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From H. W. Bates   10 September 1868

Summary

Because of work on the first number of the new Royal Geographical Society magazine, a manual of geography, and other things, HWB finds he must decline CD’s invitation.

Author:  Henry Walter Bates
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Sept 1868
Classmark:  DAR 160: 85
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6360

Matches: 4 hits

  • … in the third edition of Hints for travellers , though it was not published until 1871 ( …
  • … Bates 1871 ).The third edition was published in the Proceedings of the Royal Geographical …
  • … Bibliography Bates, Henry Walter. 1871. Hints on the collection of objects of natural …
  • … by George Back et al. Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society 16 (1871–2): 67–78. …

To Eduard Koch   27 August 1868

Summary

Would like to see reviews of book [Variation].

Health has lately been indifferent.

Cannot at present pledge to give [EK?] translation rights to next book.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Eduard Koch
Date:  27 Aug 1868
Classmark:  Interlibrium (Cat. 276)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6332

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. Variation : The variation of animals and plants …
  • … by CD was Descent , a two-volume work, in 1871. The German translation was made by Julius …
  • … and published by Schweizerbart (Carus trans.  1871). The original letter is complete; the …

From Roland Trimen   13 January 1868

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Summary

Variations in the ocelli of Lepidoptera.

Encloses six pages from his catalogue of S. African butterflies [Rhopalocera Africae australis, 2 pts (1862, 1866)].

Author:  Roland Trimen
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  13 Jan 1868
Classmark:  DAR 84.1: 40–2, 168
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5785

Matches: 3 hits

  • … he later received in the letter from George Fraser, 12 April 1871 ( Calendar no.  7677). …
  • … subsequently published in Nature , April 1871, p.  489; CD cited this article in Descent …
  • … By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. McCracken, Donal P. 1997. Gardens of …

From William Thomas Bridges?   14 July [1868–70?]

Summary

Asks CD what prompts dogs of all kinds to roll themselves in decayed animal matter; inherited habit or immediate gratification?

Author:  William Thomas Bridges
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 July [1868-70]
Classmark:  DAR 160: 308
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13782

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. Endacott, George Beer. 1962. A biographical …
  • … 2: 281; Descent was published in early 1871. Bridges may have surmised that CD would have …

To Ernst Haeckel   7 November 1868

Summary

Thanks for [Natürliche] Schöpfungsgeschichte [1868]. "What an indomitable worker you are."

Agrees with EH’s Entstehung des Menschengeschlechts [1868].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Ernst Philipp August (Ernst) Haeckel
Date:  7 Nov 1868
Classmark:  Ernst-Haeckel-Haus (Bestand A-Abt. 1: 1–52/19)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6450

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. Marginalia : Charles Darwin’s marginalia. …
  • … 60). Agnes Haeckel. Descent was published in 1871; CD’s ‘last book’ was Variation . The …

To Fritz Müller   17 August 1868

Summary

FM’s additions for English edition [1869] of Für Darwin.

Dimorphic plants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Date:  17 Aug 1868
Classmark:  The British Library (Loan MS 10 no 25)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6320

Matches: 2 hits

  • … University Press. 1985–. Müller, Fritz. 1871. Ueber den Trimorphismus der Pontederien. …
  • … Müller published on Pontederia in F.  Müller 1871 . Eschscholtzia californica. See letter …

To Henry Austin Bruce   24 August [1868?]

Summary

Thanks correspondent for information. CD does not care much for more cases of striped asses,

but is pleased at the interesting case of the affectionate jackal that licks like a domestic dog.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Austin Bruce, 1st Baron Aberdare
Date:  24 Aug [1868?]
Classmark:  Sir Brooke Boothby (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6330

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. Expression : The expression of the emotions in …
  • … to work in earnest on Descent (published 1871) and Expression (published in 1872). Bruce’s …

To Cassell, Petter & Galpin   [August–December 1868]

Summary

CD arranges for copies of some blocks [for use in Descent] from Brehm’s [Illustrirtes Thierleben (1864–7)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Cassell Petter & Galpin
Date:  [Aug–Dec 1868]
Classmark:  DAR 96: 52
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6300

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. Orchids : On the various contrivances …
  • … 22 December 1868 . Descent was published in 1871. Murray supplied stereotypes of the …

From A. R. Wallace   4 October 1868

Summary

Sexual differences in coloration. Sexual selection versus natural selection as explanations. ARW continues to argue against sexual selection, saying that natural selection, in keeping the female dull for protection, would account for differences in sexual colouring more effectively than inheritance and partial transmission of sexually selected male colours. Colours of female birds of paradise. Protective coloration. Disagrees with CD on coincidence of hidden nests and bright colours of females.

