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To A. R. Wallace   24 March [1871]

Summary

On the flourishing sales of their respective books. Mentions reviews of Descent in Pall Mall Gazette [21 Mar 1871] and in the Spectator [11 Mar 1871, pp. 288–9; 18 Mar 1871, pp. 319–20].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  24 Mar [1871]
Classmark:  The British Library (Add MS 46434)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7616

Matches: 14 hits

  • … To A.  R.  Wallace   24 March [1871] …
  • … Library (Add MS 46434) Charles Robert Darwin Down 24 Mar [1871] Alfred Russel Wallace …
  • … and selection in relation to sex. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. …
  • … books. Mentions reviews of Descent in Pall Mall Gazette [21 Mar 1871] and in the …
  • … Spectator [11 Mar 1871, pp. …
  • … 288–9; 18 Mar 1871, pp. 319–20]. …
  • … Wallace 1871b), published in the second half of March 1871 ( Publishers’ Circular , …
  • … 1 April 1871, p.  211). CD’s copy is in the Darwin Library–Down. The …
  • … see letter from John Murray, 22 March 1871 ). CD refers to Philip Brookes Mason. See …
  • … letter to P.  B.  Mason, 24 March [1871] and n.  1. …
  • … letter from Wallace is that of [15 March 1871]; CD had already acknowledged it ( letter to …
  • … A.  R.  Wallace, 16 March 1871 ). CD refers to the …
  • … second part of [Morley] 1871a, which appeared on 21 March 1871, and to a review in …
  • … the Spectator , 11 and 18 March 1871, pp.  288–9 and 319–20. …

From A. R. Wallace   7 August 1871

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Summary

Sends notes on Fritz Müller’s letter.

Author:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Aug 1871
Classmark:  DAR 89: 85–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7899

Matches: 13 hits

  • … From A.  R.  Wallace   7 August 1871
  • … DAR 89: 85–6 Alfred Russel Wallace Barking 7 Aug 1871 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … province (now state), Brazil. See letter from Fritz Müller, 14 June  1871  and n.  14. …
  • … See letter to Fritz Müller, 2 August [1871] . CD had suggested …
  • … that the letter from Fritz Müller, 14 June [1871] , should be published ( letter to A.   …
  • … R.  Wallace, 1 August [1871] ). There is no evidence that CD submitted it for publication …
  • … Letter from Fritz Müller, 14 June 1871 . See also letters to A.   …
  • … R.  Wallace, 1 August [1871] and …
  • … 4 August [1871] . See …
  • … letter from Fritz Müller, 14 June 1871  and n.  4. …
  • … See letter from Fritz Müller, 14 June 1871  and n.  5. …
  • … See letter from Fritz Müller, 14 June 1871  and n.  7. Müller lived in Santa …
  • … Holly House, Barking, E. Aug.  7th.  1871 Dear Darwin I send a few notes on Fritz Muller’s …

To A. R. Wallace   30 January [1871]

Summary

Responds to ARW’s comments on CD’s argument about protection in Descent.

Comments on St G. Mivart’s criticism [Genesis of species (1871)]. "The pendulum will now swing against us."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  30 Jan [1871]
Classmark:  The British Library (Add MS 46434)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7464

Matches: 14 hits

  • … To A.  R.  Wallace   30 January [1871] …
  • … Library (Add MS 46434) Charles Robert Darwin Down 30 Jan [1871] Alfred Russel Wallace …
  • … Mivart’s criticism [ Genesis of species (1871)]. "The pendulum will now swing against us." …
  • … Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. Variation : The variation of animals and plants …
  • … letter to St G.  J.  Mivart, 26 January [1871] and n.  5. CD refers to Variation . Mivart …
  • … in chapter 5 of Descent . See letter from St G.  J.  Mivart, 26 January 1871  and n.  8. …
  • … this letter and the letter from A.  R.  Wallace, 27 January 1871 . See letter from A.   …
  • … R.  Wallace, 27 January 1871 . See letter from A.   …
  • … R.  Wallace, 27 January 1871  and n.  2, and Descent 1: 405. CD doubted that the dull …
  • … letter to Francis Darwin, [after 21 January 1871] and nn.  2 and 4, and letters from St …
  • … G.  J.  Mivart, 22 January 1871 , 24  …
  • … January 1871 , and …
  • … 26 January 1871 . In Mivart 1871a, p.  10, Mivart referred to Wallace’s ‘noble self- …
  • … to Francis Darwin, [after 21 January 1871] and nn.  5 and 6. On the lungs as a modified …

