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To J. W. Lubbock   27 May [1856]

Summary

Asks JWL to use his influence to forward the appointment of T. H. Huxley to the Examinership in Physiology and Comparative Anatomy at University of London. Gives details of THH’s qualifications.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John William Lubbock, 3d baronet
Date:  27 May [1856]
Classmark:  The Royal Society (LUB: D23)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1877

Matches: 1 hit

  • … DCP-LETT-1877

To Gardeners’ Chronicle   17 January [1877]

Summary

CD confesses his error with respect to the cause of the scarcity of holly berries. It appears that several causes in combination have led to it. CD still believes rarity of bees played a part, though a subordinate one.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Gardeners’ Chronicle
Date:  17 Jan [1877]
Classmark:  Gardeners’ Chronicle, 20 January 1877, p. 83
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10797

Matches: 15 hits

  • … To Gardeners’ Chronicle    17 January [1877] …
  • … Gardeners’ Chronicle , 20 January 1877, p. …
  • … 83 Charles Robert Darwin Down 17 Jan [1877] Gardeners’ Chronicle …
  • … berries ( letter from G. M. Tracy, 11 January 1877 ). Fish wrote a longer reply to CD that …
  • … CD had written to Gardeners’ Chronicle , 3 January [1877], which had been reprinted in …
  • … full in The Times , 11 January 1877, p. 7, as well as …
  • … in local newpapers (see letter from Allen Stoneham, 11 January 1877 , letter from G. …
  • … M. Tracy, 11 January 1877 , letter from Alfred …
  • … Grugeon, 14 January [1877] , letter from F. …
  • … W. Pim, 15 January 1877 , and letter from L. …
  • … E. Becker, 16 January 1877 ; see also Gardeners’ …
  • … Chronicle , 13 January 1877, p. …
  • … 52, 20 January 1877, p. …
  • … 83, and 3 February 1877, pp. 148–9). …
  • … berries appeared in the Garden , 13 January 1877, p. 40. Fish remarked that although most …

To Gardeners’ Chronicle   19 February [1877]

Summary

Replies to some of George Henslow’s criticisms [of Cross and self-fertilisation] made in his article ["Fertilisation of plants", Gard. Chron. n.s. 7 (1877): 203–4].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Gardeners’ Chronicle
Date:  19 Feb [1877]
Classmark:  Gardeners’ Chronicle, 24 February 1877, p. 246
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10854

Matches: 13 hits

  • … To Gardeners’ Chronicle    19 February [1877] …
  • … Gardeners’ Chronicle , 24 February 1877, p. …
  • … 246 Charles Robert Darwin Down 19 Feb [1877] Gardeners’ Chronicle …
  • … made in his article ["Fertilisation of plants", Gard. Chron. n.s. 7 (1877): 203–4]. …
  • … and self fertilisation 2d ed. , see the letter to J. V. Carus, 4 March 1877 and n. 2. …
  • … See Gardeners’ Chronicle , 17 February 1877, p. 204. CD compared self-fertilised and …
  • … self fertilisation appeared in seven parts in Gardeners’ Chronicle (13 January 1877, p. …
  • … 42, 3 February 1877, p. …
  • … 139, 17 February 1877, pp. …
  • … 203–4, 3 March 1877, pp. …
  • … 270–1, 17 March 1877, p. …
  • … 336, 28 April 1877, pp. …
  • … 534–5, and 5 May 1877, pp. 560–1). See Cross and self fertilisation , p. 275. For CD’ …

To W. D. Whitney   1 August [1877]

Summary

Sends thanks for a newspaper abstract; will be pleased to see the paper [probably "Economy as a phonetic force", Trans. Am. Philological Assoc.8 (1877): 123–34] when printed.

Sends his own ["Biographical sketch of an infant"], saying it is of little value, the observations having been made before recent advances in philology.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Dwight Whitney
Date:  1 Aug [1877]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11088

Matches: 15 hits

  • … To W.  D.  Whitney   1 August [1877] …
  • … Society (Mss.B.D25. ) Charles Robert Darwin Down 1 Aug [1877] William Dwight Whitney …
  • … force", Trans. Am. Philological Assoc. 8 (1877): 123–34] when printed. Sends his own [" …
  • … of an infant. By Charles Darwin. Mind 2 (1877): 285–94. [ Shorter publications , pp. …
  • … 409–16. ] Holden, Edward Singleton. 1877. On the vocabularies of children under two years …
  • … 8: 58–68. Whitney, William Dwight. 1877. The principle of economy as a phonetic force. …
  • … and the letter from A. H. Sayce, 2 August 1877 . Whitney’s letter has not been found. The …
  • … report relating to the 10 to 12 July 1877 meeting of the American Philological Association …
  • … of the American Philological Association 8 (1877): 3–39). After reading CD’s article ‘ …
  • … on sounds made by infants (see letter from A. H. Sayce, 27 July 1877 , and letter to A. …
  • … H. Sayce, 28 July 1877 ). Two papers read at …
  • … the Baltimore meeting concerned language acquisition in children ( Holden 1877 and …
  • … Whitney 1877 ). Whitney’s paper ‘The principle of economy as …
  • … Philological Association ( Whitney 1877 ), but no copy has been found in the Darwin …
  • … of an infant’ , had appeared in the July 1877 issue of the journal Mind: a Quarterly …

To John Murray   28 November 1877

Summary

On publishing details for various CD books.

