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To Asa Gray   18 February [1877]

Summary

Praises AG’s abstract of Cross and self-fertilisation [Am. J. Sci. 3d ser. 13 (1877): 125–41].

Hopes soon to finish with dimorphic plants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  18 Feb [1877]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (122)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10851

Matches: 12 hits

  • … To Asa Gray   18 February [1877] …
  • … Herbarium of Harvard University (122) Charles Robert Darwin Down 18 Feb [1877] Asa Gray …
  • … and self-fertilisation [ Am. J. Sci. 3d ser. 13 (1877): 125–41]. Hopes soon to finish with …
  • … and self fertilisation 2d ed. , see the letter to J. V. Carus, 4 March 1877 and n. 2. …
  • … self fertilisation appeared in the American Journal of Science 3d ser. 13 (1877): 125–41. …
  • … See letter from Asa Gray, 6 February 1877 and n. 1. …
  • … Forms of flowers was published in July 1877 (CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). For CD’s …
  • … see the letter to Asa Gray, 3 January 1877 and nn. 1 and 2. Polemoniaceae is the phlox …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. Orchids 2d ed. : The various contrivances by …
  • … 2d edition, revised. London: John Murray. 1877. Orchids : On the various contrivances by …
  • … Kew. See letter from Asa Gray, 6 February 1877 and n. 1. Gray was planning to write …
  • … 2d ed. (see letter from Asa Gray, 6 February 1877 and n. 3). The letter to John Murray has …

To Asa Gray   4 June [1877]

Summary

C. E. Bessey’s case [see 10969] came too late, as the sheets had been printed, but CD thinks it should be carefully investigated as a possible case of incipient heterostyly.

Is trying to make out the function of "bloom", the waxy secretion on leaves and fruits.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  4 June [1877]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (119)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10982

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To Asa Gray   4 June [1877] …
  • … Herbarium of Harvard University (119) Charles Robert Darwin Down 4 June [1877] Asa Gray …
  • … of flowers on plants of the same species. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. …
  • … and the letter from Asa Gray, 22 May 1877 . Gray had forwarded a letter from Charles Edwin …
  • … gromwell; see letter from Asa Gray, 22 May 1877 ). CD’s manuscript of Forms of flowers was …
  • … 11 April (see letter to R. F. Cooke, 11 April 1877 and n. 1); he remarked that the proof- …
  • … in his letter to J. V. Carus, 17 June [1877] . Bessey’s name appears on CD’s presentation …
  • … see the letter to Fritz Müller, 14 May 1877 and n. 2. CD had recently resumed experiments …

To Asa Gray   19 March [1877]

Summary

Sends an informal title-page [for Orchids, 2d ed.].

Appreciates the condolences for Frank [on death of his wife, Amy].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  19 Mar [1877]
Classmark:  Houghton Library, Harvard University (tipped into Orchids 2d ed., EC85 D2593 862oba)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10901

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To Asa Gray   19 March [1877] …
  • … into Orchids 2d ed. , EC85 D2593 862oba) Charles Robert Darwin Down 19 Mar [1877] Asa Gray …
  • … fertilised by insects. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition, revised. London: John Murray. 1877. …
  • … by the relationship between this letter and the letter from Asa Gray, 6 March 1877 . …
  • … In his letter of 6 March 1877 , Gray had requested a title page to complete his copy of …
  • … publisher. See letter from Asa Gray, 6 March 1877 and n. 4; Gray and his wife, Jane Loring …

To Asa Gray   8 March 1877

Summary

Leucosmia burnettiana is in all probability dimorphic. Thinks Gilia is truly heterostyled and Phlox subulata was, perhaps, once heterostyled. Has good evidence of heterostyly in 39 genera from 14 families.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  8 Mar 1877
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (117)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10883

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To Asa Gray   8 March 1877
  • … Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (117) Charles Robert Darwin Down 8 Mar 1877 Asa Gray …
  • … of flowers on plants of the same species. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. …
  • … 15. See also letter to Asa Gray, 3 January 1877 . Gray sent a flower of Gilia aggregata ( …
  • … scarlet gilia) with his letter of 6 February 1877 . In his letter of 22 December 1876 ( …
  • … 118–19. See letter to Asa Gray, 23 January 1877 and n. 2. Phlox subulata is moss phlox; …

To Asa Gray   23 January 1877

Summary

Thanks AG for card about Pontederia.