To A. R. Wallace   9 July [1871]

Summary

Requests advice about Chauncey Wright’s article on Mivart’s Genesis of species [North Am. Rev. 113 (1871): 64–103]. CD thinks of publishing it as a pamphlet to counter impact of Mivart’s criticism of natural selection.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  9 July [1871]
Classmark:  The British Library (Add MS 46434)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7855

Matches: 12 hits

  • … To A.  R.  Wallace   9 July [1871] …
  • … Library (Add MS 46434) Charles Robert Darwin Down 9 July [1871] Alfred Russel Wallace …
  • … s Genesis of species [ North Am. Rev. 113 (1871): 64–103]. CD thinks of publishing it as a …
  • … Essex ( Raby 2001 , pp.  209–11). CD was in London from 24 to 30 June 1871; from 28 July …
  • … to 25 August 1871 he was at Haredene in Albury, Surrey (CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). …
  • … See letter from Chauncey Wright, 21 June 1871 . Wright had sent CD proof-sheets, with …
  • … in the North American Review in July 1871 (Wright 1871a). The review by Wright was …
  • … See letter to Francis Darwin, [after 21 January 1871] and nn.  2 and 9, and letter to St …
  • … G.  J.  Mivart, [23 January 1871] . CD refers …
  • … to Wallace’s letter in Nature , 6 July 1871, p.  181, concerning Henry Hoyle Howorth’s …
  • … same subject (see letter to Nature , 1 July [1871] and n.  2). Wallace accused Howorth of …
  • … letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 21 September [1871] ). CD added a section dealing with Mivart’s …

To A. R. Wallace   16 March 1871

Summary

Appreciative response to ARW’s "grand review" of Descent in the Academy [2 (1871–2): 177–82]. Comments in detail on ARW’s criticisms.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  16 Mar 1871
Classmark:  The British Library (Add MS 46434)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7589

Matches: 12 hits

  • … To A.  R.  Wallace   16 March 1871
  • … Edward Cutts Birchall Appleton. See letter from A.  R.  Wallace, 11 March 1871  and n.  3. …
  • … Library (Add MS 46434) Charles Robert Darwin Down 16 Mar 1871 Alfred Russel Wallace …
  • … grand review" of Descent in the Academy [2 (1871–2): 177–82]. Comments in detail on ARW’s …
  • … Down. | Beckenham | Kent. S.E. Mar 16 1871 My dear Wallace I have just read your grand …
  • … Wallace reviewed Descent in the 15 March 1871 issue of Academy (Wallace 1871c). According …
  • … secretary, stayed at Down from 13 to 16 March 1871. Wallace had chided CD for caricaturing …
  • … see letter from A.  R.  Wallace, 11 March 1871  and n.  4). For Wallace and CD’s ongoing …
  • … the letter from G.  R.  Crotch, 19 [February 1871] for Crotch’s objections to Wallace’s …
  • … Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. Lyell, Charles. 1867–8. Principles of …
  • … his planned garden (see letter from A.  R.  Wallace, 11 March 1871  and n.  5). See letter …
  • … from A.  R.  Wallace, [15 March 1871] and n.  1. In his presidential address to the …

To A. R. Wallace   1 August [1871]

Summary

On a "remarkable" letter from Fritz Müller [see 7820] about mimicry, protection, and sexual selection.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  1 Aug [1871]
Classmark:  The British Library (Add MS 46434)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7889

Matches: 11 hits

  • … To A.  R.  Wallace   1 August [1871] …
  • … MS 46434) Charles Robert Darwin Haredene, Albury Surrey 1 Aug [1871] Alfred Russel Wallace …
  • … see letter from A.  R.  Wallace, 16 July 1871  and n.  2. ) CD refers to Edward Livingston …
  • … Youmans; see letter from G.  H.  Darwin, [17 July 1871] . …
  • … between this letter and the letter from Fritz Müller, 14 June 1871 (see n.  4, below). …
  • … this house from 28 July to 25 August 1871 (CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). See letter from …
  • … A.  R.  Wallace, 16 July 1871  and n.  4; Wallace was having a house …
  • … See letter from Fritz Müller, 14 June 1871  and enclosures. Prepaid halfpenny postcards …
  • … 4–5). See letter from Fritz Müller, 14 June 1871  and n.  7. CD had wondered whether the …
  • … in Descent 2d ed. , p.  422 n.  34. See also letter to Fritz Müller, 2 August [1871] . See …
  • … letter from Fritz Müller, 14 June 1871  and n.  19. Wallace had suggested that Chauncey …

From A. R. Wallace   14 May 1871

Summary

Recommends [W. M. Williams] The fuel of the sun [1870] as remarkably illuminating about physical astronomy. Williams solves the problem of duration of sun’s heat in "a most satisfactory manner".

