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From C. F. Martins   5 July 1876

Summary

Richard Gordon’s French translation of Climbing plants [1877] is half printed.

In Martins’ Introduction to [Éd. Barbier’s translation of] Insectivorous plants [1877] he wants to include a complete bibliography of CD’s works: their extent is not generally known in France.

Author:  Charles Frédéric Martins
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 July 1876
Classmark:  DAR 171: 62
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10557

Matches: 10 hits

  • … s French translation of Climbing plants [1877] is half printed. In Martins’ Introduction …
  • … s translation of] Insectivorous plants [1877] he wants to include a complete bibliography …
  • … 6. Richard Gordon’s translation of Climbing plants was published in 1877 (Gordon trans. …
  • 1877). In his introduction to the French …
  • … of Insectivorous plants (Barbier trans. 1877, p. xi), Martins referred to recent work by …
  • … Morren 1876 ; see also Barbier trans. 1877, p. 423 n. 1) and to work by Joseph Warner …
  • … with Dionaea in a note (Barbier trans. 1877, pp. 353–6; see also T. A. G. Balfour 1875 ). …
  • … and movements of the leaves of Dionaea (Barbier trans. 1877, pp. 373–4 n. 1; see also C. …
  • … de Candolle 1876 ). See Barbier trans. 1877, p. 64. Edmond Barbier gave the equivalent of …
  • … is about 28.35 grams. See Barbier trans. 1877, pp. xvi–xxiii; Martins used these headings …

To Francis Darwin   25 September [1876]

Summary

FD’s corrections for Orchids [1877] are all very good and useful.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  25 Sept [1876]
Classmark:  DAR 211: 12
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10617

Matches: 4 hits

  • … FD’s corrections for Orchids [1877] are all very good and useful. …
  • … fertilised by insects. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition, revised. London: John Murray. 1877. …
  • … September [1876] . Orchids 2d ed. was published in January 1877 ( Publishers’ circular , …
  • … 1 February 1877, p. 93). See letter to Francis Darwin, 16 September [1876] and n. 1. The …

From Arthur Nicols   24 February 1876

Summary

Is putting together a natural history book for intelligent children [The puzzle of life (1877)]; would like CD’s opinion on the project in general and on the completed first chapter in particular.

Author:  Robert Arthur (Arthur) Nicols
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 Feb 1876
Classmark:  DAR 172: 65
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10408

Matches: 5 hits

  • … intelligent children [ The puzzle of life (1877)]; would like CD’s opinion on the project …
  • … to Arthur Nicols, [after 24 February 1876] ). The puzzle of life was published in 1877 ( …
  • … Nicols 1877 ). George Du Maurier had been a staff cartoonist for the satirical magazine …
  • … 1864; he had five children ( ODNB ). The illustrator of Nicols 1877 was Frederick Waddy. …
  • … Bibliography Nicols, Arthur. 1877. The puzzle of life and how it has been put together: a …

To Enrique Godínez   28 April 1876

Summary

Gives permission for a Spanish translation of the Origin and wishes it success.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Enrique Godínez y Esteban (Enrique Godínez)
Date:  28 Apr 1876
Classmark:  Godínez trans. 1877, p. VIII
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10481

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Godínez trans. 1877, p. VIII Charles Robert Darwin London, Queen Anne St, 6 Down …
  • … Godínez’s translation of Origin 6d ed. into Spanish was published in 1877 (Godínez trans. …
  • 1877). CD’s publisher was John Murray. …

To Fritz Müller   11 December 1876

Summary

FM’s new position in Rio.

CD interested in nature of surface deposits at Rio.

