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To J. D. Hooker   28 March [1871]

Summary

Sends Hibiscus

and enclosure [Queries about expression?] on chance of "any point being observed" in Morocco.

Murray informs him edition of Descent will probably be 6500 copies.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  28 Mar [1871]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 193–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7630

Matches: 11 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   28 March [1871] …
  • … DAR 94: 193–4 Charles Robert Darwin Down 28 Mar [1871] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … See letter from John Murray, 22 March 1871 . CD refers to Descent . …
  • … and selection in relation to sex. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. …
  • … this letter and the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 26 March 1871 . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 26 March 1871 . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 26 March 1871  and n.  2. The Kew …
  • … records the receipt of the plant on 4 April 1871. The enclosure has not been found but was …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 5 July [1871] ; for the queries, see Correspondence vol. 19, …
  • … Maw and John Ball. See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 26 March 1871  and nn.  11 and 12. See …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 21 March [1871] and n.  4. …

To John Murray   13 September 1871

Summary

Arrangements for distribution and review of pamphlet [Chauncey Wright’s Darwinism: being an examination of Mr St. G. J. Mivart’s "Genesis of species" (1871)], which CD had reprinted at his own expense.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  13 Sept 1871
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms. 42152 ff. 224–5)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7940

Matches: 11 hits

  • … To John Murray   13 September 1871
  • … It was also reviewed in the Academy , 1 October 1871, pp.  459–60. …
  • … Murray Archive) (Ms. 42152 ff. 224–5) Charles Robert Darwin Down 13 Sept 1871 John Murray …
  • … G. J. Mivart’s "Genesis of species" (1871)], which CD had reprinted at his own expense. …
  • … see letter to John Murray, 17 August [1871] and n.  4. George Murray Humphry founded the …
  • … was referred to in the ‘Pamphlets received’ list of Nature , 19 October 1871, p.  500. …
  • … It was advertised in the Athenæum , 23 September 1871, p.   …
  • … 387, and 30 September 1871, p.  419. …
  • … It was advertised in the Academy , 1 October 1871, p.   …
  • … 1, and 15 October 1871, p.  1. …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. Sep 13 1871 My dear Sir The pamphlet about which I wrote to you …

To Nature   [before 27 April 1871]

Summary

Replies to Francis Galton’s paper on tranfusing blood between rabbits to test Pangenesis [Proc. R. Soc. Lond. 19 (1871): 393–40]. FG’s conclusion that his experiments prove Pangenesis to be false is "a little hasty", since CD had never maintained that gemmules in the blood formed any part of his hypothesis.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Nature
Date:  [before 27 Apr 1871]
Classmark:  Nature, 27 April 1871, pp. 502–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7720

Matches: 13 hits

  • … To Nature    [before 27 April 1871] …
  • … Nature , 27 April 1871, pp.  502– …
  • … 3 Charles Robert Darwin unstated [before 27 Apr 1871] Nature …
  • … Pangenesis [ Proc. R. Soc. Lond. 19 (1871): 393–40]. FG’s conclusion that his experiments …
  • … University Press. 1985–. Galton, Francis. 1871. Experiments in pangenesis, by breeding …
  • … been largely transfused. [Read 30 March 1871. ] Proceedings of the Royal Society of London …
  • … The date is established by the publication of this letter in Nature on 27 April 1871. CD …
  • … refers to Francis Galton and Galton 1871 . For more on Galton’s experiments to test …
  • … s hypothesis of pangenesis, see the letter from Francis Galton, 9 January 1871  and n.  1. …
  • … CD quotes Galton 1871 , p.  394. CD discusses pangenesis in Variation 2: 372–404. See …
  • … 11 December 1869 ). In his letter of 25 April 1871 , Galton had cited this passage as one …
  • … vol.  8, letter to Daniel Oliver, 17 October [1860] . Galton 1871 , p.  395. …
  • … In a paper, read March 30, 1871, before the Royal Society, and just published in the …

From W. Baranoff and Heinrich Koch   [after 31 October? 1871]

Summary

Received his last letter.

Their third lecture will contain a history of creation from the Darwinian point of view.

Author:  W. Baranoff; Koch, Heinrich
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [after 31 Oct? 1871]
Classmark:  Blätter des Psychologischen Vereins zu Dresden, 27 October 1871, p. 87
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8032F

Matches: 13 hits

  • … From W.  Baranoff and Heinrich Koch   [after 31 October? 1871] …
  • … Blätter des Psychologischen Vereins zu Dresden , 27 October 1871, p.  87 W. …
  • … Baranoff Koch, Heinrich unstated [after 31 Oct? 1871] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Heinrich Koch, 31 October 1871 ). There is no record of any earlier correspondence between …
  • … or Koch has been found. The third part of Baranoff and Koch 1871 was published (or …
  • … delivered) on 31 December 1871. See letter from W.   …
  • … Baranoff and Heinrich Koch, 27 October 1871  and n.  1. …
  • … the letter from W.  Baranoff and Heinrich Koch, 27 October 1871 , and the letter from …
  • … Heinrich Koch, 31 October 1871 . It was printed in the …
  • … Psychologischen Vereins zu Dresden , 27 October 1871: this section contained replies to …
  • … of the Blätter contained the first part of Baranoff and Koch 1871 (see letter from W.   …
  • … Baranoff and Heinrich Koch, 27 October 1871  and n.   …
  • … 1), and was probably printed after 31 October 1871 (see letter from …

From James Crichton-Browne   29 March 1871

Summary

Sends scraps of information. Everything he has sent is unreservedly at CD’s disposal.