Author:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 May 1871
Classmark:  DAR 106: B100–1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7758

Matches: 9 hits

  • … From A.  R.  Wallace   14 May 1871
  • … DAR 106: B100–1 Alfred Russel Wallace Barking 14 May 1871 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … s new residence, see the letter from A.  R.  Wallace, 11 March  1871  and n.  5. Arabella …
  • … appeared in Macmillan’s Magazine , May 1871, pp.  45–51. CD’s reply to Wallace has not …
  • … Lyell and William Robert Grove. Proctor 1871 . William Mattieu Williams worked as an …
  • … theory, see the letter from J.  W.  Strutt, [after 20 May 1871? ] and nn.  3, 4 and 7. On …
  • … Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. ODNB : Oxford dictionary of national biography: …
  • … Holly House, Barking. E. May 14th.  1871 Dear Darwin Have you read that very remarkable …
  • … University Press. 2004. Proctor, Richard. 1871. The sun. London: Longmans. Williams, …

To A. R. Wallace   12 July [1871]

Summary

CD is allowing his family to decide whether Chauncey Wright’s paper on Mivart is dull.

Health and despondency.

Doubts his ability to answer Mivart successfully [in 6th ed. of Origin].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  12 July [1871]
Classmark:  The British Library (Add MS 46434)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7858

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To A.  R.  Wallace   12 July [1871] …
  • … Library (Add MS 46434) Charles Robert Darwin Down 12 July [1871] Alfred Russel Wallace …
  • … See letter from A.  R.  Wallace, 12 July 1871 . CD refers to Chauncey Wright’s review of …
  • … 1870] and n.  2). See letter from A.  R.  Wallace, 12 July 1871  and n.  3. See letter …
  • … Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. Origin 5th ed. : On the origin of species by …
  • … from A.  R.  Wallace, 12 July 1871  and n.  9. CD discussed the absence of transitional …
  • … reproduced in Raby 2001 , p.  207 (see the Field , 15 July 1871, p.  60). The Daily …
  • … Mall Gazette , which published it on 11 July 1871, p.  4. CD probably either misremembered …
  • … appeared in the Quarterly Review for July 1871 ([Mivart] 1871c); the attribution is …
  • … pp.  206–7. ) The Daily News , 13 July 1871, p.  2, reported that on 10 July Hampden had …

To A. R. Wallace   18 January [1871]

Summary

Sends ARW advance copy of vol. 1 [of Descent] for his review in Academy. Vol. 2 is delayed by index. "Do not swear at me more than you can help."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  18 Jan [1871]
Classmark:  Manchester Libraries, Information and Archives (Autograph Letters: Stanley Withers Collection: 925.7 18 Jan 1872)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7446

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To A.  R.  Wallace   18 January [1871] …
  • … 925.7 18 Jan 1872) Charles Robert Darwin Down 18 Jan [1871] Alfred Russel Wallace …
  • … and selection in relation to sex. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. …
  • … reviewed Descent in the Academy , 15 March 1871, pp.  177–83. CD refers to John Murray. …
  • … See letter to R.  F.  Cooke, 17 January [1871] . See letter to R.   …
  • … F.  Cooke, 12 January [1871] . …

To A. R. Wallace   4 August [1871]

Summary

Sends enclosure for ARW to read.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  4 Aug [1871]
Classmark:  UCL Library Services, Special Collections (GALTON/1/1/3/5)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7895

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To A.  R.  Wallace   4 August [1871] …
  • … Charles Robert Darwin Haredene, Albury Surrey 4 Aug [1871] Alfred Russel Wallace …
  • … the Darwins rented Haredene from 28 July to 25 August 1871 (CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). …
  • … CD refers to the letter from Fritz Müller, 14 June 1871 ; see letter to A.   …
  • … R.  Wallace, 1 August [1871] . …

From A. R. Wallace   11 March 1871

Summary

Admiration for vol. 2 of Descent, and plans for his review of it for the Academy [2 (1871): 177–82].