Sends a copy of Cross and self-fertilisation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Date:  11 Dec 1876
Classmark:  The British Library (Loan MS 10 no 40) (EH 88205870)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10709

Matches: 5 hits

  • … 25, Appendix IV). Orchids 2d ed. was published in January 1877 ( Publishers’ circular , …
  • … 1 February 1877, p. …
  • … 93), and Forms of flowers in July 1877 ( Freeman 1977 ). CD cited Müller frequently in all …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. Freeman, Richard Broke. 1977. The works of …
  • … fertilised by insects. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition, revised. London: John Murray. 1877. …

To Eduard Koch?   6 February 1876

Summary

Discusses use by correspondent of clichés from one of his books.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Eduard Koch
Date:  6 Feb 1876
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.273a)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10383

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Freeman 1977 ) and Orchids 2d ed. was published in January 1877 ( Publishers’ Circular , …
  • … 1 February 1877, p. 93). The German translation of Orchids 2d ed. , …
  • … of the collected German edition of CD’s works, was published in 1877 (Carus trans. 1877c). …
  • … 2d edition, revised. London: John Murray. 1877. Orchids : On the various contrivances by …

To J. V. Carus   21 March 1876

Summary

Glad to hear that [German edition of] Insectivorous plants is published.

Thanks for errata in Climbing plants [2d ed.].

Sends list [missing] of his papers, with those certainly not worth translating marked with a red line.

Reports on work in progress.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Julius Victor Carus
Date:  21 Mar 1876
Classmark:  Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz (Slg. Darmstaedter Lc 1859: Darwin, Charles, Bl. 139–140)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10422

Matches: 6 hits

  • … translated Volcanic islands into German in 1877 (Carus trans. 1877a). For John Wesley …
  • … of London , were published in Forms of flowers in July 1877 ( Freeman 1977 ). Orchids 2d …
  • … ed. was published in January 1877 ( Publishers’ Circular , …
  • … 1 February 1877, p. 93). In his letter of 19 March 1876 , Carus had responded to CD’s …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. Freeman, Richard Broke. 1977. The works of …
  • … 2d edition, revised. London: John Murray. 1877. Volcanic islands : Geological observations …

From Frigyes Medveczky   11 November 1876

Summary

Writing under the name of Friedrich von Bärenbach, FM sends his paper on J. G. Herder as a precursor of Darwin’s theory [Herder als Vorgänger Darwins (1877)]; hopes CD will acknowledge him as such.

Author:  Frigyes Medveczky
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  11 Nov 1876
Classmark:  DAR 160: 41
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10666

Matches: 4 hits

  • … s theory [ Herder als Vorgänger Darwins (1877)]; hopes CD will acknowledge him as such. …
  • … Bärenbach, Friedrich von [Frigyes Medveczky]. 1877. Herder als Vorgänger Darwin’s und der …
  • … There is a copy of Bärenbach 1877 (Medveczky, who was Hungarian, published under the name …
  • … 1970 , p. 7). The inscription in Bärenbach 1877 is in a different hand from this letter, …

To James Geikie   16 November 1876

Summary

On JG’s Great ice age.

Discusses formation of drift deposits near Southampton.

Comments on Axel Blytt [Immigration of Norwegian flora (1876)].

Has had fearful misgivings that the step-like plains of Patagonia may have been caused by changes in level of sea, not land.

Comments on book [Archibald Geikie, Life of Sir Roderick I. Murchison (1875)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Murdoch (James) Geikie
Date:  16 Nov 1876
Classmark:  DAR 144: 331
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10676

Matches: 7 hits

  • … of Geikie’s Great Ice Age ( J. Geikie 1877 ) in the Darwin Library–CUL (see Marginalia 1: …
  • … 299–300). Although dated 1877, Geikie’s book was published between 1 and 15 November …
  • … vols. London: John Murray. Geikie, James. 1877. The great ice age and its relation to the …
  • … missing. CD scored the passage in J. Geikie 1877 , p. 506, where Geikie claimed that river …
  • … Chambers ). In a footnote in J. Geikie 1877 , pp. 415–16, Geikie described Nils Olof …
  • … by the iceberg hypothesis’ ( J. Geikie 1877 , p. 24). The theories were intended to …
  • … For Skertchly’s notes, see J. Geikie 1877 , pp. 536–46, especially p. 545, on dry periods …

