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From P. L. Sclater   2 June 1877

Summary

Encloses a memorandum [missing] drawn up by W. H. Flower, Huxley, and himself, defending Charles Wyville Thomson against an attack made upon him.

Author:  Philip Lutley Sclater
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 June 1877
Classmark:  DAR 177: 76
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10981

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From P.  L.  Sclater   2 June 1877
  • … 177: 76 Philip Lutley Sclater London, Elvaston Place, 44 2 June 1877 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … others; it was reprinted in Nature , 14 June 1877, pp. 117–19. Victor Brooke had visited …
  • … CD at Down on 26 May (see letter to W. H. Flower, 19 May [1877] ). …
  • … Place. | Queens Gate. S.W. June 2 nd . 1877 My dear M r Darwin I believe Flower has spoken …
  • … Magazine of Natural History 4th ser. 20 (1877): 79–80; the debate over Thomson’s decision …
  • … had arisen in ibid . 4th ser. 19 (1877): 429–30, 506–9. The memorial defending Thomson’s …

To W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   17 January 1877

Summary

Thanks WTT-D for praise of Cross and self-fertilisation

and for information about Mussaenda.

Has some algae from Queensland if WTT-D is interested.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Date:  17 Jan 1877
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Darwin: Letters to Thiselton-Dyer, 1873–81: ff. 58–9)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10798

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer   17 January 1877
  • … 1873–81: ff. 58–9) Charles Robert Darwin Down 17 Jan 1877 William Turner Thiselton-Dyer …
  • … of flowers on plants of the same species. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. …
  • … Railway Station | Orpington. S.E.R. Jan 17. 1877 Dear Dyer, Your praise of my book has …
  • … from W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, [before 17 January 1877] , is incomplete and the section where …
  • … The first part of Henslow’s review of Cross and self fertilisation (Henslow 1877, p. 42) …
  • … had appeared in Gardeners’ Chronicle , 13 January 1877; two further parts appeared in …
  • … issues of 3 and 17 February 1877. Henslow had criticised CD for not including figures in …
  • … to Forms of flowers in his letter of [before 17 January 1877] . See letter from W. …
  • … T. Thiselton-Dyer, [before 17 January 1877] and n. 8. There is a note on Mussaenda …

From John Murray   27 November [1877]

Summary

Sends CD his share of profits on Descent and Forms of flowers.

Wants to reprint Cross and self-fertilisation because supply of copies is entirely exhausted.

Congratulates CD on his Cambridge honour [LL.D.].

Author:  John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  27 Nov [1877]
Classmark:  DAR 171: 495
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11255

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From John Murray   27 November [1877] …
  • … DAR 171: 495 John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50 27 Nov [1877] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … honorary LLD degree at Cambridge on 17 November 1877 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). CD’ …
  • … s annotations are notes for his letter to Murray of 28 November 1877. …
  • … n. 5, below). Murray had reprinted 1000 copies of Descent 2d ed. in 1877 ( letter from R. …
  • … F. Cooke, 5 January 1877 ); this was the final, definitive text ( Freeman 1977 ). …
  • … Forms of flowers was published in July 1877 (CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). Cross and self …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. Freeman, Richard Broke. 1977. The works of …

To A. R. Wallace   31 August 1877

Summary

Response to Wallace’s article ["The colours of animals and plants", Macmillan’s Mag. (Sept 1877)] on sexual colours and "voluntary" sexual selection.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  31 Aug 1877
Classmark:  The British Library (Add MS 46434)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11121

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To A.  R.  Wallace   31 August 1877
  • … Library (Add MS 46434) Charles Robert Darwin Down 31 Aug 1877 Alfred Russel Wallace …
  • … CD had visited from 20 to 25 August 1877 (see Raby 2001 , p. 216, and CD’s ‘Journal’ ( …
  • … and plants", Macmillan’s Mag. (Sept 1877)] on sexual colours and "voluntary" sexual …
  • … Railway Station | Orpington. S.E.R. Aug 31. 1877 My dear Wallace, I am very much obliged …
  • … of animals and plants’ ( A. R. Wallace 1877 ). CD’s annotated copy of the issue is in DAR …
  • … London: Chatto & Windus. Wallace, Alfred Russel. 1877. The colours of animals and plants. …
  • … signs of robust health ( A. R. Wallace 1877 , p. 398); CD double-scored the passage in his …
  • … See Fritz Müller 1876 and A. R. Wallace 1877 , pp. 396–8. Wallace had earlier commented on …

Beal, William James. 1877. Darwin’s new book. Scientific Farmer (June 1877): 74–5.