News of his new residence.

Author:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  11 Mar 1871
Classmark:  DAR 106: B98–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7569

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From A.  R.  Wallace   11 March 1871
  • … DAR 106: B98–9 Alfred Russel Wallace Barking 11 Mar 1871 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … plans for his review of it for the Academy [2 (1871): 177–82]. News of his new residence. …
  • … Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. Raby, Peter. 2001. Alfred Russel Wallace: a …
  • … Holly House, Barking. E. March 11th.  1871 Dear Darwin I need not say that I read your …
  • … also letter to John Murray, 19 February [1871] . In Descent 2: 166–80, CD discussed sexual …

From A. R. Wallace   [15 March 1871]

Summary

Although their language is different, the Bugis are typical Malays both physically and mentally.

Author:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [15 Mar 1871]
Classmark:  DAR 106: B102
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7587

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From A.  R.  Wallace   [15 March 1871] …
  • … DAR 106: B102 Alfred Russel Wallace unstated [15 Mar 1871] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … See letter to A.  R.  Wallace, 13 March [1871] and nn.  1 and 2. …

From A. R. Wallace   16 July 1871

Summary

Sorry CD allows criticisms of Darwinism to worry him.

Author:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 July 1871
Classmark:  DAR 106: B107–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7868

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From A.  R.  Wallace   16 July 1871
  • … DAR 106: B107–8 Alfred Russel Wallace Barking 16 July 1871 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Holly House, Barking, E. July 16th.  1871 Dear Darwin I am very sorry you are so unwell, & …
  • … See letter to A.  R.  Wallace, 12 July [1871] . CD had suggesting reprinting Chauncey …
  • … See letter to A.  R.  Wallace, 12 July [1871] . Mivart’s authorship of the review in …

From A. R. Wallace   27 January 1871

Summary

Response to [vol. 1 of] CD’s Descent.

Not yet convinced on sexual selection and protection, though their differences are not so great as CD thinks.

On man, he does not think CD has accounted for every step of his development by "ascertained laws".

Author:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  27 Jan 1871
Classmark:  DAR 106: B96–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7460

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From A.  R.  Wallace   27 January 1871
  • … DAR 106: B96–7 Alfred Russel Wallace Barking 27 Jan 1871 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … and selection in relation to sex. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. …
  • … Holly House, Barking. E Jan.  27th.  1871 Dear Darwin Many thanks for your 1st.  volume …
  • … letter to A.  R.  Wallace, 18 January [1871] . See Descent 1: 403–4. Wallace and CD had …

From A. R. Wallace   12 July 1871

Summary

Chauncey Wright’s article is sound, but so obscure ARW doubts utility of printing it separately.

Gives his own detailed analysis of Mivart’s attack.

Author:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 July 1871
Classmark:  DAR 106: B103–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7861

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From A.  R.  Wallace   12 July 1871
  • … DAR 106: B103–6 Alfred Russel Wallace Barking 12 July 1871 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … see Mivart 1871a, pp.  128–36. See letter from A.  R.  Wallace, 9 July [1871] and n.  8. …
  • … See letter to A.  R.  Wallace, 9 July [1871] . Wallace refers to Chauncey Wright’s review …
  • … Holly House, Barking, E. July 12th.  1871 Dear Darwin Many thanks for giving me the …
  • … 9. See letter to A.  R.  Wallace, 9 July [1871] and n.  5. See Wright  1871a, p.  91. For …

To A. R. Wallace   13 March [1871]

Summary

Asks whether Bugis [Buggess] are Malays. [See 7587.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  13 Mar [1871]
Classmark:  English Heritage, Down House (EH 88202150)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7579A

Matches: 2 hits

  • … To A.  R.  Wallace   13 March [1871] …
  • … Down House (EH 88202150) Charles Robert Darwin Down 13 Mar [1871] Alfred Russel Wallace …

To A. R. Wallace   31 August 1877

Summary

Response to Wallace’s article ["The colours of animals and plants", Macmillan’s Mag. (Sept 1877)] on sexual colours and "voluntary" sexual selection.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  31 Aug 1877
Classmark:  The British Library (Add MS 46434)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11121