Author:  James Crichton-Browne
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 Mar 1871
Classmark:  DAR 161: 314
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7643

Matches: 10 hits

  • … From James Crichton-Browne   29 March 1871
  • … letter to James Crichton-Browne, 26 March [1871] . …
  • … 314 James Crichton-Browne West Riding Asylum, Wakefield 29 Mar 1871 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Asylum, | Wakefield. 29 th . March 1871. My dear Sir I send you a scrap of information on …
  • … from James Crichton-Browne, [29–31 March 1871] . CD had asked for information on the …
  • … to James Crichton-Browne, 28 March [1871] ), and the reaction of the pupils in extreme …
  • … anger or fear (see letters to James Crichton-Browne, 20 February [1871] , and …
  • … 26 March [1871] ). See …
  • … letter to James Crichton-Browne, 26 March [1871] and n.  4. The next …
  • … Crichton-Browne that mentions the enclosure of photographs is that of 3 April 1871. See …

To John Murray   8 March [1871]

Summary

Asks what his profits on the reprints of Descent will be when half have been sold.

Good reviews in Saturday Review and Pall Mall Gazette;

contemptuous one as usual in Athenæum.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  8 Mar [1871]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms. 42152 ff. 222–3)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7555

Matches: 14 hits

  • … To John Murray   8 March [1871] …
  • … Murray Archive) (Ms. 42152 ff. 222–3) Charles Robert Darwin Down 8 Mar [1871] John Murray …
  • … Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. Freeman, Richard Broke. 1977. The works …
  • … Conn. : Archon Books, Shoe String Press. [Leifchild, John R. ] 1871. Review of Descent . …
  • … Athenæum 4 March 1871, pp. 275–7. …
  • … Massey, Gerald. [1871. ] Concerning spiritualism. London: J. Burns. …
  • … Massey’s Concerning spiritualism ( Massey [1871] ). No letter from Massey has been found. …
  • … a week of publication (see letter from John Murray, 27 February [1871] , and letter to …
  • … Francis Darwin, [28 February 1871] ). CD’s presentation list for Descent has six names …
  • … issue of Descent (see letter from John Murray, 27 February [1871] , letter to Francis …
  • … Darwin, [28 February 1871] , and Freeman 1977 ). CD’s copy of the …
  • … of Descent in the Saturday Review , 4 March 1871, pp.  276–7, is in DAR 226.2: 102–4. …
  • … s anonymous review in the Athenæum ( [Leifchild] 1871 ) is in DAR 226.2: 69–70. A …
  • … in the Pall Mall Gazette , 2 March 1871, p.  4. For a list of reviews of Descent , see …

To St. G. J. Mivart   27 September [1871]

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Summary

Sends a reprint of Chauncey Wright’s article ["Darwinism", North Am. Rev. 113 (1871): 63–103].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  St George Jackson Mivart
Date:  27 Sept [1871]
Classmark:  DAR 185: 94
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7972

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To St. G.  J.  Mivart   27 September [1871] …
  • … DAR 185: 94 Charles Robert Darwin Down 27 Sept [1871] St George Jackson Mivart …
  • … a reprint of Chauncey Wright’s article ["Darwinism", North Am. Rev. 113 (1871): 63–103]. …
  • … of species (Mivart 1871b; see letter from St G.  J.  Mivart, 26 September 1871 ). …
  • … letter from St G.  J.  Mivart, 26 September 1871 . The pamphlet was by Chauncey Wright, an …
  • … Wright 1871a and 1871b); see letter from St G.  J.  Mivart, 26 September 1871  and n.  2. …
  • … See also letters from Chauncey Wright, 21 June 1871  and …
  • … 1 August 1871 , and letters to …
  • … Chauncey Wright, 17 July [1871] and …
  • … 12 September 1871  and n.  3. CD refers to the second edition of On the genesis …

To James Crichton-Browne   7 April [1871]

Summary

Thanks for information about blushing of idiots.

Case of pregnant woman "truly wonderful".

Thanks for photographs.

Has found London photographer, O. G. Rejlander, with passion for photographing expression.

Received information about iris of eye from F. C. Donders; shows contraction and dilation of pupil is very complex.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Crichton-Browne
Date:  7 Apr [1871]
Classmark:  DAR 143: 336
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7666

Matches: 19 hits

  • … To James Crichton-Browne   7 April [1871] …
  • … DAR 143: 336 Charles Robert Darwin Down 7 Apr [1871] James Crichton-Browne …
  • … between this letter and the letters from James Crichton-Browne, [29–31 March 1871] and …
  • … 3 April 1871 . Letters …
  • … from James Crichton-Browne, [29–31 March 1871] and …
  • … 3 April 1871 . See letter …
  • … from James Crichton-Browne, [29–31 March 1871] and n.  4. CD cited James Braid in support …
  • … See letter to James Crichton-Browne, 26 March [1871] and n.  7, …
  • … from James Crichton-Browne, [29–31 March 1871] . CD refers to Frans Cornelis Donders and …
  • … about the iris is in his letter to Donders of 18 March 1871 (see also letter from F.   …
  • … C.  Donders, 28 March 1871  and n.  5). CD cited Donders 1864  on involuntary movements of …
  • … Marginalia 1: 386). See also letter to William Turner, 28 March [1871] and nn.  11 and 12, …
  • … and letter to ? , 7 April [1871] and n.  3. …
  • … from James Crichton-Browne, 3 April 1871  and n.  5. CD refers to Thomas Henry Burgess and …
  • … letter to James Crichton-Browne, 28 March [1871] and n.  4. There is a note by CD on Carl …
  • … to Vogt 1867 . See letter from James Crichton-Browne, 3 April 1871  and n.  1. See letter …
  • … to H.  E.  Darwin, 20 March 1871  and n.  4. Truly ‘instantaneous’ photography was not yet …
  • … 7–9. ) See letter to James Crichton-Browne, 26 March [1871] and n.  2. James Davis Cooper …
  • … for Expression . See letter from James Crichton-Browne, 16 February 1871  and n.  3. …

To John Phillips   [November–December 1871?]

