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From W. E. Darwin   [15 January 1877]

Summary

Thanks for the copy of Orchids.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [15 Jan 1877]
Classmark:  Cornford Family Papers (DAR 275: 66)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10794F

Matches: 18 hits

  • … From W. E. Darwin   [15 January 1877] …
  • … DAR 275: 66) William Erasmus Darwin Southampton [15 Jan 1877] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … fertilised by insects. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition, revised. London: John Murray. 1877. …
  • … nn. 3 and 6, below). Orchids 2d ed. was published in January 1877 ( Publishers’ Circular , …
  • … 1 February 1877, p. 93). William’s name is on CD’s presentation list for the volume (see …
  • … CD had written to Gardeners’ Chronicle , 3 January [1877], which had been reprinted in …
  • … Maxse. CD visited London from 6 to 15 January 1877 (CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). …
  • … William visited Down on 27 January 1877 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). …
  • … full in The Times , 11 January 1877, p. 7 ( …
  • … see letter from Allen Stoneham, 11 January 1877 , letter from G. …
  • … M. Tracy, 11 January 1877 , letter from Alfred …
  • … Grugeon, 14 January [1877] , letter from F. …
  • … W. Pim, 15 January 1877 ; see also Gardeners’ …
  • … Chronicle , 13 January 1877, p. …
  • … 52, 20 January 1877, p. …
  • … 83, and 3 February 1877, pp. 148–9). …
  • … George Gordon to William, dated 14 January 1877, is in DAR 210.7: 6. Gordon discussed his …
  • … In his letter to William of 14 January 1877 (DAR 210.7: 6), Gordon wrote that he thought …

From R. F. Cooke   23 November 1877

Summary

Two thousand more copies of Origin to be printed. Has CD any corrections to make?

Type for Cross and self-fertilisation, Orchids, and Forms of flowers must now be broken up. If CD does not object, Murray will have stereotypes made of the three works. Asks for any corrections CD may want embodied.

Author:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 Nov 1877
Classmark:  DAR 171: 494
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11250

Matches: 11 hits

  • … From R. F. Cooke   23 November 1877
  • … 6, and The Times , 20 November 1877, p. 6. …
  • … Francis Cooke John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50a 23 Nov 1877 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. Orchids 2d ed. : The various contrivances by …
  • … fertilised by insects. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition, revised. London: John Murray. 1877. …
  • … also letter from R. F. Cooke, 12 October 1877 . William Clowes & Sons were John Murray’s …
  • … was published in 1876, Orchids 2d ed. in January 1877 ( Publishers’ Circular , …
  • … 1 February 1877, p. …
  • … 93), and Forms of flowers in July 1877 (CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). CD …
  • … had been awarded an honorary LLD degree at Cambridge on 17 November 1877. The event was …
  • … widely reported, including in the Daily News , 19 November 1877, p. …

From C.-F. Reinwald   9 May 1877

Summary

French translation of Insectivorous plants published.

Climbing plants has not sold well.

Author:  Charles-Ferdinand Reinwald
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  9 May 1877
Classmark:  DAR 176: 106
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10955

Matches: 13 hits

  • … From C. -F. Reinwald    9 May 1877
  • … F. Reinwald, 13 October 1877 . …
  • … DAR 176: 106 Charles-Ferdinand Reinwald Paris 9 May 1877 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Paris le 9 Mai 1877 Monsieur Charles Darwin | Down Cher Monsieur J’ai l’honneur de vous …
  • … letter from C. -F. Reinwald, 15 February 1877 ; the French translation of Insectivorous …
  • … made by Edmond Barbier (Barbier trans. 1877). Zwinger has not been identified. The payment …
  • … letter from C. -F. Reinwald, 13 October 1877 . Les mouvements et les habitudes des plantes …
  • … of Climbing plants (R. Gordon trans. 1877). Édouard Marie Heckel was translating …
  • … Cross and self fertilisation (Heckel trans. 1877) into French. See letter from C. - …
  • … F. Reinwald, 21 February 1877 and nn. 4 and 5. …
  • … revue et corrigée’ (revised and corrected), was published in 1877 (Pozzi and Benoît trans. …
  • 1877). See also letter from C. - …
  • … Paris 9 May 1877 Mr Charles Darwin | Down Dear Sir I have the honour of informing you that …

From Lawson Tait   13 June [1877]

Summary

Forwards a copy of his book Diseases of women [1877].

Author:  Robert Lawson (Lawson) Tait
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  13 June [1877]
Classmark:  DAR 178: 39
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10999

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From Lawson Tait   13 June [1877] …
  • … DAR 178: 39 Robert Lawson (Lawson) Tait unstated 13 June [1877] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Forwards a copy of his book Diseases of women [1877]. …
  • … Bibliography Tait, Lawson. 1877. Diseases of women . London: Williams and Norgate. …
  • … is established by the reference to L. Tait 1877 (see n. 2, below). Tait remarked on the …
  • … evolution of sexual instincts in L. Tait 1877 , p. 48; the index also includes references …
  • … pangenesis (p. 232). See also letter from Lawson Tait, 15 January 1877 and nn. 1 and 2. …

From G. J. Romanes   2 December 1877

Summary

Thanks for letter. Values CD’s opinion more than that of anybody else.