Asks for specimens of Phlox subulata and Gilia aggregata to check for dimorphism.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  23 Jan 1877
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (120)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10811

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To Asa Gray   23 January 1877
  • … Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (120) Charles Robert Darwin Down 23 Jan 1877 Asa Gray …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. Gray, Asa. 1870. Revision of the North …
  • … Pontederia cordata (pickerel weed; see letter from W. H. Leggett, 15 January 1877 ). CD’ …
  • … s letter to Leggett of 22 January 1877 evidently crossed in the post with Leggett’s. See …

To Asa Gray   3 January 1877

Summary

Asks AG not to send his rare specimens [of Leucosmia].

Is glad of the notice about black pigs.

Has great faith in Jeffries Wyman;

thinks A. R. Wallace founds his speculation on a feeble basis.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  3 Jan 1877
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (118)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10768

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To Asa Gray   3 January 1877
  • … Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (118) Charles Robert Darwin Down 3 Jan 1877 Asa Gray …
  • … Railway Station | Orpington. S.E.R. Jan 3. 1877 My dear Gray, I have just received your …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. Origin 3d ed. : On the origin of species by …

To Asa Gray   21 [and 22] January 1878

Summary

Thanks for AG’s review of Forms of flowers [Am. J. Sci. 3d ser. 15 (1878): 67–73].

Thomas Carlyle’s letter about CD was a forgery.

Gives Hermann Müller’s observations on Valeriana dioica.

Is unsure about function of "bloom"; are glaucous plants more or less common in arid parts of U. S.?

Observations on heliotropism.

Thomas Meehan reports that Linum perenne is self-fertile; CD thinks that he has mistaken the species.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  21 and 22 Jan 1878
Classmark:  Archives of the Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (123 and 127)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11330

Matches: 10 hits

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. Hildebrand, Friedrich. 1864. Experimente …
  • … 25, letter from Asa Gray, 27 September 1877 . See A. Gray 1878a, pp. 67–8, and Forms of …
  • … Darwin married Sara Sedgwick on 29 November 1877 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). For CD’s …
  • … vol. 25, letter from Asa Gray, 10 June 1877 . Thomas Meehan’s comments were in fact …
  • … of the Torrey Botanical Club , December 1877, p. 189. There is a lightly annotated copy of …
  • … Joseph Cook’s lectures on biology (J. Cook 1877) in the Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL ([ …
  • … a friend, appeared in The Times , 17 January 1877, p. 5, having originally appeared in the …
  • … 25, letter from E. A. Darwin, 27 January [1877] and n. 5). See letter to Hermann Müller, 1 …
  • … than two months travelling together in the United States in 1877; see Correspondence vol. …
  • … 25, letter from Asa Gray, 27 September 1877 . CD stayed with his brother, Erasmus, from 17 …

To Asa Gray   28 October 1876

Summary

Is sending sheets of Cross and self-fertilisation. He will be curious to see what AG thinks of it, as AG speaks the truth whether or not he approves. Is sick of trying to correct his "horrid bad style".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  28 Oct 1876
Classmark:  Archives of the Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (113)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10656

Matches: 3 hits

  • … the American Journal of Science 3d ser. 13 (1877): 125–41. Cross and self fertilisation US …
  • … New York: D. Appleton and Company. 1877. Orchids 2d US ed. : The various contrivances by …
  • … insects . By Charles Darwin. 2d edition, revised. New York: D. Appleton and Company. 1877. …

To Asa Gray   17 February [1878]

Summary

Heterostyly in Linum perenne. Believes the American form may be a distinct species.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  17 Feb [1878]
Classmark:  Archives of the Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (129)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11364

Matches: 3 hits

  • … of flowers on plants of the same species. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. …
  • … of the Torrey Botanical Club , December 1877, p. 189, that the American form was self- …
  • … thought Meehan had mistaken the species. In 1877, Hooker and Gray had visited Colorado as …

To Asa Gray   9 August 1876

Summary

AG’s Darwiniana [1876].

Cross and self-fertilisation has now gone to press.