To James Geikie   26 October 1876

Summary

Comments on JG’s book [The great ice age and its relation to the antiquity of man, 2d ed. (1877)]. Recalls erratic boulder he knew in Shropshire as a boy.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Murdoch (James) Geikie
Date:  26 Oct 1876
Classmark:  DAR 144: 330
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10655

Matches: 3 hits

  • … its relation to the antiquity of man , 2d ed. (1877)]. Recalls erratic boulder he knew in …
  • … man . London: W. Isbister. Geikie, James. 1877. The great ice age and its relation to the …
  • … to the antiquity of man ( J. Geikie 1877 ) in the Darwin Library–CUL (see Marginalia 1: …

From James Geikie   20 November 1876

Summary

Glaciation in the British Isles.

S. B. J. Skertchley’s researches on Palaeolithic man in England [Nature 14 (1876): 448–9].

Author:  James Murdoch (James) Geikie
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Nov 1876
Classmark:  DAR 165: 29
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10460

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Geikie, 16 November 1876 . J. Geikie 1877 . Sydney Barber Josiah Skertchly. Skertchly made …
  • … of Skertchly’s research, see J. Geikie 1877 , pp. 536–46. Louis Agassiz pointed out signs …
  • … vols. London: John Murray. Geikie, James. 1877. The great ice age and its relation to the …
  • … 16 November 1876 and n. 7, and J. Geikie 1877 , p. 24. Geikie rewrote the section on the …

From Hermann Müller   28 December 1876

Summary

No papers on heterostyly have appeared since 1873.

Author:  Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 Dec 1876
Classmark:  DAR 171: 309
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10736

Matches: 4 hits

  • … appeared in Jenaer Literaturzeitung 1877, pp. 178–81. CD’s copy is in the Darwin Pamphlet …
  • … revised versions of CD’s earlier papers on heterostyled plants, were published in 1877. …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. Müller, Hermann. 1873. Die Befruchtung der …
  • … fertilised by insects. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition, revised. London: John Murray. 1877. …

From Otto Zacharias   2 October 1876

Summary

Can CD send sheets of Cross and self-fertilisation as previously promised? OZ writing article on subject ["Darwin über Kreuzung und Selbstbefruchtung im Pflanzenreiche", Das Ausland (1877)].

German Darwinists preparing a Darwin album with photographs of themselves as gift.

Author:  Otto Zacharias
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 Oct 1876
Classmark:  DAR 184: 3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10628

Matches: 4 hits

  • … im Pflanzenreiche", Das Ausland (1877)]. German Darwinists preparing a Darwin album with …
  • … from Emil Rade, [before 16] February 1877 ). It is at Down House. The notice has not been …
  • … für Sie Interesse hat! Zum 12. Febr.  1877.  bereitet ein grosser Theil von Anhängern der …
  • … be of interest to you! For February 12, 1877, a substantial portion of the followers of …

To William Clowes & Sons   7 October [1876]

Summary

Approves the type for Orchids [2d ed.]. The printer should advise Murray that it will be 300 pages.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Clowes & Sons
Date:  7 Oct [1876]
Classmark:  University of California Santa Barbara, Davidson Library, Special Collections (Charles Darwin / Evolution Collection Mss 28 Correspondence Box 4: 12)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10634

Matches: 3 hits

  • … than that of the first edition; it was published in January 1877 ( Publishers’ circular , …
  • … 1 February 1877, p. 93). Orchids was 365 pages long. As published by John Murray, Orchids …
  • … 2d edition, revised. London: John Murray. 1877. Orchids : On the various contrivances by …

From E. M. Heckel     27 December 1876

Summary

Has read and greatly admires CD’s latest book, Cross and self-fertilisation; seeks permission to translate it into French and to add some annotations. [EMH’s translation was published in 1877.]

Author:  Édouard Marie (Édouard) Heckel
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  27 Dec 1876
Classmark:  DAR 166: 128
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10735

Matches: 3 hits

  • … it into French and to add some annotations. [EMH’s translation was published in 1877. ] …
  • … III). Heckel’s French translation of Cross and self fertilisation (Heckel trans. 1877) was …
  • … published in 1877. He added a translator’s introduction and additional footnotes signed ‘( …

From Ernst Haeckel   30 December 1876

Summary

Describes new journal, Kosmos, to be edited by Ernst Krause. Asks CD to lend his name to journal.