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Beal, William James. 1877. Darwin’s new …
  • … book. Scientific Farmer (June 1877): 74–5. DAR 226.1: 155 26 …

From Francis Galton   12 January 1877

Summary

Would like to see essay [on effects of conscription in France, see 10774]. Knows of Swiss memoir to the same effect. Author says Swiss yeomen apt to leave homestead to sickly son. Landed populations deteriorate.

Author:  Francis Galton
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Jan 1877
Classmark:  Pearson 1914–30, 2: 192
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10783

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From Francis Galton   12 January 1877
  • … 1914–30, 2: 192 Francis Galton London, Rutland Gate, 42 12 Jan 1877 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … letter to Francis Galton, [6–12 January 1877] and n. 2. The essay was Tschouriloff 1876 . …
  • … a lecture later delivered at the Royal Institution of Great Britain on 9 February 1877 ( …
  • … Galton 1877). Galton was planning …
  • … to meet George and CD on 14 January 1877 (see letter to …
  • … Francis Galton, 9 January [1877] and n. 2). …

From R. F. Cooke   19 March 1877

Summary

Murray’s will not announce CD’s new work [Forms of flowers] until informed to do so.

Author:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 Mar 1877
Classmark:  DAR 171: 486
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10903

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From R. F. Cooke   19 March 1877
  • … Francis Cooke John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50a 19 Mar 1877 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. Freeman, Richard Broke. 1977. The works of …
  • … see the letter from R. F. Cooke, 16 March 1877 . Cooke had sent two cheques totalling £260 …
  • … CD did not send the manuscript for Forms of flowers until April 1877 ( letter to R. …
  • … F. Cooke, 11 April 1877 ) and it was …
  • … published on 9 July 1877 ( Freeman 1977 ). …

From R. F. Cooke   12 April 1877

Summary

JM will be pleased to publish the new work [Forms of flowers] on the usual terms. MS has been sent to the printer.

Author:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Apr 1877
Classmark:  DAR 171: 487
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10927

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From R. F. Cooke   12 April 1877
  • … and n. 4). CD visited London from 20 to 28 April 1877 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). …
  • … Francis Cooke John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50a 12 Apr 1877 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … of flowers on plants of the same species. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. …
  • … of Forms of flowers (see letter to R. F. Cooke, 11 April 1877 ). See letter to R. …
  • … F. Cooke, 11 April 1877 and n. 3. John Murray usually advertised CD’s forthcoming works in …

From T. H. Farrer   5 September 1877

Summary

Sends two papers on Roman ruins at Cirencester, which he asks CD to return.

Worm observations.

Author:  Thomas Henry Farrer, 1st Baron Farrer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 Sept 1877
Classmark:  DAR 164: 83
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11129

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From T.  H.  Farrer   5 September 1877
  • … 83 Thomas Henry Farrer, 1st Baron Farrer Abinger Hall 5 Sept 1877 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Maitland Farrer; the Farrers were away from 27 August to 5 September 1877 ( letter from T. …
  • … H. Farrer, 23 September 1877 ). See letter from T. …
  • … H. Farrer, 26 August 1877 and n. 1, and letter to T. …
  • … H. Farrer, 27 August [1877] . CD cited the observations in this letter in Earthworms , p. …
  • … Abinger, Surrey, when he visited in August 1877 ( Earthworms , pp. 178–93). Thomas Farrer …
  • … See letter to T. H. Farrer, 27 August [1877] . The former Darwin family home, The Mount, …

From W. E. Darwin   5 October [1877]

Summary

Thanks CD for present of £300.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 Oct [1877]
Classmark:  DAR 210.5: 21
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11169

