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From J. D. Hooker   5 August 1871

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Lengthy discussion of William Thomson’s address [BAAS, Edinburgh 1871].

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 Aug 1871
Classmark:  DAR 103: 73–77
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7896

Matches: 19 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   5 August 1871
  • … DAR 103: 73–77 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 5 Aug 1871 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Lengthy discussion of William Thomson’s address [BAAS, Edinburgh 1871]. …
  • … 2 vols. London: Benjamin Motte. Thomson, William. 1871. Presidential address. Report of …
  • … for the Advancement of Science, held at Edinburgh (1871): lxxxiv–cv. Tyndall, John. 1869. …
  • … Philosophical Magazine ,. [Read 8 April 1871 to the Cambridge Philosophical Society. ] 4th …
  • … for the Advancement of Science on 2 August 1871; the meeting took place in Edinburgh, and …
  • … of Scottish mathematicians and physicists ( Thomson 1871 ). The greater part of Thomson’ …
  • … had been published in The Times , 4 August 1871. Thomson concluded his address with a …
  • … authority of Thomas Henry Huxley ( Thomson 1871 , pp.  ciii–cv). In his own presidential …
  • … also letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 3 July 1871  and n.  4. Hooker refers to Frances Harriet …
  • … Henslow Hooker. See Journal of Botany 9 (1871): 244. The plant was incorrectly referred to …
  • … when illuminated by sunlight ( Thomson 1871 , pp.  ci and cii; see also Tait 1869b). …
  • … 17, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 7 August [1869] and n.  5. See Thomson 1871 , pp.  civ– …
  • … cv. See Thomson 1871 , p.  civ. Thomson alluded in his presidential address to John …
  • … for the works of Shakespeare ( Thomson 1871 , p.  cv; Herschel 1861 , p.  12 n. ). Laputa …
  • … as ‘solid and irrefragable’ ( Thomson 1871 , p.  cv). Thomson claimed, ‘overpoweringly …
  • … back upon us with irresistible force’ ( Thomson 1871 , p.  cv). For Huxley’s views on the …
  • … funds for scientific research ( Thomson 1871 , pp.  lxxxvii–xc). Alexander von Humboldt’s …

From J. D. Hooker   15 August 1871

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Differences in violet and honeysuckle cases.

Huxley basted Thomson awfully in Section D [of BAAS].

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 Aug 1871
Classmark:  DAR 103: 78–79
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7905

Matches: 13 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   15 August 1871
  • … DAR 103: 78–79 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 15 Aug 1871 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Chambers Harrap Publishers. 1998. Thomson, William. 1871. Presidential address. Report of …
  • … British Association for the Advancement of Science, held at Edinburgh (1871): lxxxiv–cv. …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 6 August [1871] . The curator at the Royal Botanic Gardens, …
  • … Kew, was John Smith. See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 6 August [1871] and n.  9. See letter …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, 6 August [1871] and n.  4. Hooker refers to Thomas Henry …
  • … on earth carried by meteors ( Thomson 1871 ). Huxley attended the meeting of section D, …
  • … of Science meeting at Edinburgh in August 1871, as one of the section vice-presidents ( …
  • … for the Advancement of Science (1871): xlvi). William Thomson, in his presidential address …
  • … but rejected CD’s theory of natural selection ( Thomson 1871 ; see letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 5 August 1871 , and letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 6 August [1871] ). Baisted: i.e.  basted, beat with a stick ( Chambers ). …

From J. D. Hooker   26 March 1871

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Answers CD’s questions.

Reception of Descent. Evolution accepted everywhere; descent of man accepted calmly.

Morocco plans.

Fears for Huxley, who is overworked.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  26 Mar 1871
Classmark:  DAR 103: 65–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7627