Has sent Anthropogenie, 3d ed.

Will send his study [Biologische Studien, pt 2: Studien zur Gastraea-theorie (1877)] in January.

Thanks CD for hospitality at Down.

Author:  Ernst Philipp August (Ernst) Haeckel
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  30 Dec 1876
Classmark:  DAR 166: 69
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10738

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Studien , pt 2: Studien zur Gastraea-theorie (1877)] in January. Thanks CD for hospitality …
  • … developmental history of humans; Haeckel 1877) is in the Darwin Library–Down. The final …
  • … Theorie ( Haeckel 1870–7 ) was published in 1877; all the parts are in the Darwin Pamphlet …
  • … The first issue was published in April 1877; for more on the founding of the journal and …

To J. V. Carus   27 September 1876

Summary

Sends first sheets of Cross and self fertilisation. The book is a very dull record of experiments, but nevertheless CD believes it is valuable for its remarkable and well-established results.

Orchids [2d ed.] will soon go to the printer.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Julius Victor Carus
Date:  27 Sept 1876
Classmark:  Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz (Slg. Darmstaedter Lc 1859: Darwin, Charles, Bl. 147–148)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10619

Matches: 3 hits

  • … 19 March 1876 ). Orchids 2d ed. was published in January 1877 ( Publishers’ Circular , …
  • … 1 February 1877, p. 93). …
  • … fertilised by insects. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition, revised. London: John Murray. 1877. …

To Asa Gray   28 October 1876

Summary

Is sending sheets of Cross and self-fertilisation. He will be curious to see what AG thinks of it, as AG speaks the truth whether or not he approves. Is sick of trying to correct his "horrid bad style".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  28 Oct 1876
Classmark:  Archives of the Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (113)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10656

Matches: 3 hits

  • … the American Journal of Science 3d ser. 13 (1877): 125–41. Cross and self fertilisation US …
  • … New York: D. Appleton and Company. 1877. Orchids 2d US ed. : The various contrivances by …
  • … insects . By Charles Darwin. 2d edition, revised. New York: D. Appleton and Company. 1877. …

From G. H. Darwin   [27? November 1876]

Summary

Sends W. Thomson’s complimentary opinion of his paper "On the influence of geological changes on the earth’s axis" [Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. 167 (1877): 271–312].

Author:  George Howard Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [27? Nov 1876]
Classmark:  DAR 210.2: 56
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10689

Matches: 2 hits

  • … changes on the earth’s axis" [ Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. 167 (1877): 271–312]. …
  • … paper; according to the heading, it was added in April 1877 (G. H. Darwin 1876b, p. 308). …

From Hermann Müller   6 December 1876

Summary

Thanks for Cross and self-fertilisation.

Fritz Müller has been appointed "Naturalista Viajante" of the Rio de Janeiro Museum, which will help his income greatly.

Author:  Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Dec 1876
Classmark:  DAR 171: 308
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10702

Matches: 4 hits

  • … pp. 210–12; 10 February 1876, pp. 289–92; 22 June 1876, pp. 173–5; 8 February 1877, pp. …
  • … 317–19; 29 March 1877, pp. …
  • … 473–5; 11 October 1877, pp. 507–9. Müller, Hermann. 1873. Die Befruchtung der Blumen durch …
  • … caterpillars’ in Nature , 18 January 1877, p. 264. Fritz had observed a small caterpillar …
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Darwin in letters, 1877: Flowers and honours

Summary

Ever since the publication of Expression, Darwin’s research had centred firmly on botany. The year 1877 was no exception. The spring and early summer were spent completing Forms of flowers, his fifth book on a botanical topic. He then turned to the…