Perfectly astonished at reception CD got among popular audiences at GJR’s lectures.

Author:  George John Romanes
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 Dec 1877
Classmark:  E. D. Romanes 1896, p. 68
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11283

Matches: 16 hits

  • … From G.  J.  Romanes   2 December 1877
  • … p. 68 George John Romanes London, Cornwall Terrace, 18 2 Dec 1877 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … reprinted in that journal (see letter to G. J. Romanes, [1 and 2 December 1877] and n. 8). …
  • … CD’s reply of 5 December 1877 suggests that this letter was edited for publication. …
  • … letter to G. J. Romanes, [1 and 2 December 1877] . Thomas Henry Huxley had given a speech …
  • … Huxley’s speech, see Nature , 22 November 1877, p. 64). Huxley told CD he had said only …
  • … see letter from T. H. Huxley, 21 November 1877 ). A version of the speech was published in …
  • … 18 Cornwall Terrace: Dec.  2, 1877. It was most kind of you to write me such a long and …
  • … letter to G. J. Romanes, [1 and 2 December 1877] . Vici (Latin): I have conquered. CD had …
  • … letter to G. J. Romanes, [1 and 2 December 1877] and n. 4). Romanes refers to the maggots …
  • … them hard to eradicate. CD’s letter to Nature , 21 November [1877], was published in …
  • … Nature , 29 November 1877, p. 78. …
  • … letter from Fritz Müller to CD of 19 October 1877, discussing various plants and insects. …
  • … In Nature , 29 November 1877, pp. 84–7, John Scott Burdon Sanderson’s paper ‘Remarks on …
  • … the Royal Society of London on 22 November 1877, was printed in full. Burdon Sanderson was …
  • … the ‘News’ section of Nature , 27 December 1877, pp. 168–9. John Morley was the editor of …

From John Murray   29 November [1877]

Summary

Answers CD’s query about payment made to him [for Descent and Forms of flowers] and explains the basis on which it was made. Because of CD’s wish to be paid before editions are sold off, profits must be estimated. If he were willing to accept annual statements of sales, payments based on them, and final accounting when all were sold, there would be no uncertainty. This is JM’s usual practice.

Author:  John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 Nov [1877]
Classmark:  DAR 171: 497, DAR 210.11: 12
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11259

Matches: 15 hits

  • … From John Murray   29 November [1877] …
  • … DAR 210.11: 12 John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50 29 Nov [1877] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … 1999 , pp. 233, 262. James Davis Cooper. See letter to R. F. Cooke, 11 April 1877 . …
  • … the relationship between this letter and the letter to John Murray, 28 November 1877 . See …
  • … letter to John Murray, 28 November 1877 . See Correspondence vol. 23, letter to John …
  • … John Murray, 19 November [1875] . See letter to John Murray, 28 November 1877 and n. 8. …
  • … published in 1862, with a second edition in 1877. Trade purchasers received one free copy …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. Orchids : On the various contrivances by …
  • … By Author’s 2 3 109 1 6 Mem n 548 on Hand Nov. 29 th 1877 Estimated a/c Supposing all Sold …
  • … De Different Forms of Flowers Cr 1877
  • 1877 June To Printing 1250 N o . and 148 12 — June By 1000 copies Stereo plates for Sep …
  • … Stereo plates for America 443 4 — 443 4 — 1877 Nov By Author’s 2 3 103 2 9 Profit Mem n 54 …
  • … US (see letter from R. F. Cooke, 29 June 1877 ). Four copies of any new work published in …
  • … John Murray Chas Darwin Esq r Estimated A/c Supposing all sold De Descent of Man Cr 1877
  • 1877 June To To Printing 1000 N o 31 17 — June By 1000 copies " 30 Reams Paper 39 — — Sold …

From Lawson Tait   16 January 1877

Summary

Is writing Diseases of women [1877]; sends some proof-sheets for criticism.

Author:  Robert Lawson (Lawson) Tait
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 Jan 1877
Classmark:  DAR 178: 36
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10795

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From Lawson Tait   16 January 1877
  • … DAR 178: 36 Robert Lawson (Lawson) Tait Birmingham 16 Jan 1877 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Is writing Diseases of women [1877]; sends some proof-sheets for criticism. …
  • … of Cross and self fertilisation appeared in the Spectator , 10 February 1877, p. 17. …
  • … London: John Murray. 1876. Tait, Lawson. 1877. Diseases of women . London: Williams and …
  • … Tait’s book Diseases of women ( L. Tait 1877 ) have been found in the Darwin Archive–CUL. …
  • … existence ( ibid. , pp. 48–9). In L. Tait 1877 , p. 200, Tait argued that the incidence of …
  • … Birmingham Jan 16 1877 My Dear Sir, If our views on Evolution are sound it seems to me …

From Francis Galton   22 February 1877

Summary

Attributes the Castilian accent of speech of deaf and dumb men to imitation of their teachers’ lip movements.

