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To C. G. Semper   18 July 1877

Summary

Thanks for CGS’s work [“Über Schneckenaugen” (1877)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Carl Gottfried Semper
Date:  18 July 1877
Classmark:  Universitäts- und Landesbibliothek Düsseldorf (slg 60/Dok/56)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11061

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To C.  G.  Semper   18 July 1877
  • … Thanks for CGS’s work [“Über Schneckenaugen” (1877)]. …
  • … Düsseldorf (slg 60/Dok/56) Charles Robert Darwin Down 18 July 1877 Carl Gottfried Semper …
  • … See letter from C. G. Semper, 13 July 1877 . Semper had sent CD his Über Sehorgane von …
  • … Station | Orpington. S.E.R. ) July 18 th . 1877 My dear Sir I received safely this morning …

From W. E. Gladstone   23 October 1877

Summary

Accepts CD’s offer to send numbers of Kosmos.

WEG thinks the evidence from Homer’s text is conclusive that his "discrimination of colour was as defective as his sense of form and of motion was exact and lively".

Author:  William Ewart Gladstone
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 Oct 1877
Classmark:  DAR 165: 50
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11202

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From W.  E.  Gladstone   23 October 1877
  • … DAR 165: 50 William Ewart Gladstone Kilruddery 23 Oct 1877 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … German translation of his ‘Biographical sketch of an infant’ ( Kosmos 1 (1877): 367–76). …
  • … Gladstone 1858 and Gladstone 1877 . Coollatin, near Shillelagh, county Wicklow, was the …
  • … of an infant. By Charles Darwin. Mind 2 (1877): 285–94. [ Shorter publications , pp. 409– …
  • … University Press. Gladstone, William Ewart. 1877. The colour-sense. Nineteenth Century 2: …
  • … Ireland from 17 October to 12 November 1877, during which time he stayed with Brabazon ( …
  • … See letter to W. E. Gladstone, 2 October 1877 . CD had offered to send copies of Kosmos …

Moore, F. 1877. The Lepidopterous fauna of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. [Read 19 June 1877.] Proceedings of the Scientific Meetings of the Zoological Society of London (1877):580–632.

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Moore, F. 1877. The Lepidopterous fauna of the Andaman …
  • … and Nicobar Islands. [Read 19 June 1877. ] Proceedings of the …
  • … Scientific Meetings of the Zoological Society of London (1877):580–632. …

Romanes, George John. 1877b. Evolution of nerves and nervous systems. Nature 19 July 1877, pp. 231–3, 2 August 1877, pp. 269–71, 9 August 1877, pp. 289–93.

Matches: 3 hits

  • … George John. 1877b. Evolution of nerves and nervous systems. Nature 19 July 1877, pp. …
  • … 231–3, 2 August 1877, pp. …
  • … 269–71, 9 August 1877, pp. 289–93. e-journal 25,26,30 …

Weale, James Philip Mansel. 1877. On the variation of rhopalocerous forms in South Africa. [Read 4 July 1877.] Transactions of the Entomological Society of London (1877): 265–75.

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Weale, James Philip Mansel. 1877. On the variation of rhopalocerous forms …
  • … in South Africa. [Read 4 July 1877. ] Transactions …
  • … of the Entomological Society of London (1877): 265–75. CP391.b.16 15,18,19,20,21,22 …

Galton, Francis. 1877b. Typical laws of heredity. Nature, 5 April 1877, pp. 492–5; 12 April 1877, pp. 512–14; 19 April 1877, pp. 532–3.

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Galton, Francis. 1877b. Typical laws of heredity. Nature , 5 April 1877, pp. …
  • … 492–5; 12 April 1877, pp. …
  • … 512–14; 19 April 1877, pp. 532–3. online 23,24 …

Henslow, George. 1877b. The fertilisation of plants. [Review of Cross and self fertilisation.] Gardeners’ Chronicle, 13 January 1877, p. 42; 3 February 1877, p. 139; 17 February 1877, pp. 203–4.