Summary

Thanks for note concerning JP’s new book [Geology of Oxford (1871)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Phillips
Date:  [Nov–Dec 1871?]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.623)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7404

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To John Phillips   [November–December 1871? ] …
  • … Society (Mss.B.D25.623) Charles Robert Darwin unstated [Nov–Dec 1871? ] John Phillips …
  • … Thanks for note concerning JP’s new book [ Geology of Oxford (1871)]. …
  • … Bibliography Phillips, John. 1871. Geology of Oxford and the valley of the Thames. Oxford: …
  • … the assumption that the book referred to is Phillips 1871 (see n.  2, below). The note has …
  • … The book may have been Geology of Oxford ( Phillips 1871 ), which was published between …
  • … 16 and 30 November 1871 ( Publishers’ …
  • … Circular 1871). CD’s copy is in the Darwin Library–Down. …

To Albert Günther   3 October [1871]

Summary

Thanks AG for answer about Galaxias.

Asks him to mention questions about the ears of Mus to other naturalists.

Will send another copy of Chauncey Wright’s pamphlet [Darwinism (1871)].

AG has proved Ceratodus to be a "wonderfully interesting creature" ["Descripton of Ceratodus", Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. 161 (1871): 511–72].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Albrecht Carl Ludwig Gotthilf (Albert) Günther
Date:  3 Oct [1871]
Classmark:  Shrewsbury School, Taylor Library (15)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7983

Matches: 11 hits

  • … To Albert Günther   3 October [1871] …
  • … 15) Charles Robert Darwin Down 3 Oct [1871] Albrecht Carl Ludwig Gotthilf (Albert) Günther …
  • … copy of Chauncey Wright’s pamphlet [ Darwinism (1871)]. AG has proved Ceratodus to be a " …
  • … creature" ["Descripton of Ceratodus ", Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. 161 (1871): 511–72]. …
  • … See letter from Albert Günther, 1 October 1871  and n.  2. CD refers to Wright 1871a and …
  • … See letter from Albert Günther, 1 October 1871  and n.  5. Günther discussed the paddles …
  • … relationship between this letter and the letter from Albert Günther, 1 October 1871 . See …
  • … letter from Albert Günther, 1 October 1871  and n.  6. CD refers to John Stevens Henslow. …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 23 July [1871] and n.  6. …
  • … recalling an abstract of an article by Josef Schöbl (Schöbl 1871) in Nature ; see letter …
  • … from Albert Günther, 1 October 1871  and n.  6. …

From Roland Trimen   26 July 1871

Summary

Hopes to visit during CD’s stay at Haredene.

Author:  Roland Trimen
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  26 July 1871
Classmark:  DAR 178: 188
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7883

Matches: 12 hits

  • … From Roland Trimen   26 July 1871
  • … DAR 178: 188 Roland Trimen London, Guildford St, 71 26 July 1871 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … in Albury, Surrey, from 28 July to 25 August 1871 (CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). Trimen’s …
  • … review of Descent appeared in the Cape Monthly Magazine n.s.  2 (1871): 321–30. …
  • … Russell Square, | London. W.C. 26 th . July, 1871. My dear M r . Darwin, Since writing to …
  • … By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. Post Office London directory : Post- …
  • … called the “Cape Monthly Magazine” (June, 1871), in which there is a short notice of the “ …
  • … letter from Roland Trimen, 17 and 18 April 1871 . Trimen was writing from Guilford Street, …
  • … also resided ( Post Office London directory 1871). Trimen was a clerk of the second class …
  • … South Africa; Colonial Office list 1871). The annual meeting of the British Association …
  • … Science was held at Edinburgh from 2 to 9 August 1871 ( Report of the 41st meeting of the …
  • … Association for the Advancement of Science (1871): lxxxiii). The Darwins stayed at a …

From Herbert Spencer   2 May 1871

Summary

Intends to answer Sir A. Grant’s article if CD does not. [A. Grant, "Philosophy and Mr Darwin", Contemp. Rev. 17 (1871): 274–81; H. Spencer, "Mental evolution", Contemp. Rev. 17 (1871): 461–2.]

Author:  Herbert Spencer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 May 1871
Classmark:  DAR 177: 229
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7734

Matches: 10 hits

  • … From Herbert Spencer   2 May 1871
  • … DAR 177: 229 Herbert Spencer Bayswater 2 May 1871 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … and Mr Darwin", Contemp. Rev. 17 (1871): 274–81; H. Spencer, "Mental evolution", Contemp. …
  • … Rev. 17 (1871): 461–2. ] …
  • … Bibliography Grant, Alexander. 1871. Philosophy and Mr. Darwin. Contemporary Review 17: …
  • … Green, and Longmans. Spencer, Herbert. 1871. Mental evolution. Contemporary Review 17: …
  • … Queens Gardens | Bayswater, London, W. 2 May 1871. Dear M r . Darwin, It has occurred to …
  • … May issue of Contemporary Review ( Grant 1871 ). Grant argued that the differences between …
  • … alone had reason, or the ‘faculty of apprehending universals’ ( Grant 1871 , pp.  276–8). …
  • … the June issue of Contemporary Review ( Spencer 1871 ). He summarised the argument of his …

To J. V. Carus   25 April [1871]

Summary

Corrections for Descent. Has sold 6500 copies in England.

