857] ). CD’s results are given in a …

To J. D. Hooker   20 January [1857]

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CD will advise Daniell not to apply for Royal Society grant.

CD’s experiment: fish fed seeds, which germinated when voided.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  20 Jan [1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 189
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2042

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   20 January [1857] …
  • … relationship to the letters to J.  D. Hooker, 17 January [1857] , and to T.  H. Huxley, …
  • … Freeman Daniell . See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 17 January [1857] . See letter to T.   …
  • 1857] . William Sharpey was a secretary of the Royal Society. The letter has not been found. Recorded in CD’s Experimental book, p.  19 (DAR 157a). CD refers to the children’s story ‘The old woman and the pig’. For CD’s earlier experiments to investigate fish as a means of distributing plant seeds, see Correspondence vol.  5, letters to W.  D. Fox, 7 May [1855] , and to J.  D. Hooker, …

To J. D. Hooker   5 June [1857]

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Royal Society medals.

Correlation of variability and abnormal development is G. R. Waterhouse’s law. Relation of this law to polymorphism.

Colouring and marks of ancestral horse deduced from facts observed in pigeons.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  5 June [1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 201
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2102

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   5 June [1857] …
  • … to J.  D. Hooker, 2 June [1857] . See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 2 June [1857] . CD had …
  • … Frankland . See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 3 June [1857] . George Robert Waterhouse had …

To John Stevens Henslow   25 January [1858]

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Mrs Henslow’s death stirs reminiscences of happier days.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Stevens Henslow
Date:  25 Jan [1858]
Classmark:  DAR 93: A50–1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2207

Matches: 1 hit

To J. S. Henslow   25 September [1857]

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Thanks JSH for his magnificent present. Hopes Hooker will bring the specimens.

Have water-fowl ever been seen at Ipswich on Mr Ransome’s great tank?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Stevens Henslow
Date:  25 Sept [1857]
Classmark:  DAR 93: A58–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2329

Matches: 3 hits

  • … colouring of their wings ( OED ). See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 11 September [1857] . …
  • … mentioned in the letter to J.  D. Hooker, 11 September [1857] . William Erasmus Darwin had …
  • … specimens (see letter to J.  D. Hooker, [23 October 1857] ). ‘Copper’ is short for the …

To W. E. Darwin   [30 October 1858]

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Glad WED has begun under George Henslow in the way that he has. CD wishes he had had such practice under J. S. Henslow.

Has had luck in his search for striped horses.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  [30 Oct 1858]
Classmark:  DAR 92: A29–30
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2350

Matches: 1 hit

To William Sharpey   2 June [1857]

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Supports nomination of John Lindley for award of Royal Medal of the Royal Society.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Sharpey
Date:  2 June [1857]
Classmark:  Houghton Library, Harvard University (MS Lowell Autograph File 84)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2100

Matches: 2 hits

  • … and Joseph Prestwich was a recipient in 1865. See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 2 June [1857] . …
  • … J.  D. Hooker, 2 June [1857] . See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 2 June [1857] . CD’s previous …

To J. D. Hooker   [after 20 January 1857]

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CD finds Alphonse de Candolle very useful, though JDH has low opinion.

CD argues for accidental introductions explaining some odd distributions, e.g., New Zealand vs Australian plants.

CD’s method.

Diverging affinities in isolated genera.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [after 20 Jan 1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 190
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2033

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   [after 20 January 1857] …
  • … relationship to the letters to J.  D. Hooker, 17 January [1857] , and 20 January[1857]. …
  • … See letters to J.  D. Hooker, 17 January [1857] and 20 January [1857] . CD refers to a …
  • … January [1857] . See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 15 March [1857] , for an explanation of what …
  • Hooker, 7 March [1855] and 5 June [1855] , and letter from J.  D. Hooker, [6–9 June 1855] ). Wollaston 1854  and 1856. As Thomas Vernon Wollaston remarked in the introduction of Insecta Maderensia , ‘the total absence of numerous genera (and even of whole families) which are looked upon as all but universal, constitutes one of the most striking features of our entomological fauna. ’ ( Wollaston 1854 , p. x). See also letter from T.  V. Wollaston, [12 April 1857] . …

To J. D. Hooker   31 March [1858]

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Writing section on large and small genera [for Natural selection, ch. 4].

Huxley supersedes Owen on parthenogenesis.

Buckle’s History of civilisation in England extremely interesting.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  31 Mar [1858]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 230
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2248

Matches: 3 hits

  • … vol.  6, letter from J.  D. Hooker, [2 December 1857] ). Notes on Livingstone 1857  are …
  • Hooker, 23 February [1858] , and letter from J.  D. Hooker, [25] February [1858] ). Livingstone 1857 . …
  • 1857–61 , which CD recorded having read early in 1858 ( Correspondence vol.  4, Appendix IV, 128: 23). CD and Hooker had met Henry Thomas Buckle at a dinner party (see letter to J.  D. …

To J. D. Hooker   8 April [1857]

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Independence of variation from climate shown by several plant genera; CD asks for confirmation.

Progressing with book [Natural selection].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  8 Apr [1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 191
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2073

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   8 April [1857] …
  • … n.  5, below). See letter to J.  D. Hooker, [21 March 1857] . Harvey 1849, Don 1841 , and …
  • … p.  284. See letter from J.  D. Hooker, [11 April 1857] . In Natural selection , p.  284, …
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