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To J. D. Hooker   21 October [1877]

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Summary

Welcomes JDH home from American expedition.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  21 Oct [1877]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 457–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11195

Matches: 12 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   21 October [1877] …
  • … DAR 95: 457–8 Charles Robert Darwin Down 21 Oct [1877] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … and the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 19 October 1877 . Hooker had reported his late arrival …
  • … America owing to storms in his letter of 19 October 1877 . A severe gale had struck the …
  • … British Isles on the night of the 14 and 15 October 1877 ( The Times , …
  • … 16 October 1877, p. 4). …
  • … See letter from Asa Gray, 27 September 1877 ; Hooker spent a week with Gray in Cambridge, …
  • … see letter to H. E. Litchfield, 4 October [1877] and n. 4). William Turner Thiselton-Dyer, …
  • … see letter from J. D. Hooker, 19 October 1877 and n. 5). John Smith was the curator of …
  • … Francis Darwin and CD spent the last part of 1877 working on heliotropism and spontaneous …
  • … See letter from J. D. Hooker, 19 October 1877 and n. 3. William Erasmus Darwin and Sara …
  • … see letter to H. E. Litchfield, 4 October [1877] and n. 5). Richard Buckley Litchfield had …

From J. D. Hooker   13 November 1877

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Summary

JDH cannot attend at the bestowal of CD’s honorary doctorate at Cambridge.

O. C. Marsh is rash to suggest all vertebrate types originated in America.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  13 Nov 1877
Classmark:  DAR 104: 99–100
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11234

Matches: 11 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   13 November 1877
  • … DAR 104: 99–100 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 13 Nov 1877 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … London: Michael Joseph. Marsh, Othniel Charles. 1877. Address. Proceedings of the American …
  • … of vertebrate life in America ( Marsh 1877 ). Hooker cited it favourably in his address to …
  • … J. D. Hooker 1877a, pp. 441–2). See Marsh 1877 , pp. 230, 251–4; his argument applied to …
  • … visited the Rocky Mountains in the United States earlier in 1877 ( Allan 1967 , p. 232). …
  • … at the University of Cambridge on Saturday 17 November 1877. Hooker gave his presidential …
  • … the Royal Society of London on 30 November 1877 (J. D. Hooker 1877a). As director of the …
  • … In his letter to Hooker of 8 November [1877], CD mentioned that some seeds of Mimosa …
  • … letter to J. D. Hooker, 6 November [1877] and n. 2. The friend has not been identified. …
  • … accessed 31 October 2016). On 30 August 1877, at the annual meeting of the American …

To J. D. Hooker   21 April [1877]

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Summary

CD regrets not being able to see JDH.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  21 Apr [1877]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 439
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10935

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   21 April [1877] …
  • … 95: 439 Charles Robert Darwin London, Bryanston St, 2 21 Apr [1877] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … the Royal Society of London 26 (1877): 163). The Royal Society annual …
  • … conversazione took place at Burlington House on Wednesday 25 April 1877 ( Nature , …
  • … 3 May 1877, p. 16); the card CD refers to was probably an invitation to the event. …
  • … n. 3, below). Casimir de Candolle had arrived in England in January 1877 (see letter from …
  • … Alphonse de Candolle, January 1877 ). The enclosure has not been found. …
  • … CD visited London from 20 to 28 April 1877, staying first with his daughter and son-in- …
  • … Royal Society of London on Thursday 26 April 1877 was chaired by Hooker ( Proceedings of …

From J. D. Hooker   27 January 1877

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JDH recounts discussion at Royal Society over Günther’s paper on distribution and affinities of gigantic tortoises ["Description of the living and extinct races of gigantic land-tortoises, Parts III and IV", Proc. R. Soc. Lond. 25 (1876–7): 506–7]. Huxley suggests they are Miocene relics.

Royal Society will publish Frank’s Dipsacus paper [but see 10971 and 11073].

