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To W. E. Darwin   25 [November 1856]

Summary

Writes about suitable mourning clothes and sale of house [Petleys, after death of Sarah Elizabeth Wedgwood I].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  25 [Nov 1856]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 11
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2000

Matches: 6 hits

  • … use of Sarah Wedgwood’s phaeton, which would now cease (see Emma Darwin (1915) 2: 105). …
  • … Bibliography Emma Darwin ( …
  • … 1915): Emma Darwin: a century of family letters, 1792–1896. Edited by Henrietta …
  • … at Rugby School ( Rugby School register ). Emma Darwin recorded in her diary that ‘George …
  • … 6 October 1856. Sarah Elizabeth (Elizabeth) Wedgwood, Emma Darwin’s older sister and CD’s …
  • … cousin. Emma Darwin recorded in her diary that ‘Eliz came’ on 27 November 1856. The Mid- …

To George Howard Darwin and W. E. Darwin   13 [November 1856]

Summary

Describes the funeral of Aunt Sarah [Elizabeth Wedgwood].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin; George Howard Darwin
Date:  13 [Nov 1856]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 10
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1987

Matches: 9 hits

  • … et al. 27 vols to date. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 1985–. Emma Darwin ( …
  • … 1915): Emma Darwin: a century of family letters, 1792–1896. Edited by Henrietta …
  • … in Down village, in 1847 (see Correspondence vol.  3, letter to Emma Darwin, [24 June …
  • … 1846] and Emma Darwin (1915) 2: 105). …
  • … had taken place on 12 November 1856 ( Emma Darwin’s diary). These uncles were Emma’s …
  • … which only gained by repetition. ’ ( Emma Darwin (1915) 2: 106). Henrietta Litchfield …
  • … believe ever visited in the village. ’ ( Emma Darwin (1915) 2: 105). Although CD had told …
  • Darwin, then at Rugby School. Dated by the reference to the funeral of Sarah Elizabeth (Sarah) Wedgwood, who died on 6 November 1856. Sarah Wedgwood, CD’s and Emma’ …
  • Emma’s older sister, Sarah Elizabeth (Elizabeth) Wedgwood. John Lewis was the carpenter and undertaker in Down village. John Innes, perpetual curate of Down. Sarah Wedgwood’s servants, of whom the Darwin

To Charles Lyell   10 November [1856]

Summary

Illnesses of Mrs Horner and Emma Darwin.

Death of Sarah Elizabeth Wedgwood.

Mentions work on his "Big Book" [Natural selection].

Remarks on J. A. H. de Bosquet’s discovery of a Chthamalus in the Chalk.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  10 Nov [1856]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.140)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1984

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Bibliography Emma Darwin ( …
  • … 1915): Emma Darwin: a century of family letters, 1792–1896. Edited by Henrietta …
  • … Illnesses of Mrs Horner and Emma Darwin. Death of Sarah Elizabeth Wedgwood. Mentions work …
  • … Wedgwood died on 6 November 1856 ( Emma Darwin (1915) 2: 161). She had broken her hip in …

To Harriet Lubbock   [8 December 1856]

Summary

Thanks her for kindness. Announces, "We have now half-a-dozen Boys" [Charles Waring Darwin, born 6 Dec].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Harriet Lubbock
Date:  [8 Dec 1856]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.141)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2015

Matches: 2 hits

  • … after the birth of Charles Waring Darwin. Henrietta Emma Darwin. Miss Thorley was the …
  • … Darwin children until 6 January 1857 (Emma Darwin’s diary). Miss Pugh took her place in …

To Miss Holland   [May 1856]

Summary

An entomologist who has been staying with CD [T. V. Wollaston] says the pupa she sent would turn into a lackey moth.

Adds that the great destruction of birds in the winter preceding the last is probable cause of survival of caterpillars and resulting numerous cocoons.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Miss Holland
Date:  [May 1856]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1861

Matches: 4 hits

  • … in his garden during that winter in Origin , p.  68. Emma Darwin’s note has been excised. …
  • … who visited the Darwins from 25 to 28 April 1856 (Emma Darwin’s diary). See n.  2, above. …
  • … interlined in a different hand, possibly Emma Darwin’s, after ‘first-rate Entomologist’ …
  • Emma demands the rest of this note, so pray believe me, dear Miss Holland, yours very sincerely | Charles Darwin

From George Howard Darwin   [28 November 1856]

Summary

Letter from school with instructions where to put away his belongings at home.