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From W.  E.  Darwin   5 October [1877] …
  • … DAR 210.5: 21 William Erasmus Darwin Bassett 5 Oct [1877] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … E. Darwin to H. E. Litchfield, [28 September 1877] (DAR 219.8: 32)). The letters from the …
  • … Darwin to H. E. Litchfield, [28 September 1877] (DAR 219.8: 32)). The horse-dealer has not …
  • … the letter to W. E. Darwin, 3 October [1877] . CD’s marriage present to William and his …
  • … Sara Sedgwick (see letter to W. E. Darwin, 3 October [1877] and n. 2) was a cheque for …
  • … 300 guineas (£315; CD’s Classed accounts (Down House MS), 3 October 1877). CD and Emma had …
  • … in Southampton from 13 June to 4 July 1877 (CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). William had …

To Theodor von Heldreich   9 August 1877

Summary

Obliged for essay on plants of Greece.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Theodor Heinrich Hermann (Theodor) von Heldreich
Date:  9 Aug 1877
Classmark:  DAR 145: 9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11098

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To Theodor von Heldreich   9 August 1877
  • … DAR 145: 9 Charles Robert Darwin Down 9 Aug 1877 Theodor Heinrich Hermann (Theodor) von …
  • … on plants of the same species. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. Heldreich, …
  • … Railway Station | Orpington, S.E.R. Aug 9. 1877 Dear Sir, I am much obliged for your essay …
  • … See letter from Theodor von Heldreich, 2 August 1877 and n. 3. …
  • … CD’s copy of Heldreich 1877 has not been found. Heldreich had offered to provide …
  • … Theodor von. 1877. Die Pflanzen der attischen Ebene . Schleswig: Julius Bergas. …

To Gaston de Saporta   24 December 1877

Summary

Such honours as proposal for election to Institut affect CD very little.

GdeS’s idea that dicotyledonous plants were not developed until sucking insects evolved is a splendid one. The suggestion that fertilisation of the surviving members of the most ancient dicotyledons should be studied is a good one. CD hopes GdeS will keep it in mind.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Louis Charles Joseph Gaston (Gaston) de Saporta, comte de Saporta
Date:  24 Dec 1877
Classmark:  Archives Gaston de Saporta (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11287

Matches: 14 hits

  • … To Gaston de Saporta   24 December 1877
  • … collection) Charles Robert Darwin Down 24 Dec 1877 Louis Charles Joseph Gaston (Gaston) de …
  • … Railway Station | Orpington. S.E.R. Dec 24. 1877 Mr dear Sir, I thank you sincerely for …
  • … Hooker had spent July and August 1877 travelling in the United States (see letter from J. …
  • … D. Hooker, 19 October 1877 and n. 3). CD and Francis Darwin were studying the physiology …
  • … letter from Gaston de Saporta, 16 December 1877 . CD had been nominated for membership of …
  • … letter from Gaston de Saporta, 16 December 1877 and n. 2. Dicotyledons are flowering seed- …
  • … London: John Murray. 1866. Thiselton-Dyer, William Turner. 1877. Darwin on fertilisation. …
  • … Nature , 15 February 1877, pp. 329–32. …
  • … ed. , pp. 239–40. In his letter of 16 December 1877 , Saporta argued that the evolution of …
  • … for petals. In his letter of 16 December 1877 , Saporta had argued that the verticils or …
  • … and self fertilisation ( Thiselton-Dyer 1877 , p. 331), William Turner Thiselton-Dyer had …
  • … from Gaston de Saporta, 16 December 1877 and n. 11. Thomas Henry Huxley had discussed the …
  • … and suggest a comparison (see letter from Gaston de Saporta, 16 December 1877 and n. 26). …

To W. E. Gladstone   2 October 1877

Summary

Has read WEG’s article ["The colour sense", Nineteenth Century 2 (1877): 366–88] on H. Magnus’ view. Informs him of a criticism of this view and reply by Magnus in Kosmos. Offers to send the article.

CD has contributed some facts on the difficulty children have in distinguishing colours (or naming them correctly).