Thiselton-Dyer will review Cross and self-fertilisation.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  27 Jan 1877
Classmark:  DAR 104: 77–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10817

Matches: 14 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   27 January 1877
  • … DAR 104: 77–9 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 27 Jan 1877 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … University Press. 2004. Thiselton-Dyer, William Turner. 1877. Darwin on fertilisation. …
  • … Nature , 15 February 1877, pp. 329–32. …
  • … of Cross and self fertilisation was published in Nature , 15 February 1877 ( Thiselton- …
  • … Dyer 1877 ). …
  • … In his letter of 25 January [1877] , CD had asked Hooker whether Francis Darwin could …
  • … 84. Günther, Albert Charles Lewis Gotthilf. 1877. The gigantic land-tortoises (living and …
  • … see letter to J. D. Hooker, 25 January [1877] and n. 7). The Linnean Society of London …
  • … The full paper was published in July 1877 in the Quarterly Journal of Microscopical …
  • … were read at the Royal Society on 25 January 1877, and an abstract was published in the …
  • … papers read at the Royal Society in 1874 and 1877 with part of one read at the Zoological …
  • … and extinct) in the collection of the British Museum ( Günther 1877 ; see ibid. , pp. …
  • … iii–iv). In Günther 1877 , pp. 8–9, Günther briefly discussed the possible ways that …

To J. D. Hooker   3 March [1877]

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CD counters Thiselton-Dyer’s objection to protoplasmic filaments of Dipsacus protruding beyond cell-wall, as Frank’s paper claims, by citing white "blood cells passing through vessels".

Has received Moseley’s collection of photographs.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  3 Mar [1877]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 435–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10874

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   3 March [1877] …
  • … DAR 95: 435–6 Charles Robert Darwin Down 3 Mar [1877] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … of flowers on plants of the same species. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. …
  • … see letter to J. D. Hooker, 25 January [1877] . Henry Nottidge Moseley; see letter from …
  • … J.  D.  Hooker, [2 March 1877] and n. 7. …
  • … this letter and the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [2 March 1877] . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [2 March 1877] . Francis Darwin had delivered his paper on the teasel ( …
  • … at the Royal Society of London on 1 March 1877. CD alludes to Francis’s wife, Amy, who had …

To J. D. Hooker   8 November [1877]

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CD and Frank working hard on cotyledonary movement.

CD suggests technique for growing Welwitschia.

Approves of J. D. Dana and of O. Heer.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  8 Nov [1877]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 461–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11229

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   8 November [1877] …
  • … DAR 95: 461–2 Charles Robert Darwin Down 8 Nov [1877] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … between this letter and the letter from J. D. Hooker, 7 November 1877 . See letter from J. …
  • … D. Hooker, 7 November 1877 . CD discussed the movement of the cotyledons in Cycas …
  • … Sedgwick. Hooker had met her sister Theodora on his 1877 visit to the US ( letter from J. …
  • … D. Hooker, 19 October 1877 ). Susan Ridley Sedgwick Norton, the sister of Sara and …
  • … Buckley Litchfield, had been taken ill in Switzerland in September 1877; see letter to J. …
  • … D. Hooker, 6 November [1877] and n. 5. …

To J. D. Hooker   31 May 1877

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CD thanks JDH for assistance with "bloom" study.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  31 May 1877
Classmark:  DAR 95: 442
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10978

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   31 May 1877
  • … DAR 95: 442 Charles Robert Darwin Down 31 May 1877 Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … Railway Station | Orpington. S.E.R. May 31. 1877 My dear Hooker, I am very much obliged …
  • … had sent seeds with his letter of 31 May 1877 . William Turner Thiselton-Dyer and John …
  • … see the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 25 May [1877] . For Hooker’s list of plants with bloom ( …
  • … the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 31 May 1877 . The end of Hooker’s letter is written across …

To J. D. Hooker   [26 October 1877]

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Requests seeds for experiments he and Frank are doing on automatic movements of cotyledons.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [26 Oct 1877]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 455–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11210

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   [26 October 1877] …
  • … 455–6 Charles Robert Darwin London, Queen Anne St, 6 [26 Oct 1877] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … to W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 11 October [1877] , and by CD’s reference to staying at 6 Queen …
  • … Anne Street (see n. 5, below). In 1877, 26 October was a Friday. The seeds sent by Richard …
  • … letter to W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 11 October [1877] and nn. 2 and 3). The movements of the …
  • … 369–73. The issue of Nature for 25 October 1877 contained a biographical sketch of Hooker …
  • … Hooker on the botany of the Rocky Mountains (J. D. Hooker 1877). CD stayed at 6 Queen Anne …
  • … of Erasmus Alvey Darwin, from 26 to 29 October 1877; he had been working on cotyledons and …

To J. D. Hooker   20 March [1877]

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CD apologises for his burdensome request of Oliver.