Has finished rough draft of Expression, but will put it aside for the summer.

Will refresh himself with some curious observations on the response of plants to certain stimuli.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Julius Victor Carus
Date:  25 Apr [1871]
Classmark:  Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz (Slg. Darmstaedter Lc 1859: Darwin, Charles, Bl. 62–63)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7715

Matches: 13 hits

  • … To J.  V.  Carus   25 April [1871] …
  • … Darwin, Charles, Bl. 62–63) Charles Robert Darwin Down 25 Apr [1871] Julius Victor Carus …
  • … and the letter from J.  V.  Carus, 22 April 1871 . CD refers to the second printing of …
  • … the German translation of Descent (Carus trans.  1871); see letter from J.   …
  • … V.  Carus, 22 April 1871 and n.  1. CD refers to John Murray. The letter to …
  • … Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. Freeman, Richard Broke. 1977. The works …
  • … Murray has not been found, but see the letter from R.  F.  Cooke, 26  April 1871 . A third …
  • … printing of Descent was made in April 1871 ( Freeman 1977 ). See letter from J.   …
  • … V.  Carus, 22 April 1871  and nn.  4 and 12. See …
  • … letter from J.  V.  Carus, 22 April 1871  and n.  3. …
  • … See letter to James Crichton-Browne, 18 April 1871 , n.  9. …
  • … war lasted from 19 July 1870 until 10 May 1871 ( Wawro  2003 ). See also Correspondence …
  • … war: the German conquest of France in 1870–1871. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. …

From Francis Darwin   [after 22 May 1871]

Summary

Explains about the attendance at St George’s hospital that is required for the MB examaminations, and how this would affect plans for a trip to north America.

Author:  Francis Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [after 22 May 1871]
Classmark:  Philip Trevelyan (private collection) DAR 274.1: 16
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7765G

Matches: 11 hits

  • … From Francis Darwin   [after 22 May 1871] …
  • … DAR 274.1: 16 Francis Darwin Cambridge [after 22 May 1871] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … CD had remarked on a review of Descent , Mivart  1871, and …
  • … Wallace 1871 by Neville …
  • … Goodman ( Goodman 1871 ; see letter to …
  • … Francis Darwin, 21 May [1871] and n.  6). …
  • … in relation to sex. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. Goodman, …
  • … Neville. 1871. Review of Descent , St. G. Mivart, Genesis of species and A. R. Wallace, …
  • … letter from Francis Darwin, [after 22 May 1871] . Francis was studying medicine at St …
  • … see letter to Francis Darwin, 16 May [1871] ). Edward Charles Stirling was a fellow …
  • … and the eyes of vertebrates, see the letter to Francis Darwin, 21 May [1871] and n.  10. …

From J. D. Hooker   5 August 1871

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Summary

Lengthy discussion of William Thomson’s address [BAAS, Edinburgh 1871].

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 Aug 1871
Classmark:  DAR 103: 73–77
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7896

Matches: 19 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   5 August 1871
  • … DAR 103: 73–77 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 5 Aug 1871 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Lengthy discussion of William Thomson’s address [BAAS, Edinburgh 1871]. …
  • … 2 vols. London: Benjamin Motte. Thomson, William. 1871. Presidential address. Report of …
  • … for the Advancement of Science, held at Edinburgh (1871): lxxxiv–cv. Tyndall, John. 1869. …
  • … Philosophical Magazine ,. [Read 8 April 1871 to the Cambridge Philosophical Society. ] 4th …
  • … for the Advancement of Science on 2 August 1871; the meeting took place in Edinburgh, and …
  • … of Scottish mathematicians and physicists ( Thomson 1871 ). The greater part of Thomson’ …
  • … had been published in The Times , 4 August 1871. Thomson concluded his address with a …
  • … authority of Thomas Henry Huxley ( Thomson 1871 , pp.  ciii–cv). In his own presidential …
  • … also letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 3 July 1871  and n.  4. Hooker refers to Frances Harriet …
  • … Henslow Hooker. See Journal of Botany 9 (1871): 244. The plant was incorrectly referred to …
  • … when illuminated by sunlight ( Thomson 1871 , pp.  ci and cii; see also Tait 1869b). …
  • … 17, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 7 August [1869] and n.  5. See Thomson 1871 , pp.  civ– …
  • … cv. See Thomson 1871 , p.  civ. Thomson alluded in his presidential address to John …
  • … for the works of Shakespeare ( Thomson 1871 , p.  cv; Herschel 1861 , p.  12 n. ). Laputa …
  • … as ‘solid and irrefragable’ ( Thomson 1871 , p.  cv). Thomson claimed, ‘overpoweringly …
  • … back upon us with irresistible force’ ( Thomson 1871 , p.  cv). For Huxley’s views on the …
  • … funds for scientific research ( Thomson 1871 , pp.  lxxxvii–xc). Alexander von Humboldt’s …

From James Croll   17 August 1871

Summary

Refused to write a treatise on geological time.