Matches: 15 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   26 March 1871
  • … DAR 103: 65–8 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 26 Mar 1871 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … In his letter to Hooker of 21 March [1871], CD had enclosed a specimen of Abutilon sent to …
  • … Botanical Magazine as Abutilon darwinii ( Hooker 1871 ). The herbarium at Kew had received …
  • … specimens of Abutilon darwinii from Müller in 1869 (see Hooker 1871 ). See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 21 March [1871] . Azalea amoena is a synonym of Rhododendron indicum . …
  • … Bibliography Cunningham, Robert Oliver. 1871. Notes on the natural history of the Strait …
  • … London: Ernest Benn. Hooker, Joseph Dalton. 1871. Abutilon Darwinii . Native of south …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 21 March [1871] and n.  4. See letter …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, 21 March [1871] and n.  5. See letter …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, 21 March [1871] . Hooker refers to Descent. Hooker refers to his …
  • … planned trip to Morocco. See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 19 March 1871  and n.  4. …
  • … Hooker refers to Robert Oliver Cunningham and Cunningham 1871 . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 19 March 1871  and n.  7. Henry John Elwes had been in the Scots Guards. …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 19 March 1871  and nn.  3 and 4. Hooker refers to Sultan …

From J. D. Hooker   20 October 1871

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JDH has no intention of resigning. Thinks W. E. Gladstone would rather see Ayrton turned out than himself. Gladstone knows JDH has friends who would be troublesome. Only moral and political cowardice of Cabinet keeps Ayrton in office.

Lyell is much altered since autumn.

Has CD read Charles Martins’ paper on the glacial origin of the tourbières of the Jura [Arch. Sci. Phys. & Nat. 42 (1871): 286–308]?

John Scott has an admirable series on horticulture in Bengal ["Notes on horticulture in Bengal", J. Agric. & Hortic. Soc. India 2 (1871) pt 1: 241–96; 3 (1872) pt 1: 1–82].

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Oct 1871
Classmark:  DAR 103: 87–92
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8024

Matches: 10 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   20 October 1871
  • … DAR 103: 87–92 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 20 Oct 1871 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … in Bengal", J. Agric. & Hortic. Soc. India 2 (1871) pt 1: 241–96; 3 (1872) pt 1: 1–82]. …
  • … D.  Hooker, 29 [June 1871] ). Hooker …
  • … to Charles Frédéric Martins and Martins 1871. Tourbière : peat-bog (French). Hooker refers …
  • … the Jura [ Arch. Sci. Phys. & Nat. 42 (1871): 286–308]? John Scott has an admirable series …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 20 [October 1871] . Hooker refers to Henry Holland, William …
  • … and Acton Smee Ayrton. See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [2 October 1871] and n.  10. Hooker …
  • … the account of his expedition to Morocco in 1871) and Bentham and Hooker 1862–83. Hooker …
  • … Lyell; Charles Lyell had been unwell since at least June 1871 (see letter to J.   …

From J. D. Hooker   22 December 1871

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Philosophical Club dinner.

Lyell contradicts W. B. Carpenter on current in Straits of Gibraltar.

James Orton’s report on fossil shells found by L. Agassiz 2000 miles up the Amazon. Their identification disposes of the glacial hypothesis.

No news yet from Gladstone on Ayrton affair.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 Dec 1871
Classmark:  DAR 103: 99–100
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8117

Matches: 10 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   22 December 1871
  • … DAR 103: 99–100 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 22 Dec 1871 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … from J.  D.  Hooker, 31 October 1871 ). For more on the dispute between Ayrton and Hooker, …
  • … see the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [2 October 1871] and n.  10. George Douglas Campbell. …
  • … the Philosophical Club of the Royal Society of London took place on 21 December 1871. At …
  • … the previous meeting, on 23 November 1871, William Benjamin Carpenter announced that the …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [18 December 1871] and n.  5. Hooker had written to William …
  • … of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, on 19 August 1871 (see Nature , 11 July 1872, p.  213). …
  • … secretary, Algernon Edward West, on 30 October 1871 (see ibid. , p.  214, and letter …
  • … also letter from James Croll, 17 August 1871  and n.  4. In 1865 and 1866, Louis Agassiz …

From J. D. Hooker   6 July 1871

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He did observe that Ophrys apifera fertilised itself as CD described and O. lutea as well.

Moroccans are too civilised, taciturn, and unfriendly to make anything of them for expressions of emotions.