Has no corrections for new issue of Descent [2d ed.].

Questions amount of cheque for profits.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  28 Nov 1877
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms. 42152 ff. 293–6)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11258

Matches: 16 hits

  • … To John Murray   28 November 1877
  • … Murray Archive) (Ms. 42152 ff. 293–6) Charles Robert Darwin Down 28 Nov 1877 John Murray …
  • … worms in Earthworms (1881). See letter to R. F. Cooke, 24 November 1877 . CD was awarded …
  • … an honorary LLD at Cambridge on 17 November 1877 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). See …
  • … See letter from John Murray, 27 November [1877] . Orchids 2d ed. …
  • … was published in January 1877 ( Publishers’ Circular , …
  • … 1 February 1877, p. 93). See letter to …
  • … R. F. Cooke, 24 November 1877 . Forms …
  • … of flowers was published in July 1877 (CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). See letter from R. …
  • … F. Cooke, 23 November 1877 , and letter to R. …
  • … F. Cooke, 24 November 1877 . CD submitted corrected proof-sheets of Cross …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. Movement in plants : The power of movement …
  • … fertilised by insects. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition, revised. London: John Murray. 1877. …
  • … to William Clowes & Sons, Murray’s printers, on 11 December 1877 ( letter to R. …
  • … F. Cooke, 11 December [1877] ). The second edition of Cross and self fertilisation was …
  • … Appendix II), CD spent the second half of 1877 working on ‘Bloom — Spontaneous Movement of …

To G. J. Romanes   27 May [1877]

Summary

Discusses Francis Darwin’s paper on teasel [Dipsacus].

Comments on GJR’s investigation of spiritualism.

Comments on book by Grant Allen [Physiological aesthetics (1877)].

Invites him to visit

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George John Romanes
Date:  27 May [1877]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.514, Mss.B.D25.546)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10973

Matches: 16 hits

  • … To G.  J.  Romanes   27 May [1877] …
  • … Mss.B.D25.514, Mss.B.D25.546) Charles Robert Darwin Down 27 May [1877] George John Romanes …
  • … Comments on book by Grant Allen [ Physiological aesthetics (1877)]. Invites him to visit …
  • … Bibliography Allen, Grant. 1877. Physiological aesthetics . London: Henry S. King & Co. …
  • … and the letter to G. J. Romanes, 23 May 1877 ( Correspondence vol. 25). This letter was …
  • … vol. 25, letter to G. J. Romanes, 23 May 1877 and n. 3. The council of the Royal Society …
  • … sylvestris ). (Abstract. ) [Read 1 March 1877. ] Proceedings of the Royal Society of …
  • … George John. 1877b. Evolution of nerves and nervous systems. Nature 19 July 1877, pp. …
  • … 231–3, 2 August 1877, pp. …
  • … 269–71, 9 August 1877, pp. 289–93. …
  • … Journal’ (Appendix II), Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). G. Allen 1877 . See letter to G.   …
  • … J.  Romanes, 23 May 1877 and n. 1. …
  • … Romanes visited on Wednesday 30 May 1877 ( Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). …
  • … at the Royal Institution of Great Britain on 25 May 1877, was published in three parts in …
  • … Nature , 19 July, 2 and 9 August 1877 ( G. J. Romanes 1877b ). …
  • … See letter to G. J. Romanes, 23 May 1877 and n. 5. CD was away from home from 6 or 8 June …

To G. H. Lewes   18 April 1877

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Summary

Thanks GHL for a copy of his Physical basis of mind [1877].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Henry Lewes
Date:  18 Apr 1877
Classmark:  DAR 185: 45
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10932

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To G.  H.  Lewes   18 April 1877
  • … Thanks GHL for a copy of his Physical basis of mind [1877]. …
  • … Robert Darwin London, Bryanston St, 2 Down letterhead 18 Apr 1877 George Henry Lewes …
  • … Lewes’s book, The physical basis of mind ( Lewes 1877 ) was published in the …
  • … last half of April 1877 ( Publishers’ Circular , …
  • … 1 May 1877, p. 311). CD’s annotated copy is in the Darwin Library–CUL (see Marginalia 1: …
  • … Bibliography Lewes, George Henry. 1877. The physical basis of mind: being the second …
  • … Railway Station | Orpington. S.E.R. Ap 18. 1877 My dear M r Lewes, I thank you very …

To G. J. Romanes   23 May 1877

Summary

Thanks him for book by Grant Allen [Physiological aesthetics (1877)].

Comments on dispute over spontaneous generation.