Author:  George Howard Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [28 Nov 1856]
Classmark:  DAR 251: 2222
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2003F

Matches: 6 hits

  • … for an hour by a nose-bleed (letter from Emma Darwin to W.  E.  Darwin, [1 December 1856], …
  • … n.  4, below), and by references in Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242). The only Thursday in …
  • … ill while at home: for 25 November 1856 Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242) records, ‘G.  very …
  • … Darwin, 25 [November 1856] ). Henrietta Emma Darwin later wrote, ‘Mrs Morrey’s gingerbread …
  • … we have ever tasted before or since’ ( Emma Darwin (1915), 2: 106). Petleys was auctioned …
  • … CD’s and Emma’s aunt, who had died 6 November 1856 (Freeman 1978). The Darwin children, …

To W. E. Darwin   10 [December 1856]

Summary

Writes of arrangements for the end of the school-term.

Condition of Emma and the new baby [C. W. Darwin].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  10 [Dec 1856]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 12
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2019

Matches: 4 hits

  • … the birth of Charles Waring Darwin. Emma Darwin noted in her diary that after his school- …
  • … Darwin, 13 [November 1856]). According to Emma Darwin’s diary, the Darwin boys stayed with …
  • … which was William Darwin’s birthday. Emma Darwin recorded in her diary on 26 December, ‘ …
  • … for the end of the school-term. Condition of Emma and the new baby [C. W. Darwin]. …

To George Varenne Reed   8 September [1856]

Summary

George is not so low at school as CD anticipated. He keeps at the top of his class, thanks to GVR’s labours.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Varenne Reed
Date:  8 Sept [1856]
Classmark:  Buckinghamshire Record Office (D22/39/1)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2139

Matches: 2 hits

  • … of the letter is established by an entry in Emma Darwin’s diary for 5 September 1856 that …
  • … Clapham Grammar School on 8 September (Emma Darwin’s diary). George Varenne Reed had been …

To John Lubbock   24 April [1856]

Summary

Congratulations on JL’s marriage. Invitation to dine at Down with the Hookers, Huxleys, and T. V. Wollaston.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Lubbock, 4th baronet and 1st Baron Avebury
Date:  24 Apr [1856]
Classmark:  DAR 263: 2 (EH 88206448)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1859

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Lubbock dined at Down House with CD and his visitors on 26 April (Emma Darwin’s diary). …
  • … On 17 April, Emma Darwin recorded in her diary: ‘I began to be bad. ’ Charles Waring …

To W. D. Fox   20 October [1856]

Summary

Has taken birds with seeds in crops to Zoological Society and fed them to eagles and owls. Pellets with seeds in perfect condition were "thrown up" in 18 and 16 hours, showing an effective means of distribution.

Asks WDF to write to his nephew in Jamaica to try experiments with floating lizards’ and snakes’ eggs in sea-water, to see if they survive.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Darwin Fox
Date:  20 Oct [1856]
Classmark:  Christ’s College Library, Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 99)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1978

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Dated by the reference to Emma Darwin’s forthcoming confinement (see n.  3, below) and to …
  • … letter to W.  D. Fox, 3 October [1856] . Emma Darwin was seven months pregnant. Charles …

To J. D. Hooker   9 May [1856]

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Summary

Lyell urges CD to publish a sketch of species theory; CD asks JDH’s opinion on best course.

Concerned about opposition, particularly by Owen, to Huxley’s admission to Athenaeum.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  9 May [1856]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 161
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1870

Matches: 1 hit

  • … for troubling you. — Yours affecti y | C.  Darwin Emma desires her best thanks to M rs . …

From Bernard Peirce Brent    [after August 1856]

Summary

On his breeding of Jacobin pigeons. How reciprocal crosses to produce mules work among canaries, goldfinches, linnets, and green linnets.

Will soon forward copies of Cottage Gardener for June.