Author:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 Oct 1868
Classmark:  DAR 106: B68–69
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6408

Matches: 2 hits

  • … The descent of man, and selection in relation to sex ( Descent ) was published in 1871. …
  • … By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. Van Son, G. 1949. The butterfiles of …

To Ernst Haeckel   3 July 1868

Summary

Thanks for two small works.

Will read essay on man [Entstehung des Menschengeschlechts] with much interest.

Generelle Morphologie reviewed by G. Bentham ["Anniversary Address", Proc. Linn. Soc. Lond. (1867–8): lviii–c].

Extremely sceptical of hare–rabbit hybrid.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Ernst Philipp August (Ernst) Haeckel
Date:  3 July 1868
Classmark:  Ernst-Haeckel-Haus (Bestand A-Abt. 1:1–52/18)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6265

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. Haeckel, Ernst. 1866. Generelle Morphologie der …
  • … to Descent , which was published in early 1871. CD cited Haeckel 1868b in Descent 1: 199. …

From E. A. Darwin   [September 1868 – August 1870]

Summary

Sends a bill he thinks is Caroline’s.

Tells CD of officers’ praise of Leonard.

Author:  Erasmus Alvey Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [Sept 1868 – Aug 1870]
Classmark:  DAR 105: B73
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7047

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Darwin was a student from August 1868 until 1871. Sylvester’s successor at Woolwich was …

From Fritz Müller   9 September 1868

Summary

Will repeat CD’s experiments on dimorphic and trimorphic plants.

Auditory organs of Orthoptera; stridulation in lamellicorn beetles.

Author:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  9 Sept 1868
Classmark:  DAR 82: A92, Möller ed. 1915–21, 2: 146–7.
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6359

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. Forms of flowers : The different forms …
  • … in 5. Jena: Gustav Fischer. Müller, Fritz. 1871. Ueber den Trimorphismus der Pontederien. …
  • … references to CD’s work, see F.  Müller 1871 . Manettia bicolor is a synonym of M.  luteo- …

To Fritz Müller   3 April [1868]

Summary

Movement in plants.

Dimorphism.

Would welcome FM’s opinion of Pangenesis.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Date:  3 Apr [1868]
Classmark:  The British Library (Loan MS 10 no 23)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6085

Matches: 2 hits

  • … London: John Murray. 1880. Müller, Fritz. 1871. Ueber den Trimorphismus der Pontederien. …
  • … Müller’s article on the topic, F.  Müller 1871 , in Forms of flowers , pp.  183–5. On some …

To Francis Trevelyan Buckland   12 February [1868]

Summary

CD is much interested in FB’s remarks in Land and Water on the apparent excess of male trout over females and asks for further information on other fish, birds, and domestic quadrupeds.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Trevelyan (Frank) Buckland
Date:  12 Feb [1868]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5866

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. Lord, John Keast. 1866. The naturalist …

To Alphonse de Candolle   6 July 1868

Summary

Thanks AdeC for his long letter full of interesting facts, which will be of great use if a new edition [of Variation] is demanded.

As for when CD will publish on variation in a state of nature: he has had the MS almost ready for several years but Variation fatigued him so much

that "I determined to amuse myself by publishing a short essay on the Descent of Man".

AdeC will have plenty of time to publish his views. Asks permission to quote AdeC on a case of inheritance of scalp-muscles [see Descent 1: 20].

Hooker has expressed a view, similar to AdeC’s, "that morals & politics would be very interesting if discussed like any branch of Natural History".

Agrees with AdeC on acclimatisation

and on graft-hybrids.

CD is repeating Hildebrand’s method in producing graft-hybrid potatoes.