Moraines and negative results on Atlas alpine flora are the only points of the journey worth much.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 July 1871
Classmark:  DAR 103: 71–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7851

Matches: 9 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   6 July 1871
  • … DAR 103: 71–2 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 6 July 1871 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 3 July 1871 , and letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 5 July [1871] . Zizania aquatica is one of the two species of wild rice that …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 5 July [1871] and n.  7. CD had probably given Hooker a copy …
  • … see letter to J.  D Hooker, 28 March [1871]. On the absence of alpine flora from the Atlas …
  • … Charles Lyell (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 3 July 1871  and n.  8, and letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 5 July [1871] ). Roderick Impey Murchison had suffered a stroke in …
  • … but he died of bronchitis in October 1871 ( ODNB ). Rosamond Frances Ann Lyell was the …

From J. D. Hooker   23 July 1871

Summary

Identifies Henslow’s mouse that used tail as prehensile climbing organ as Mus messorius.

Has not seen the Quarterly Review.

Inquires after Lyell’s health.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 July 1871
Classmark:  DAR 166: 264
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7879

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   23 July 1871
  • … DAR 166: 264 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 23 July 1871 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 23 July [1871] and n.  6. Mus messorius is now Micromys …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 23 July [1871] and n.  5. Hooker refers to St George Jackson …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 5 July [1871] . CD refers to Alfred Edmund Brehm and to …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 23 July [1871] and n.  6). In Origin 6th ed. , p.  189, CD …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 23 July [1871] and n.  3. Hooker refers to Frances Harriet …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 22 July 1871 . Hooker refers to Charles Lyell and Thomas …

From J. D. Hooker   [2 October 1871]

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On Huxley’s article for Contemporary Review [see 7977] confuting Mivart. It has cheered him,

for he is very low about his mother’s state.

Is also in detestable position with "my lord and master", A. S. Ayrton. JDH has denounced him to the [First] Lord of the Treasury [W. E. Gladstone] for his conduct.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [2 Oct 1871]
Classmark:  DAR 103: 80–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7981

Matches: 10 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [2 October 1871] …
  • … DAR 103: 80–2 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew [2 Oct 1871] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … William Ewart Gladstone, since 31 August 1871. See Nature , 11 July 1872, pp.  211–16; …
  • … Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. MacLeod, Roy M. 1974. The Ayrton incident: a …
  • … between this letter and the letters to J.  D.  Hooker, 30 September [1871] and …
  • … 4 October [1871] . …
  • … In 1871, the first Monday after 30 September was 2 October. CD had sent Hooker the proofs …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 30 September [1871] ). Huxley’s essay was in part a critique of …
  • … to Francis Darwin, [after 21 January 1871] ). Mivart had also written a hostile review of …
  • … D.  Hooker to Emma Darwin, 15 September 1871 ). Acton Smee Ayrton was commissioner of the …

From J. D. Hooker   19 March 1871

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Describes plans for travel in Morocco with George Maw and John Ball.

Has not yet read Descent.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 Mar 1871
Classmark:  DAR 103: 63–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7600

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   19 March 1871
  • … 242), Henrietta Emma Darwin was ill with measles from 4 to 25 January 1871. …
  • … DAR 103: 63–4 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 19 Mar 1871 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Bibliography Cunningham, Robert Oliver. 1871. Notes on the natural history of the Strait …
  • … and selection in relation to sex. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. …
  • … P & O vessel Massilia , departing 1 April 1871 from Southampton; the permission to visit …
  • … and west coast of Patagonia ( Cunningham 1871 ). According to Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR …

From J. D. Hooker   [17 December 1871]

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Cannot come to lunch to meet Sir Henry Holland. Holland may have seen Robert Lowe [Lord Sherbrooke] already. Will CD let him know his views?

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [17 Dec 1871]
Classmark:  DAR 103: 98
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8108

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [17 December 1871] …
  • … DAR 103: 98 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew [17 Dec 1871] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … between this letter and the letter from Henry Holland, [16 December 1871] . See …
  • … letter from Henry Holland, [16 December 1871] and n.  2. Hooker refers to Robert Lowe’s …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 2 November 1871  and nn.  1 and 2). Lowe was chancellor of …
  • … ill earlier in the year (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 3 July 1871 , and letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 5 July [1871] ). Hooker also refers to the Royal Society of London’s …

From J. D. Hooker   2 November 1871

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Henry Holland is taking an active part in helping JDH in the Ayrton affair.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 Nov 1871
Classmark:  DAR 103: 96–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8046

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   2 November 1871
  • … DAR 103: 96–7 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 2 Nov 1871 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … the home of Josiah Wedgwood III, from 3 to 10 November 1871 (‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). …
  • … was Hooker’s superior (see letter to Henry Holland, [20 October 1871] , letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 20 [October 1871] , and letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 31 October 1871  and n.  3). Gladstone evidently considered appointing an …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 31 October 1871 ). Hooker had previously declined a knighthood …

From J. D. Hooker   3 July 1871

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Plans to write an account of his trip to Morocco and, with John Ball, the botanical geography, for Linnean Society.