Matches: 28 hits

  • … , Darwin’s research had centred firmly on botany. The year 1877 was no exception. The spring and …
  • … from a family that the Darwins had befriended. The year 1877 was more than usually full of honours. …
  • … of a very heavy shower’, William wrote on 24 August 1877 . ‘The leaves were not at all depressed; …
  • … gardeners ( letter from W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, 25 August 1877 ). At Down House, Darwin and …
  • … a delicate twig’ ( letter to R. I. Lynch, 14 September 1877 ). Research on movement would continue …
  • … of some Infusoria’ ( letter from F. J. Cohn, 5 August 1877 ). Francis’s paper eventually appeared …
  • … wrote to the editor, George Croom Robertson, on 27 April 1877 , ‘I hope that you will be so good …
  • … had written to the editor Ernst Ludwig Krause on 30 June 1877 , ‘I have been much interested by …
  • … the German debate (letters to W. E. Gladstone, 2 October 1877 and 25 October [1877] ). …
  • … and lively’ ( letter from W. E. Gladstone, 23 October 1877 ). Gifts of German and Dutch …
  • … Darwin and Ernst Haeckel). Writing to Darwin on 11 March 1877 , Krause declared the journal ‘an …
  • … the director, Adriaan Anthoni van Bemmelen, on 12 February 1877 : ‘I suppose that every worker at …
  • … of his 70th year. Darwin was in fact 68 on 12 February 1877. Distinguished guests and …
  • … & smooth as butter’ ( letter to C. E. Norton, 16 March 1877 ). Hooker was asked repeatedly by …
  • … & me to dejeuner!!!’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 14 June 1877 ). Darwin was staying in …
  • … centuries to come’ ( letter from C. C. Graham, 30 January 1877 ). Graham then gave a lengthy …
  • … man and of societies’ ( letter from Marcellin de Bonnal, [1877] ). A similar complaint came from …
  • … by a duke!’ ( letter to J. M. Rodwell, 3 June 1877 ). Back home, he learned from his brother that …
  • … order of the day’ ( letter from E. A. Darwin, 27 January [1877] ).  Carlyle’s remarks were …
  • … . In a letter from an unknown correspondent on 13 June 1877 , he was criticised for having quoted …
  • … monstrosity ( letter from C. T. E. Siebold, 10 October 1877 ). An American banker, William Burrows …
  • … back our civilization’ ( letter from W. B. Bowles, 17 May 1877 ). Bowles proposed that such …
  • … of humanity beneath’ ( letter from W. B. Bowles, 18 May 1877 ). More transitional human …
  • … inflexible tails ( letter from Arthur Mellersh, 1 January 1877 ). The American physician Jesse …
  • … (Trollope 1867; letter to G. J. Romanes, [1 and 2 December 1877] ). Dispute and …
  • … George and Francis. He wrote to Francis on 24 September 1877 about his forthcoming work, Life …
  • … value’, he confessed in a letter of 25 November 1877 that the book had ‘resolved itself into a …
  • … physical’ ( letter from W. M. Moorsom, 10 September 1877 ). Darwin was doubtful of the elephant …

1877 letters now online

Summary

Flowers, bloom, a son married . . . and a suspended monkey in Cambridge at Darwin's honorary LLD ceremony. The transcripts and footnotes of over 600 letters written to and from Darwin in 1877 are now online. Read more about Darwin's life in 1877…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … of  over 600 letters written to and from Darwin in 1877  are now online. Read more about  Darwin& …

Photograph album of German and Austrian scientists

Summary

The album was sent to Darwin to mark his birthday on 12 February 1877 by the civil servant Emil Rade, and contained 165 portraits of German and Austrian scientists. The work was lavishly produced and bound in blue velvet with metal embossing. Its ornate…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … album was sent to Darwin to mark his birthday on 12 February 1877 by the civil servant Emil Rade …
  • … have ever received ( Letter to Ernst Haeckel, 16 February 1877 )     …
  • … the start of his 70th year, but Darwin was only 68 in 1877. Despite this oversight, the album …
  • … world.— ( Letter from Leonard Blomefield, 12 March 1877 ) Familiar faces Ernst …
  • … with the final album. He wrote to Darwin on 9 February 1877 : ‘what will perhaps astonish you is …
  • … worth to give you ( Letter from J. V. Carus, 22 March 1877 )  The professor of …
  • … scientific work. ( Letter from C. G. Semper, 26 April 1877 ) Carl Kraus, an …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the …
  • … lasting pleasure. ( Letter to Pieter Harting, 19 March 1877 ) Harting had also written …
  • … it states his ‘69th Birthday’, when in fact he was 68 in 1877. It was arranged in alphabetical order …
  • … from A. A. van Bemmelen and H. J.  Veth, 6 February 1877 ) Dutch correspondents …
  • … ( Letter from C. W. Thomson, 30 June 1877 ) Much earlier, in 1861, Tiberius Cornelis …