As for Pangenesis, very few people approve of it though it has some enthusiastic friends and CD has much faith in its vitality.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alphonse de Candolle
Date:  6 July 1868
Classmark:  Archives de la famille de Candolle (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6269

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. Expression : The expression of the emotions in …
  • … 4, Appendix III). CD published Descent in 1871, and Expression in 1872. CD cited Candolle …

To Deane Parker Pennethorne   22 May [1868]

Summary

Comments on DP’s paper on man ["Transmutation of man according to the Darwinian theory" (n.d.)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Deane Parker Pennethorne
Date:  22 May [1868]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.350)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6198

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. Variation : The variation of animals and plants …

From A. R. Wallace   [14 September 1868]

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Summary

On sounds produced by Euchirus longimanus beetle. Sends a pair by post.

Author:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [14 Sept 1868]
Classmark:  DAR 82: A25–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6364

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. Index animalium : Index animalium sive …

From C. O. Waterhouse    19 February 1868

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Summary

Coloration of blind beetles.

Sizes of sexes in Taphroderes.

Author:  Charles Owen Waterhouse
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 Feb 1868
Classmark:  DAR 82: A76–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5897

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. Murray, Andrew. 1857. On insect-vision …

To Robert McLachlan   25 February [1868]

Summary

Is obliged for the facts about the hybrids [see 5910], which permit him to reject the view of B. D. Walsh (and H. W. Bates?) that organs play an important part in keeping incipient species distinct.

He has asked John Murray to send RM a copy of Variation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Robert McLachlan
Date:  25 Feb [1868]
Classmark:  Smithsonian Libraries and Archives (Dibner Library of the History of Science and Technology)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5934B

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. Variation : The variation of animals and plants …

To Albert Günther   23 March [1868]

Summary

Asks AG for details of variation in patterning of the banded snake.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Albrecht Carl Ludwig Gotthilf (Albert) Günther
Date:  23 Mar [1868]
Classmark:  Shrewsbury School, Taylor Library
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6043

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. Gunther, Albert E. 1972. The original …
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Darwin in letters, 1871: An emptying nest

Summary

The year 1871 was an extremely busy and productive one for Darwin, with the publication in February of his long-awaited book on human evolution, Descent of man. The other main preoccupation of the year was the preparation of his manuscript on expression.…

Matches: 30 hits

  • … The year 1871 was an extremely busy and productive one for Darwin, seeing the …
  • … promotes the sale’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 26 March 1871 ). The profits for Darwin were …
  • … first two printings, Darwin wrote to Murray on 20 March 1871 , ‘It is quite a grand trade to be a …
  • … in memory of the book’ ( letter to H. E. Darwin, 20 March 1871 ). Reaction …
  • … to read it ( letter from James Crichton-Browne, 19 February 1871 ). The African explorer and …
  • … pleasant or not’ (letter from W. W. Reade, 21 February 1871). The geologist William Boyd Dawkins …
  • … to buy them’ ( letter from W. B. Dawkins, 23 February 1871 ). Thomas Henry Huxley marvelled that …
  • … tide-marks!’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 20 February 1871 ). Asa Gray remarked, somewhat …
  • … and pointed ears”  (letter from Asa Gray, 14 April 1871) Like his previous book,  …
  • … arms and legs ( letter from C. L. Bernays, 25 February 1871 ). Samples of hair arrived from …
  • … his head ( letter from W. B. Tegetmeier, [before 25 April 1871] )). Hinrich Nitsche, ‘the lucky …
  • … orang-utan foetus ( letter from Hinrich Nitsche, 18 April 1871 ). Darwin thought he might use the …
  • … poor return’ ( letter to Hinrich Nitsche, 25 April [1871] ). Animal anecdotes appeared in …
  • … space each morning ( letter from Arthur Nicols, 7 March 1871 ; letter from B. J. Sulivan, 11 …
  • … of beauty ( letter from E. J. Pfeiffer, [before 26 April 1871] ). Roland Trimen, a long-time …
  • … in the past ( letter from Roland Trimen, 17 and 18 April 1871 ). Candid disagreement …
  • … were raised to a high pitch, as Innes wrote on 26 May 1871 about the darker races arising …
  • … as far as this goes’ ( letter to J. B. Innes, 29 May [1871] ). On religion and morality …
  • … Creator made it’ ( letter from George Morrish, 18 March 1871 ). Darwin received an anonymous …
  • … Descent  ( letter from a child of God, [after 24 February 1871] ). Yet some continued to …
  • … religious feeling’ ( letter from F. E. Abbot, 20 August 1871 ). The Anglican clergyman and …
  • … brethren’ ( letter from George Henslow, 5 December 1871 ). Ernst Haeckel boasted of his month …
  • … monkey !’ ( letter from Ernst Haeckel, 21 December 1871 ). Descent  was extensively …
  • … independent of all times and all circumstances’ (8 April 1871, p. 5). Darwin condemned the author of …
  • … & classics’ ( letter to John Murray, 13 April [1871] ). But a similar point was made by …
  • … the killing of some members of a hive a duty (Cobbe 1871, pp. 174, 188–9). Darwin was particularly …
  • … by culture, not biology ( letter from John Morley, 30 March 1871 ). Reaction at home …
  • … its master. ( Letter from Hensleigh Wedgwood, [3–9 March 1871] .) Some of Darwin’s …
  • … to me’ ( letter to Hensleigh Wedgwood, 9 March 1871 ). A widening rift By far the …
  • … 1871a), which appeared just prior to  Descent  in early 1871. ‘I daresay it will tell heavily …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 14 hits