Results mainly negative; the Atlas exhibits "the dying out of European flora".

Only two or three beetles above 8000ft.

Disappointed that Canary Island species are absent from Atlas mountains; but an ocean current along Moroccan coast should help migration of Spanish, Portuguese, and Moroccan seeds to Canaries and Madeira.

Describes Lyell’s poor physical condition. Asks CD for his observations of symptoms.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 July 1871
Classmark:  DAR 103: 69–70, DAR 205.2 (Letters): 240
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7848

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   3 July 1871
  • … 69–70, DAR 205.2 (Letters): 240 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 3 July 1871 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … rice. CD had visited London from 24 to 30 June 1871 (CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). Hooker …
  • … to Morocco with John Ball and George Maw between April and June 1871 (see letter from J.   …
  • … Science was held in Edinburgh from 2 to 9 August 1871 ( Report of the 41st meeting of the …
  • … Association for the Advancement of Science (1871): lxxxiii). Regent’s Park is near Wilton …
  • … are notes for his letter to Hooker of 5 July [1871]. He refers to Mary Elizabeth Lyell. …
  • … D.  Hooker, 19 March  1871 ; L.  Huxley ed.  1918, 2: 90–7; R.  Desmond 1999 , pp.  222– …

From J. D. Hooker   31 October 1871

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Details of the JDH–Ayrton–Gladstone imbroglio.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  31 Oct 1871
Classmark:  DAR 103: 93–5; Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Directors’Correspondence vol. 156, Indian Letters, Calcutta Botanic Garden II 1860–1905, ff. 1066–7)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8036

Matches: 11 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   31 October 1871
  • … II 1860–1905, ff. 1066–7) Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 31 Oct 1871 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Bibliography Browne, C. A. ed. 1871. Letters and extracts from the addresses and …
  • … Ewart Gladstone (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 20 October 1871 ). Hooker met Gladstone’ …
  • … secretary, Algernon Edward West, on 30 October 1871 ( Nature , 11 July 1872, p.  214). On …
  • … Roy. Bot Gardens, | Calcutta 4 th . Oc t . 1871 Dear Sir May I ask your sympathy with me …
  • … Impey Murchison, who had died on 22 October 1871 ( ODNB ). The ‘lady’ was Hooker’s wife, …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 2 November 1871 ). KCB: knight commander of the (Order of …
  • … The term was first used in print in May 1871. ( OED. ) Hooker refers to Joseph Beete …
  • … Caroline A.  Browne, and C.  A.  Browne ed.  1871 . Adam Sedgwick, CD’s former teacher at …
  • … was 86 years old. The lecture course for 1871 to 1872 was delivered by a deputy, John …

From J. D. Hooker   22 July 1871

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Has given CD’s name to a species of Abutilon found by Fritz Müller.

Pleased at Henrietta [Darwin]’s engagement.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 July 1871
Classmark:  DAR 103: 61–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7877

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   22 July 1871
  • … DAR 103: 61–2 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 22 July 1871 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 21 March [1871] and n.  2, and letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 26 March 1871 . A coloured lithograph and description of Abutilon darwinii was …
  • … Curtis’s Botanical Magazine 3d ser.  27 (1871): 5917. Hooker mentioned that, in addition …

From J. D. Hooker to Emma Darwin   15 September 1871

Summary

His mother very ill.

Mrs Hooker back from Bavaria.

Hopes marriage [of Henrietta] went well. Is accused of saying he would rather go to two burials than one marriage.