Author:  Francis Galton
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 Feb 1877
Classmark:  DAR 105: A97–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10859

Matches: 9 hits

  • … From Francis Galton   22 February 1877
  • … DAR 105: A97–8 Francis Galton London, Rutland Gate, 42 22 Feb 1877 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … A.  A.  van Bemmelen and H.  J.  Veth, 6 February 1877 . …
  • … CD was 68 on 12 February 1877. …
  • … In his letter of 11 February [1877] , CD had asked about Louisa Jane Galton’s health. …
  • … had borrowed Tschouriloff 1876 (see letter from Francis Galton, 12 January 1877 ). See …
  • … letter to Francis Galton, 11 February [1877] . William Henry Barlow invented a recording …
  • … the two photograph albums sent to CD appeared in The Times , 22 February 1877, p. 11. On …
  • … letter from Emil Rade, [before 16] February 1877 ; on the Dutch album, see the letter from …

From Lawson Tait   14 February 1877

Summary

Sends another extract [from Diseases of women (1877)].

Has reviewed Cross and self-fertilisation in the Spectator.

Author:  Robert Lawson (Lawson) Tait
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 Feb 1877
Classmark:  DAR 178: 37
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10844

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From Lawson Tait   14 February 1877
  • … DAR 178: 37 Robert Lawson (Lawson) Tait Birmingham 14 Feb 1877 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … another extract [from Diseases of women (1877)]. Has reviewed Cross and self-fertilisation …
  • … London: John Murray. 1876. Tait, Lawson. 1877. Diseases of women . London: Williams and …
  • … Birmingham Feb.  14 1877 My Dear Sir, I enclose another extract from my book which may …
  • … from Tait’s book, Diseases of women ( L. Tait 1877 ), have not been found. Tait had sent …
  • … an earlier set of page-proofs with his letter of 16 January 1877 . In his review …
  • … fertilisation ( Spectator , 10 February 1877, p. 17), Tait remarked: ‘It is marvellous …

From A. H. Sayce   2 August 1877

Summary

Thanks CD for permission to quote his comments; mentions some of his conclusions with regard to the early speech of children.

Thanks for [newspaper] account of American Philological Association meeting.

Author:  Archibald Henry Sayce
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 Aug 1877
Classmark:  DAR 177: 47
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11090

Matches: 11 hits

  • … From A.  H.  Sayce   2 August 1877
  • … DAR 177: 47 Archibald Henry Sayce Queen’s College, Oxford 2 Aug 1877 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Whitney had written papers relating to language acquisition in children ( Holden 1877 and …
  • … Whitney 1877 ). Sayce evidently refers to the newspaper abstract; in Holden’s published …
  • … of vocabulary spoken by one child ( Holden 1877 , pp. 62–3) and ‘footie’ in the vocabulary …
  • … of an infant. By Charles Darwin. Mind 2 (1877): 285–94. [ Shorter publications , pp. …
  • … 409–16. ] Holden, Edward Singleton. 1877. On the vocabularies of children under two years …
  • … Queen’s Coll. | Oxford. Aug.  2nd 1877. Dear Sir, Very many thanks for your kind …
  • … the letter from A. H. Sayce, 30 July 1877 , for the request. Sayce cited CD’s article ‘ …
  • … Association (see letter to W.  D.  Whitney, 1 August [1877] and n. 2). Edward Singleton …
  • … C. Kegan Paul & Co. Whitney, William Dwight. 1877. The principle of economy as a phonetic …

From A. R. Wallace   3 September 1877

Summary

Sexual selection, he thinks, must be left to others to settle. "Conscious" will be substituted for "voluntary" selection. Sound- and scent-producing organs attributed to "natural", not "conscious", selection.

Author:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Sept 1877
Classmark:  DAR 106: B136–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11125

Matches: 11 hits

  • … From A.  R.  Wallace   3 September 1877
  • … DAR 106: B136–7 Alfred Russel Wallace Ventnor 3 Sept 1877 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … See letter to A. R. Wallace, 31 August 1877 . Wallace moved to a rented house, Rosehill, …
  • … Press. 1985–. Wallace, Alfred Russel. 1877. The colours of animals and plants. Macmillan’s …
  • … Letter to A. R. Wallace, 31 August 1877 . In his paper on the development of colour in …
  • … animals and plants ( A. R. Wallace 1877 ) Wallace concluded, in opposition to CD’s views, …
  • … their disagreement, see the letter from A. R. Wallace, 23 July 1877 and n. 2. See letter …
  • … Road | Ventnor, I.  of Wight. Sept r 3rd.  1877 My dear Darwin Many thanks for your …
  • … to A. R. Wallace, 31 August 1877 . In the published …
  • … of his paper, which came out in September 1877, Wallace characterised CD’s theory as ‘ …
  • … brilliantly-coloured males’ ( A. R. Wallace 1877 , p. 400). When the paper was republished …

From C.-F. Reinwald   13 October 1877

Summary

Pleased CD is satisfied with translation of Cross and self-fertilisation.