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. Raby, Peter. 2001. Alfred Russel Wallace: a …
  • … see Correspondence vol. 19, letter from Fritz Müller, 14 June 1871 , and letter from A. …
  • … R. Wallace, 7 August 1871 ). Müller described the glands in his article ‘Ueber Haarpinsel, …
  • … especially the role of female choice (see Mantegazza 1871 and Correspondence vol. …
  • … letter to Paolo Mantegazza, 22 September 1871 ). The first essay in the second volume of …

From A. R. Wallace   24 November 1870

Summary

On a good criticism of ARW’s views [North Am. Rev. (1870)].

Problems of establishing a permanent residence.

His Presidential Address for Entomological Society will answer A. Murray on geographical distribution of Coleoptera.

Author:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 Nov 1870
Classmark:  DAR 106: B94–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7382

Matches: 3 hits

  • … in Chelmsford, Essex ( Census returns 1871 (Public Record Office RG10/93/15)). For …
  • … Entomological Society of London on 23 January 1871 (Wallace 1871a). He responded to Andrew …
  • … Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. Raby, Peter. 2001. Alfred Russel Wallace: a …

From A. R. Wallace   4 October 1868

Summary

Sexual differences in coloration. Sexual selection versus natural selection as explanations. ARW continues to argue against sexual selection, saying that natural selection, in keeping the female dull for protection, would account for differences in sexual colouring more effectively than inheritance and partial transmission of sexually selected male colours. Colours of female birds of paradise. Protective coloration. Disagrees with CD on coincidence of hidden nests and bright colours of females.

Author:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 Oct 1868
Classmark:  DAR 106: B68–69
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6408

Matches: 2 hits

  • … The descent of man, and selection in relation to sex ( Descent ) was published in 1871. …
  • … By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. Van Son, G. 1949. The butterfiles of …

To A. R. Wallace   17 November 1873

Summary

Would be happy if ARW would undertake to help with correcting the proof-sheets of his revised edition of Descent. Outlines the job that would be required.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  17 Nov 1873
Classmark:  DAR 96: 161–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9149

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. Fichman, Martin. 2004. An elusive Victorian: …
  • … letter to ? , 28 November [1873] ). From 1871, Wallace was examiner in physical geography …
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Darwin in letters, 1871: An emptying nest

Summary

The year 1871 was an extremely busy and productive one for Darwin, with the publication in February of his long-awaited book on human evolution, Descent of man. The other main preoccupation of the year was the preparation of his manuscript on expression.…

Matches: 30 hits

  • … The year 1871 was an extremely busy and productive one for Darwin, seeing the …
  • … promotes the sale’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 26 March 1871 ). The profits for Darwin were …
  • … first two printings, Darwin wrote to Murray on 20 March 1871 , ‘It is quite a grand trade to be a …
  • … in memory of the book’ ( letter to H. E. Darwin, 20 March 1871 ). Reaction …
  • … to read it ( letter from James Crichton-Browne, 19 February 1871 ). The African explorer and …
  • … pleasant or not’ (letter from W. W. Reade, 21 February 1871). The geologist William Boyd Dawkins …
  • … to buy them’ ( letter from W. B. Dawkins, 23 February 1871 ). Thomas Henry Huxley marvelled that …
  • … tide-marks!’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 20 February 1871 ). Asa Gray remarked, somewhat …
  • … and pointed ears”  (letter from Asa Gray, 14 April 1871) Like his previous book,  …
  • … arms and legs ( letter from C. L. Bernays, 25 February 1871 ). Samples of hair arrived from …
  • … his head ( letter from W. B. Tegetmeier, [before 25 April 1871] )). Hinrich Nitsche, ‘the lucky …
  • … orang-utan foetus ( letter from Hinrich Nitsche, 18 April 1871 ). Darwin thought he might use the …
  • … poor return’ ( letter to Hinrich Nitsche, 25 April [1871] ). Animal anecdotes appeared in …
  • … space each morning ( letter from Arthur Nicols, 7 March 1871 ; letter from B. J. Sulivan, 11 …
  • … of beauty ( letter from E. J. Pfeiffer, [before 26 April 1871] ). Roland Trimen, a long-time …
  • … in the past ( letter from Roland Trimen, 17 and 18 April 1871 ). Candid disagreement …
  • … were raised to a high pitch, as Innes wrote on 26 May 1871 about the darker races arising …
  • … as far as this goes’ ( letter to J. B. Innes, 29 May [1871] ). On religion and morality …
  • … Creator made it’ ( letter from George Morrish, 18 March 1871 ). Darwin received an anonymous …
  • … Descent  ( letter from a child of God, [after 24 February 1871] ). Yet some continued to …
  • … religious feeling’ ( letter from F. E. Abbot, 20 August 1871 ). The Anglican clergyman and …
  • … brethren’ ( letter from George Henslow, 5 December 1871 ). Ernst Haeckel boasted of his month …
  • … monkey !’ ( letter from Ernst Haeckel, 21 December 1871 ). Descent  was extensively …
  • … independent of all times and all circumstances’ (8 April 1871, p. 5). Darwin condemned the author of …
  • … & classics’ ( letter to John Murray, 13 April [1871] ). But a similar point was made by …
  • … the killing of some members of a hive a duty (Cobbe 1871, pp. 174, 188–9). Darwin was particularly …
  • … by culture, not biology ( letter from John Morley, 30 March 1871 ). Reaction at home …
  • … its master. ( Letter from Hensleigh Wedgwood, [3–9 March 1871] .) Some of Darwin’s …
  • … to me’ ( letter to Hensleigh Wedgwood, 9 March 1871 ). A widening rift By far the …
  • … 1871a), which appeared just prior to  Descent  in early 1871. ‘I daresay it will tell heavily …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 14 hits