Has heard from Huxley who is threatening to "thin out" Mivart. Huxley is reading Francisco Suarez and finds Mivart misquotes or misunderstands him.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Emma Wedgwood; Emma Darwin
Date:  15 Sept 1871
Classmark:  DAR 103: 83–84
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7945

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker to Emma Darwin   15 September 1871
  • … DAR 103: 83–84 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 15 Sept 1871 Emma Wedgwood/Emma Darwin …
  • … Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. ODNB : Oxford dictionary of national biography: …
  • … Frances Harriet Hooker. See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 5 August 1871  and n.  14. Hooker …
  • … Richard Buckley Litchfield on 31 August 1871 (see ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). Hooker refers …
  • … 1871c). The anonymous review appeared in July 1871 and was correctly believed by CD to be …
  • … see letter to A.  R.  Wallace, 12 July [1871] and n.  5). In his book On the genesis of …

From J. D. Hooker   20 October 1871

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JDH’s servant carries his letter to Henry Holland about problems with Ayrton. Suggests servant take CD’s letter to Holland to town and post them at same time. Holland is said to be very intimate friend of Gladstone.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Oct 1871
Classmark:  DAR 103: 85–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8021

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   20 October 1871
  • … DAR 103: 85–6 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 20 Oct 1871 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [2 October 1871] and n.  10). William Ewart Gladstone was …

From J. D. Hooker   1 January 1872

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Gladstone’s private secretary [West] has written that the Government plans to alter JDH’s position with regard to the First Commissioner of Works [Ayrton].

Huxley is not better after his Brighton trip.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Jan 1872
Classmark:  DAR 103: 101–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8136

Matches: 6 hits

  • … that Henrietta Emma Litchfield was ill on 2 and 21 December 1871. Henry Holland had acted …
  • … in Hooker’s dispute with Ayrton in 1871 (see Correspondence vol.  19, letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 20 October 1871 ). …
  • … of works, Acton Smee Ayrton, since before 1871, over the running of the Royal Botanic …
  • … to CD mentioning the subject is that of 22 December 1871 ( Correspondence vol.  19). …
  • … Huxley’s health had failed at the end of 1871 and he had gone to Brighton for a short …

From J. D. Hooker   24 March 1874

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"Half an answer" to CD’s query on visit of Sphinx to Hedychium gardnerianum.

Business affairs and family ill health keep him busy.

G. J. Allman will succeed Bentham as President of Linnean Society. Busk has refused.

Huxley is well.

JDH has indoctrinated Sir Stafford Northcote with his merits.

Lyell frail.

Old J. E. Gray goes on publishing.

"Is not [Thomas] Belt splendid!"

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 Mar 1874
Classmark:  DAR 103: 195–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9371

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Joseph. Carpenter, William Benjamin. 1871. On the Gibraltar current, the Gulf Stream, …
  • … general oceanic circulation. [Read 9 January 1871. ] Proceedings of the Royal Geographical …
  • … months of August, September, and October, 1871, in H.M. Surveying ship ‘ Shearwater’. [ …
  • … of the Royal Society of London 20 (1871–2): 535–644. Carpenter, William Benjamin. 1874. …
  • … 40 (October 1870): 233–59; 42 (October 1871): 241–80; 47 (February 1874): 94–122, (March …
  • … In an earlier section of the paper (October 1871), Croll had criticised William Benjamin …
  • … general oceanic circulation ( Carpenter 1871 ). Carpenter had responded in a report on the …

From J. D. Hooker   29 August 1872

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Encloses letter and cheque [from John Scott].

Again in thick of Ayrton matter. Tyndall and Huxley have shown themselves equal to the occasion in grasp of subject, tenacity of purpose, independence, and good-will.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 Aug 1872
Classmark:  DAR 103: 118–19; Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Directors’ Correspondence 156 f. 1075)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8492

Matches: 6 hits

  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 31 October 1871 ). Hooker and his wife Francis Harriet Hooker …
  • … of the botanic gardens in Calcutta in 1871 ( ODNB ). Nilgiri is a hill district, now part …
  • … botanic gardens in Calcutta from 1868 to 1871 ( ODNB ). CD had asked for information on …
  • … vol.  19, letter to John Scott, 1 November 1871 ). Arthur Henry Blechynden was secretary …
  • … William Grey was the lieutenant governor of Bengal until February 1871; his successor was …
  • … George Campbell ( India list 1871–2). Richard Southwell Bourke, sixth earl of Mayo, was …

From J. D. Hooker   4 February 1866

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Summary

Asks CD whether he knows of a medicine to check vomiting – for a friend dying from starvation as a result.