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Ewart Gladstone
Date:  2 Oct 1877
Classmark:  The British Library (Add MS 44455: 120–1)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11163

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To W.  E.  Gladstone   2 October 1877
  • … Add MS 44455: 120–1) Charles Robert Darwin Down 2 Oct 1877 William Ewart Gladstone …
  • … of an infant. By Charles Darwin. Mind 2 (1877): 285–94. [ Shorter publications , pp. 409– …
  • … The colour sense", Nineteenth Century 2 (1877): 366–88] on H. Magnus’ view. Informs him of …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. Oct 2 1877 My dear Sir As this note requires no answer, I hope …
  • … issue of Nineteenth Century (Gladstone 1877), and supplemented the arguments he had made …
  • … see letter to Ernst Krause, 30 June 1877 and n. 1). His paper was published in the June …
  • … sketch of an infant’ appeared in Kosmos 1 (1877): 367–76 (August issue); Krause added a …
  • … by CD, at the end of the German version ( letter from Ernst Krause, 14 July 1877 ). …

From Theodor von Heldreich   2 August 1877

Summary

Sends paper on Greek plants.

Author:  Theodor Heinrich Hermann (Theodor) von Heldreich
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 Aug 1877
Classmark:  DAR 166: 135
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11091

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From Theodor von Heldreich    2 August 1877
  • … Theodor Heinrich Hermann (Theodor) von Heldreich Athens 2 Aug 1877 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … self fertilisation (Carus trans. 1877d) was published in May 1877 ( Botanische Zeitung , …
  • … 11 May 1877, p. 312). …
  • … Murray. 1876. Heldreich, Theodor von. 1877. Die Pflanzen der attischen Ebene . Schleswig: …
  • … Athènes le 2 Aout 1877 Monsieur, Un de Vos plus humbles disciples, mais certes un de vos …
  • … work also appeared separately ( Heldreich 1877 ). Julius Victor Carus’s German translation …
  • … Athens 2 August 1877 Sir, As one of your most humble disciples, but certainly one of your …

To Thomas Belt   18 January 1877

Summary

Thinks it would be a serious mistake for TB to give up his profession. How the Royal Society will distribute funds is as yet very uncertain, and CD feels that TB may well receive no support as his proposal is too theoretical.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Belt
Date:  18 Jan 1877
Classmark:  DAR 143: 83
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10804

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To Thomas Belt   18 January 1877
  • … DAR 143: 83 Charles Robert Darwin Down 18 Jan 1877 Thomas Belt …
  • … For the record of the first set of grants, awarded in March 1877, see Proceedings of the …
  • … Royal Society of London 26 (1877): 458–60. …
  • … astronomy; (B) biology; (C) chemistry; (D) general purposes (J. D. Hooker 1877, p. 432). …
  • … Down, Beckenham. Jan 18, 1877. Dear Mr.  Belt, I am sure that you would wish me to write …
  • … letter from Thomas Belt, [before 18] January 1877 . Belt was considering giving up his job …
  • … but CD was in London from 6 to 15 January 1877 and probably discussed the Royal Society of …

From William Roberts   30 June 1877

Summary

He is delivering address at the British Medical Association’s Manchester meeting ["Address in medicine", Br. Med. J. (1877) pt 2: 168–73]. Will develop theme that parasites are variations of common types, e.g., Bacillus anthraces is a variant of B. subtilis. Asks for more examples.

Author:  William Roberts
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  30 June 1877
Classmark:  DAR 176: 185
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11025

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From William Roberts   30 June 1877
  • … DAR 176: 185 William Roberts Manchester 30 June 1877 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … meeting ["Address in medicine", Br. Med. J. (1877) pt 2: 168–73]. Will develop theme that …
  • … similarities between the two bacilli ( Roberts 1877 , pp. 35–8). Roberts cited cases of …
  • … Bacillus anthracis had evolved as a sport of Bacillus subtilis ( Roberts 1877 , pp. 38–9). …
  • … 2 (1876–7): 277–310. Roberts, William. 1877. On spontaneous generation and the doctrine of …
  • … medicine. A copy of the paper ( Roberts 1877 ) is in the Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL. …

From Arthur Rawson   19 January 1877

Summary

Has observed the scarcity of humble-bees and subsequently of holly berries this year. But does not think humble-bees ever visit holly flowers, however plentiful they may be.