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Review of Cross and self fertilisation . ] Gardeners’ Chronicle , 13 January 1877, p. …
  • … 42; 3 February 1877, p. …
  • … 139; 17 February 1877, pp. 203–4. BHL 25,27 …

Wood-Mason, James. 1877. Note on Mygale stridulans. [Read 5 September 1877.] Transactions of the Entomological Society of London (1877): 281–2.

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Wood-Mason, James. 1877. Note on Mygale …
  • … stridulans . [Read 5 September 1877. ] Transactions …
  • … of the Entomological Society of London (1877): 281–2. https://archive.org/ …

Lesquereux, Leo. 1877. Land plants, recently discovered in the Silurian rocks of the United States. [Read 19 October 1877.] Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 17 (1877–8): 163–73.

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Lesquereux, Leo. 1877. Land plants, recently discovered in the Silurian …
  • … rocks of the United States. [Read 19 October 1877. ] Proceedings …
  • … American Philosophical Society 17 (1877–8): 163–73. http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/ …

From P. P. C. Hoek to C. W. Thomson   25 June 1877

Summary

Requests duplicates of [H. M. S.] Challenger Pycnogonidae.

Author:  Paulus Peronius Cato Hoek
Addressee:  Charles Wyville Thomson
Date:  25 June 1877
Classmark:  DAR 166: 228
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11016

Matches: 11 hits

  • … From P.  P.  C.  Hoek to C.  W.  Thomson   25 June 1877
  • … Cato Hoek Netherlands Zoological Society Station 25 June 1877 Charles Wyville Thomson …
  • … Netherlands Zoological Society. June 25 1877. To Sir C.  Wyville Thompson. F.R.S.  etc. …
  • … 6: 195–9. Hoek, Paulus Peronius Cato. 1877. Ueber Pycnogoniden. Niederländisches Archiv …
  • … Duncan was published in Nature , 14 June 1877, pp. 118–19. Thomson had been criticised by …
  • … letter from P.  L.  Sclater, 2 June 1877 ). Pycnogonida is a class of marine arthropods ( …
  • … North-Atlantic Expedition in 1876 ( Sars 1877 ; see Christiansen 1993 , p. 146). George …
  • … species of Pycnogonida in Hodge 1864 . Hoek 1877 . Hoek sent a copy of this letter to CD, …
  • … letter from Francis Darwin to P.  P.  C.  Hoek [ c. 24 June 1877], and letter from C.   …
  • … W.  Thomson, 30 June 1877 ). …
  • … 3 (1876–7): 235–54. Sars, Georg Ossian. 1877. Prodromus descriptionis crustaceorum et …

To T. H. Farrer   31 July [1877]

Summary

THF is seeking advice regarding the selection of an entomologist to carry out some duties [apparently pest destruction].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Farrer, 1st Baron Farrer
Date:  31 July [1877]
Classmark:  V&A / Wedgwood Collection (MS W/M 546)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11083

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To T.  H.  Farrer   31 July [1877] …
  • … W/M 546) Charles Robert Darwin Down 31 July [1877] Thomas Henry Farrer, 1st Baron Farrer …
  • … See also letter to W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, 22 July [1877] . John Lindley. The Darwins …
  • … Hall, near Dorking, Surrey, from 20 to 25 August 1877 (CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). …
  • … and London: Yale University Press. Murray, Andrew. 1877. Experiments on the flow of …
  • … the sap. Gardeners’ Chroncle , 21 July 1877, pp. 72–4. ODNB : Oxford dictionary of …
  • … carrot flies, see Journal of the Society of Arts , 8 June 1877, pp. 734–43, and J. F. M. …
  • … in Gardeners’ Chronicle ( A. Murray 1877 ), Murray denied that plants derived carbon …

To Ludwig Noiré   8 August 1877

Summary

CD sends his thanks for LN’s book [Der Ursprung der Sprache] and for the obliging words on the title page.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Ludwig Noiré
Date:  8 Aug 1877
Classmark:  Stadtbibliothek Mainz (4 MS 170)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11095F