The Council [of the Royal Society] will not print Frank Darwin’s paper on Dipsacus [in Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond.].

Mentions GJR’s grafting experiments

and his investigation of spiritualism.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George John Romanes
Date:  23 May 1877
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.513)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10971

Matches: 17 hits

  • … To G.  J.  Romanes   23 May 1877
  • … Society (Mss.B.D25.513) Charles Robert Darwin Down 23 May 1877 George John Romanes …
  • … by Grant Allen [ Physiological aesthetics (1877)]. Comments on dispute over spontaneous …
  • … Bibliography Allen, Grant. 1877. Physiological aesthetics . London: Henry S. King & Co. …
  • … s Physiological aesthetics ( G. Allen 1877 ). CD’s copy is in the Darwin Library–Down ( …
  • … of putrefactive and infective organisms from a physical point of view’ ( Tyndall 1877 ) on …
  • … 17 May 1877 at the Royal Society of London. Tyndall had been repeating Henry Charlton …
  • … J. Romanes, 4 January 1877 and n. 2, and letter from G. …
  • … J. Romanes, [after 8 January 1877] ). Romanes was carrying out experiments on graft …
  • … from G. J. Romanes, [after 8 January 1877] and n. 5). Romanes had begun investigating …
  • … Harvard University Press. Tyndall, John. 1877. Further researches on the deportment and …
  • … a physical point of view. [Read 17 May 1877. ] Philosophical Transactions of the Royal …
  • … results to the Royal Society on 18 January 1877 ( Proceedings of the Royal Society of …
  • … London 25: 503–6). In February 1877, after hearing of Thomas Henry Huxley’s favourable …
  • … sylvestris ) at the Royal Society on 1 March 1877; an abstract was published in the …
  • … Institution of Great Britain on 25 May 1877. It was published in three parts in Nature (G. …
  • … J. Romanes 1877b). CD had lunch with Romanes in London on 8 January 1877 (see letter to G. …

To G. H. Darwin   [3 June 1877]

Summary

Has not yet heard from Cambridge. Thinks perhaps they do not intend to give him the degree.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  [3 June 1877]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 59
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10946

Matches: 8 hits

  • … M. Rodwell, 1 June 1877 . …
  • … To G.  H.  Darwin   [3 June 1877] …
  • … DAR 210.1: 59 Charles Robert Darwin Down [3 June 1877] George Howard Darwin …
  • … between this letter, the letter from J. M. Rodwell, 1 June 1877 , and the letter to …
  • … Edward Atkinson, 9 June 1877 . …
  • … In 1877, the Sunday before 9 June was 3 June. CD refers to the honorary LLD degree (doctor …
  • … from the University of Cambridge (see letter from G. H. Darwin, 28 May 1877 and letter to …
  • … Edward Atkinson, 9 June 1877 ). The Greek passage appears in the letter from J. …

To Pieter Harting   19 March 1877

Summary

Thanks for account of his work. Cannot read Dutch, but son has translated it.

Thanks for album sent by PH’s countrymen.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Pieter Harting
Date:  19 Mar 1877
Classmark:  Leiden University Libraries (BPL 1938)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10899

Matches: 12 hits

  • … To Pieter Harting   19 March 1877
  • … University Libraries (BPL 1938) Charles Robert Darwin Down 19 Mar 1877 Pieter Harting …
  • … Bibliography Harting, Pieter. 1877. Darwin. Album der Natuur 26: 129–48 …
  • … Darwin’ from Album der Natuur ( Harting 1877 ); CD’s annotated offprint is in the Darwin …
  • … Dutch of the letters published in Nature , 8 March 1877, pp. 410–12 (see letter from A. A. …
  • … van Bemmelen and H. J. Veth, 6 February 1877 , and letter to A. …
  • … A. von Bemmelen, 12 February 1877). For his 68th birthday, CD had been sent an album …
  • … van Bemmelen and H. J. Veth, 6 February 1877 . Apart from the announcement in Nature (see …
  • … 1, above), reports of the album also appeared in The Times , 22 February 1877, p. 11, and …
  • … many other newspapers, including the York Herald , 23 February 1877, p. …
  • … 8, and the Bristol Mercury , 24 February 1877, p. 3. …
  • … Station | Orpington. S.E.R. March 19 th 1877 Dear Sir I have been deeply gratified by the …

To Asa Gray   18 February [1877]

Summary

Praises AG’s abstract of Cross and self-fertilisation [Am. J. Sci. 3d ser. 13 (1877): 125–41].