Is preparing new edition of Orchids.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  9 Aug 1876
Classmark:  Archives of the Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (112)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10575

Matches: 3 hits

  • … 2d edition, revised. London: John Murray. 1877. Orchids : On the various contrivances by …
  • … Appendix II)). Orchids 2d ed. was published in January 1877 ( Publishers’ circular , …
  • … 1 February 1877, p. 93). Gray had written two reviews of Orchids when it first appeared …

To Asa Gray   4 December 1876

Summary

Plans to republish his paper on dimorphism with additions [Forms of flowers]. Is convinced it is necessary to compare pollen-grains and the state of the stigma to recognise dimorphic plants. Requests specific plants to test for dimorphism and would welcome examples from any family in which he has not encountered dimorphic species.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  4 Dec 1876
Classmark:  Archives of the Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (115)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10697

Matches: 2 hits

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. Freeman, Richard Broke. 1977. The works of …
  • … in Forms of flowers , published in July 1877 ( Freeman 1977 ). On p. 2, he said that he …

To Asa Gray   12 March [1861]

Summary

Has received Chauncey Wright’s article.

Reports on favourable response to AG’s pamphlet.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  12 Mar [1861]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (52)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3087

Matches: 2 hits

  • … 2d edition, revised. London: John Murray. 1877. Orchids : On the various contrivances by …
  • … of Orchids . In the second edition of 1877, however, CD cited Gray’s descriptions of …

To Asa Gray   31 May [1863]

Summary

AG’s review of Alphonse de Candolle’s paper [Am. J. Sci. 2d ser. 35 (1863): 430–44] is excellent.

Does not AG consider that orchids oppose Oswald Heer’s view that species arise suddenly by monstrosities?

Infers that AG cannot explain the angles of phyllotaxy; has been looking at Carl Nägeli on the subject.

Reports Gaston de Saporta’s belief that natural selection will ultimately triumph in France.

Is working slowly at Variation.

Reports his observations on the imperfect flowers of Viola and Oxalis.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  31 May [1863]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (84)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4196

Matches: 2 hits

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. Heer, Oswald. 1855–9. Flora tertiaria …
  • … 2d edition, revised. London: John Murray. 1877. Origin : On the origin of species by means …

To Asa Gray   2 January [1863]

Summary

Thanks AG for Cypripedium and Mitchella.

Plans to investigate pollination of Cypripedium.

Has finished Linum paper [Collected papers 2: 93–105].

Would welcome facts on "bud-variations".

Hears that Cinchona is dimorphic.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  2 Jan [1863]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (56)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3897

Matches: 2 hits

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. General index to the Journal of the Linnean …
  • … 2d edition, revised. London: John Murray. 1877. Orchids : On the various contrivances by …

To Asa Gray   20 December 1876

Summary

Thanks for information about Hottonia.

Has found dimorphism in Forsythia.

Considers AG’s arguments on different terms for dimorphism, but cannot change to using the proposed new term [see 10699].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  20 Dec 1876
Classmark:  Archives of the Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (116)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10728

Matches: 1 hit

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. Kuhn, Max. 1867. Einige Bemerkungen über …

To Asa Gray   [after 11 October 1861]

Summary

Thanks AG for notes on hollies.

Replies to an argument for design. Feels it monstrous to consider orchids created as they are now seen, since every part reveals modification on modification.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  [after 11 Oct 1861]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (51a)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3283

Matches: 1 hit

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. Orchids : On the various contrivances by …

To Asa Gray   30 May [1875]

Summary

Wants seeds of Nesaea verticillata for crossing experiments to see whether seedlings from "illegitimate unions" are sterile like true hybrids.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  30 May [1875]
Classmark:  Archives of the Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (121)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10002

Matches: 1 hit

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. ‘Illegitimate offspring of dimorphic and …

To Asa Gray   16 December 1879

Summary

Thanks for AG’s trouble about the seeds. Is curious to see their germination and the early seedling growth.

Asks for cotton seeds, as he observes odd movements of the cotyledon.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  16 Dec 1879
Classmark:  Archives of the Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (130a)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12357

Matches: 1 hit

  • … growth of Citrullus and Cucurbita in Flahault 1877, p. 201. Megarrhiza , Citrullus , and …

To Asa Gray   26 June [1863]

Summary

Thanks AG for references about phyllotaxy

and information on marriage laws.

Has been looking for dimorphism in Phlox and Euonymus.