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To Ludwig Noiré   8 August 1877
  • … Stadtbibliothek Mainz (4 MS 170) Charles Robert Darwin Down 8 Aug 1877 Ludwig Noiré …
  • … Bibliography Noiré, Ludwig. 1877. Der Ursprung der Sprache. Mainz: Victor von Zabern. …
  • … Station | Orpington. S.  E.R. ) Augt 8 th 1877 Dear Sir I am very much obliged to you for …
  • … Sprache (The origin of language; Noiré 1877 ); CD’s copy is in the Darwin Library–Down. An …
  • … in the Science of Mind is dedicated. | Mayence o /Rh. Aug 3 1877 | Prof. D r . Noiré. ’ …

To Jacob Moleschott   [2 December 1877]

Summary

Is obliged to JAWM for the honour done in sending CD his Der Kreislauf des Lebens (1877).

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Jacobus Albertus Willebrordus (Jacob) Moleschott
Date:  [2 Dec 1877]
Classmark:  Laage 1980, p. 106
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11267A

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To Jacob Moleschott   [2 December 1877] …
  • … 1980, p. 106 Charles Robert Darwin Down [2 Dec 1877] Jacobus Albertus Willebrordus (Jacob) …
  • … Bibliography Moleschott, Jacob. 1877. Der Kreislauf des Lebens . Vol. 1. 5th edition. …
  • … Is obliged to JAWM for the honour done in sending CD his Der Kreislauf des Lebens (1877). …
  • … Kreislauf des Lebens (The cycle of life; Moleschott 1877 ) is in the Darwin Library–Down. …

From G. J. Romanes   11 August 1877

Summary

Believes in differentiated nerve-tracts [in Medusa] because of experiment in which contractile waves blocked. [See GJR’s "Evolution of nerves", Nature 16 (1877): 231–3, 269–71, 289–93.] Did not know author of MS was Miss Lawless. Describes experiment on contractile waves in Aurelia. Also studying starfish.

Author:  George John Romanes
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  11 Aug 1877
Classmark:  E. D. Romanes 1896, p. 57
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11103

Matches: 12 hits

  • … From G.  J.  Romanes   11 August 1877
  • … E. D. Romanes 1896, p. 57 George John Romanes Dunskaith 11 Aug 1877 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … See GJR’s "Evolution of nerves", Nature 16 (1877): 231–3, 269–71, 289–93. ] Did not know …
  • … See letter to G.  J.  Romanes, 9 August [1877] . CD had queried Romanes’s analogy between …
  • … see letter to G.  J.  Romanes, 9 August [1877] and n. 3). In a letter to Nature , Romanes …
  • … as Mr Lawless (see letter to G.  J.  Romanes, 9 August [1877] and n. 4). See letter …
  • … Dunskaith, Ross-shire: August 11, 1877. I was very pleased to get your long and genial …
  • … arch over the ambulacra (see T. H. Huxley 1877, p. 574). Romanes may refer to Grant Allen, …
  • … from G. J. Romanes, [after 8 January 1877] and n. 5. Romanes was performing a number of …
  • … to G.  J.  Romanes, 9 August [1877] and n. 5. Ferdinand Julius Cohn had confirmed Francis …
  • … letter to G.  J.  Romanes, 9 August [1877] and n. 6). Francis had observed the presence of …
  • … see letter to G.  J.  Romanes, 9 August [1877] ) and nn. 7 and 8). Aurelia aurita (moon …

From Francis Darwin   [28 October 1877?]

Summary

FD has sent proofs; nutating of Ricinus; Horace Darwin and the wormograph.