German and Dutch photograph albums

Summary

Darwin Day 2018: To celebrate Darwin's 209th birthday, we present two lavishly produced albums of portrait photographs which Darwin received from continental admirers 141 years ago. These unusual gifts from Germany and the Netherlands are made…

Matches: 3 hits

  • …   In 1877, Charles Darwin was sent some unusual birthday presents: two lavishly …
  • … conferred on me ( Letter to Otto Zacharias, [24 February 1877] ) The two albums …
  • … sympathy. ( Letter to A. A. van Bemmelen, 12 February 1877 )  View the Dutch album …

Capturing Darwin’s voice: audio of selected letters

Summary

On a sunny Wednesday in June 2011 in a makeshift recording studio somewhere in Cambridge, we were very pleased to welcome Terry Molloy back to the Darwin Correspondence Project for a special recording session. Terry, known for his portrayal of Davros in Dr…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … tiredness of the later years (e.g. letter to E.M. Dicey, [1877] ). Working …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 11074: Sayce, A. H. to Darwin, C. R., 27 July 1877 Darwin’s study of human nature …

Have you read the one about....

Summary

... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some serious - but all letters you can read here.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … ... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some …

Charles Harrison Blackley

Summary

You may not have heard of Charles Harrison Blackley (1820–1900), but if you are one of the 15 million people in the UK who suffer from hay fever, you are indebted to him. For it was he who identified pollen as the cause of the allergy. Darwin was…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … grains by a dilution method.  In his letter of 9 March 1877 , Darwin wrote: ‘Your calculation of …

People featured in the Dutch photograph album

Summary

List of people appearing in the photograph album Darwin received from scientific admirers in the Netherlands for his birthday on 12 February 1877. We are grateful to Hester Loeff for providing this list and for permission to make her research available.…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … admirers in the Netherlands for his birthday on 12 February 1877. We are grateful to …
  • … and forenames Occupation Age in 1877 Residence Date …
  • … Leiden 13 June 1823 Rotterdam 2 June 1877 Zoeterwoude …
  • … 5 October 1808 Wildenborch 4 June 1877 Klein Dochteren …

Darwin in public and private

Summary

Extracts from Darwin's published works, in particular Descent of man, and selected letters, explore Darwin's views on the operation of sexual selection in humans, and both his publicly and privately expressed views on its practical implications…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 10746 – Darwin to Dicey, E. M., [1877] Darwin gives his opinion on the …
  • … Letter 11267f – Darwin, S. to Darwin, [3 December 1877] Darwin’s daughter-in-law …

Exercise: Caricatures of Science

Summary

Caricatures provide intriguing insights into both ideals and transgressions of gender. The following six images show caricatured representations of nineteenth-century men and women of science. They provide insight into the boundaries of what was deemed …

Matches: 1 hits

  • …   Lydia Becker (1877) Caricature of Lydia Becker from …

Floral Dimorphism

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Floral studies In 1877 Darwin published a book that included a series of smaller studies on botanical subjects. Titled The different forms of flowers on plants of the same species, it consisted primarily of…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … | Experiment Floral studies In 1877 Darwin published a book that included a …
  • … findings on floral dimorphism were eventually published in 1877, but these experiments and …
  • … SOURCES Book Darwin, C. R. 1877. The different forms of flowers on plants of the …
  • … experiment, the class read chapter 1 of Charles Darwin’s 1877 T he Different Forms of …
  • … Flowers on Plants of the Same Species (London: John Murray, 1877), 16. [2] Ibid., 30. …