Sends £20 royalties for Insectivorous plants (700 sold).

Author:  Charles-Ferdinand Reinwald
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  13 Oct 1877
Classmark:  DAR 176: 107
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11183

Matches: 14 hits

  • … From C. -F. Reinwald    13 October 1877
  • … DAR 176: 107 Charles-Ferdinand Reinwald Paris 13 Oct 1877 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Paris 13 Oct.  1877 Cher Monsieur Nous avons eu l’honneur de recevoir votre aimable lettre …
  • … of Cross and self fertilisation (Heckel trans. 1877). Edmond Barbier’s French translation …
  • … of Insectivorous plants (Barbier trans. 1877) had been …
  • … published in May 1877 (see letter from C. - …
  • … F. Reinwald, 9 May 1877 ). …
  • … corrected, of Expression (Pozzi and Benoît trans. 1877) had been …
  • … published in 1877. CD’s publisher, John Murray, usually allowed foreign publishers the use …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. Fortescue, William. 2000. The Third Republic …
  • … Paris 13 Oct.  1877 Dear Sir We have had the honour of receiving your kind letter of 7  …
  • … In May 1877, a constitutional crisis arose in France when the republicans and royalists in …
  • … Republic was scheduled for 14 and 28 October 1877 ( Fortescue 2000 , p. 34). The French …
  • … of Climbing plants (R. Gordon trans. 1877) and a second French edition, revised and …

From C. F. Martins   7 June 1877

Summary

All young intelligent French naturalists support CD. But the professors are afraid of being called materialists, atheists, or communists.

A paper of his ["Sur l’origine paléontologique", C. R. Hebd. Acad. Sci. 84 (1877): 534–7] met with silence, except from Bureau. If only France had become Protestant!

Author:  Charles Frédéric Martins
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 June 1877
Classmark:  DAR 171: 63
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10990

Matches: 13 hits

  • … From C. F. Martins    7 June 1877
  • … Frédéric Martins Jardin des Plantes de Montpellier 7 June 1877 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … paléontologique", C. R. Hebd. Acad. Sci. 84 (1877): 534–7] met with silence, except from …
  • … botanique de France 24 (1877): 127). A longer version was published the previous year in …
  • … de | Montpellier. Montpellier, le 7 Juin 1877. Cher et illustre Maitre, Je suis hereux d’ …
  • … de | Montpellier. Montpellier, 7 June 1877. Dear and illustrious Master, I am happy to …
  • … to Edmond Barbier’s translation of Insectivorous plants (Barbier trans. 1877). The …
  • … French edition was published in May 1877 (see letter from C. - …
  • … F. Reinwald, 9 May 1877 ). The review of Insectivorous …
  • … published in Feuilleton du temps , 22 May 1877, pp. 1–2; a clipping is in DAR 139.18: 14. …
  • … to France in 1871 ( EB ). Martins’s paper was read at the 19 March 1877 meeting of the …
  • … Académie des sciences (Martins 1877), one of five academies of the Institut de France, …
  • … also given at the Société botanique de France on 23 March 1877 ( Bulletin de la Société …

From J. D. Hooker   13 November 1877

thumbnail

Summary

JDH cannot attend at the bestowal of CD’s honorary doctorate at Cambridge.

O. C. Marsh is rash to suggest all vertebrate types originated in America.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  13 Nov 1877
Classmark:  DAR 104: 99–100
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11234

Matches: 11 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   13 November 1877
  • … DAR 104: 99–100 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 13 Nov 1877 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … London: Michael Joseph. Marsh, Othniel Charles. 1877. Address. Proceedings of the American …
  • … of vertebrate life in America ( Marsh 1877 ). Hooker cited it favourably in his address to …
  • … J. D. Hooker 1877a, pp. 441–2). See Marsh 1877 , pp. 230, 251–4; his argument applied to …
  • … visited the Rocky Mountains in the United States earlier in 1877 ( Allan 1967 , p. 232). …
  • … at the University of Cambridge on Saturday 17 November 1877. Hooker gave his presidential …
  • … the Royal Society of London on 30 November 1877 (J. D. Hooker 1877a). As director of the …
  • … In his letter to Hooker of 8 November [1877], CD mentioned that some seeds of Mimosa …
  • … letter to J. D. Hooker, 6 November [1877] and n. 2. The friend has not been identified. …
  • … accessed 31 October 2016). On 30 August 1877, at the annual meeting of the American …

From G. J. Romanes   16 June [1877]

Summary

Galton agrees with GJR about rudimentary organs.

GJR’s note referred to possibility of selection acting on organic types as distinguished from individuals.

Thinks Grant Allen has not made out his point [in Physiological aesthetics (1877)], but his fundamental principle probably has much truth.