His paper on W. B. Carpenter’s theory of ocean currents is appearing soon.

Author:  James Croll
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 Aug 1871
Classmark:  DAR 161: 266
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7908

Matches: 12 hits

  • … From James Croll   17 August 1871
  • … DAR 161: 266 James Croll Edinburgh 17 Aug 1871 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … in the Philosophical Magazine in October 1871 as a response to William Benjamin Carpenter’ …
  • … Gibraltar current, the Gulf Stream, and general oceanic circulation’ ( Carpenter 1871 ). …
  • … Press. Carpenter, William Benjamin. 1871. On the Gibraltar current, the Gulf Stream, …
  • … general oceanic circulation. [Read 9 January 1871. ] Proceedings of the Royal Geographical …
  • … 40 (October 1870): 233–59; 42 (October 1871): 241–80; 47 (February 1874): 94–122, (March …
  • … Edinburgh August 17 th 1871 Dear Sir, I am much obliged to you for your letter of 19 th …
  • … CD’s letter to Croll of 19 July [1871] was a letter of introduction for Edward Livingston …
  • … see letter from G.  H.  Darwin, [17 July 1871] ). The question of the age of the earth had …
  • … especially chapter 3. See letter from G.  H.  Darwin, [17 July 1871] , n.  2. Croll had …
  • … Their intensity increased sharply in 1871, requiring him to take intermittent leave from …

To J. D. Hooker   6 August [1871]

Summary

Has read Thomson’s address with "greatest interest", but JDH has said exactly what he [CD] thinks of it.

Herschel’s was a good sneer. It made him add the Raphael Madonna simile in Descent [2: 142].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  6 Aug [1871]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 202–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7898

Matches: 15 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   6 August [1871] …
  • … 94: 202–3 Charles Robert Darwin Haredene, Albury Surrey 6 Aug [1871] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. Origin : On the origin of species by …
  • … Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. Thomson, William. 1871. Presidential address. Report of …
  • … between this letter and the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 5 August 1871 . Letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 5 August 1871 . The Darwins …
  • … rented Haredene from 28 July to 25 August 1871 (CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). Gomshall ( …
  • … British Association for the Advancement of Science, held at Edinburgh (1871): lxxxiv–cv. …
  • … Harriet Hooker. See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 5 August 1871 . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 5 August 1871  and n.  15. The lady has not been identified. CD refers to …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 5 August 1871  and nn.  1 and 4. Thomson rejected natural …
  • … endorsement of evolution, quoting the final paragraph of Origin ( Thomson 1871 , p.  cv). …
  • … to an account published in The Times , 5 August 1871, Thomas Henry Huxley, speaking in the …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 5 August 1871  and n.  9. CD refers to John Frederick …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 5 August 1871  and n.  7. In Descent , when arguing that …

From J. D. Hooker   15 August 1871

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Summary

Differences in violet and honeysuckle cases.

Huxley basted Thomson awfully in Section D [of BAAS].

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 Aug 1871
Classmark:  DAR 103: 78–79
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7905

Matches: 13 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   15 August 1871
  • … DAR 103: 78–79 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 15 Aug 1871 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Chambers Harrap Publishers. 1998. Thomson, William. 1871. Presidential address. Report of …
  • … British Association for the Advancement of Science, held at Edinburgh (1871): lxxxiv–cv. …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 6 August [1871] . The curator at the Royal Botanic Gardens, …
  • … Kew, was John Smith. See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 6 August [1871] and n.  9. See letter …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, 6 August [1871] and n.  4. Hooker refers to Thomas Henry …
  • … on earth carried by meteors ( Thomson 1871 ). Huxley attended the meeting of section D, …
  • … of Science meeting at Edinburgh in August 1871, as one of the section vice-presidents ( …
  • … for the Advancement of Science (1871): xlvi). William Thomson, in his presidential address …
  • … but rejected CD’s theory of natural selection ( Thomson 1871 ; see letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 5 August 1871 , and letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 6 August [1871] ). Baisted: i.e.  basted, beat with a stick ( Chambers ). …

From Emma Darwin to F. P. Cobbe   [25 February 1871]

Summary

Discusses CD’s and her own views on ‘moral sense’.

Author:  Emma Wedgwood; Emma Darwin
Addressee:  Frances Power Cobbe
Date:  [25 Feb 1871]
Classmark:  The Huntington Library (CB 390)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7516F

Matches: 13 hits

  • … From Emma Darwin to F.  P.  Cobbe   [25 February 1871] …
  • … Huntington Library (CB 390) Emma Wedgwood/Emma Darwin [25 Feb 1871] Frances Power Cobbe …
  • … would review Descent in the Echo (see letter to R.  F.  Cooke, 14 January [1871] ). A …
  • … review appeared in the Echo , 23 February 1871, p.  4; there is a copy in CD’s Scrapbook …
  • … reviews (DAR 226.2: 77). Cobbe reviewed Descent in the Theological Review in April 1871 ( …
  • … Cobbe 1871 ). James Martineau lived …
  • … at 10 Gordon Street ( Post Office London directory 1871). Mary Charlotte Lloyd. …
  • … Bibliography Cobbe, Frances Power. 1871. Darwinism in morals. Theological Review 8: 167– …
  • … By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. Post Office London directory : Post- …
  • … first Saturday after the review was published was 25 February 1871. The Darwins were at 6  …
  • … Street, London, from 23 February to 2 March 1871 (CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). Cobbe’s …
  • … has not been found. See letter from John Murray, 18 February [1871] . Murray had not …
  • … Cobbe’s review to appear before 24 February 1871, when Descent was published. CD had hoped …

To E. B. Tylor   2 October [1871]

Summary

CD advises publishing a short version of Primitive culture [1871] for the general reader.