  • … Blair, R.H. 11 July 1871 Worcester College for the …
  • … Brooke, C.A.J. 30 April 1871 Sarawak, Borneo …
  • … Chaumont, F.S.B.F. de 11 March 1871 Woolston, …
  • … Crichton-Browne, James 3 April 1871 West Riding …
  • … Donders, F.C. 28 March 1871 Utrecht, Netherlands …
  • … Foster, Michael 4 June [1871] Trinity College, …
  • … Gray, Asa 14 April 1871 Cambridge, Massachusetts, …
  • … Gray, Asa 10 & 14 March [1871] Cambridge, …
  • … Mivart, G.J. 26 Jan 1871 North Bank, London, England …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 1 Feb 1871 11 St Mary Abbot's …
  • … Rejlander, O.G. [1871] Victoria Street, London, …
  • … Smith, Andrew 1 Feb. 1871 11 Saint Mary Abbot's …
  • … Smith, Andrew 17 April 1871 16 Alexander Square, …
  • … Swinhoe, Robert 14 March 1871 33 Oakley Square, …

Frank Chance

Summary

The Darwin archive not only contains letters, manuscript material, photographs, books and articles but also all sorts of small, dry specimens, mostly enclosed with letters. Many of these enclosures have become separated from the letters or lost altogether,…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … first is undated but we know it was written before 25 April 1871 because Darwin alluded to a case …
  • … report by the pigeon-fancier W. B. Tegetmeier, 25 April [1871] . In his letter Chance is …
  • … (Letter from Frank Chance, [before 25 April 1871] ) Responding to this meticulous self …
  • … were very rare. When we were editing volume 19 (1871), Chance’s enclosure of beard and …
  • … : In your work on the ""Descent of Man"" (ed. 1871) ii. 298, 299, in …
  • … followed up on a similar case that CD had observed on 13 May 1871. William’s letter of 5 June 1871

Henrietta Emma Darwin

Summary

Henrietta “Etty” Darwin (1843–1927) was the eldest of Charles Darwin’s daughters to reach adulthood. She married Richard Buckley Litchfield in 1871. She was a valued editor to her father as well as companion and correspondent to both of her parents.…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … reach adulthood. She married Richard Buckley Litchfield in 1871. She was a valued editor to her …
  • … by her father for his scientific writing, particularly his 1871 work,   The Descent of Man .  In …

Darwin and the Church

Summary

The story of Charles Darwin’s involvement with the church is one that is told far too rarely. It shows another side of the man who is more often remembered for his personal struggles with faith, or for his role in large-scale controversies over the…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … [1850] and n. 6; and letter to J. B. Innes, 29 May [1871] ). Their true friendship does …
  • … request favourably—’ (letter from J. B. Innes, 26 May 1871 ). Indeed Innes had such a high …
  • … school and organ funds (letter to J. B. Innes, 13 January 1871 ). Down’s next clergyman …
  • … very dull sermons’ (letter to J. B. Innes, 18 January [1871] ). Mr Powell was happy to take up …
  • … qualifications’ (letter from J. B. Innes, 5 June 1871 ). Particularly in the early days of …