Criticises JDH’s notice on Forsythia, which JDH said was dioecious. Forsythia sent to CD from Kew was heterostylous.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  20 Mar [1877]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 437–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10906

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   20 March [1877] …
  • … DAR 95: 437–8 Charles Robert Darwin Down 20 Mar [1877] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … of flowers on plants of the same species. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. …
  • … and the letter from J. D. Hooker, 19 March 1877 . CD had asked Daniel Oliver to examine …
  • … it; see letter from J. D. Hooker, 19 March 1877 . Friedrich Hildebrand had published the …
  • … been found, but see the letter from Friedrich Hildebrand, 19 March 1877 . Hooker’s note …
  • … appeared in Gardener’s Chronicle , 17 March 1877, p. 343. He sent CD dried flowers of …

To J. D. Hooker   25 January [1877]

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CD notes growth of Royal Society may force it to hire officers.

Speculates on cold resistance of bacterial germs.

Will communicate to Royal Society Frank’s paper on the ingestion of solid particles by the protoplasmic protrusions of Dipsacus glands.

CD working on plant dimorphism.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  25 Jan [1877]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 430–1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10814

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   25 January [1877] …
  • … DAR 95: 430–1 Charles Robert Darwin Down 25 Jan [1877] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … to print the full paper (see letter to G. J. Romanes, 23 May 1877 ). The full paper was …
  • … published in the Quarterly Journal of Microscopical Science , July 1877 (F. Darwin 1877b). …
  • … and the letter from J. D. Hooker, 18 January 1877 . Hooker had delivered the president’s …
  • … See letter from J. D. Hooker, 18 January 1877 . Much of the material from CD’s earlier …
  • … Forms of flowers , which was published on 9 July 1877 ( Freeman 1977 ). Francis Darwin had …
  • … s paper to the society and it was read on 1 March 1877; an abstract of it was published in …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. Freeman, Richard Broke. 1977. The works of …

To J. D. Hooker   6 November [1877]

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Requests seeds for study of movement in cotyledons. Would love to study Welwitschia cotyledons.

Son William is to be married 28 November.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  6 Nov [1877]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 459–60
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11226

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   6 November [1877] …
  • … DAR 95: 459–60 Charles Robert Darwin Down 6 Nov [1877] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … letter to J. D. Hooker, [26 October 1877] . Earlier in the year, William Turner Thiselton- …
  • … letter from W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, 16 July 1877 ). CD mentioned Neptunia oleracea (water …
  • … E. Litchfield, [13 September 1877] (DAR 219.9: 155); Emma Darwin (1915) 2: 227). According …
  • … E. Darwin to Emma Darwin, [21 October 1877] (DAR 210.5: 22)). Theodora was Sara’s sister. …
  • … Hyacinth Hooker. Hooker visited the Rocky Mountains of Colorado and Utah in 1877 ( ODNB ). …
  • … ill with appendicitis in Switzerland in September 1877 (letter from Emma Darwin to H. …

From J. D. Hooker   19 October 1877

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JDH has just returned from U. S., where he worked on N. American geographical distribution with Asa Gray.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 Oct 1877
Classmark:  DAR 104: 95–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11190

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   19 October 1877
  • … DAR 104: 95–6 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 19 Oct 1877 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Hooker’s daughter Harriet Anne on 23 June 1877; they had only one week of honeymoon before …
  • … letter to Sara Sedgwick, 29 September [1877] ). Probably Sara Sedgwick’s sister Theodora. …
  • … times in 1868 and 1869 (see letter to C. E. Norton, 16 March 1877 and nn. 3 and 4). …
  • … with Asa Gray in July and August 1877, studying North American plant distribution (L. …
  • … acute appendicitis while travelling in Switzerland in September 1877 (see letter to H. …
  • … E. Litchfield, 4 October [1877] and n. 2); Hooker may have learned of Litchfield’s illness …

From J. D. Hooker   19 March 1877

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Oliver cannot, as CD has requested, hunt for trimorphic flowers in the Herbarium’s collection of Oxalis specimens. He would help Frank if he comes.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 Mar 1877
Classmark:  DAR 104: 80–1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10898

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   19 March 1877
  • … DAR 104: 80–1 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 19 Mar 1877 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … see the letter from Daniel Oliver, 12 March 1877 . Oxalis is the genus of wood sorrels. …
  • … See letter to Francis Darwin, [ c. 20 March 1877]. …