Would like to see EBT, but his health has been bad and conversation is extremely tiring.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Edward Burnett Tylor
Date:  2 Oct [1871]
Classmark:  The British Library (Add MS 50524: 44–6)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7982

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To E.  B.  Tylor   2 October [1871] …
  • … Library (Add MS 50524: 44–6) Charles Robert Darwin Down 2 Oct [1871] Edward Burnett Tylor …
  • … Bibliography Tylor, Edward Burnett. 1871. Primitive culture: researches into the …
  • … a short version of Primitive culture [1871] for the general reader. Would like to see EBT, …
  • … CD refers to Tylor’s Primitive culture ( Tylor 1871 ). See letters to E.   …
  • … B.  Tylor, 30 April [1871] and n.   …
  • … 1, and 24 September [1871] . There is a note …
  • … Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242) for 1 October 1871 reading, ‘Mr Aubertin came’. John James …
  • … establishment in 1859 (see letter from J.  J.  Aubertin, 1 March 1871  and n.  1). …
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Darwin in letters, 1871: An emptying nest

Summary

The year 1871 was an extremely busy and productive one for Darwin, with the publication in February of his long-awaited book on human evolution, Descent of man. The other main preoccupation of the year was the preparation of his manuscript on expression.…

Matches: 30 hits

  • … The year 1871 was an extremely busy and productive one for Darwin, seeing the …
  • … promotes the sale’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 26 March 1871 ). The profits for Darwin were …
  • … first two printings, Darwin wrote to Murray on 20 March 1871 , ‘It is quite a grand trade to be a …
  • … in memory of the book’ ( letter to H. E. Darwin, 20 March 1871 ). Reaction …
  • … to read it ( letter from James Crichton-Browne, 19 February 1871 ). The African explorer and …
  • … pleasant or not’ (letter from W. W. Reade, 21 February 1871). The geologist William Boyd Dawkins …
  • … to buy them’ ( letter from W. B. Dawkins, 23 February 1871 ). Thomas Henry Huxley marvelled that …
  • … tide-marks!’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 20 February 1871 ). Asa Gray remarked, somewhat …
  • … and pointed ears”  (letter from Asa Gray, 14 April 1871) Like his previous book,  …
  • … arms and legs ( letter from C. L. Bernays, 25 February 1871 ). Samples of hair arrived from …
  • … his head ( letter from W. B. Tegetmeier, [before 25 April 1871] )). Hinrich Nitsche, ‘the lucky …
  • … orang-utan foetus ( letter from Hinrich Nitsche, 18 April 1871 ). Darwin thought he might use the …
  • … poor return’ ( letter to Hinrich Nitsche, 25 April [1871] ). Animal anecdotes appeared in …
  • … space each morning ( letter from Arthur Nicols, 7 March 1871 ; letter from B. J. Sulivan, 11 …
  • … of beauty ( letter from E. J. Pfeiffer, [before 26 April 1871] ). Roland Trimen, a long-time …
  • … in the past ( letter from Roland Trimen, 17 and 18 April 1871 ). Candid disagreement …
  • … were raised to a high pitch, as Innes wrote on 26 May 1871 about the darker races arising …
  • … as far as this goes’ ( letter to J. B. Innes, 29 May [1871] ). On religion and morality …
  • … Creator made it’ ( letter from George Morrish, 18 March 1871 ). Darwin received an anonymous …
  • … Descent  ( letter from a child of God, [after 24 February 1871] ). Yet some continued to …
  • … religious feeling’ ( letter from F. E. Abbot, 20 August 1871 ). The Anglican clergyman and …
  • … brethren’ ( letter from George Henslow, 5 December 1871 ). Ernst Haeckel boasted of his month …
  • … monkey !’ ( letter from Ernst Haeckel, 21 December 1871 ). Descent  was extensively …
  • … independent of all times and all circumstances’ (8 April 1871, p. 5). Darwin condemned the author of …
  • … & classics’ ( letter to John Murray, 13 April [1871] ). But a similar point was made by …
  • … the killing of some members of a hive a duty (Cobbe 1871, pp. 174, 188–9). Darwin was particularly …
  • … by culture, not biology ( letter from John Morley, 30 March 1871 ). Reaction at home …
  • … its master. ( Letter from Hensleigh Wedgwood, [3–9 March 1871] .) Some of Darwin’s …
  • … to me’ ( letter to Hensleigh Wedgwood, 9 March 1871 ). A widening rift By far the …
  • … 1871a), which appeared just prior to  Descent  in early 1871. ‘I daresay it will tell heavily …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 14 hits

  • … Blair, R.H. 11 July 1871 Worcester College for the …
  • … Brooke, C.A.J. 30 April 1871 Sarawak, Borneo …
  • … Chaumont, F.S.B.F. de 11 March 1871 Woolston, …
  • … Crichton-Browne, James 3 April 1871 West Riding …
  • … Donders, F.C. 28 March 1871 Utrecht, Netherlands …
  • … Foster, Michael 4 June [1871] Trinity College, …
  • … Gray, Asa 14 April 1871 Cambridge, Massachusetts, …
  • … Gray, Asa 10 & 14 March [1871] Cambridge, …
  • … Mivart, G.J. 26 Jan 1871 North Bank, London, England …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 1 Feb 1871 11 St Mary Abbot's …
  • … Rejlander, O.G. [1871] Victoria Street, London, …
  • … Smith, Andrew 1 Feb. 1871 11 Saint Mary Abbot's …
  • … Smith, Andrew 17 April 1871 16 Alexander Square, …
  • … Swinhoe, Robert 14 March 1871 33 Oakley Square, …