Hopes soon to finish with dimorphic plants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  18 Feb [1877]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (122)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10851

Matches: 12 hits

  • … To Asa Gray   18 February [1877] …
  • … Herbarium of Harvard University (122) Charles Robert Darwin Down 18 Feb [1877] Asa Gray …
  • … and self-fertilisation [ Am. J. Sci. 3d ser. 13 (1877): 125–41]. Hopes soon to finish with …
  • … and self fertilisation 2d ed. , see the letter to J. V. Carus, 4 March 1877 and n. 2. …
  • … self fertilisation appeared in the American Journal of Science 3d ser. 13 (1877): 125–41. …
  • … See letter from Asa Gray, 6 February 1877 and n. 1. …
  • … Forms of flowers was published in July 1877 (CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). For CD’s …
  • … see the letter to Asa Gray, 3 January 1877 and nn. 1 and 2. Polemoniaceae is the phlox …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. Orchids 2d ed. : The various contrivances by …
  • … 2d edition, revised. London: John Murray. 1877. Orchids : On the various contrivances by …
  • … Kew. See letter from Asa Gray, 6 February 1877 and n. 1. Gray was planning to write …
  • … 2d ed. (see letter from Asa Gray, 6 February 1877 and n. 3). The letter to John Murray has …

To W. D. Fox   2 December 1877

Summary

Working hard on physiology of plants.

His son George sees no reason to change his view on marriage of cousins.

George’s astronomical work is too deep for CD.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Darwin Fox
Date:  2 Dec 1877
Classmark:  Christ’s College Library, Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 155)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11266

Matches: 13 hits

  • … To W.  D.  Fox   2 December 1877
  • … Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 155) Charles Robert Darwin Down 2 Dec 1877 William Darwin Fox …
  • … of flowers on plants of the same species. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. …
  • … obliquity of planets (G. H. Darwin 1876b and 1877) and was working on an explanation of …
  • … Railway Station | Orpington, S.E.R. Dec 2. 1877 My dear Fox, Your sympathy is very warm to …
  • … See letter from W. D. Fox, 29 November [1877] . Richard Buckley Litchfield, CD’s son-in- …
  • … see letter to Horace Darwin, 1 November [1877] and n. 7). Leonard Darwin had injured his …
  • … letter from Emma Darwin to H. E. Litchfield, [23 September 1877] (DAR 219.9: 159)). …
  • … Darwin married Sara Sedgwick on 29 November 1877 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). CD had …
  • … Darwin to H. E. Litchfield, [11 June 1877] (DAR 219.9: 148)). In his paper on marriages …
  • … an honorary LLD, bestowed on him at a special ceremony on 17 November 1877 (see letter to …
  • … Hyacinth Hooker, [18 November 1877] ). CD had been a student at Christ’s College, …
  • … Wedgwood, and her family, from 8 to 13 June 1877 (CD’s ‘ Journal’ (Appendix II)). Emma …

To Nature   21 November [1877]

Summary

Sends letter from Fritz Müller [11191] containing observations on plants and insects of South Brazil, with prefatory comments.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Nature
Date:  21 Nov [1877]
Classmark:  Nature, 29 November 1877, p. 78
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11245

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To Nature    21 November [1877] …
  • … Nature , 29 November 1877, p. …
  • … 78 Charles Robert Darwin Down 21 Nov [1877] Nature …
  • … ed. , p. viii, CD added a reference to Leggett 1877 . The American naturalist has not been …
  • … Murray. 1880. Leggett, William Henry. 1877. Pontederia cordata. Bulletin of the Torrey …
  • … of the letter in Nature . CD enclosed the letter from Fritz Müller, 19 October 1877 . See …
  • … letter from Fritz Müller, 19 October 1877 . Thomas Henry Farrer had described the action …
  • … in Nicaragua (Belt 1874a, p. 218). See letter from Fritz Müller, 19 October 1877 and n. 5. …
  • … See letter from Fritz Müller, 19 October 1877 and n. 10. …
  • … tristyly in Pontederia cordata in Leggett 1877 . In the preface to Forms of flowers 2d …

To W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   5 September [1877]

Summary

Has made out some of the functions of "bloom", which he outlines.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Date:  5 Sept [1877]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Darwin: Letters to Thiselton-Dyer, 1873–81: ff. 93–4)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11128

Matches: 11 hits

  • … To W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer   5 September [1877] …
  • … 1873–81: ff. 93–4) Charles Robert Darwin Down 5 Sept [1877] William Turner Thiselton-Dyer …
  • … T. Thiselton-Dyer, 9 July [1877] and n. 2), …
  • … and there is a brief note, dated 8 September 1877, on the effects of shaking the plant and …
  • … the growing tip in DAR 67: 7r. See also letter to Fritz Müller, 14 May 1877 and n. 2. …
  • … to W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, 31 August [1877] . Thiselton-Dyer had provided CD with specimens …
  • … see, for example, letter to W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, 22 July [1877] ). For CD’s interest …
  • … in bloom, see the letter to Fritz Müller, 14 May 1877 and n. 2. CD and …
  • … in plants; their experiment notes from 1877 and 1878 are in DAR 66 and DAR 68: 1–22. See …
  • … letter to W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, 31 August [1877] and n. 10. No reply from Thiselton-Dyer …
  • … p. 389. Specimens of T. dealbata had been sent from Kew on 3 July 1877 (see letter to W. …

To G. J. Romanes   11 June [1877]

Summary

Discusses effects of natural selection. Discusses absence of blending between geographical races as a problem. Discusses effect of natural selection on productivity of an organism.