Has observed the irritability of tendrils of Echinocystis with great interest. Was also struck by the rotating movements of the leading shoots, which he proposes to investigate.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  26 June [1863]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (82)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4222

Matches: 1 hit

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. [Harcourt, William Vernon. ] 1863. Letters …

To Asa Gray   [3–]4 September [1862]

Summary

Glad AG will publish some separate notes on orchids ["Fertilization of orchids through the agency of insects", Am. J. Sci. 2d ser. 34 (1862): 420–9].

Trimorphism in Lythrum.

Bee behaviour.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  [3–]4 Sept [1862]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (68)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3710

Matches: 1 hit

  • … 2d edition, revised. London: John Murray. 1877. Orchids : On the various contrivances by …
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Darwin in letters, 1877: Flowers and honours

Summary

Ever since the publication of Expression, Darwin’s research had centred firmly on botany. The year 1877 was no exception. The spring and early summer were spent completing Forms of flowers, his fifth book on a botanical topic. He then turned to the…

Matches: 28 hits

  • … , Darwin’s research had centred firmly on botany. The year 1877 was no exception. The spring and …
  • … from a family that the Darwins had befriended. The year 1877 was more than usually full of honours. …
  • … of a very heavy shower’, William wrote on 24 August 1877 . ‘The leaves were not at all depressed; …
  • … gardeners ( letter from W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, 25 August 1877 ). At Down House, Darwin and …
  • … a delicate twig’ ( letter to R. I. Lynch, 14 September 1877 ). Research on movement would continue …
  • … of some Infusoria’ ( letter from F. J. Cohn, 5 August 1877 ). Francis’s paper eventually appeared …
  • … wrote to the editor, George Croom Robertson, on 27 April 1877 , ‘I hope that you will be so good …
  • … had written to the editor Ernst Ludwig Krause on 30 June 1877 , ‘I have been much interested by …
  • … the German debate (letters to W. E. Gladstone, 2 October 1877 and 25 October [1877] ). …
  • … and lively’ ( letter from W. E. Gladstone, 23 October 1877 ). Gifts of German and Dutch …
  • … Darwin and Ernst Haeckel). Writing to Darwin on 11 March 1877 , Krause declared the journal ‘an …
  • … the director, Adriaan Anthoni van Bemmelen, on 12 February 1877 : ‘I suppose that every worker at …
  • … of his 70th year. Darwin was in fact 68 on 12 February 1877. Distinguished guests and …
  • … & smooth as butter’ ( letter to C. E. Norton, 16 March 1877 ). Hooker was asked repeatedly by …
  • … & me to dejeuner!!!’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 14 June 1877 ). Darwin was staying in …
  • … centuries to come’ ( letter from C. C. Graham, 30 January 1877 ). Graham then gave a lengthy …
  • … man and of societies’ ( letter from Marcellin de Bonnal, [1877] ). A similar complaint came from …
  • … by a duke!’ ( letter to J. M. Rodwell, 3 June 1877 ). Back home, he learned from his brother that …
  • … order of the day’ ( letter from E. A. Darwin, 27 January [1877] ).  Carlyle’s remarks were …
  • … . In a letter from an unknown correspondent on 13 June 1877 , he was criticised for having quoted …
  • … monstrosity ( letter from C. T. E. Siebold, 10 October 1877 ). An American banker, William Burrows …
  • … back our civilization’ ( letter from W. B. Bowles, 17 May 1877 ). Bowles proposed that such …
  • … of humanity beneath’ ( letter from W. B. Bowles, 18 May 1877 ). More transitional human …
  • … inflexible tails ( letter from Arthur Mellersh, 1 January 1877 ). The American physician Jesse …
  • … (Trollope 1867; letter to G. J. Romanes, [1 and 2 December 1877] ). Dispute and …
  • … George and Francis. He wrote to Francis on 24 September 1877 about his forthcoming work, Life …
  • … value’, he confessed in a letter of 25 November 1877 that the book had ‘resolved itself into a …
  • … physical’ ( letter from W. M. Moorsom, 10 September 1877 ). Darwin was doubtful of the elephant …

1877 letters now online

Summary

Flowers, bloom, a son married . . . and a suspended monkey in Cambridge at Darwin's honorary LLD ceremony. The transcripts and footnotes of over 600 letters written to and from Darwin in 1877 are now online. Read more about Darwin's life in 1877…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … of  over 600 letters written to and from Darwin in 1877  are now online. Read more about  Darwin& …