Author:  George John Romanes
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 June [1877]
Classmark:  E. D. Romanes 1896, p. 55
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11004

Matches: 9 hits

  • … From G.  J.  Romanes   16 June [1877] …
  • … D. Romanes 1896, p. 55 George John Romanes unstated 16 June [1877] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … his point [in Physiological aesthetics (1877)], but his fundamental principle probably has …
  • … s review of Grant Allen’s Physiological aesthetics ( G. Allen 1877 ; see letter to G.   …
  • … J.  Romanes, 11 June [1877] and n. 7). …
  • … Bibliography Allen, Grant. 1877. Physiological aesthetics . London: Henry S. King & Co. …
  • … between this letter and the letter to G.  J.  Romanes, 11 June [1877] . See letter to G.   …
  • … J.  Romanes, 11 June [1877] . CD had commented on Romanes’s notes on the effect of …
  • … 1859 . See letter from G. J. Romanes, 6 June 1877 and enclosure. On CD’s and Alfred Russel …

From L. E. Becker   16 January 1877

Summary

Sends letter clipped from Manchester Courier on CD’s accounting for scarcity of holly berries by scarcity of bees, and writer’s explanation of latter.

Author:  Lydia Ernestine Becker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 Jan 1877
Classmark:  DAR 160: 120
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10792

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From L. E. Becker   16 January 1877
  • … DAR 160: 120 Lydia Ernestine Becker Manchester 16 Jan 1877 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … cut from the Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser , 15 January 1877, p. 7. …
  • … to Gardeners’ Chronicle , 3 January [1877] (a reprinted version appeared in the Manchester …
  • … Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser , 12 January 1877, p. 3). …
  • … s Row, Albert Square, Manchester. Jan y 16—1877 With Miss Becker’s compliments. HOLLY …
  • … spring accounts for it. —Yours. &c. , | W.  E.  BURCHAM. Failsworth, January 13th, 1877. …

From Raphael Meldola   20 October 1877

Summary

Would like to see the Kosmos article.

Is considering producing a translation of August Weismann’s essays.

Comments on Wallace’s paper on the colours of animals and plants [Macmillan’s Magazine 36 (1877): 384–408, 464–71].

Author:  Raphael Meldola
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Oct 1877
Classmark:  DAR 171: 124
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11192

Matches: 9 hits

  • … From Raphael Meldola   20 October 1877
  • … DAR 171: 124 Raphael Meldola Atlas Works, Hackney 20 Oct 1877 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … on the colours of animals and plants [ Macmillan’s Magazine 36 (1877): 384–408, 464–71]. …
  • … Macmillan’s Magazine ( A. R. Wallace 1877 ). Wallace had sent CD a copy of his September …
  • … article (see letter to A. R. Wallace, 31 August 1877 , and letter from A. …
  • … R. Wallace, 3 September 1877 ); Wallace had long criticised CD’s theory of sexual …
  • … to colour and ornamentation (see letter from A. R. Wallace, 23 July 1877 and n. 2). …
  • … 1802–1967. Wallace, Alfred Russel. 1877. The colours of animals and plants. Macmillan’s …
  • … letter to Raphael Meldola, 19 October [1877] and n. 1. The address 21 John Street, Bedford …

From R. F. Cooke   5 January 1877

Summary

Orchids [2d ed.] will soon be published.

1000 more copies of Descent [2d ed.] will soon have to be printed, so CD could send any alterations to be made in the plates.

Author:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 Jan 1877
Classmark:  DAR 171: 484
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10771

Matches: 11 hits

  • … From R. F. Cooke   5 January 1877
  • … Francis Cooke John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50a 5 Jan 1877 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Orchids 2d ed. was published in January 1877 ( Publishers’ Circular , …
  • … 1 February 1877, p. 93). Orchids 2d US ed. …
  • … was published by D. Appleton & Co. on 3 March 1877 ( Publishers’ Weekly , …
  • … 3 March 1877, p. 288). On John Murray’s annual November sale dinner, at which major …
  • … a discount, see J. Murray 1908–9 , p. 540. The 1877 reprint of Descent 2d ed. had ‘Twelfth …
  • … edition, revised. London: John Murray. 1877. Orchids 2d US ed. : The various contrivances …
  • … insects . By Charles Darwin. 2d edition, revised. New York: D. Appleton and Company. 1877. …
  • … he was in London from 6 to 15 January 1877 (CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). He evidently …
  • … and about the reprint of Descent 2d ed. The 1877 reprint of Descent 2d ed. contained a …

From L. H. Morgan   26 June 1877

Summary

Criticises Herbert Spencer’s Principles of sociology, particularly for its treatment of the family, for its superficiality, and for its dependence on J. F. McLennan’s views on exogamy. Americans are coming to see Spencer’s ideas as too broad.