  • … Blair, R.H. 11 July 1871 Worcester College for the …
  • … Brooke, C.A.J. 30 April 1871 Sarawak, Borneo …
  • … Chaumont, F.S.B.F. de 11 March 1871 Woolston, …
  • … Crichton-Browne, James 3 April 1871 West Riding …
  • … Donders, F.C. 28 March 1871 Utrecht, Netherlands …
  • … Foster, Michael 4 June [1871] Trinity College, …
  • … Gray, Asa 14 April 1871 Cambridge, Massachusetts, …
  • … Gray, Asa 10 & 14 March [1871] Cambridge, …
  • … Mivart, G.J. 26 Jan 1871 North Bank, London, England …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 1 Feb 1871 11 St Mary Abbot's …
  • … Rejlander, O.G. [1871] Victoria Street, London, …
  • … Smith, Andrew 1 Feb. 1871 11 Saint Mary Abbot's …
  • … Smith, Andrew 17 April 1871 16 Alexander Square, …
  • … Swinhoe, Robert 14 March 1871 33 Oakley Square, …

Frank Chance

Summary

The Darwin archive not only contains letters, manuscript material, photographs, books and articles but also all sorts of small, dry specimens, mostly enclosed with letters. Many of these enclosures have become separated from the letters or lost altogether,…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … first is undated but we know it was written before 25 April 1871 because Darwin alluded to a case …
  • … report by the pigeon-fancier W. B. Tegetmeier, 25 April [1871] . In his letter Chance is …
  • … (Letter from Frank Chance, [before 25 April 1871] ) Responding to this meticulous self …
  • … were very rare. When we were editing volume 19 (1871), Chance’s enclosure of beard and …
  • … : In your work on the ""Descent of Man"" (ed. 1871) ii. 298, 299, in …
  • … followed up on a similar case that CD had observed on 13 May 1871. William’s letter of 5 June 1871

Henrietta Emma Darwin

Summary

Henrietta “Etty” Darwin (1843–1927) was the eldest of Charles Darwin’s daughters to reach adulthood. She married Richard Buckley Litchfield in 1871. She was a valued editor to her father as well as companion and correspondent to both of her parents.…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … reach adulthood. She married Richard Buckley Litchfield in 1871. She was a valued editor to her …
  • … by her father for his scientific writing, particularly his 1871 work,   The Descent of Man .  In …

Darwin and the Church

Summary

The story of Charles Darwin’s involvement with the church is one that is told far too rarely. It shows another side of the man who is more often remembered for his personal struggles with faith, or for his role in large-scale controversies over the…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … [1850] and n. 6; and letter to J. B. Innes, 29 May [1871] ). Their true friendship does …
  • … request favourably—’ (letter from J. B. Innes, 26 May 1871 ). Indeed Innes had such a high …
  • … school and organ funds (letter to J. B. Innes, 13 January 1871 ). Down’s next clergyman …
  • … very dull sermons’ (letter to J. B. Innes, 18 January [1871] ). Mr Powell was happy to take up …
  • … qualifications’ (letter from J. B. Innes, 5 June 1871 ). Particularly in the early days of …