Author:  Francis Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [28 Oct 1877?]
Classmark:  DAR 274.1: 45
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11302F

Matches: 9 hits

  • … From Francis Darwin   [28 October 1877? ] …
  • … Dalton Hooker and a paper by him (see letter to J. D. Hooker, [26 October 1877] and n. 4). …
  • … DAR 274.1: 45 Francis Darwin [28 Oct 1877? ] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … CD was in London from 26 to 29 October 1877 (CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). The proofs …
  • … castor-oil plant), along with other plants, from Kew on 3 July 1877 ( letter to W. T. …
  • … Thiselton-Dyer, 9 July [1877] and n. 2). Nutation is the term used to describe the …
  • … a copper rod in London around 24 October 1877 (see letter from Emma Darwin to H. E. …
  • … Litchfield, [ c. 25 October 1877] (DAR 219.9: 167). Evidently, the iron rod proved …
  • … letter from Leonard Darwin, 28 November 1877 and n. 2), probably in order to distinguish …

From W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   16 July 1877

Summary

Is forwarding several plants requested by CD.

Author:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 July 1877
Classmark:  DAR 178: 98
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11056

Matches: 9 hits

  • … From W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer   16 July 1877
  • … DAR 178: 98 William Turner Thiselton-Dyer Kew 16 July 1877 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … See letter to W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, 14 July [1877] and n. 2. See letters to …
  • … W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, 9 July [1877], n. …
  • … 2, and 14 July [1877] and n. 3. Strephium floribundum is a synonym of Reddia …
  • … letter to W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, 14 July [1877] and n. 4). Joseph Decaisne. Malva peruviana …
  • … Royal Gardens Kew July 16, 1877 Dear M r Darwin I enclose seeds of all the species of …
  • … see letter to W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, 14 July [1877] ). Pistia stratiotes is water lettuce. …
  • … letter to W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, 14 July [1877] and n. 6. Senecio ficoides is a synonym of …

From A. W. Malm   21 December 1877

Summary

Thanks for Origin, 6th ed.

Author:  August Wilhelm Malm
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 Dec 1877
Classmark:  DAR 171: 34
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11285

Matches: 11 hits

  • … From A.  W.  Malm   21 December 1877
  • … 171: 34 August Wilhelm Malm Nat. Hist. Mus. , Göteborg 21 Dec 1877 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … paper) 1–28. Malm, August Wilhelm. 1877. Göteborgs och Bohusläns fauna, ryggradsdjuren . …
  • … Translation from Swedish of Malm 1877, pp. 26–49. ] Archiv für Naturgeschichte 44: 129–61. …
  • … seu Biblia hodierna; both dated 30 Januar 1877. My Fauna Bahusid is just printed, and I …
  • … See letter from A. W. Malm, 26 January 1877 and n. 3. Malm had asked CD where CD had …
  • … with much respect | and kind regards, — | Jan. 30th. 1877. —’ CD’s copy of Göteborgs …
  • … Gothenburg and Bohuslän fauna, vertebrates; Malm 1877 ) is in the Darwin Library–Down. …
  • … Malm refers to CD’s theory (see Malm 1877 , pp. 13–14). CD’s son George Howard Darwin had …
  • … published a section of Malm’s book ( Malm 1877 , pp. 26–49) in German translation as ‘Die …
  • … from the original Swedish version ( Malm 1877 , pp. 31–44; see also Malm 1878 , pp. 136– …

To James Croll   9 August 1877

Summary

Comments on JC’s paper ["On the tidal retardation argument for the age of the earth", Rep. BAAS (1876): 88–9].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Croll
Date:  9 Aug 1877
Classmark:  DAR 143: 356
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11097

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To James Croll   9 August 1877
  • … DAR 143: 356 Charles Robert Darwin Down 9 Aug 1877 James Croll …
  • … Bibliography Croll, James. 1877. On the probable origin and age of the sun. Quarterly …
  • … on the earth’s axis of rotation ( Croll 1877 , p. 324; see also G. H. Darwin 1876b). …
  • … Down, Beckenham, | Kent Aug.  9, 1877. My dear Sir, I am much obliged for your essay which …
  • … probable origin and age of the sun’ ( Croll 1877 ) is in the Darwin Pamphlet Collection– …
  • … required for aerial denudation (see Croll 1877 , pp. 313–14). Croll had theorised that the …
  • … heat for fifty million years ( Croll 1877 , p. 319). In his paper, Croll had referred to …

From Robert McLachlan   23 April 1877

Summary

Thanks CD for helping his successful candidacy for F.R.S.