Author:  Lewis Henry Morgan
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  26 June 1877
Classmark:  DAR 171: 241
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11020

Matches: 17 hits

  • … From L.  H.  Morgan   26 June 1877
  • … DAR 171: 241 Lewis Henry Morgan Rochester, N.Y. 26 June 1877 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Rochester, New York. June 26 th . 1877 My Dear Sir, It gave me great pleasure to receive …
  • … See letter to L.  H.  Morgan, 9 June 1877 . Morgan had visited CD at Down on 9 June 1871 ( …
  • … Spencer 1876–96 ) was published in January 1877, although it carried a publication …
  • … date of 1876 ( Publishers’ Circular (1877): 17). The two-part article ‘On the evolution of …
  • … Smithsonian Institution. Morgan, Lewis Henry. 1877. Ancient society, or, researches in the …
  • … Williams and Norgate. Spencer, Herbert. 1877. On the evolution of the family. Popular …
  • … of kinship through females, see Morgan 1877 , pp. 511–16. For more on McLennan’s ethnology …
  • … issues of Popular Science Monthly ( Spencer 1877 ); the journal was published in New York …
  • … by D. Appleton & Co. Morgan 1877 ; CD had received a copy of the book (see letter to L.   …
  • … H.  Morgan, 9 June 1877 and n. 1). On the reception of Spencer in America, see Lightman …
  • … gens, phratry, tribe, and confederacy ( Morgan 1877 , pp. 62–3). A gens or ‘gentile’ was a …
  • … and Tibetan forms of polyandry, see Morgan 1877 , pp. 516–17. On familial structure in the …
  • … Spencer 1876–96 , 1: 698, and Spencer 1877 , p. 129. For more on the Veddas (or Wanniyala- …
  • … sisters from the marriage relation ( Morgan 1877 , pp. 384, 424–28); the Punaluan family, …
  • … Spencer 1876–96 , 1: 698, and Spencer 1877 , p. 129). Spencer discussed John Ferguson …

From C.-F. Reinwald   15 February 1877

Summary

Reports on French translations of Cross and self-fertilisation, Climbing plants, and Insectivorous plants.

Author:  Charles-Ferdinand Reinwald
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 Feb 1877
Classmark:  DAR 176: 104
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10846

Matches: 10 hits

  • … From C. -F. Reinwald    15 February 1877
  • … DAR 176: 104 Charles-Ferdinand Reinwald Paris 15 Feb 1877 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Insectivorous plants was made by Edmond Barbier; it was published in 1877 (Barbier trans. …
  • 1877). Richard Gordon’s …
  • … French translation of Climbing plants was published in 1877 (R. …
  • … Gordon trans. 1877). …
  • … Paris. Febr.  15 th . 1877 To Charles Darwin Esq.  |  Down, Beckenham | Kent Cher Monsieur …
  • … Marie Heckel’s French translation of Cross and self fertilisation (Heckel trans. 1877) was …
  • … published in 1877. See Correspondence vol. 24, letter from E. M. …
  • … Paris. Febr.  15 th . 1877 To Charles Darwin Esq.  |  Down, Beckenham | Kent Dear Sir …
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Darwin in letters, 1877: Flowers and honours

Summary

Ever since the publication of Expression, Darwin’s research had centred firmly on botany. The year 1877 was no exception. The spring and early summer were spent completing Forms of flowers, his fifth book on a botanical topic. He then turned to the…

Matches: 28 hits

  • … , Darwin’s research had centred firmly on botany. The year 1877 was no exception. The spring and …
  • … from a family that the Darwins had befriended. The year 1877 was more than usually full of honours. …
  • … of a very heavy shower’, William wrote on 24 August 1877 . ‘The leaves were not at all depressed; …
  • … gardeners ( letter from W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, 25 August 1877 ). At Down House, Darwin and …
  • … a delicate twig’ ( letter to R. I. Lynch, 14 September 1877 ). Research on movement would continue …
  • … of some Infusoria’ ( letter from F. J. Cohn, 5 August 1877 ). Francis’s paper eventually appeared …
  • … wrote to the editor, George Croom Robertson, on 27 April 1877 , ‘I hope that you will be so good …
  • … had written to the editor Ernst Ludwig Krause on 30 June 1877 , ‘I have been much interested by …
  • … the German debate (letters to W. E. Gladstone, 2 October 1877 and 25 October [1877] ). …
  • … and lively’ ( letter from W. E. Gladstone, 23 October 1877 ). Gifts of German and Dutch …
  • … Darwin and Ernst Haeckel). Writing to Darwin on 11 March 1877 , Krause declared the journal ‘an …
  • … the director, Adriaan Anthoni van Bemmelen, on 12 February 1877 : ‘I suppose that every worker at …
  • … of his 70th year. Darwin was in fact 68 on 12 February 1877. Distinguished guests and …
  • … & smooth as butter’ ( letter to C. E. Norton, 16 March 1877 ). Hooker was asked repeatedly by …
  • … & me to dejeuner!!!’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 14 June 1877 ). Darwin was staying in …
  • … centuries to come’ ( letter from C. C. Graham, 30 January 1877 ). Graham then gave a lengthy …
  • … man and of societies’ ( letter from Marcellin de Bonnal, [1877] ). A similar complaint came from …
  • … by a duke!’ ( letter to J. M. Rodwell, 3 June 1877 ). Back home, he learned from his brother that …
  • … order of the day’ ( letter from E. A. Darwin, 27 January [1877] ).  Carlyle’s remarks were …
  • … . In a letter from an unknown correspondent on 13 June 1877 , he was criticised for having quoted …
  • … monstrosity ( letter from C. T. E. Siebold, 10 October 1877 ). An American banker, William Burrows …
  • … back our civilization’ ( letter from W. B. Bowles, 17 May 1877 ). Bowles proposed that such …
  • … of humanity beneath’ ( letter from W. B. Bowles, 18 May 1877 ). More transitional human …
  • … inflexible tails ( letter from Arthur Mellersh, 1 January 1877 ). The American physician Jesse …
  • … (Trollope 1867; letter to G. J. Romanes, [1 and 2 December 1877] ). Dispute and …
  • … George and Francis. He wrote to Francis on 24 September 1877 about his forthcoming work, Life …
  • … value’, he confessed in a letter of 25 November 1877 that the book had ‘resolved itself into a …
  • … physical’ ( letter from W. M. Moorsom, 10 September 1877 ). Darwin was doubtful of the elephant …