Comments on GJR’s review of Grant Allen’s book [Physiological aesthetics (1877)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George John Romanes
Date:  11 June [1877]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.516)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10996

Matches: 12 hits

  • … To G.  J.  Romanes   11 June [1877] …
  • … Mss.B.D25.516) Charles Robert Darwin Leith Hill Place 11 June [1877] George John Romanes …
  • … See letter from Charles and Francis Darwin to G. J. Romanes, 2 January [1877] and n. 6. …
  • … Comments on GJR’s review of Grant Allen’s book [ Physiological aesthetics (1877)]. …
  • … Bibliography Allen, Grant. 1877. Physiological aesthetics . London: Henry S. King & Co. …
  • … the letter from G.  J.  Romanes, 6 June 1877 . Romanes had written notes on the problem of …
  • … to letter from G. J. Romanes, 6 June 1877 and n. 8. In Origin , pp. 34–40, CD discussed …
  • … work of Herbert Spencer ( Nature , 7 June 1877, p. 100 n. ). For previous correspondence …
  • … to letter from G. J. Romanes, 6 June 1877 ). On the tendency of intermediate forms to …
  • … Romanes’s review of Grant Allen’s Physiological aesthetics ( G. Allen 1877 ) appeared in …
  • … Nature , 7 June 1877, pp. 98–100. CD had been reading the …
  • … see letter to G. J. Romanes, 27 May [1877] ). In his review, Romanes remarked that Allen …

To C. W. von Nägeli   27 September 1877

Summary

Thanks for Die niederen Pilze (Nägeli 1877).

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Carl Wilhelm von Nägeli
Date:  27 Sept 1877
Classmark:  On permanent loan to KULTURAMA Zurich (Inv. 5109_L)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11156F

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To C. W. von Nägeli   27 September 1877
  • … Thanks for Die niederen Pilze (Nägeli 1877). …
  • … Zurich (Inv. 5109_L) Charles Robert Darwin Down 27 Sept 1877 Carl Wilhelm von Nägeli …
  • … Bibliography Nägeli, Carl Wilhelm von. 1877. Die niederen Pilze in ihren Beziehungen zu …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. Sept. 27 th 1877 Dear Sir I am much obliged for your great …
  • … relation to infectious diseases and hygiene; Nägeli 1877 ) is in the Darwin Library–Down. …

To J. D. Hooker   21 October [1877]

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Summary

Welcomes JDH home from American expedition.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  21 Oct [1877]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 457–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11195

Matches: 12 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   21 October [1877] …
  • … DAR 95: 457–8 Charles Robert Darwin Down 21 Oct [1877] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … and the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 19 October 1877 . Hooker had reported his late arrival …
  • … America owing to storms in his letter of 19 October 1877 . A severe gale had struck the …
  • … British Isles on the night of the 14 and 15 October 1877 ( The Times , …
  • … 16 October 1877, p. 4). …
  • … See letter from Asa Gray, 27 September 1877 ; Hooker spent a week with Gray in Cambridge, …
  • … see letter to H. E. Litchfield, 4 October [1877] and n. 4). William Turner Thiselton-Dyer, …
  • … see letter from J. D. Hooker, 19 October 1877 and n. 5). John Smith was the curator of …
  • … Francis Darwin and CD spent the last part of 1877 working on heliotropism and spontaneous …
  • … See letter from J. D. Hooker, 19 October 1877 and n. 3. William Erasmus Darwin and Sara …
  • … see letter to H. E. Litchfield, 4 October [1877] and n. 5). Richard Buckley Litchfield had …

To Ernst Krause   25 March 1877

Summary

Thanks for EK’s book [Werden und Vergehen (1876)].

Regrets he cannot write for EK’s journal, but his son, Francis, may do so.

Suggests EK as editor urge on readers [of Kosmos] the investigation of the causes of variability; why, for instance, do wild Pampas cattle change colour when domesticated? Thinks experiments and observations on recently domesticated animals and cultivated plants would throw light on the subject.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Ernst Ludwig (Ernst) Krause
Date:  25 Mar 1877
Classmark:  The Huntington Library (HM 36172)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10912

Matches: 11 hits

  • … To Ernst Krause   25 March 1877
  • … Library (HM 36172) Charles Robert Darwin Down 25 Mar 1877 Ernst Ludwig (Ernst) Krause …
  • … see letter from Ernst Krause, 11 March 1877 and n. 4). He probably also sent an offprint …
  • … movements of insectivorous plants; Batalin 1877 ); CD’s annotated copy is in the Darwin …
  • … Batalin, Alexander Feodorowicz. 1877. Mechanik der Bewegungen der insektenfressenden …
  • … of an infant. By Charles Darwin. Mind 2 (1877): 285–94. [ Shorter publications , pp. 409– …
  • … Railway Station | Orpington. S.E.R. Mar 25. 1877 Dear Sir, I received only yesterday your …
  • … Letter from Ernst Krause, 11 March 1877 . A German translation of CD’ …
  • … s essay ‘A biographical sketch of an infant’ ( Mind 2 (1877): 285–94) was simultaneously …
  • … published in Kosmos 1 (1877): 367–76. German translations of CD’s short articles ‘ …
  • … Charles Darwin to the editor) in Kosmos 1 (1877): 173. In Variation 2: 259, CD cited Félix …