Author:  Arthur Rawson
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 Jan 1877
Classmark:  DAR 176: 24
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10805

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From Arthur Rawson   19 January 1877
  • … DAR 176: 24 Arthur Rawson Bromley Common 19 Jan 1877 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … See letters to Gardeners’ Chronicle , 3 January [1877] and …
  • … 17 January [1877] and n. 2. …
  • … CD’s original letter was reprinted in full in The Times , 11 January 1877, p. 7. …
  • … letter to Gardeners’ Chronicle , 3 January [1877], CD had written, ‘Bees of all kinds were …
  • … Vicarage, | Bromley Common. | Kent Jan 19. 1877 Dear M r . Darwin I have read with some …

To G. C. Robertson   24 June [1877]

Summary

Asks permission for French translation [of "Biographical sketch of an infant"].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Croom Robertson
Date:  24 June [1877]
Classmark:  DAR 147: 326
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11013

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To G.  C.  Robertson   24 June [1877] …
  • … DAR 147: 326 Charles Robert Darwin Bassett 24 June [1877] George Croom Robertson …
  • … of an infant. By Charles Darwin. Mind 2 (1877): 285–94. [ Shorter publications , pp. 409– …
  • … an infant’ was in a missing portion of the letter from Emile Alglave, 21 June 1877 . CD’s …
  • … article had been submitted to Mind in April 1877, but was not yet published (see letter to …
  • … G. C. Robertson, 27 April 1877 ). The translation appeared in Revue …
  • … de la France et de l’étranger , 14 July 1877, pp. 25– 8. CD stayed at William Erasmus …

To Ernst Krause   11 July [1877]

Summary

EK may publish a translation [of "Sketch of an infant"] if he wishes, but CD hardly thinks it deserves the honour.

Glad to hear that Kosmos succeeds fairly well; has found several articles interesting.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Ernst Ludwig (Ernst) Krause
Date:  11 July [1877]
Classmark:  The Huntington Library (HM 36174)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11047

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To Ernst Krause   11 July [1877] …
  • … Library (HM 36174) Charles Robert Darwin Down 11 July [1877] Ernst Ludwig (Ernst) Krause …
  • … of an infant. By Charles Darwin. Mind 2 (1877): 285–94. [ Shorter publications , pp. 409– …
  • … the relationship between this letter and the letter from Ernst Krause, 9 July 1877 . See …
  • … letter from Ernst Krause, 9 July 1877 and n. 3. CD’s ‘Biographical …
  • … letter from Max Schlesinger, 4 July 1877 ). The other newspaper has not been identified. …
  • … CUL. See letter to Ernst Krause, 30 June 1877 and n. 1. CD’s letter was inspired by …

To J. V. Carus   17 June [1877]

Summary

Forms of flowers will soon be published and is not a long book.

Does not suppose he will publish any more books, "though perhaps a few more papers". He "cannot endure being idle, but Heaven knows whether I am capable of any more good work".

Erratum JVC sent was due to a printer’s error after he had seen last proofs.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Julius Victor Carus
Date:  17 June [1877]
Classmark:  Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz (Slg. Darmstaedter Lc 1859: Darwin, Charles, Bl. 166–167)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11005

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To J.  V.  Carus   17 June [1877] …
  • … Charles, Bl. 166–167) Charles Robert Darwin Bassett 17 June [1877] Julius Victor Carus …
  • … mistake in Orchids 2d ed. , p. 58 (see letter from J.  V.  Carus, 13 June 1877 and n. 1). …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. Freeman, Richard Broke. 1977. The works of …
  • … fertilised by insects. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition, revised. London: John Murray. 1877. …
  • … the letter from J.  V.  Carus, 13 June 1877 . CD stayed at William Erasmus Darwin’s house …
  • … at the Zoological Station in Naples (see letter from J.  V.  Carus, 13 June 1877 and n. 4. …
  • … Forms of flowers was published in July 1877 ( Freeman 1977 ); it was 352 pages long, …
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Darwin in letters, 1877: Flowers and honours