He is working up Arctic insects. Bombus is found at 83° N., as far north as has been reached.

Author:  Robert McLachlan
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 Apr 1877
Classmark:  DAR 171: 1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10939

Matches: 10 hits

  • … From Robert McLachlan   23 April 1877
  • … DAR 171: 1 Robert McLachlan Lewisham 23 Apr 1877 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Press. 1985–. M‘Lachlan, Robert. 1877. Report on the Insecta (including Arachnida ) …
  • … Arctic expedition. [Read 15 November 1877. ] Journal of the Linnean Society ( Zoology ) …
  • … Limes Grove, | Lewisham, S.E. 23 Apl.  1877 Dear Sir I take this opportunity of thanking …
  • … for election at their meeting of 19 April 1877, and evidently informed the successful …
  • … the formal election took place on 7 June 1877, those recommended by the council were …
  • … a synonym of Polyommatus aquilo ; M‘Lachlan 1877 , pp. 108–11). CD’s reply has not been …
  • … Insecta’ was published in the Journal of the Linnean Society of London ( M‘Lachlan 1877 ). …
  • … See M‘Lachlan 1877 , pp. 101, 106; the species described from specimens collected as far …

From J. D. Hooker   27 January 1877

thumbnail

Summary

JDH recounts discussion at Royal Society over Günther’s paper on distribution and affinities of gigantic tortoises ["Description of the living and extinct races of gigantic land-tortoises, Parts III and IV", Proc. R. Soc. Lond. 25 (1876–7): 506–7]. Huxley suggests they are Miocene relics.

Royal Society will publish Frank’s Dipsacus paper [but see 10971 and 11073].

Thiselton-Dyer will review Cross and self-fertilisation.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  27 Jan 1877
Classmark:  DAR 104: 77–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10817

Matches: 14 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   27 January 1877
  • … DAR 104: 77–9 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 27 Jan 1877 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … University Press. 2004. Thiselton-Dyer, William Turner. 1877. Darwin on fertilisation. …
  • … Nature , 15 February 1877, pp. 329–32. …
  • … of Cross and self fertilisation was published in Nature , 15 February 1877 ( Thiselton- …
  • … Dyer 1877 ). …
  • … In his letter of 25 January [1877] , CD had asked Hooker whether Francis Darwin could …
  • … 84. Günther, Albert Charles Lewis Gotthilf. 1877. The gigantic land-tortoises (living and …
  • … see letter to J. D. Hooker, 25 January [1877] and n. 7). The Linnean Society of London …
  • … The full paper was published in July 1877 in the Quarterly Journal of Microscopical …
  • … were read at the Royal Society on 25 January 1877, and an abstract was published in the …
  • … papers read at the Royal Society in 1874 and 1877 with part of one read at the Zoological …
  • … and extinct) in the collection of the British Museum ( Günther 1877 ; see ibid. , pp. …
  • … iii–iv). In Günther 1877 , pp. 8–9, Günther briefly discussed the possible ways that …
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Darwin in letters, 1877: Flowers and honours

Summary

Ever since the publication of Expression, Darwin’s research had centred firmly on botany. The year 1877 was no exception. The spring and early summer were spent completing Forms of flowers, his fifth book on a botanical topic. He then turned to the…