German poems presented to Darwin

Summary

Experiments in deepest reverence The following poems were enclosed with a photograph album sent as a birthday gift to Charles Darwin by his German and Austrian admirers (see letter from From Emil Rade, [before 16] February 1877). The poems were…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … (see letter from From Emil Rade , [before 16] February 1877). The poems were composed by …
  • … in Rade’s account of the making of the album (Rade 1877, pp. 39–40), but the others were published …
  • … Letter from Emil Rade 1    [before 16] February 1877 2 Münster i./Westf. …
  • … From Emil Rade   [before 16] February 1877 2 Münster i./Westf. February 1877. …
  • … this letter and the letter to Emil Rade, 16 February 1877. 3. The gift was a photograph …
  • … Appendix VI. A number of other poems were included in Rade 1877.   …

People featured in the Dutch photograph album

Summary

Here is a list of people that appeared in the photograph album Darwin received for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from scientific admirers in the Netherlands. Many thanks to Hester Loeff for identifying and researching them. No. …

Matches: 4 hits

  • … album Darwin received for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from scientific admirers in the …
  • … Title and forenames Occupation Age in 1877 Residence Date of birth …
  • … Leiden 13 june 1823 Rotterdam 2 june 1877 Zoeterwoude …
  • … 5 october 1808 Wildenborch 4 june 1877 Klein Dochteren …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 11096 - Darwin to Romanes, G. J., [9 August 1877] Darwin points out a mistake made …

Natural Science and Femininity

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters A conflation of masculine intellect and feminine thoughts, habits and feelings, male naturalists like Darwin inhabited an uncertain gendered identity. Working from the private domestic comfort of their homes and exercising…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … published his findings both in Expression and in an 1877 article titled, ‘ A Biographical …
  • … Letter 10821 - Graham C. C. to Darwin, [30 January 1877] Psychologist Christopher Graham …

Dipsacus and Drosera: Frank’s favourite carnivores

Summary

In Autumn of 1875, Francis Darwin was busy researching aggregation in the tentacles of Drosera rotundifolia (F. Darwin 1876). This phenomenon occurs when coloured particles within either protoplasm or the fluid in the cell vacuole (the cell sap) cluster…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … and proofreading Darwin’s second edition of  Orchids  (1877). By January of the following …
  • … ( Dipsacus sylvestris )’ at the Royal Society on 1 March 1877 (F. Darwin 1877a). His address was …
  • … and a plate of sixteen figures, was published in July 1877 in the  Quarterly Journal of …
  • … the journal by the end of the month ( Nature , 23 August 1877, p. 339). Although, as Darwin …
  • … to his father’s beloved  Drosera rotundifolia  in June 1877, finding sundews that had been ‘fed’ …
  • … Grant.   References Darwin, C. 1877. The Contractile Filaments of the …
  • … teasel ( Dipsacus sylvestris ). (Abstract.) [Read 1 March 1877.]  Proceedings of the Royal …

Referencing women’s work

Summary

Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, but whether and how they were acknowledged in print involved complex considerations of social standing, professional standing, and personal preference.…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 11221 - Darwin to Darwin, H., [1 November 1877] Darwin asks his sons, …

People featured in the German and Austrian photograph album

Summary

Biographical details of people from the Habsburg Empire that appeared in the album of German and Austrian scientists sent to Darwin on 12 February 1877. We are grateful to Johannes Mattes for providing these details and for permission to make his…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … and Austrian scientists sent to Darwin on 12 February 1877. We are grateful to Johannes …
  • …  in Linz (1871), Vienna (1873) and Prostějov (1877). M. Pichler: Notice of death. In: …
  • … of Vienna (Dr., 1873). Habilitation in palaeontology (1877) and geology (1880) at the Technical …
  • … (1859), geologist (1873) and finally chief geologist (1877) and  Bergrat  of the Imperial …
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