To J. D. Hooker   28 November [1877]

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Suggests revisions in JDH’s 1877 Presidential Address to the Royal Society [Proc. R. Soc. Lond. (1877): 427–46].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  28 Nov [1877]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 465
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11257

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   28 November [1877] …
  • … DAR 95: 465 Charles Robert Darwin Down 28 Nov [1877] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … Suggests revisions in JDH’s 1877 Presidential Address to the Royal Society [ Proc. R. …
  • … Soc. Lond. (1877): 427–46]. …

To J. D. Hooker   25 November [1877]

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Neptunia seeds germinated by applying great heat. CD wants advice of Kew gardener, R. I. Lynch, on how to proceed.

Printed public oration for CD’s Cambridge doctorate enclosed.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  25 Nov [1877]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 463
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11253

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   25 November [1877] …
  • … DAR 95: 463 Charles Robert Darwin Down 25 Nov [1877] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … letter to W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, [20–4 August 1877] and n. 2. DAR 95: 464 is a printed copy …
  • … the letter from J. D. Hooker, 13 November 1877 . Richard Irwin Lynch was foreman of the …
  • … not been found. See letter to J. D. Hooker, 6 November [1877] and n. 2, and letter from J. …
  • … D. Hooker, 13 November 1877 . Neptunia oleracea is water mimosa or sensitive neptunia. CD …

To J. D. Hooker   16 June [1877]

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CD cannot see the Emperor of Brazil because he is in Southampton, but he sends sincere respects for the Emperor’s role in assisting science.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  16 June [1877]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 443–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11002

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   16 June [1877] …
  • … DAR 95: 443–4 Charles Robert Darwin Bassett 16 June [1877] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … between this letter and the letter from J. D. Hooker, 14 June 1877 . See letter from J. …
  • … D. Hooker, 14 June 1877 . The emperor of Brazil was Pedro II. CD was at William Erasmus …
  • … Pedro II’s interest in science see, for example, Nature , 28 June 1877, p. 173. Hooker was …
  • … States; he departed for New York on 28 June 1877 (see L. Huxley ed. 1918, 2: 205–17). The …

From J. D. Hooker   29 May 1877

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JDH’s view of Thiselton-Dyer’s engagement to his daughter, Harriet.

JDH is pleased to help with "bloom" questions.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 May 1877
Classmark:  DAR 104: 82–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10975

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   29 May 1877
  • … DAR 104: 82–3 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 29 May 1877 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … see the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 25 May [1877] . CD had listed Desmodium gyrans among the …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 25 May [1877] ). Desmodium gyrans is a synonym of Codariocalyx …
  • … been found; the couple were married on 23 June 1877 (L. Huxley ed. 1918, 2: 206). Dyer was …

From J. D. Hooker   16 June 1877

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JDH finds the Emperor, once an energetic man, all used up.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 June 1877
Classmark:  DAR 104: 88–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11003

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   16 June 1877
  • … DAR 104: 88–9 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 16 June 1877 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … See letter to J. D. Hooker, 16 June [1877] and n. 3. The emperor of Brazil, Pedro II, had …
  • … United States, Europe, and the Middle East in 1876 and 1877, see Barman 1999 , pp. 275–86. …

From J. D. Hooker   7 November 1877

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Sent rare cycad seeds for CD’s cotyledon study.

Welwitschia seed germinated at Kew had ordinary cotyledons. JDH thinks mature Welwitschia leaves are original cotyledons.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Nov 1877
Classmark:  DAR 104: 97–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11227

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   7 November 1877
  • … DAR 104: 97–8 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 7 Nov 1877 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … See letter to J. D. Hooker, 6 November [1877] and n. 5. James Dwight Dana and Oswald Heer …
  • … letter to J. D. Hooker, 6 November [1877] . CD had mentioned Theodora and Sara Sedgwick; …
  • … See letter to J. D. Hooker, 6 November [1877] and nn. 2 and 3. Hooker had a long-standing …

To J. D. Hooker   22 [January 1844 – March 1882]

Summary

Discusses books returned

and invites him to Down for a few days.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  22 [Jan 1844 - Mar 1882]
Classmark:  Sotheby’s (dealers) (14 & 28 May 1983)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13816A