To Lawson Tait   17 January [1877]

Summary

CD has only a trifling point to make in criticism [of RLT’s excerpt from Diseases of women]: he believes "the high value of well-bred males is due to their transmitting their good qualities to a far greater number of offspring than can the female".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Robert Lawson (Lawson) Tait
Date:  17 Jan [1877]
Classmark:  DAR 221.5: 37
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10800

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To Lawson Tait   17 January [1877] …
  • … DAR 221.5: 37 Charles Robert Darwin Down 17 Jan [1877] Robert Lawson (Lawson) Tait …
  • … Bibliography Tait, Lawson. 1877. Diseases of women . London: Williams and Norgate. …
  • … relationship between this letter and the letter from Lawson Tait, 16 January 1877 . See …
  • … letter from Lawson Tait, 16 January 1877 . Tait had sent proof-sheets from his …
  • … book on diseases of women ( L. Tait 1877 ) Tait had suggested that breeders paid much …
  • … livestock because males were more physically fit than females (see L. Tait 1877 , p. 49). …

To L. H. Morgan   9 June 1877

Summary

Thanks LHM for his Ancient society [1877].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Lewis Henry Morgan
Date:  9 June 1877
Classmark:  University of Rochester Libraries, Department of Rare Books, Special Collections and Preservation
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10992

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To L.  H.  Morgan   9 June 1877
  • … Thanks LHM for his Ancient society [1877]. …
  • … Bibliography Morgan, Lewis Henry. 1877. Ancient society, or, researches in the lines of …
  • … Charles Robert Darwin Leith Hill Place Down letterhead 9 June 1877 Lewis Henry Morgan …
  • … Leith Hill Place, Surrey. ] June 9 th . 1877 My dear Sir Pray accept my cordial thanks for …
  • … barbarism to civilization ( Morgan 1877 ), has not been found in the Darwin Library–CUL or …
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Darwin in letters, 1877: Flowers and honours

Summary

Ever since the publication of Expression, Darwin’s research had centred firmly on botany. The year 1877 was no exception. The spring and early summer were spent completing Forms of flowers, his fifth book on a botanical topic. He then turned to the…

Matches: 28 hits

  • … , Darwin’s research had centred firmly on botany. The year 1877 was no exception. The spring and …
  • … from a family that the Darwins had befriended. The year 1877 was more than usually full of honours. …
  • … of a very heavy shower’, William wrote on 24 August 1877 . ‘The leaves were not at all depressed; …
  • … gardeners ( letter from W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, 25 August 1877 ). At Down House, Darwin and …
  • … a delicate twig’ ( letter to R. I. Lynch, 14 September 1877 ). Research on movement would continue …
  • … of some Infusoria’ ( letter from F. J. Cohn, 5 August 1877 ). Francis’s paper eventually appeared …
  • … wrote to the editor, George Croom Robertson, on 27 April 1877 , ‘I hope that you will be so good …
  • … had written to the editor Ernst Ludwig Krause on 30 June 1877 , ‘I have been much interested by …
  • … the German debate (letters to W. E. Gladstone, 2 October 1877 and 25 October [1877] ). …
  • … and lively’ ( letter from W. E. Gladstone, 23 October 1877 ). Gifts of German and Dutch …
  • … Darwin and Ernst Haeckel). Writing to Darwin on 11 March 1877 , Krause declared the journal ‘an …
  • … the director, Adriaan Anthoni van Bemmelen, on 12 February 1877 : ‘I suppose that every worker at …
  • … of his 70th year. Darwin was in fact 68 on 12 February 1877. Distinguished guests and …
  • … & smooth as butter’ ( letter to C. E. Norton, 16 March 1877 ). Hooker was asked repeatedly by …
  • … & me to dejeuner!!!’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 14 June 1877 ). Darwin was staying in …
  • … centuries to come’ ( letter from C. C. Graham, 30 January 1877 ). Graham then gave a lengthy …
  • … man and of societies’ ( letter from Marcellin de Bonnal, [1877] ). A similar complaint came from …
  • … by a duke!’ ( letter to J. M. Rodwell, 3 June 1877 ). Back home, he learned from his brother that …
  • … order of the day’ ( letter from E. A. Darwin, 27 January [1877] ).  Carlyle’s remarks were …
  • … . In a letter from an unknown correspondent on 13 June 1877 , he was criticised for having quoted …
  • … monstrosity ( letter from C. T. E. Siebold, 10 October 1877 ). An American banker, William Burrows …
  • … back our civilization’ ( letter from W. B. Bowles, 17 May 1877 ). Bowles proposed that such …
  • … of humanity beneath’ ( letter from W. B. Bowles, 18 May 1877 ). More transitional human …
  • … inflexible tails ( letter from Arthur Mellersh, 1 January 1877 ). The American physician Jesse …
  • … (Trollope 1867; letter to G. J. Romanes, [1 and 2 December 1877] ). Dispute and …
  • … George and Francis. He wrote to Francis on 24 September 1877 about his forthcoming work, Life …
  • … value’, he confessed in a letter of 25 November 1877 that the book had ‘resolved itself into a …
  • … physical’ ( letter from W. M. Moorsom, 10 September 1877 ). Darwin was doubtful of the elephant …