1877 letters now online

Summary

Flowers, bloom, a son married . . . and a suspended monkey in Cambridge at Darwin's honorary LLD ceremony. The transcripts and footnotes of over 600 letters written to and from Darwin in 1877 are now online. Read more about Darwin's life in 1877…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … of  over 600 letters written to and from Darwin in 1877  are now online. Read more about  Darwin& …

Photograph album of German and Austrian scientists

Summary

The album was sent to Darwin to mark his birthday on 12 February 1877 by the civil servant Emil Rade, and contained 165 portraits of German and Austrian scientists. The work was lavishly produced and bound in blue velvet with metal embossing. Its ornate…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … album was sent to Darwin to mark his birthday on 12 February 1877 by the civil servant Emil Rade …
  • … have ever received ( Letter to Ernst Haeckel, 16 February 1877 )     …
  • … the start of his 70th year, but Darwin was only 68 in 1877. Despite this oversight, the album …
  • … world.— ( Letter from Leonard Blomefield, 12 March 1877 ) Familiar faces Ernst …
  • … with the final album. He wrote to Darwin on 9 February 1877 : ‘what will perhaps astonish you is …
  • … worth to give you ( Letter from J. V. Carus, 22 March 1877 )  The professor of …
  • … scientific work. ( Letter from C. G. Semper, 26 April 1877 ) Carl Kraus, an …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the …
  • … lasting pleasure. ( Letter to Pieter Harting, 19 March 1877 ) Harting had also written …
  • … it states his ‘69th Birthday’, when in fact he was 68 in 1877. It was arranged in alphabetical order …
  • … from A. A. van Bemmelen and H. J.  Veth, 6 February 1877 ) Dutch correspondents …
  • … ( Letter from C. W. Thomson, 30 June 1877 ) Much earlier, in 1861, Tiberius Cornelis …

German and Dutch photograph albums

Summary

Darwin Day 2018: To celebrate Darwin's 209th birthday, we present two lavishly produced albums of portrait photographs which Darwin received from continental admirers 141 years ago. These unusual gifts from Germany and the Netherlands are made…

Matches: 3 hits

  • …   In 1877, Charles Darwin was sent some unusual birthday presents: two lavishly …
  • … conferred on me ( Letter to Otto Zacharias, [24 February 1877] ) The two albums …
  • … sympathy. ( Letter to A. A. van Bemmelen, 12 February 1877 )  View the Dutch album …

Capturing Darwin’s voice: audio of selected letters

Summary

On a sunny Wednesday in June 2011 in a makeshift recording studio somewhere in Cambridge, we were very pleased to welcome Terry Molloy back to the Darwin Correspondence Project for a special recording session. Terry, known for his portrayal of Davros in Dr…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … tiredness of the later years (e.g. letter to E.M. Dicey, [1877] ). Working …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 11074: Sayce, A. H. to Darwin, C. R., 27 July 1877 Darwin’s study of human nature …

Have you read the one about....

Summary

... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some serious - but all letters you can read here.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … ... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some …

Charles Harrison Blackley

Summary

You may not have heard of Charles Harrison Blackley (1820–1900), but if you are one of the 15 million people in the UK who suffer from hay fever, you are indebted to him. For it was he who identified pollen as the cause of the allergy. Darwin was…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … grains by a dilution method.  In his letter of 9 March 1877 , Darwin wrote: ‘Your calculation of …

People featured in the Dutch photograph album

Summary

List of people appearing in the photograph album Darwin received from scientific admirers in the Netherlands for his birthday on 12 February 1877. We are grateful to Hester Loeff for providing this list and for permission to make her research available.…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … admirers in the Netherlands for his birthday on 12 February 1877. We are grateful to …
  • … and forenames Occupation Age in 1877 Residence Date …
  • … Leiden 13 June 1823 Rotterdam 2 June 1877 Zoeterwoude …
  • … 5 October 1808 Wildenborch 4 June 1877 Klein Dochteren …