Summary

Ever since the publication of Expression, Darwin’s research had centred firmly on botany. The year 1877 was no exception. The spring and early summer were spent completing Forms of flowers, his fifth book on a botanical topic. He then turned to the…

Matches: 28 hits

  • … , Darwin’s research had centred firmly on botany. The year 1877 was no exception. The spring and …
  • … from a family that the Darwins had befriended. The year 1877 was more than usually full of honours. …
  • … of a very heavy shower’, William wrote on 24 August 1877 . ‘The leaves were not at all depressed; …
  • … gardeners ( letter from W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, 25 August 1877 ). At Down House, Darwin and …
  • … a delicate twig’ ( letter to R. I. Lynch, 14 September 1877 ). Research on movement would continue …
  • … of some Infusoria’ ( letter from F. J. Cohn, 5 August 1877 ). Francis’s paper eventually appeared …
  • … wrote to the editor, George Croom Robertson, on 27 April 1877 , ‘I hope that you will be so good …
  • … had written to the editor Ernst Ludwig Krause on 30 June 1877 , ‘I have been much interested by …
  • … the German debate (letters to W. E. Gladstone, 2 October 1877 and 25 October [1877] ). …
  • … and lively’ ( letter from W. E. Gladstone, 23 October 1877 ). Gifts of German and Dutch …
  • … Darwin and Ernst Haeckel). Writing to Darwin on 11 March 1877 , Krause declared the journal ‘an …
  • … the director, Adriaan Anthoni van Bemmelen, on 12 February 1877 : ‘I suppose that every worker at …
  • … of his 70th year. Darwin was in fact 68 on 12 February 1877. Distinguished guests and …
  • … & smooth as butter’ ( letter to C. E. Norton, 16 March 1877 ). Hooker was asked repeatedly by …
  • … & me to dejeuner!!!’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 14 June 1877 ). Darwin was staying in …
  • … centuries to come’ ( letter from C. C. Graham, 30 January 1877 ). Graham then gave a lengthy …
  • … man and of societies’ ( letter from Marcellin de Bonnal, [1877] ). A similar complaint came from …
  • … by a duke!’ ( letter to J. M. Rodwell, 3 June 1877 ). Back home, he learned from his brother that …
  • … order of the day’ ( letter from E. A. Darwin, 27 January [1877] ).  Carlyle’s remarks were …
  • … . In a letter from an unknown correspondent on 13 June 1877 , he was criticised for having quoted …
  • … monstrosity ( letter from C. T. E. Siebold, 10 October 1877 ). An American banker, William Burrows …
  • … back our civilization’ ( letter from W. B. Bowles, 17 May 1877 ). Bowles proposed that such …
  • … of humanity beneath’ ( letter from W. B. Bowles, 18 May 1877 ). More transitional human …
  • … inflexible tails ( letter from Arthur Mellersh, 1 January 1877 ). The American physician Jesse …
  • … (Trollope 1867; letter to G. J. Romanes, [1 and 2 December 1877] ). Dispute and …
  • … George and Francis. He wrote to Francis on 24 September 1877 about his forthcoming work, Life …
  • … value’, he confessed in a letter of 25 November 1877 that the book had ‘resolved itself into a …
  • … physical’ ( letter from W. M. Moorsom, 10 September 1877 ). Darwin was doubtful of the elephant …

1877 letters now online

Summary

Flowers, bloom, a son married . . . and a suspended monkey in Cambridge at Darwin's honorary LLD ceremony. The transcripts and footnotes of over 600 letters written to and from Darwin in 1877 are now online. Read more about Darwin's life in 1877…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … of  over 600 letters written to and from Darwin in 1877  are now online. Read more about  Darwin& …