Moral Nature

Summary

In Descent of Man, Darwin argued that human morality had evolved from the social instincts of animals, especially the bonds of sympathy and love. Darwin gathered observations over many decades on animal behavior: the heroic sacrifices of social insects,…

Matches: 8 hits

  • … Letter 7048 : Darwin, W. E., to Darwin, C. R., [April? 1871] In Descent of man (1: 71 …
  • … Letter 7645 : Morley, John to Darwin, 30 March 1871 The politician and man of letters, …
  • … of Descent of Man in the Pall Mall Gazette (Morley 1871). Darwin admired the review, and …
  • … Letter 7685 : Darwin to Morley, John, 14 April [1871] "When I speak of intellectual …
  • … Letter 7691 , Morley, John, to Darwin, 17 April 1871 "I don't think Mr. Mill& …
  • … 7470 : Wedgwood, Hensleigh to Darwin, [before 3 March 1871] Darwin exchanged long letters …
  • … Letter 7537 : Darwin, C. R. to Wenslow, Hensleigh, 3 March [1871] Using the example of …
  • … 3. [ available at Darwinonline ] Cobbe, F. P. 1871. 'Darwinism in morals'. …

Strange things sent to Darwin in the post

Summary

Some of the stranger things Darwin received in the post can tell us a lot about how Darwin worked at home. In 1863, Darwin was very excited when the ornithologist Alfred Newton sent him a diseased, red-legged partridge foot with an enormous ball of clay…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … have germinated out of the dung ’.   In 1871, Darwin asked Ray Lankester to …
  • … enclosed with the letter from Hinrich Nitsche, 18 April 1871 (DAR 87: 46r) In Variation …

Darwin and vivisection

Summary

Darwin played an important role in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals brought an unsuccessful prosecution against a French physiologist who…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … heart’ ( Correspondence vol. 19, letter to ?, 19 May [1871] ). As a magistrate in Down, he had …
  • … vol. 19, letter to E. R. Lankester, 22 March [1871] ). In the same year, Darwin had published …
  • … of the British Association for the Advancement of Science in 1871 that outlined principles for …

Henrietta Darwin's diary

Summary

Darwin's daughter Henrietta kept a diary for a few momentous weeks in 1871. This was the year in which Descent of Man, the most controversial of her father's books after Origin itself, appeared, a book which she had helped him write. The small…

Matches: 8 hits

  • … wrote the following journal entries in March and July 1871 in a small lockable, leather-bound …
  • … by Henrietta herself. Darwin’s letters in 1870 and 1871 ( Correspondence , vols 18 and 19) …
  • … missions due to take place between 26 February and 5 March 1871 in four towns within the deanery of …
  • … from Charles and Emma Darwin to F. J. Wedgwood, [March 1871?], and letter from F. J. Wedgwood to H. …
  • … University Library. Henrietta Darwin | March 1871 1871 March— Sea Grove …
  • … away what they have no equivalent for. July 4th 1871. How hard it is to wait—the …
  • … I think I am a very happy woman. Sunday July 9 th . 1871 I want to think why I shd …
  • … mission leaders in the  Hampshire Advertiser , 21 January 1871, p. 7. 4 Probably John …

William Winwood Reade

Summary

On 19 May 1868, an African explorer and unsuccessful novelist, William Winwoode Reade (1838–1875) offered to help Darwin, and started a correspondence and, arguably, a collaboration, that would last until Reade's death. After a first 1861 tour of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … of it" – Winwood Reade to Charles Darwin, 31 January 1871 ) and sought Darwin’s advice on …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Letter 7624 - Bathoe, M . B. to Darwin, [25 March 1871] Mary Bathoe responds …
  • … Letter 7644 - Barnard, A. to Darwin, [30 March 1871] J. S. Henslow’s daughter, …
  • … 7651 - Wedgwood, F. J. to Darwin, H. E., [1 April 1871] Frances Wedgwood offers …
  • … 7411 - Pfeiffer, E. J. to Darwin, [before 26 April 1871] The poet Emily Pfeiffer …
  • … Letter 8055 - Hennell, S. S. to Darwin, [7 November 1871] Sarah Hennell writes to Darwin …