Photograph album of German and Austrian scientists

Summary

The album was sent to Darwin to mark his birthday on 12 February 1877 by the civil servant Emil Rade, and contained 165 portraits of German and Austrian scientists. The work was lavishly produced and bound in blue velvet with metal embossing. Its ornate…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … album was sent to Darwin to mark his birthday on 12 February 1877 by the civil servant Emil Rade …
  • … have ever received ( Letter to Ernst Haeckel, 16 February 1877 )     …
  • … the start of his 70th year, but Darwin was only 68 in 1877. Despite this oversight, the album …
  • … world.— ( Letter from Leonard Blomefield, 12 March 1877 ) Familiar faces Ernst …
  • … with the final album. He wrote to Darwin on 9 February 1877 : ‘what will perhaps astonish you is …
  • … worth to give you ( Letter from J. V. Carus, 22 March 1877 )  The professor of …
  • … scientific work. ( Letter from C. G. Semper, 26 April 1877 ) Carl Kraus, an …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the …
  • … lasting pleasure. ( Letter to Pieter Harting, 19 March 1877 ) Harting had also written …
  • … it states his ‘69th Birthday’, when in fact he was 68 in 1877. It was arranged in alphabetical order …
  • … from A. A. van Bemmelen and H. J.  Veth, 6 February 1877 ) Dutch correspondents …
  • … ( Letter from C. W. Thomson, 30 June 1877 ) Much earlier, in 1861, Tiberius Cornelis …

German and Dutch photograph albums

Summary

Darwin Day 2018: To celebrate Darwin's 209th birthday, we present two lavishly produced albums of portrait photographs which Darwin received from continental admirers 141 years ago. These unusual gifts from Germany and the Netherlands are made…

Matches: 3 hits

  • …   In 1877, Charles Darwin was sent some unusual birthday presents: two lavishly …
  • … conferred on me ( Letter to Otto Zacharias, [24 February 1877] ) The two albums …
  • … sympathy. ( Letter to A. A. van Bemmelen, 12 February 1877 )  View the Dutch album …

Capturing Darwin’s voice: audio of selected letters

Summary

On a sunny Wednesday in June 2011 in a makeshift recording studio somewhere in Cambridge, we were very pleased to welcome Terry Molloy back to the Darwin Correspondence Project for a special recording session. Terry, known for his portrayal of Davros in Dr…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … tiredness of the later years (e.g. letter to E.M. Dicey, [1877] ). Working …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 11074: Sayce, A. H. to Darwin, C. R., 27 July 1877 Darwin’s study of human nature …

Have you read the one about....

Summary

... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some serious - but all letters you can read here.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … ... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some …

Charles Harrison Blackley

Summary

You may not have heard of Charles Harrison Blackley (1820–1900), but if you are one of the 15 million people in the UK who suffer from hay fever, you are indebted to him. For it was he who identified pollen as the cause of the allergy. Darwin was…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … grains by a dilution method.  In his letter of 9 March 1877 , Darwin wrote: ‘Your calculation of …

People featured in the Dutch photograph album

Summary

List of people appearing in the photograph album Darwin received from scientific admirers in the Netherlands for his birthday on 12 February 1877. We are grateful to Hester Loeff for providing this list and for permission to make her research available.…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … admirers in the Netherlands for his birthday on 12 February 1877. We are grateful to …
  • … and forenames Occupation Age in 1877 Residence Date …
  • … Leiden 13 June 1823 Rotterdam 2 June 1877 Zoeterwoude …
  • … 5 October 1808 Wildenborch 4 June 1877 Klein Dochteren …

Darwin in public and private

Summary

Extracts from Darwin's published works, in particular Descent of man, and selected letters, explore Darwin's views on the operation of sexual selection in humans, and both his publicly and privately expressed views on its practical implications…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 10746 – Darwin to Dicey, E. M., [1877] Darwin gives his opinion on the …
  • … Letter 11267f – Darwin, S. to Darwin, [3 December 1877] Darwin’s daughter-in-law …

Exercise: Caricatures of Science

Summary

Caricatures provide intriguing insights into both ideals and transgressions of gender. The following six images show caricatured representations of nineteenth-century men and women of science. They provide insight into the boundaries of what was deemed …