Photograph album of German and Austrian scientists

Summary

The album was sent to Darwin to mark his birthday on 12 February 1877 by the civil servant Emil Rade, and contained 165 portraits of German and Austrian scientists. The work was lavishly produced and bound in blue velvet with metal embossing. Its ornate…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … album was sent to Darwin to mark his birthday on 12 February 1877 by the civil servant Emil Rade …
  • … have ever received ( Letter to Ernst Haeckel, 16 February 1877 )     …
  • … the start of his 70th year, but Darwin was only 68 in 1877. Despite this oversight, the album …
  • … world.— ( Letter from Leonard Blomefield, 12 March 1877 ) Familiar faces Ernst …
  • … with the final album. He wrote to Darwin on 9 February 1877 : ‘what will perhaps astonish you is …
  • … worth to give you ( Letter from J. V. Carus, 22 March 1877 )  The professor of …
  • … scientific work. ( Letter from C. G. Semper, 26 April 1877 ) Carl Kraus, an …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the …
  • … lasting pleasure. ( Letter to Pieter Harting, 19 March 1877 ) Harting had also written …
  • … it states his ‘69th Birthday’, when in fact he was 68 in 1877. It was arranged in alphabetical order …
  • … from A. A. van Bemmelen and H. J.  Veth, 6 February 1877 ) Dutch correspondents …
  • … ( Letter from C. W. Thomson, 30 June 1877 ) Much earlier, in 1861, Tiberius Cornelis …

German and Dutch photograph albums

Summary

Darwin Day 2018: To celebrate Darwin's 209th birthday, we present two lavishly produced albums of portrait photographs which Darwin received from continental admirers 141 years ago. These unusual gifts from Germany and the Netherlands are made…

Matches: 3 hits

  • …   In 1877, Charles Darwin was sent some unusual birthday presents: two lavishly …
  • … conferred on me ( Letter to Otto Zacharias, [24 February 1877] ) The two albums …
  • … sympathy. ( Letter to A. A. van Bemmelen, 12 February 1877 )  View the Dutch album …

Capturing Darwin’s voice: audio of selected letters

Summary

On a sunny Wednesday in June 2011 in a makeshift recording studio somewhere in Cambridge, we were very pleased to welcome Terry Molloy back to the Darwin Correspondence Project for a special recording session. Terry, known for his portrayal of Davros in Dr…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … tiredness of the later years (e.g. letter to E.M. Dicey, [1877] ). Working …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 11074: Sayce, A. H. to Darwin, C. R., 27 July 1877 Darwin’s study of human nature …

Have you read the one about....

Summary

... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some serious - but all letters you can read here.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … ... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some …

Charles Harrison Blackley

Summary

You may not have heard of Charles Harrison Blackley (1820–1900), but if you are one of the 15 million people in the UK who suffer from hay fever, you are indebted to him. For it was he who identified pollen as the cause of the allergy. Darwin was…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … grains by a dilution method.  In his letter of 9 March 1877 , Darwin wrote: ‘Your calculation of …

People featured in the Dutch photograph album

Summary

List of people appearing in the photograph album Darwin received from scientific admirers in the Netherlands for his birthday on 12 February 1877. We are grateful to Hester Loeff for providing this list and for permission to make her research available.…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … admirers in the Netherlands for his birthday on 12 February 1877. We are grateful to …
  • … and forenames Occupation Age in 1877 Residence Date …
  • … Leiden 13 June 1823 Rotterdam 2 June 1877 Zoeterwoude …
  • … 5 October 1808 Wildenborch 4 June 1877 Klein Dochteren …

Darwin in public and private

Summary

Extracts from Darwin's published works, in particular Descent of man, and selected letters, explore Darwin's views on the operation of sexual selection in humans, and both his publicly and privately expressed views on its practical implications…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 10746 – Darwin to Dicey, E. M., [1877] Darwin gives his opinion on the …
  • … Letter 11267f – Darwin, S. to Darwin, [3 December 1877] Darwin’s daughter-in-law …

Exercise: Caricatures of Science

Summary

Caricatures provide intriguing insights into both ideals and transgressions of gender. The following six images show caricatured representations of nineteenth-century men and women of science. They provide insight into the boundaries of what was deemed …

Matches: 1 hits

  • …   Lydia Becker (1877) Caricature of Lydia Becker from …

Floral Dimorphism

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Floral studies In 1877 Darwin published a book that included a series of smaller studies on botanical subjects. Titled The different forms of flowers on plants of the same species, it consisted primarily of…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … | Experiment Floral studies In 1877 Darwin published a book that included a …
  • … findings on floral dimorphism were eventually published in 1877, but these experiments and …
  • … SOURCES Book Darwin, C. R. 1877. The different forms of flowers on plants of the …
  • … experiment, the class read chapter 1 of Charles Darwin’s 1877 T he Different Forms of …
  • … Flowers on Plants of the Same Species (London: John Murray, 1877), 16. [2] Ibid., 30. …