Matches: 28 hits

  • … , Darwin’s research had centred firmly on botany. The year 1877 was no exception. The spring and …
  • … from a family that the Darwins had befriended. The year 1877 was more than usually full of honours. …
  • … of a very heavy shower’, William wrote on 24 August 1877 . ‘The leaves were not at all depressed; …
  • … gardeners ( letter from W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, 25 August 1877 ). At Down House, Darwin and …
  • … a delicate twig’ ( letter to R. I. Lynch, 14 September 1877 ). Research on movement would continue …
  • … of some Infusoria’ ( letter from F. J. Cohn, 5 August 1877 ). Francis’s paper eventually appeared …
  • … wrote to the editor, George Croom Robertson, on 27 April 1877 , ‘I hope that you will be so good …
  • … had written to the editor Ernst Ludwig Krause on 30 June 1877 , ‘I have been much interested by …
  • … the German debate (letters to W. E. Gladstone, 2 October 1877 and 25 October [1877] ). …
  • … and lively’ ( letter from W. E. Gladstone, 23 October 1877 ). Gifts of German and Dutch …
  • … Darwin and Ernst Haeckel). Writing to Darwin on 11 March 1877 , Krause declared the journal ‘an …
  • … the director, Adriaan Anthoni van Bemmelen, on 12 February 1877 : ‘I suppose that every worker at …
  • … of his 70th year. Darwin was in fact 68 on 12 February 1877. Distinguished guests and …
  • … & smooth as butter’ ( letter to C. E. Norton, 16 March 1877 ). Hooker was asked repeatedly by …
  • … & me to dejeuner!!!’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 14 June 1877 ). Darwin was staying in …
  • … centuries to come’ ( letter from C. C. Graham, 30 January 1877 ). Graham then gave a lengthy …
  • … man and of societies’ ( letter from Marcellin de Bonnal, [1877] ). A similar complaint came from …
  • … by a duke!’ ( letter to J. M. Rodwell, 3 June 1877 ). Back home, he learned from his brother that …
  • … order of the day’ ( letter from E. A. Darwin, 27 January [1877] ).  Carlyle’s remarks were …
  • … . In a letter from an unknown correspondent on 13 June 1877 , he was criticised for having quoted …
  • … monstrosity ( letter from C. T. E. Siebold, 10 October 1877 ). An American banker, William Burrows …
  • … back our civilization’ ( letter from W. B. Bowles, 17 May 1877 ). Bowles proposed that such …
  • … of humanity beneath’ ( letter from W. B. Bowles, 18 May 1877 ). More transitional human …
  • … inflexible tails ( letter from Arthur Mellersh, 1 January 1877 ). The American physician Jesse …
  • … (Trollope 1867; letter to G. J. Romanes, [1 and 2 December 1877] ). Dispute and …
  • … George and Francis. He wrote to Francis on 24 September 1877 about his forthcoming work, Life …
  • … value’, he confessed in a letter of 25 November 1877 that the book had ‘resolved itself into a …
  • … physical’ ( letter from W. M. Moorsom, 10 September 1877 ). Darwin was doubtful of the elephant …

1877 letters now online

Summary

Flowers, bloom, a son married . . . and a suspended monkey in Cambridge at Darwin's honorary LLD ceremony. The transcripts and footnotes of over 600 letters written to and from Darwin in 1877 are now online. Read more about Darwin's life in 1877…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … of  over 600 letters written to and from Darwin in 1877  are now online. Read more about  Darwin& …

Photograph album of German and Austrian scientists

Summary

The album was sent to Darwin to mark his birthday on 12 February 1877 by the civil servant Emil Rade, and contained 165 portraits of German and Austrian scientists. The work was lavishly produced and bound in blue velvet with metal embossing. Its ornate…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … album was sent to Darwin to mark his birthday on 12 February 1877 by the civil servant Emil Rade …
  • … have ever received ( Letter to Ernst Haeckel, 16 February 1877 )     …
  • … the start of his 70th year, but Darwin was only 68 in 1877. Despite this oversight, the album …
  • … world.— ( Letter from Leonard Blomefield, 12 March 1877 ) Familiar faces Ernst …
  • … with the final album. He wrote to Darwin on 9 February 1877 : ‘what will perhaps astonish you is …
  • … worth to give you ( Letter from J. V. Carus, 22 March 1877 )  The professor of …
  • … scientific work. ( Letter from C. G. Semper, 26 April 1877 ) Carl Kraus, an …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the …
  • … lasting pleasure. ( Letter to Pieter Harting, 19 March 1877 ) Harting had also written …
  • … it states his ‘69th Birthday’, when in fact he was 68 in 1877. It was arranged in alphabetical order …
  • … from A. A. van Bemmelen and H. J.  Veth, 6 February 1877 ) Dutch correspondents …
  • … ( Letter from C. W. Thomson, 30 June 1877 ) Much earlier, in 1861, Tiberius Cornelis …