Matches: 12 hits

  • … 22 July 1876 22 Aug 1876 22 Sept 1876 22 Oct 1876 22 Nov 1876 22 Dec 1876 22 Jan 1877 22 …
  • … Feb 1877 22 …
  • … Mar 1877 22 …
  • … Apr 1877 22 …
  • … May 1877 22 …
  • … June 1877 22 …
  • … July 1877 22 …
  • … Aug 1877 22 …
  • … Sept 1877 22 …
  • … Oct 1877 22 …
  • … Nov 1877 22 …
  • … Dec 1877 22 Jan 1878 22 Feb 1878 22 Mar 1878 22 Apr 1878 22 May 1878 22 June 1878 22 July …
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Darwin in letters, 1877: Flowers and honours

Summary

Ever since the publication of Expression, Darwin’s research had centred firmly on botany. The year 1877 was no exception. The spring and early summer were spent completing Forms of flowers, his fifth book on a botanical topic. He then turned to the…

Matches: 28 hits

  • … , Darwin’s research had centred firmly on botany. The year 1877 was no exception. The spring and …
  • … from a family that the Darwins had befriended. The year 1877 was more than usually full of honours. …
  • … of a very heavy shower’, William wrote on 24 August 1877 . ‘The leaves were not at all depressed; …
  • … gardeners ( letter from W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, 25 August 1877 ). At Down House, Darwin and …
  • … a delicate twig’ ( letter to R. I. Lynch, 14 September 1877 ). Research on movement would continue …
  • … of some Infusoria’ ( letter from F. J. Cohn, 5 August 1877 ). Francis’s paper eventually appeared …
  • … wrote to the editor, George Croom Robertson, on 27 April 1877 , ‘I hope that you will be so good …
  • … had written to the editor Ernst Ludwig Krause on 30 June 1877 , ‘I have been much interested by …
  • … the German debate (letters to W. E. Gladstone, 2 October 1877 and 25 October [1877] ). …
  • … and lively’ ( letter from W. E. Gladstone, 23 October 1877 ). Gifts of German and Dutch …
  • … Darwin and Ernst Haeckel). Writing to Darwin on 11 March 1877 , Krause declared the journal ‘an …
  • … the director, Adriaan Anthoni van Bemmelen, on 12 February 1877 : ‘I suppose that every worker at …
  • … of his 70th year. Darwin was in fact 68 on 12 February 1877. Distinguished guests and …
  • … & smooth as butter’ ( letter to C. E. Norton, 16 March 1877 ). Hooker was asked repeatedly by …
  • … & me to dejeuner!!!’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 14 June 1877 ). Darwin was staying in …
  • … centuries to come’ ( letter from C. C. Graham, 30 January 1877 ). Graham then gave a lengthy …
  • … man and of societies’ ( letter from Marcellin de Bonnal, [1877] ). A similar complaint came from …
  • … by a duke!’ ( letter to J. M. Rodwell, 3 June 1877 ). Back home, he learned from his brother that …
  • … order of the day’ ( letter from E. A. Darwin, 27 January [1877] ).  Carlyle’s remarks were …
  • … . In a letter from an unknown correspondent on 13 June 1877 , he was criticised for having quoted …
  • … monstrosity ( letter from C. T. E. Siebold, 10 October 1877 ). An American banker, William Burrows …
  • … back our civilization’ ( letter from W. B. Bowles, 17 May 1877 ). Bowles proposed that such …
  • … of humanity beneath’ ( letter from W. B. Bowles, 18 May 1877 ). More transitional human …
  • … inflexible tails ( letter from Arthur Mellersh, 1 January 1877 ). The American physician Jesse …
  • … (Trollope 1867; letter to G. J. Romanes, [1 and 2 December 1877] ). Dispute and …
  • … George and Francis. He wrote to Francis on 24 September 1877 about his forthcoming work, Life …
  • … value’, he confessed in a letter of 25 November 1877 that the book had ‘resolved itself into a …
  • … physical’ ( letter from W. M. Moorsom, 10 September 1877 ). Darwin was doubtful of the elephant …

1877 letters now online

Summary

Flowers, bloom, a son married . . . and a suspended monkey in Cambridge at Darwin's honorary LLD ceremony. The transcripts and footnotes of over 600 letters written to and from Darwin in 1877 are now online. Read more about Darwin's life in 1877…

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  • … of  over 600 letters written to and from Darwin in 1877  are now online. Read more about  Darwin& …