1877 letters now online

Summary

Flowers, bloom, a son married . . . and a suspended monkey in Cambridge at Darwin's honorary LLD ceremony. The transcripts and footnotes of over 600 letters written to and from Darwin in 1877 are now online. Read more about Darwin's life in 1877…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … of  over 600 letters written to and from Darwin in 1877  are now online. Read more about  Darwin& …

Photograph album of German and Austrian scientists

Summary

The album was sent to Darwin to mark his birthday on 12 February 1877 by the civil servant Emil Rade, and contained 165 portraits of German and Austrian scientists. The work was lavishly produced and bound in blue velvet with metal embossing. Its ornate…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … album was sent to Darwin to mark his birthday on 12 February 1877 by the civil servant Emil Rade …
  • … have ever received ( Letter to Ernst Haeckel, 16 February 1877 )     …
  • … the start of his 70th year, but Darwin was only 68 in 1877. Despite this oversight, the album …
  • … world.— ( Letter from Leonard Blomefield, 12 March 1877 ) Familiar faces Ernst …
  • … with the final album. He wrote to Darwin on 9 February 1877 : ‘what will perhaps astonish you is …
  • … worth to give you ( Letter from J. V. Carus, 22 March 1877 )  The professor of …
  • … scientific work. ( Letter from C. G. Semper, 26 April 1877 ) Carl Kraus, an …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the …
  • … lasting pleasure. ( Letter to Pieter Harting, 19 March 1877 ) Harting had also written …
  • … it states his ‘69th Birthday’, when in fact he was 68 in 1877. It was arranged in alphabetical order …
  • … from A. A. van Bemmelen and H. J.  Veth, 6 February 1877 ) Dutch correspondents …
  • … ( Letter from C. W. Thomson, 30 June 1877 ) Much earlier, in 1861, Tiberius Cornelis …

German and Dutch photograph albums

Summary

Darwin Day 2018: To celebrate Darwin's 209th birthday, we present two lavishly produced albums of portrait photographs which Darwin received from continental admirers 141 years ago. These unusual gifts from Germany and the Netherlands are made…

Matches: 3 hits

  • …   In 1877, Charles Darwin was sent some unusual birthday presents: two lavishly …
  • … conferred on me ( Letter to Otto Zacharias, [24 February 1877] ) The two albums …
  • … sympathy. ( Letter to A. A. van Bemmelen, 12 February 1877 )  View the Dutch album …

Capturing Darwin’s voice: audio of selected letters

Summary

On a sunny Wednesday in June 2011 in a makeshift recording studio somewhere in Cambridge, we were very pleased to welcome Terry Molloy back to the Darwin Correspondence Project for a special recording session. Terry, known for his portrayal of Davros in Dr…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … tiredness of the later years (e.g. letter to E.M. Dicey, [1877] ). Working …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 11074: Sayce, A. H. to Darwin, C. R., 27 July 1877 Darwin’s study of human nature …

Have you read the one about....

Summary

... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some serious - but all letters you can read here.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … ... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some …

Charles Harrison Blackley

Summary

You may not have heard of Charles Harrison Blackley (1820–1900), but if you are one of the 15 million people in the UK who suffer from hay fever, you are indebted to him. For it was he who identified pollen as the cause of the allergy. Darwin was…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … grains by a dilution method.  In his letter of 9 March 1877 , Darwin wrote: ‘Your calculation of …

People featured in the Dutch photograph album

Summary

List of people appearing in the photograph album Darwin received from scientific admirers in the Netherlands for his birthday on 12 February 1877. We are grateful to Hester Loeff for providing this list and for permission to make her research available.…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … admirers in the Netherlands for his birthday on 12 February 1877. We are grateful to …
  • … and forenames Occupation Age in 1877 Residence Date …
  • … Leiden 13 June 1823 Rotterdam 2 June 1877 Zoeterwoude …
  • … 5 October 1808 Wildenborch 4 June 1877 Klein Dochteren …

Darwin in public and private

Summary

Extracts from Darwin's published works, in particular Descent of man, and selected letters, explore Darwin's views on the operation of sexual selection in humans, and both his publicly and privately expressed views on its practical implications…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 10746 – Darwin to Dicey, E. M., [1877] Darwin gives his opinion on the …
  • … Letter 11267f – Darwin, S. to Darwin, [3 December 1877] Darwin’s daughter-in-law …