German and Dutch photograph albums

Summary

Darwin Day 2018: To celebrate Darwin's 209th birthday, we present two lavishly produced albums of portrait photographs which Darwin received from continental admirers 141 years ago. These unusual gifts from Germany and the Netherlands are made…

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  • …   In 1877, Charles Darwin was sent some unusual birthday presents: two lavishly …
  • … conferred on me ( Letter to Otto Zacharias, [24 February 1877] ) The two albums …
  • … sympathy. ( Letter to A. A. van Bemmelen, 12 February 1877 )  View the Dutch album …

Capturing Darwin’s voice: audio of selected letters

Summary

On a sunny Wednesday in June 2011 in a makeshift recording studio somewhere in Cambridge, we were very pleased to welcome Terry Molloy back to the Darwin Correspondence Project for a special recording session. Terry, known for his portrayal of Davros in Dr…

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  • … tiredness of the later years (e.g. letter to E.M. Dicey, [1877] ). Working …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

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  • … Letter 11074: Sayce, A. H. to Darwin, C. R., 27 July 1877 Darwin’s study of human nature …

Have you read the one about....

Summary

... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some serious - but all letters you can read here.

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  • … ... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some …

Charles Harrison Blackley

Summary

You may not have heard of Charles Harrison Blackley (1820–1900), but if you are one of the 15 million people in the UK who suffer from hay fever, you are indebted to him. For it was he who identified pollen as the cause of the allergy. Darwin was…

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  • … grains by a dilution method.  In his letter of 9 March 1877 , Darwin wrote: ‘Your calculation of …

People featured in the Dutch photograph album

Summary

List of people appearing in the photograph album Darwin received from scientific admirers in the Netherlands for his birthday on 12 February 1877. We are grateful to Hester Loeff for providing this list and for permission to make her research available.…

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  • … admirers in the Netherlands for his birthday on 12 February 1877. We are grateful to …
  • … and forenames Occupation Age in 1877 Residence Date …
  • … Leiden 13 June 1823 Rotterdam 2 June 1877 Zoeterwoude …
  • … 5 October 1808 Wildenborch 4 June 1877 Klein Dochteren …

Darwin in public and private

Summary

Extracts from Darwin's published works, in particular Descent of man, and selected letters, explore Darwin's views on the operation of sexual selection in humans, and both his publicly and privately expressed views on its practical implications…

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  • … Letter 10746 – Darwin to Dicey, E. M., [1877] Darwin gives his opinion on the …
  • … Letter 11267f – Darwin, S. to Darwin, [3 December 1877] Darwin’s daughter-in-law …

Exercise: Caricatures of Science

Summary

Caricatures provide intriguing insights into both ideals and transgressions of gender. The following six images show caricatured representations of nineteenth-century men and women of science. They provide insight into the boundaries of what was deemed …

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  • …   Lydia Becker (1877) Caricature of Lydia Becker from …

Floral Dimorphism

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Floral studies In 1877 Darwin published a book that included a series of smaller studies on botanical subjects. Titled The different forms of flowers on plants of the same species, it consisted primarily of…

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  • … | Experiment Floral studies In 1877 Darwin published a book that included a …
  • … findings on floral dimorphism were eventually published in 1877, but these experiments and …
  • … SOURCES Book Darwin, C. R. 1877. The different forms of flowers on plants of the …
  • … experiment, the class read chapter 1 of Charles Darwin’s 1877 T he Different Forms of …
  • … Flowers on Plants of the Same Species (London: John Murray, 1877), 16. [2] Ibid., 30. …