Darwin in public and private

Summary

Extracts from Darwin's published works, in particular Descent of man, and selected letters, explore Darwin's views on the operation of sexual selection in humans, and both his publicly and privately expressed views on its practical implications…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 10746 – Darwin to Dicey, E. M., [1877] Darwin gives his opinion on the …
  • … Letter 11267f – Darwin, S. to Darwin, [3 December 1877] Darwin’s daughter-in-law …

Exercise: Caricatures of Science

Summary

Caricatures provide intriguing insights into both ideals and transgressions of gender. The following six images show caricatured representations of nineteenth-century men and women of science. They provide insight into the boundaries of what was deemed …

Matches: 1 hits

  • …   Lydia Becker (1877) Caricature of Lydia Becker from …

Floral Dimorphism

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Floral studies In 1877 Darwin published a book that included a series of smaller studies on botanical subjects. Titled The different forms of flowers on plants of the same species, it consisted primarily of…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … | Experiment Floral studies In 1877 Darwin published a book that included a …
  • … findings on floral dimorphism were eventually published in 1877, but these experiments and …
  • … SOURCES Book Darwin, C. R. 1877. The different forms of flowers on plants of the …
  • … experiment, the class read chapter 1 of Charles Darwin’s 1877 T he Different Forms of …
  • … Flowers on Plants of the Same Species (London: John Murray, 1877), 16. [2] Ibid., 30. …

German poems presented to Darwin

Summary

Experiments in deepest reverence The following poems were enclosed with a photograph album sent as a birthday gift to Charles Darwin by his German and Austrian admirers (see letter from From Emil Rade, [before 16] February 1877). The poems were…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … (see letter from From Emil Rade , [before 16] February 1877). The poems were composed by …
  • … in Rade’s account of the making of the album (Rade 1877, pp. 39–40), but the others were published …
  • … Letter from Emil Rade 1    [before 16] February 1877 2 Münster i./Westf. …
  • … From Emil Rade   [before 16] February 1877 2 Münster i./Westf. February 1877. …
  • … this letter and the letter to Emil Rade, 16 February 1877. 3. The gift was a photograph …
  • … Appendix VI. A number of other poems were included in Rade 1877.   …

People featured in the Dutch photograph album

Summary

Here is a list of people that appeared in the photograph album Darwin received for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from scientific admirers in the Netherlands. Many thanks to Hester Loeff for identifying and researching them. No. …

Matches: 4 hits

  • … album Darwin received for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from scientific admirers in the …
  • … Title and forenames Occupation Age in 1877 Residence Date of birth …
  • … Leiden 13 june 1823 Rotterdam 2 june 1877 Zoeterwoude …
  • … 5 october 1808 Wildenborch 4 june 1877 Klein Dochteren …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 11096 - Darwin to Romanes, G. J., [9 August 1877] Darwin points out a mistake made …

Natural Science and Femininity

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters A conflation of masculine intellect and feminine thoughts, habits and feelings, male naturalists like Darwin inhabited an uncertain gendered identity. Working from the private domestic comfort of their homes and exercising…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … published his findings both in Expression and in an 1877 article titled, ‘ A Biographical …
  • … Letter 10821 - Graham C. C. to Darwin, [30 January 1877] Psychologist Christopher Graham …

Dipsacus and Drosera: Frank’s favourite carnivores

Summary

In Autumn of 1875, Francis Darwin was busy researching aggregation in the tentacles of Drosera rotundifolia (F. Darwin 1876). This phenomenon occurs when coloured particles within either protoplasm or the fluid in the cell vacuole (the cell sap) cluster…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … and proofreading Darwin’s second edition of  Orchids  (1877). By January of the following …
  • … ( Dipsacus sylvestris )’ at the Royal Society on 1 March 1877 (F. Darwin 1877a). His address was …
  • … and a plate of sixteen figures, was published in July 1877 in the  Quarterly Journal of …
  • … the journal by the end of the month ( Nature , 23 August 1877, p. 339). Although, as Darwin …
  • … to his father’s beloved  Drosera rotundifolia  in June 1877, finding sundews that had been ‘fed’ …
  • … Grant.   References Darwin, C. 1877. The Contractile Filaments of the …
  • … teasel ( Dipsacus sylvestris ). (Abstract.) [Read 1 March 1877.]  Proceedings of the Royal …

Referencing women’s work

Summary

Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, but whether and how they were acknowledged in print involved complex considerations of social standing, professional standing, and personal preference.…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 11221 - Darwin to Darwin, H., [1 November 1877] Darwin asks his sons, …

People featured in the German and Austrian photograph album

Summary

Biographical details of people from the Habsburg Empire that appeared in the album of German and Austrian scientists sent to Darwin on 12 February 1877. We are grateful to Johannes Mattes for providing these details and for permission to make his…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … and Austrian scientists sent to Darwin on 12 February 1877. We are grateful to Johannes …
  • …  in Linz (1871), Vienna (1873) and Prostějov (1877). M. Pichler: Notice of death. In: …
  • … of Vienna (Dr., 1873). Habilitation in palaeontology (1877) and geology (1880) at the Technical …
  • … (1859), geologist (1873) and finally chief geologist (1877) and  Bergrat  of the Imperial …
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