Exercise: Caricatures of Science

Summary

Caricatures provide intriguing insights into both ideals and transgressions of gender. The following six images show caricatured representations of nineteenth-century men and women of science. They provide insight into the boundaries of what was deemed …

Matches: 1 hits

  • …   Lydia Becker (1877) Caricature of Lydia Becker from …

Floral Dimorphism

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Floral studies In 1877 Darwin published a book that included a series of smaller studies on botanical subjects. Titled The different forms of flowers on plants of the same species, it consisted primarily of…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … | Experiment Floral studies In 1877 Darwin published a book that included a …
  • … findings on floral dimorphism were eventually published in 1877, but these experiments and …
  • … SOURCES Book Darwin, C. R. 1877. The different forms of flowers on plants of the …
  • … experiment, the class read chapter 1 of Charles Darwin’s 1877 T he Different Forms of …
  • … Flowers on Plants of the Same Species (London: John Murray, 1877), 16. [2] Ibid., 30. …

German poems presented to Darwin

Summary

Experiments in deepest reverence The following poems were enclosed with a photograph album sent as a birthday gift to Charles Darwin by his German and Austrian admirers (see letter from From Emil Rade, [before 16] February 1877). The poems were…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … (see letter from From Emil Rade , [before 16] February 1877). The poems were composed by …
  • … in Rade’s account of the making of the album (Rade 1877, pp. 39–40), but the others were published …
  • … Letter from Emil Rade 1    [before 16] February 1877 2 Münster i./Westf. …
  • … From Emil Rade   [before 16] February 1877 2 Münster i./Westf. February 1877. …
  • … this letter and the letter to Emil Rade, 16 February 1877. 3. The gift was a photograph …
  • … Appendix VI. A number of other poems were included in Rade 1877.   …

People featured in the Dutch photograph album

Summary

Here is a list of people that appeared in the photograph album Darwin received for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from scientific admirers in the Netherlands. Many thanks to Hester Loeff for identifying and researching them. No. …

Matches: 4 hits

  • … album Darwin received for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from scientific admirers in the …
  • … Title and forenames Occupation Age in 1877 Residence Date of birth …
  • … Leiden 13 june 1823 Rotterdam 2 june 1877 Zoeterwoude …
  • … 5 october 1808 Wildenborch 4 june 1877 Klein Dochteren …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 11096 - Darwin to Romanes, G. J., [9 August 1877] Darwin points out a mistake made …

Natural Science and Femininity

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters A conflation of masculine intellect and feminine thoughts, habits and feelings, male naturalists like Darwin inhabited an uncertain gendered identity. Working from the private domestic comfort of their homes and exercising…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … published his findings both in Expression and in an 1877 article titled, ‘ A Biographical …
  • … Letter 10821 - Graham C. C. to Darwin, [30 January 1877] Psychologist Christopher Graham …

Dipsacus and Drosera: Frank’s favourite carnivores

Summary

In Autumn of 1875, Francis Darwin was busy researching aggregation in the tentacles of Drosera rotundifolia (F. Darwin 1876). This phenomenon occurs when coloured particles within either protoplasm or the fluid in the cell vacuole (the cell sap) cluster…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … and proofreading Darwin’s second edition of  Orchids  (1877). By January of the following …
  • … ( Dipsacus sylvestris )’ at the Royal Society on 1 March 1877 (F. Darwin 1877a). His address was …
  • … and a plate of sixteen figures, was published in July 1877 in the  Quarterly Journal of …
  • … the journal by the end of the month ( Nature , 23 August 1877, p. 339). Although, as Darwin …
  • … to his father’s beloved  Drosera rotundifolia  in June 1877, finding sundews that had been ‘fed’ …
  • … Grant.   References Darwin, C. 1877. The Contractile Filaments of the …
  • … teasel ( Dipsacus sylvestris ). (Abstract.) [Read 1 March 1877.]  Proceedings of the Royal …

Referencing women’s work

Summary

Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, but whether and how they were acknowledged in print involved complex considerations of social standing, professional standing, and personal preference.…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 11221 - Darwin to Darwin, H., [1 November 1877] Darwin asks his sons, …

People featured in the German and Austrian photograph album

Summary

Biographical details of people from the Habsburg Empire that appeared in the album of German and Austrian scientists sent to Darwin on 12 February 1877. We are grateful to Johannes Mattes for providing these details and for permission to make his…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … and Austrian scientists sent to Darwin on 12 February 1877. We are grateful to Johannes …
  • …  in Linz (1871), Vienna (1873) and Prostějov (1877). M. Pichler: Notice of death. In: …
  • … of Vienna (Dr., 1873). Habilitation in palaeontology (1877) and geology (1880) at the Technical …
  • … (1859), geologist (1873) and finally chief geologist (1877) and  Bergrat  of the Imperial …
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