German poems presented to Darwin

Summary

Experiments in deepest reverence The following poems were enclosed with a photograph album sent as a birthday gift to Charles Darwin by his German and Austrian admirers (see letter from From Emil Rade, [before 16] February 1877). The poems were…

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  • … (see letter from From Emil Rade , [before 16] February 1877). The poems were composed by …
  • … in Rade’s account of the making of the album (Rade 1877, pp. 39–40), but the others were published …
  • … Letter from Emil Rade 1    [before 16] February 1877 2 Münster i./Westf. …
  • … From Emil Rade   [before 16] February 1877 2 Münster i./Westf. February 1877. …
  • … this letter and the letter to Emil Rade, 16 February 1877. 3. The gift was a photograph …
  • … Appendix VI. A number of other poems were included in Rade 1877.   …

People featured in the Dutch photograph album

Summary

Here is a list of people that appeared in the photograph album Darwin received for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from scientific admirers in the Netherlands. Many thanks to Hester Loeff for identifying and researching them. No. …

Matches: 4 hits

  • … album Darwin received for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from scientific admirers in the …
  • … Title and forenames Occupation Age in 1877 Residence Date of birth …
  • … Leiden 13 june 1823 Rotterdam 2 june 1877 Zoeterwoude …
  • … 5 october 1808 Wildenborch 4 june 1877 Klein Dochteren …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

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  • … Letter 11096 - Darwin to Romanes, G. J., [9 August 1877] Darwin points out a mistake made …

Natural Science and Femininity

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters A conflation of masculine intellect and feminine thoughts, habits and feelings, male naturalists like Darwin inhabited an uncertain gendered identity. Working from the private domestic comfort of their homes and exercising…

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  • … published his findings both in Expression and in an 1877 article titled, ‘ A Biographical …
  • … Letter 10821 - Graham C. C. to Darwin, [30 January 1877] Psychologist Christopher Graham …

Dipsacus and Drosera: Frank’s favourite carnivores

Summary

In Autumn of 1875, Francis Darwin was busy researching aggregation in the tentacles of Drosera rotundifolia (F. Darwin 1876). This phenomenon occurs when coloured particles within either protoplasm or the fluid in the cell vacuole (the cell sap) cluster…

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  • … and proofreading Darwin’s second edition of  Orchids  (1877). By January of the following …
  • … ( Dipsacus sylvestris )’ at the Royal Society on 1 March 1877 (F. Darwin 1877a). His address was …
  • … and a plate of sixteen figures, was published in July 1877 in the  Quarterly Journal of …
  • … the journal by the end of the month ( Nature , 23 August 1877, p. 339). Although, as Darwin …
  • … to his father’s beloved  Drosera rotundifolia  in June 1877, finding sundews that had been ‘fed’ …
  • … Grant.   References Darwin, C. 1877. The Contractile Filaments of the …
  • … teasel ( Dipsacus sylvestris ). (Abstract.) [Read 1 March 1877.]  Proceedings of the Royal …

Referencing women’s work

Summary

Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, but whether and how they were acknowledged in print involved complex considerations of social standing, professional standing, and personal preference.…

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  • … Letter 11221 - Darwin to Darwin, H., [1 November 1877] Darwin asks his sons, …

People featured in the German and Austrian photograph album

Summary

Biographical details of people from the Habsburg Empire that appeared in the album of German and Austrian scientists sent to Darwin on 12 February 1877. We are grateful to Johannes Mattes for providing these details and for permission to make his…

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  • … and Austrian scientists sent to Darwin on 12 February 1877. We are grateful to Johannes …
  • …  in Linz (1871), Vienna (1873) and Prostějov (1877). M. Pichler: Notice of death. In: …
  • … of Vienna (Dr., 1873). Habilitation in palaeontology (1877) and geology (1880) at the Technical …
  • … (1859), geologist (1873) and finally chief geologist (1877) and  Bergrat  of the Imperial …
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