Moral Nature

Summary

In Descent of Man, Darwin argued that human morality had evolved from the social instincts of animals, especially the bonds of sympathy and love. Darwin gathered observations over many decades on animal behavior: the heroic sacrifices of social insects,…

Matches: 8 hits

  • … Letter 7048 : Darwin, W. E., to Darwin, C. R., [April? 1871] In Descent of man (1: 71 …
  • … Letter 7645 : Morley, John to Darwin, 30 March 1871 The politician and man of letters, …
  • … of Descent of Man in the Pall Mall Gazette (Morley 1871). Darwin admired the review, and …
  • … Letter 7685 : Darwin to Morley, John, 14 April [1871] "When I speak of intellectual …
  • … Letter 7691 , Morley, John, to Darwin, 17 April 1871 "I don't think Mr. Mill& …
  • … 7470 : Wedgwood, Hensleigh to Darwin, [before 3 March 1871] Darwin exchanged long letters …
  • … Letter 7537 : Darwin, C. R. to Wenslow, Hensleigh, 3 March [1871] Using the example of …
  • … 3. [ available at Darwinonline ] Cobbe, F. P. 1871. 'Darwinism in morals'. …

Strange things sent to Darwin in the post

Summary

Some of the stranger things Darwin received in the post can tell us a lot about how Darwin worked at home. In 1863, Darwin was very excited when the ornithologist Alfred Newton sent him a diseased, red-legged partridge foot with an enormous ball of clay…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … have germinated out of the dung ’.   In 1871, Darwin asked Ray Lankester to …
  • … enclosed with the letter from Hinrich Nitsche, 18 April 1871 (DAR 87: 46r) In Variation …

Darwin and vivisection

Summary

Darwin played an important role in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals brought an unsuccessful prosecution against a French physiologist who…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … heart’ ( Correspondence vol. 19, letter to ?, 19 May [1871] ). As a magistrate in Down, he had …
  • … vol. 19, letter to E. R. Lankester, 22 March [1871] ). In the same year, Darwin had published …
  • … of the British Association for the Advancement of Science in 1871 that outlined principles for …

Henrietta Darwin's diary

Summary

Darwin's daughter Henrietta kept a diary for a few momentous weeks in 1871. This was the year in which Descent of Man, the most controversial of her father's books after Origin itself, appeared, a book which she had helped him write. The small…

Matches: 8 hits

  • … wrote the following journal entries in March and July 1871 in a small lockable, leather-bound …
  • … by Henrietta herself. Darwin’s letters in 1870 and 1871 ( Correspondence , vols 18 and 19) …
  • … missions due to take place between 26 February and 5 March 1871 in four towns within the deanery of …
  • … from Charles and Emma Darwin to F. J. Wedgwood, [March 1871?], and letter from F. J. Wedgwood to H. …
  • … University Library. Henrietta Darwin | March 1871 1871 March— Sea Grove …
  • … away what they have no equivalent for. July 4th 1871. How hard it is to wait—the …
  • … I think I am a very happy woman. Sunday July 9 th . 1871 I want to think why I shd …
  • … mission leaders in the  Hampshire Advertiser , 21 January 1871, p. 7. 4 Probably John …

William Winwood Reade

Summary

On 19 May 1868, an African explorer and unsuccessful novelist, William Winwoode Reade (1838–1875) offered to help Darwin, and started a correspondence and, arguably, a collaboration, that would last until Reade's death. After a first 1861 tour of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … of it" – Winwood Reade to Charles Darwin, 31 January 1871 ) and sought Darwin’s advice on …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Letter 7624 - Bathoe, M . B. to Darwin, [25 March 1871] Mary Bathoe responds …
  • … Letter 7644 - Barnard, A. to Darwin, [30 March 1871] J. S. Henslow’s daughter, …
  • … 7651 - Wedgwood, F. J. to Darwin, H. E., [1 April 1871] Frances Wedgwood offers …
  • … 7411 - Pfeiffer, E. J. to Darwin, [before 26 April 1871] The poet Emily Pfeiffer …
  • … Letter 8055 - Hennell, S. S. to Darwin, [7 November 1871] Sarah Hennell writes to Darwin …