Author:  Bernard Peirce Brent
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [after Aug 1856]
Classmark:  DAR 160.2: 298
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2850

Matches: 2 hits

  • … copy is in the Darwin Library–CUL. Emma Darwin, aged 48, gave birth to her tenth child on …
  • … 23 October 1857), the reference to Emma Darwin being ‘so unwell’ suggests an earlier …

To J. M. Herbert   18 November [1856]

Summary

Defers a visit with Lieutenant Blakiston; "my wife is out of health & expects her confinement in a few weeks, & I cannot possibly receive any one here or leave home . . ."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Maurice Herbert
Date:  18 Nov [1856]
Classmark:  Sotheby’s New York (June 1991); Remember When Antiquities (catalogue 26, 1992); Gerard A. J. Stodolski Inc. (1995)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2020A

Matches: 2 hits

  • … year is established by the reference to Emma Darwin’s pregnancy (see n.  3, below) and the …
  • … in London from 13 to 16 January 1857 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). Herschel ed.  1849; …

To J. D. Hooker   22 June [1856]

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Summary

CD sends reference for "Laburnum case", with comment on his own credulity.

Wants to quote JDH on plants endemic to NW. America.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  22 June [1856]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 165
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1908

Matches: 1 hit

  • … discussed in Natural selection , p.  539. Emma Darwin, aged 48 on 2 May, was in the fourth …

To John Lubbock   12 [June 1856]

Summary

Smallpox in the village. Death of Joseph Parslow’s son.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Lubbock, 4th baronet and 1st Baron Avebury
Date:  12 [June 1856]
Classmark:  DAR 263: 3 (EH 88206450)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1900

Matches: 1 hit

  • … 1856 and again from 18 to 21 June (Emma Darwin’s diary). Joseph Parslow was the Darwins’ …

To William Erasmus Darwin   [26 February 1856]

Summary

Writes of WED’s progress at school and events at home.

Discusses pigeons, with which he is "getting on splendidly".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  [26 Feb 1856]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1804

Matches: 2 hits

  • … to Syms Covington, 22 February 1857 ). Emma Darwin was in Hartfield, Sussex, where her …
  • … from 21 February to 1 March 1856 (Emma Darwin’ s diary). Since William and George were at …

To W. D. Fox   3 October [1856]

Summary

Finds his grief over his daughter Anne’s death still strong.

Is following Lyell’s advice about publishing his species doctrine. It is not to be a sketch, however, but as perfect as his 19 years of work will allow. His work on pigeons has been invaluable on many points. "No subject gives me so much trouble as means of dispersal of terrestrial production in the oceanic islands."

Finds "most remarkable differences" in skeletons of rabbits.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Darwin Fox
Date:  3 Oct [1856]
Classmark:  Christ’s College Library, Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 100)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1967

Matches: 1 hit

  • … near Down House. On 3 September 1856, Emma Darwin recorded in her diary: ‘Aunt S.  fall’. …

To T. H. Huxley   9 April [1856]

Summary

Arrangements for visit of Huxleys to Down on 26 Apr.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  9 Apr [1856]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology, and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 33)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1852

Matches: 1 hit

  • … staying at Down House. According to Emma Darwin’s diary, John Lubbock joined them for …

To S. P. Woodward   3 June [1856]

Summary

Comments on SPW’s book [Manual of Mollusca (1851–6)].

Mentions questions he has for SPW [see 1890].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Samuel Pickworth Woodward
Date:  3 June [1856]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.129)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1886

Matches: 1 hit

  • … S.  P. Woodward, [after 4 June 1856] . Emma Darwin’s diary indicates that CD was in London …

To Frances Mackintosh Wedgwood   18 [August 1856 – January 1858]

Summary

Is flattered by a proposal that he undertake some reviewing work, but has many years’ work in prospect on his present book on species and varieties.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Frances Emma Elizabeth (Fanny) Wedgwood
Date:  18 [Aug 1856 - Jan 1858]
Classmark:  DAR 148: 303
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1810

Matches: 2 hits

  • … 1856 Henrietta Darwin was ill, and Emma Darwin recorded in her diary on 25 August that CD …
  • Darwin Down 18 Aug 1856 18 Sept 1856 18 Oct 1856 18 Nov 1856 18 Dec 1856 18 Jan 1857 18 Feb 1857 18 Mar 1857 18 Apr 1857 18 May 1857 18 June 1857 18 July 1857 18 Aug 1857 18 Sept 1857 18 Oct 1857 18 Nov 1857 18 Dec 1857 18 Jan 1858 Frances Emma
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