Frank Chance

Summary

The Darwin archive not only contains letters, manuscript material, photographs, books and articles but also all sorts of small, dry specimens, mostly enclosed with letters. Many of these enclosures have become separated from the letters or lost altogether,…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … first is undated but we know it was written before 25 April 1871 because Darwin alluded to a case …
  • … report by the pigeon-fancier W. B. Tegetmeier, 25 April [1871] . In his letter Chance is …
  • … (Letter from Frank Chance, [before 25 April 1871] ) Responding to this meticulous self …
  • … were very rare. When we were editing volume 19 (1871), Chance’s enclosure of beard and …
  • … : In your work on the ""Descent of Man"" (ed. 1871) ii. 298, 299, in …
  • … followed up on a similar case that CD had observed on 13 May 1871. William’s letter of 5 June 1871

Henrietta Emma Darwin

Summary

Henrietta “Etty” Darwin (1843–1927) was the eldest of Charles Darwin’s daughters to reach adulthood. She married Richard Buckley Litchfield in 1871. She was a valued editor to her father as well as companion and correspondent to both of her parents.…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … reach adulthood. She married Richard Buckley Litchfield in 1871. She was a valued editor to her …
  • … by her father for his scientific writing, particularly his 1871 work,   The Descent of Man .  In …

Darwin and the Church

Summary

The story of Charles Darwin’s involvement with the church is one that is told far too rarely. It shows another side of the man who is more often remembered for his personal struggles with faith, or for his role in large-scale controversies over the…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … [1850] and n. 6; and letter to J. B. Innes, 29 May [1871] ). Their true friendship does …
  • … request favourably—’ (letter from J. B. Innes, 26 May 1871 ). Indeed Innes had such a high …
  • … school and organ funds (letter to J. B. Innes, 13 January 1871 ). Down’s next clergyman …
  • … very dull sermons’ (letter to J. B. Innes, 18 January [1871] ). Mr Powell was happy to take up …
  • … qualifications’ (letter from J. B. Innes, 5 June 1871 ). Particularly in the early days of …

Moral Nature

Summary

In Descent of Man, Darwin argued that human morality had evolved from the social instincts of animals, especially the bonds of sympathy and love. Darwin gathered observations over many decades on animal behavior: the heroic sacrifices of social insects,…

Matches: 8 hits

  • … Letter 7048 : Darwin, W. E., to Darwin, C. R., [April? 1871] In Descent of man (1: 71 …
  • … Letter 7645 : Morley, John to Darwin, 30 March 1871 The politician and man of letters, …
  • … of Descent of Man in the Pall Mall Gazette (Morley 1871). Darwin admired the review, and …
  • … Letter 7685 : Darwin to Morley, John, 14 April [1871] "When I speak of intellectual …
  • … Letter 7691 , Morley, John, to Darwin, 17 April 1871 "I don't think Mr. Mill& …
  • … 7470 : Wedgwood, Hensleigh to Darwin, [before 3 March 1871] Darwin exchanged long letters …
  • … Letter 7537 : Darwin, C. R. to Wenslow, Hensleigh, 3 March [1871] Using the example of …
  • … 3. [ available at Darwinonline ] Cobbe, F. P. 1871. 'Darwinism in morals'. …

Strange things sent to Darwin in the post

Summary

Some of the stranger things Darwin received in the post can tell us a lot about how Darwin worked at home. In 1863, Darwin was very excited when the ornithologist Alfred Newton sent him a diseased, red-legged partridge foot with an enormous ball of clay…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … have germinated out of the dung ’.   In 1871, Darwin asked Ray Lankester to …
  • … enclosed with the letter from Hinrich Nitsche, 18 April 1871 (DAR 87: 46r) In Variation …

Darwin and vivisection

Summary

Darwin played an important role in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals brought an unsuccessful prosecution against a French physiologist who…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … heart’ ( Correspondence vol. 19, letter to ?, 19 May [1871] ). As a magistrate in Down, he had …
  • … vol. 19, letter to E. R. Lankester, 22 March [1871] ). In the same year, Darwin had published …
  • … of the British Association for the Advancement of Science in 1871 that outlined principles for …

Henrietta Darwin's diary

Summary

Darwin's daughter Henrietta kept a diary for a few momentous weeks in 1871. This was the year in which Descent of Man, the most controversial of her father's books after Origin itself, appeared, a book which she had helped him write. The small…

Matches: 8 hits

  • … wrote the following journal entries in March and July 1871 in a small lockable, leather-bound …
  • … by Henrietta herself. Darwin’s letters in 1870 and 1871 ( Correspondence , vols 18 and 19) …
  • … missions due to take place between 26 February and 5 March 1871 in four towns within the deanery of …
  • … from Charles and Emma Darwin to F. J. Wedgwood, [March 1871?], and letter from F. J. Wedgwood to H. …
  • … University Library. Henrietta Darwin | March 1871 1871 March— Sea Grove …
  • … away what they have no equivalent for. July 4th 1871. How hard it is to wait—the …
  • … I think I am a very happy woman. Sunday July 9 th . 1871 I want to think why I shd …
  • … mission leaders in the  Hampshire Advertiser , 21 January 1871, p. 7. 4 Probably John …