Francis Galton

Summary

Galton was a naturalist, statistician, and evolutionary theorist. He was a second cousin of Darwin’s, having descended from his grandfather, Erasmus. Born in Birmingham in 1822, Galton studied medicine at King’s College, London, and also read mathematics…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … his results tended to disprove Darwin’s theory (Galton 1871). This brought a quick rejoinder from …
  • … together to facilitate cross-circulation ( 13 September 1871 ). His views on inheritance continued …

Capturing Darwin’s voice: audio of selected letters

Summary

On a sunny Wednesday in June 2011 in a makeshift recording studio somewhere in Cambridge, we were very pleased to welcome Terry Molloy back to the Darwin Correspondence Project for a special recording session. Terry, known for his portrayal of Davros in Dr…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … politely worded rebuke to St G. J. Mivart ( 21 April [1871] ) for  the inadequacies, as Darwin saw …

Have you read the one about....

Summary

... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some serious - but all letters you can read here.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … ... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some …

Darwin on human evolution

Summary

'I hear that Ladies think it delightful reading, but that it does not do to talk about it, which no doubt promotes the sale.' For the first time online you can now read the full texts of nearly 800 letters Darwin wrote and received during 1871,…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Darwin wrote and received more than 800 letters during 1871, the year in which Descent of man , …
  • … and work for this year in  Darwin's life in letters, 1871: An emptying nest . …
  • … had published a short paper on the action of earthworms; in 1871, he was able to make exact …
  • … margin: 10px;","class":"media-element file-default"}}]] In 1871, Darwin& …

Darwin in public and private

Summary

Extracts from Darwin's published works, in particular Descent of man, and selected letters, explore Darwin's views on the operation of sexual selection in humans, and both his publicly and privately expressed views on its practical implications…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … in relation to sex , (London: John Murray, 1st ed., 1871), vol. 1., pp. 207 – 208. 3) “Man …
  • … and has a more inventive genius…”   Descent (1871), vol. 2, pp. 316 – 317. 4) …
  • … greater tenderness and less selfishness…” Descent (1871), vol. 2, pp. 326 – 327. 5) “The …
  • … merely the use of the senses and hands….”  Descent (1871), vol. 2, pp. 327. 6) “…Thus man …
  • … is in ornamental plumage to the peahen.”   Descent (1871), vol. 2, pp. 328 – 329. 7) …
  • … chiefly to her adult daughters….”  Descent (1871), vol. 2, p. 329. 8) “Man is more …
  • … should have gained the power of selection…” Descent (1871), vol. 2, pp. 371 – 372. …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Letter 7433  - Wedgwood,  F. to Darwin, [9 January 1871] Darwin’s brother-in-law, …
  • … Letter 8113 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [20 December 1871] Mary Treat describes her …
  • … Letter 7605  - Darwin to Darwin,  H. E., [20 March 1871] Darwin reports to …
  • … Letter 7858 - Darwin to Wa llace, A. R., [12 July 1871] Darwin tells Wallace that …
  • … 8089 - Darwin to Litc hfield, H. E., [2 December 1871] Darwin sends a chapter on …

John Lubbock

Summary

John Lubbock was eight years old when the Darwins moved into the neighbouring property of Down House, Down, Kent; the total of one hundred and seventy surviving letters he went on to exchange with Darwin is a large number considering that the two men lived…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … parliament to include a question on cousin-marriage in the 1871 census.  This was unsuccessful, but …
  • … to carry off anothers wife? ( from John Lubbock, 18 March [1871] ). It was Lubbock who drew …

Darwin's bad days

Summary

Despite being a prolific worker who had many successes with his scientific theorising and experimenting, even Darwin had some bad days. These times when nothing appeared to be going right are well illustrated by the following quotations from his letters:

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Despite being a prolific worker who had many successes with his scientific theorising and …

Science: A Man’s World?

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters Darwin's correspondence show that many nineteenth-century women participated in the world of science, be it as experimenters, observers, editors, critics, producers, or consumers. Despite this, much of the…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 8055 - Hennell, S. S. to Darwin, [7 November 1871] Sarah Hennell writes to Darwin …
  • … Letter 8079 - Norton, S. R. to Darwin, [20 November 1871] Sarah Norton passes on to …
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