Matches: 1 hits

  • …   Lydia Becker (1877) Caricature of Lydia Becker from …

Floral Dimorphism

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Floral studies In 1877 Darwin published a book that included a series of smaller studies on botanical subjects. Titled The different forms of flowers on plants of the same species, it consisted primarily of…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … | Experiment Floral studies In 1877 Darwin published a book that included a …
  • … findings on floral dimorphism were eventually published in 1877, but these experiments and …
  • … SOURCES Book Darwin, C. R. 1877. The different forms of flowers on plants of the …
  • … experiment, the class read chapter 1 of Charles Darwin’s 1877 T he Different Forms of …
  • … Flowers on Plants of the Same Species (London: John Murray, 1877), 16. [2] Ibid., 30. …

German poems presented to Darwin

Summary

Experiments in deepest reverence The following poems were enclosed with a photograph album sent as a birthday gift to Charles Darwin by his German and Austrian admirers (see letter from From Emil Rade, [before 16] February 1877). The poems were…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … (see letter from From Emil Rade , [before 16] February 1877). The poems were composed by …
  • … in Rade’s account of the making of the album (Rade 1877, pp. 39–40), but the others were published …
  • … Letter from Emil Rade 1    [before 16] February 1877 2 Münster i./Westf. …
  • … From Emil Rade   [before 16] February 1877 2 Münster i./Westf. February 1877. …
  • … this letter and the letter to Emil Rade, 16 February 1877. 3. The gift was a photograph …
  • … Appendix VI. A number of other poems were included in Rade 1877.   …

People featured in the Dutch photograph album

Summary

Here is a list of people that appeared in the photograph album Darwin received for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from scientific admirers in the Netherlands. Many thanks to Hester Loeff for identifying and researching them. No. …

Matches: 4 hits

  • … album Darwin received for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from scientific admirers in the …
  • … Title and forenames Occupation Age in 1877 Residence Date of birth …
  • … Leiden 13 june 1823 Rotterdam 2 june 1877 Zoeterwoude …
  • … 5 october 1808 Wildenborch 4 june 1877 Klein Dochteren …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 11096 - Darwin to Romanes, G. J., [9 August 1877] Darwin points out a mistake made …

Natural Science and Femininity

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters A conflation of masculine intellect and feminine thoughts, habits and feelings, male naturalists like Darwin inhabited an uncertain gendered identity. Working from the private domestic comfort of their homes and exercising…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … published his findings both in Expression and in an 1877 article titled, ‘ A Biographical …
  • … Letter 10821 - Graham C. C. to Darwin, [30 January 1877] Psychologist Christopher Graham …

Dipsacus and Drosera: Frank’s favourite carnivores

Summary

In Autumn of 1875, Francis Darwin was busy researching aggregation in the tentacles of Drosera rotundifolia (F. Darwin 1876). This phenomenon occurs when coloured particles within either protoplasm or the fluid in the cell vacuole (the cell sap) cluster…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … and proofreading Darwin’s second edition of  Orchids  (1877). By January of the following …
  • … ( Dipsacus sylvestris )’ at the Royal Society on 1 March 1877 (F. Darwin 1877a). His address was …
  • … and a plate of sixteen figures, was published in July 1877 in the  Quarterly Journal of …
  • … the journal by the end of the month ( Nature , 23 August 1877, p. 339). Although, as Darwin …
  • … to his father’s beloved  Drosera rotundifolia  in June 1877, finding sundews that had been ‘fed’ …
  • … Grant.   References Darwin, C. 1877. The Contractile Filaments of the …
  • … teasel ( Dipsacus sylvestris ). (Abstract.) [Read 1 March 1877.]  Proceedings of the Royal …

Referencing women’s work

Summary

Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, but whether and how they were acknowledged in print involved complex considerations of social standing, professional standing, and personal preference.…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 11221 - Darwin to Darwin, H., [1 November 1877] Darwin asks his sons, …

People featured in the German and Austrian photograph album

Summary

Biographical details of people from the Habsburg Empire that appeared in the album of German and Austrian scientists sent to Darwin on 12 February 1877. We are grateful to Johannes Mattes for providing these details and for permission to make his…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … and Austrian scientists sent to Darwin on 12 February 1877. We are grateful to Johannes …
  • …  in Linz (1871), Vienna (1873) and Prostějov (1877). M. Pichler: Notice of death. In: …
  • … of Vienna (Dr., 1873). Habilitation in palaeontology (1877) and geology (1880) at the Technical …
  • … (1859), geologist (1873) and finally chief geologist (1877) and  Bergrat  of the Imperial …
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