German poems presented to Darwin

Summary

Experiments in deepest reverence The following poems were enclosed with a photograph album sent as a birthday gift to Charles Darwin by his German and Austrian admirers (see letter from From Emil Rade, [before 16] February 1877). The poems were…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … (see letter from From Emil Rade , [before 16] February 1877). The poems were composed by …
  • … in Rade’s account of the making of the album (Rade 1877, pp. 39–40), but the others were published …
  • … Letter from Emil Rade 1    [before 16] February 1877 2 Münster i./Westf. …
  • … From Emil Rade   [before 16] February 1877 2 Münster i./Westf. February 1877. …
  • … this letter and the letter to Emil Rade, 16 February 1877. 3. The gift was a photograph …
  • … Appendix VI. A number of other poems were included in Rade 1877.   …

People featured in the Dutch photograph album

Summary

Here is a list of people that appeared in the photograph album Darwin received for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from scientific admirers in the Netherlands. Many thanks to Hester Loeff for identifying and researching them. No. …

Matches: 4 hits

  • … album Darwin received for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from scientific admirers in the …
  • … Title and forenames Occupation Age in 1877 Residence Date of birth …
  • … Leiden 13 june 1823 Rotterdam 2 june 1877 Zoeterwoude …
  • … 5 october 1808 Wildenborch 4 june 1877 Klein Dochteren …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 11096 - Darwin to Romanes, G. J., [9 August 1877] Darwin points out a mistake made …

Natural Science and Femininity

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters A conflation of masculine intellect and feminine thoughts, habits and feelings, male naturalists like Darwin inhabited an uncertain gendered identity. Working from the private domestic comfort of their homes and exercising…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … published his findings both in Expression and in an 1877 article titled, ‘ A Biographical …
  • … Letter 10821 - Graham C. C. to Darwin, [30 January 1877] Psychologist Christopher Graham …

Dipsacus and Drosera: Frank’s favourite carnivores

Summary

In Autumn of 1875, Francis Darwin was busy researching aggregation in the tentacles of Drosera rotundifolia (F. Darwin 1876). This phenomenon occurs when coloured particles within either protoplasm or the fluid in the cell vacuole (the cell sap) cluster…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … and proofreading Darwin’s second edition of  Orchids  (1877). By January of the following …
  • … ( Dipsacus sylvestris )’ at the Royal Society on 1 March 1877 (F. Darwin 1877a). His address was …
  • … and a plate of sixteen figures, was published in July 1877 in the  Quarterly Journal of …
  • … the journal by the end of the month ( Nature , 23 August 1877, p. 339). Although, as Darwin …
  • … to his father’s beloved  Drosera rotundifolia  in June 1877, finding sundews that had been ‘fed’ …
  • … Grant.   References Darwin, C. 1877. The Contractile Filaments of the …
  • … teasel ( Dipsacus sylvestris ). (Abstract.) [Read 1 March 1877.]  Proceedings of the Royal …

Referencing women’s work

Summary

Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, but whether and how they were acknowledged in print involved complex considerations of social standing, professional standing, and personal preference.…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 11221 - Darwin to Darwin, H., [1 November 1877] Darwin asks his sons, …

People featured in the German and Austrian photograph album

Summary

Biographical details of people from the Habsburg Empire that appeared in the album of German and Austrian scientists sent to Darwin on 12 February 1877. We are grateful to Johannes Mattes for providing these details and for permission to make his…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … and Austrian scientists sent to Darwin on 12 February 1877. We are grateful to Johannes …
  • …  in Linz (1871), Vienna (1873) and Prostějov (1877). M. Pichler: Notice of death. In: …
  • … of Vienna (Dr., 1873). Habilitation in palaeontology (1877) and geology (1880) at the Technical …
  • … (1859), geologist (1873) and finally chief geologist (1877) and  Bergrat  of the Imperial …
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