William Winwood Reade

Summary

On 19 May 1868, an African explorer and unsuccessful novelist, William Winwoode Reade (1838–1875) offered to help Darwin, and started a correspondence and, arguably, a collaboration, that would last until Reade's death. After a first 1861 tour of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … of it" – Winwood Reade to Charles Darwin, 31 January 1871 ) and sought Darwin’s advice on …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Letter 7624 - Bathoe, M . B. to Darwin, [25 March 1871] Mary Bathoe responds …
  • … Letter 7644 - Barnard, A. to Darwin, [30 March 1871] J. S. Henslow’s daughter, …
  • … 7651 - Wedgwood, F. J. to Darwin, H. E., [1 April 1871] Frances Wedgwood offers …
  • … 7411 - Pfeiffer, E. J. to Darwin, [before 26 April 1871] The poet Emily Pfeiffer …
  • … Letter 8055 - Hennell, S. S. to Darwin, [7 November 1871] Sarah Hennell writes to Darwin …

Francis Galton

Summary

Galton was a naturalist, statistician, and evolutionary theorist. He was a second cousin of Darwin’s, having descended from his grandfather, Erasmus. Born in Birmingham in 1822, Galton studied medicine at King’s College, London, and also read mathematics…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … his results tended to disprove Darwin’s theory (Galton 1871). This brought a quick rejoinder from …
  • … together to facilitate cross-circulation ( 13 September 1871 ). His views on inheritance continued …

Capturing Darwin’s voice: audio of selected letters

Summary

On a sunny Wednesday in June 2011 in a makeshift recording studio somewhere in Cambridge, we were very pleased to welcome Terry Molloy back to the Darwin Correspondence Project for a special recording session. Terry, known for his portrayal of Davros in Dr…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … politely worded rebuke to St G. J. Mivart ( 21 April [1871] ) for  the inadequacies, as Darwin saw …

Have you read the one about....

Summary

... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some serious - but all letters you can read here.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … ... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some …

Darwin on human evolution

Summary

'I hear that Ladies think it delightful reading, but that it does not do to talk about it, which no doubt promotes the sale.' For the first time online you can now read the full texts of nearly 800 letters Darwin wrote and received during 1871,…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Darwin wrote and received more than 800 letters during 1871, the year in which Descent of man , …
  • … and work for this year in  Darwin's life in letters, 1871: An emptying nest . …
  • … had published a short paper on the action of earthworms; in 1871, he was able to make exact …
  • … margin: 10px;","class":"media-element file-default"}}]] In 1871, Darwin& …

Darwin in public and private

Summary

Extracts from Darwin's published works, in particular Descent of man, and selected letters, explore Darwin's views on the operation of sexual selection in humans, and both his publicly and privately expressed views on its practical implications…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … in relation to sex , (London: John Murray, 1st ed., 1871), vol. 1., pp. 207 – 208. 3) “Man …
  • … and has a more inventive genius…”   Descent (1871), vol. 2, pp. 316 – 317. 4) …
  • … greater tenderness and less selfishness…” Descent (1871), vol. 2, pp. 326 – 327. 5) “The …
  • … merely the use of the senses and hands….”  Descent (1871), vol. 2, pp. 327. 6) “…Thus man …
  • … is in ornamental plumage to the peahen.”   Descent (1871), vol. 2, pp. 328 – 329. 7) …
  • … chiefly to her adult daughters….”  Descent (1871), vol. 2, p. 329. 8) “Man is more …
  • … should have gained the power of selection…” Descent (1871), vol. 2, pp. 371 – 372. …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Letter 7433  - Wedgwood,  F. to Darwin, [9 January 1871] Darwin’s brother-in-law, …
  • … Letter 8113 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [20 December 1871] Mary Treat describes her …
  • … Letter 7605  - Darwin to Darwin,  H. E., [20 March 1871] Darwin reports to …
  • … Letter 7858 - Darwin to Wa llace, A. R., [12 July 1871] Darwin tells Wallace that …
  • … 8089 - Darwin to Litc hfield, H. E., [2 December 1871] Darwin sends a chapter on …

John Lubbock

Summary

John Lubbock was eight years old when the Darwins moved into the neighbouring property of Down House, Down, Kent; the total of one hundred and seventy surviving letters he went on to exchange with Darwin is a large number considering that the two men lived…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … parliament to include a question on cousin-marriage in the 1871 census.  This was unsuccessful, but …
  • … to carry off anothers wife? ( from John Lubbock, 18 March [1871] ). It was Lubbock who drew …

Darwin's bad days

Summary

Despite being a prolific worker who had many successes with his scientific theorising and experimenting, even Darwin had some bad days. These times when nothing appeared to be going right are well illustrated by the following quotations from his letters:

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Despite being a prolific worker who had many successes with his scientific theorising and …

Science: A Man’s World?

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters Darwin's correspondence show that many nineteenth-century women participated in the world of science, be it as experimenters, observers, editors, critics, producers, or consumers. Despite this, much of the…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 8055 - Hennell, S. S. to Darwin, [7 November 1871] Sarah Hennell writes to Darwin …
  • … Letter 8079 - Norton, S. R. to Darwin, [20 November 1871] Sarah Norton passes on to …
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