Photograph album of German and Austrian scientists

Summary

The album was sent to Darwin to mark his birthday on 12 February 1877 by the civil servant Emil Rade, and contained 165 portraits of German and Austrian scientists. The work was lavishly produced and bound in blue velvet with metal embossing. Its ornate…

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  • … album was sent to Darwin to mark his birthday on 12 February 1877 by the civil servant Emil Rade …
  • … have ever received ( Letter to Ernst Haeckel, 16 February 1877 )     …
  • … the start of his 70th year, but Darwin was only 68 in 1877. Despite this oversight, the album …
  • … world.— ( Letter from Leonard Blomefield, 12 March 1877 ) Familiar faces Ernst …
  • … with the final album. He wrote to Darwin on 9 February 1877 : ‘what will perhaps astonish you is …
  • … worth to give you ( Letter from J. V. Carus, 22 March 1877 )  The professor of …
  • … scientific work. ( Letter from C. G. Semper, 26 April 1877 ) Carl Kraus, an …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

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  • … the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the …
  • … lasting pleasure. ( Letter to Pieter Harting, 19 March 1877 ) Harting had also written …
  • … it states his ‘69th Birthday’, when in fact he was 68 in 1877. It was arranged in alphabetical order …
  • … from A. A. van Bemmelen and H. J.  Veth, 6 February 1877 ) Dutch correspondents …
  • … ( Letter from C. W. Thomson, 30 June 1877 ) Much earlier, in 1861, Tiberius Cornelis …

German and Dutch photograph albums

Summary

Darwin Day 2018: To celebrate Darwin's 209th birthday, we present two lavishly produced albums of portrait photographs which Darwin received from continental admirers 141 years ago. These unusual gifts from Germany and the Netherlands are made…

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  • …   In 1877, Charles Darwin was sent some unusual birthday presents: two lavishly …
  • … conferred on me ( Letter to Otto Zacharias, [24 February 1877] ) The two albums …
  • … sympathy. ( Letter to A. A. van Bemmelen, 12 February 1877 )  View the Dutch album …

Capturing Darwin’s voice: audio of selected letters

Summary

On a sunny Wednesday in June 2011 in a makeshift recording studio somewhere in Cambridge, we were very pleased to welcome Terry Molloy back to the Darwin Correspondence Project for a special recording session. Terry, known for his portrayal of Davros in Dr…

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  • … tiredness of the later years (e.g. letter to E.M. Dicey, [1877] ). Working …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

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  • … Letter 11074: Sayce, A. H. to Darwin, C. R., 27 July 1877 Darwin’s study of human nature …

Have you read the one about....

Summary

... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some serious - but all letters you can read here.

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  • … ... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some …

Charles Harrison Blackley

Summary

You may not have heard of Charles Harrison Blackley (1820–1900), but if you are one of the 15 million people in the UK who suffer from hay fever, you are indebted to him. For it was he who identified pollen as the cause of the allergy. Darwin was…

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  • … grains by a dilution method.  In his letter of 9 March 1877 , Darwin wrote: ‘Your calculation of …

People featured in the Dutch photograph album

Summary

List of people appearing in the photograph album Darwin received from scientific admirers in the Netherlands for his birthday on 12 February 1877. We are grateful to Hester Loeff for providing this list and for permission to make her research available.…

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  • … admirers in the Netherlands for his birthday on 12 February 1877. We are grateful to …
  • … and forenames Occupation Age in 1877 Residence Date …
  • … Leiden 13 June 1823 Rotterdam 2 June 1877 Zoeterwoude …
  • … 5 October 1808 Wildenborch 4 June 1877 Klein Dochteren …

Darwin in public and private

Summary

Extracts from Darwin's published works, in particular Descent of man, and selected letters, explore Darwin's views on the operation of sexual selection in humans, and both his publicly and privately expressed views on its practical implications…

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  • … Letter 10746 – Darwin to Dicey, E. M., [1877] Darwin gives his opinion on the …
  • … Letter 11267f – Darwin, S. to Darwin, [3 December 1877] Darwin’s daughter-in-law …

Exercise: Caricatures of Science

Summary

Caricatures provide intriguing insights into both ideals and transgressions of gender. The following six images show caricatured representations of nineteenth-century men and women of science. They provide insight into the boundaries of what was deemed …

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  • …   Lydia Becker (1877) Caricature of Lydia Becker from …

Floral Dimorphism

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Floral studies In 1877 Darwin published a book that included a series of smaller studies on botanical subjects. Titled The different forms of flowers on plants of the same species, it consisted primarily of…