Francis Galton

Summary

Galton was a naturalist, statistician, and evolutionary theorist. He was a second cousin of Darwin’s, having descended from his grandfather, Erasmus. Born in Birmingham in 1822, Galton studied medicine at King’s College, London, and also read mathematics…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … his results tended to disprove Darwin’s theory (Galton 1871). This brought a quick rejoinder from …
  • … together to facilitate cross-circulation ( 13 September 1871 ). His views on inheritance continued …

Capturing Darwin’s voice: audio of selected letters

Summary

On a sunny Wednesday in June 2011 in a makeshift recording studio somewhere in Cambridge, we were very pleased to welcome Terry Molloy back to the Darwin Correspondence Project for a special recording session. Terry, known for his portrayal of Davros in Dr…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … politely worded rebuke to St G. J. Mivart ( 21 April [1871] ) for  the inadequacies, as Darwin saw …

Have you read the one about....

Summary

... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some serious - but all letters you can read here.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … ... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some …

Darwin on human evolution

Summary

'I hear that Ladies think it delightful reading, but that it does not do to talk about it, which no doubt promotes the sale.' For the first time online you can now read the full texts of nearly 800 letters Darwin wrote and received during 1871,…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Darwin wrote and received more than 800 letters during 1871, the year in which Descent of man , …
  • … and work for this year in  Darwin's life in letters, 1871: An emptying nest . …
  • … had published a short paper on the action of earthworms; in 1871, he was able to make exact …
  • … margin: 10px;","class":"media-element file-default"}}]] In 1871, Darwin& …

Darwin in public and private

Summary

Extracts from Darwin's published works, in particular Descent of man, and selected letters, explore Darwin's views on the operation of sexual selection in humans, and both his publicly and privately expressed views on its practical implications…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … in relation to sex , (London: John Murray, 1st ed., 1871), vol. 1., pp. 207 – 208. 3) “Man …
  • … and has a more inventive genius…”   Descent (1871), vol. 2, pp. 316 – 317. 4) …
  • … greater tenderness and less selfishness…” Descent (1871), vol. 2, pp. 326 – 327. 5) “The …
  • … merely the use of the senses and hands….”  Descent (1871), vol. 2, pp. 327. 6) “…Thus man …
  • … is in ornamental plumage to the peahen.”   Descent (1871), vol. 2, pp. 328 – 329. 7) …
  • … chiefly to her adult daughters….”  Descent (1871), vol. 2, p. 329. 8) “Man is more …
  • … should have gained the power of selection…” Descent (1871), vol. 2, pp. 371 – 372. …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Letter 7433  - Wedgwood,  F. to Darwin, [9 January 1871] Darwin’s brother-in-law, …
  • … Letter 8113 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [20 December 1871] Mary Treat describes her …
  • … Letter 7605  - Darwin to Darwin,  H. E., [20 March 1871] Darwin reports to …
  • … Letter 7858 - Darwin to Wa llace, A. R., [12 July 1871] Darwin tells Wallace that …
  • … 8089 - Darwin to Litc hfield, H. E., [2 December 1871] Darwin sends a chapter on …

John Lubbock

Summary

John Lubbock was eight years old when the Darwins moved into the neighbouring property of Down House, Down, Kent; the total of one hundred and seventy surviving letters he went on to exchange with Darwin is a large number considering that the two men lived…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … parliament to include a question on cousin-marriage in the 1871 census.  This was unsuccessful, but …
  • … to carry off anothers wife? ( from John Lubbock, 18 March [1871] ). It was Lubbock who drew …

Darwin's bad days

Summary

Despite being a prolific worker who had many successes with his scientific theorising and experimenting, even Darwin had some bad days. These times when nothing appeared to be going right are well illustrated by the following quotations from his letters:

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Despite being a prolific worker who had many successes with his scientific theorising and …

Science: A Man’s World?

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters Darwin's correspondence show that many nineteenth-century women participated in the world of science, be it as experimenters, observers, editors, critics, producers, or consumers. Despite this, much of the…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 8055 - Hennell, S. S. to Darwin, [7 November 1871] Sarah Hennell writes to Darwin …
  • … Letter 8079 - Norton, S. R. to Darwin, [20 November 1871] Sarah Norton passes on to …
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