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  • … | Experiment Floral studies In 1877 Darwin published a book that included a …
  • … findings on floral dimorphism were eventually published in 1877, but these experiments and …
  • … SOURCES Book Darwin, C. R. 1877. The different forms of flowers on plants of the …
  • … experiment, the class read chapter 1 of Charles Darwin’s 1877 T he Different Forms of …
  • … Flowers on Plants of the Same Species (London: John Murray, 1877), 16. [2] Ibid., 30. …

German poems presented to Darwin

Summary

Experiments in deepest reverence The following poems were enclosed with a photograph album sent as a birthday gift to Charles Darwin by his German and Austrian admirers (see letter from From Emil Rade, [before 16] February 1877). The poems were…

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  • … (see letter from From Emil Rade , [before 16] February 1877). The poems were composed by …
  • … in Rade’s account of the making of the album (Rade 1877, pp. 39–40), but the others were published …
  • … Letter from Emil Rade 1    [before 16] February 1877 2 Münster i./Westf. …
  • … From Emil Rade   [before 16] February 1877 2 Münster i./Westf. February 1877. …
  • … this letter and the letter to Emil Rade, 16 February 1877. 3. The gift was a photograph …
  • … Appendix VI. A number of other poems were included in Rade 1877.   …

People featured in the Dutch photograph album

Summary

Here is a list of people that appeared in the photograph album Darwin received for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from scientific admirers in the Netherlands. Many thanks to Hester Loeff for identifying and researching them. No. …

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  • … album Darwin received for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from scientific admirers in the …
  • … Title and forenames Occupation Age in 1877 Residence Date of birth …
  • … Leiden 13 june 1823 Rotterdam 2 june 1877 Zoeterwoude …
  • … 5 october 1808 Wildenborch 4 june 1877 Klein Dochteren …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

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  • … Letter 11096 - Darwin to Romanes, G. J., [9 August 1877] Darwin points out a mistake made …

Natural Science and Femininity

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters A conflation of masculine intellect and feminine thoughts, habits and feelings, male naturalists like Darwin inhabited an uncertain gendered identity. Working from the private domestic comfort of their homes and exercising…

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  • … published his findings both in Expression and in an 1877 article titled, ‘ A Biographical …
  • … Letter 10821 - Graham C. C. to Darwin, [30 January 1877] Psychologist Christopher Graham …

Dipsacus and Drosera: Frank’s favourite carnivores

Summary

In Autumn of 1875, Francis Darwin was busy researching aggregation in the tentacles of Drosera rotundifolia (F. Darwin 1876). This phenomenon occurs when coloured particles within either protoplasm or the fluid in the cell vacuole (the cell sap) cluster…

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  • … and proofreading Darwin’s second edition of  Orchids  (1877). By January of the following …
  • … ( Dipsacus sylvestris )’ at the Royal Society on 1 March 1877 (F. Darwin 1877a). His address was …
  • … and a plate of sixteen figures, was published in July 1877 in the  Quarterly Journal of …
  • … the journal by the end of the month ( Nature , 23 August 1877, p. 339). Although, as Darwin …
  • … to his father’s beloved  Drosera rotundifolia  in June 1877, finding sundews that had been ‘fed’ …
  • … Grant.   References Darwin, C. 1877. The Contractile Filaments of the …
  • … teasel ( Dipsacus sylvestris ). (Abstract.) [Read 1 March 1877.]  Proceedings of the Royal …

Referencing women’s work

Summary

Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, but whether and how they were acknowledged in print involved complex considerations of social standing, professional standing, and personal preference.…

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  • … Letter 11221 - Darwin to Darwin, H., [1 November 1877] Darwin asks his sons, …

People featured in the German and Austrian photograph album

Summary

Biographical details of people from the Habsburg Empire that appeared in the album of German and Austrian scientists sent to Darwin on 12 February 1877. We are grateful to Johannes Mattes for providing these details and for permission to make his…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … and Austrian scientists sent to Darwin on 12 February 1877. We are grateful to Johannes …
  • …  in Linz (1871), Vienna (1873) and Prostějov (1877). M. Pichler: Notice of death. In: …
  • … of Vienna (Dr., 1873). Habilitation in palaeontology (1877) and geology (1880) at the Technical …
  • … (1859), geologist (1873) and finally chief geologist (1877) and  Bergrat  of the Imperial …
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