Duke of Somerset is looking for two naturalists for survey ship to Korea and Strait of Magellan.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 Feb 1866
Classmark:  DAR 102: 57–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4996

Matches: 3 hits

  • … An account of the natural history of the voyage is given in Cunningham 1871 . The printed …
  • … to Hooker in Collingwood 1868  and Cunningham 1871  express thanks for his assistance in …
  • … Press. 1985–. Cunningham, Robert Oliver. 1871. Notes on the natural history of the Strait …
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Darwin in letters, 1871: An emptying nest

Summary

The year 1871 was an extremely busy and productive one for Darwin, with the publication in February of his long-awaited book on human evolution, Descent of man. The other main preoccupation of the year was the preparation of his manuscript on expression.…

Matches: 30 hits

  • … The year 1871 was an extremely busy and productive one for Darwin, seeing the …
  • … promotes the sale’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 26 March 1871 ). The profits for Darwin were …
  • … first two printings, Darwin wrote to Murray on 20 March 1871 , ‘It is quite a grand trade to be a …
  • … in memory of the book’ ( letter to H. E. Darwin, 20 March 1871 ). Reaction …
  • … to read it ( letter from James Crichton-Browne, 19 February 1871 ). The African explorer and …
  • … pleasant or not’ (letter from W. W. Reade, 21 February 1871). The geologist William Boyd Dawkins …
  • … to buy them’ ( letter from W. B. Dawkins, 23 February 1871 ). Thomas Henry Huxley marvelled that …
  • … tide-marks!’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 20 February 1871 ). Asa Gray remarked, somewhat …
  • … and pointed ears”  (letter from Asa Gray, 14 April 1871) Like his previous book,  …
  • … arms and legs ( letter from C. L. Bernays, 25 February 1871 ). Samples of hair arrived from …
  • … his head ( letter from W. B. Tegetmeier, [before 25 April 1871] )). Hinrich Nitsche, ‘the lucky …
  • … orang-utan foetus ( letter from Hinrich Nitsche, 18 April 1871 ). Darwin thought he might use the …
  • … poor return’ ( letter to Hinrich Nitsche, 25 April [1871] ). Animal anecdotes appeared in …
  • … space each morning ( letter from Arthur Nicols, 7 March 1871 ; letter from B. J. Sulivan, 11 …
  • … of beauty ( letter from E. J. Pfeiffer, [before 26 April 1871] ). Roland Trimen, a long-time …
  • … in the past ( letter from Roland Trimen, 17 and 18 April 1871 ). Candid disagreement …
  • … were raised to a high pitch, as Innes wrote on 26 May 1871 about the darker races arising …
  • … as far as this goes’ ( letter to J. B. Innes, 29 May [1871] ). On religion and morality …
  • … Creator made it’ ( letter from George Morrish, 18 March 1871 ). Darwin received an anonymous …
  • … Descent  ( letter from a child of God, [after 24 February 1871] ). Yet some continued to …
  • … religious feeling’ ( letter from F. E. Abbot, 20 August 1871 ). The Anglican clergyman and …
  • … brethren’ ( letter from George Henslow, 5 December 1871 ). Ernst Haeckel boasted of his month …
  • … monkey !’ ( letter from Ernst Haeckel, 21 December 1871 ). Descent  was extensively …
  • … independent of all times and all circumstances’ (8 April 1871, p. 5). Darwin condemned the author of …
  • … & classics’ ( letter to John Murray, 13 April [1871] ). But a similar point was made by …
  • … the killing of some members of a hive a duty (Cobbe 1871, pp. 174, 188–9). Darwin was particularly …
  • … by culture, not biology ( letter from John Morley, 30 March 1871 ). Reaction at home …
  • … its master. ( Letter from Hensleigh Wedgwood, [3–9 March 1871] .) Some of Darwin’s …
  • … to me’ ( letter to Hensleigh Wedgwood, 9 March 1871 ). A widening rift By far the …
  • … 1871a), which appeared just prior to  Descent  in early 1871. ‘I daresay it will tell heavily …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 14 hits

  • … Blair, R.H. 11 July 1871 Worcester College for the …
  • … Brooke, C.A.J. 30 April 1871 Sarawak, Borneo …
  • … Chaumont, F.S.B.F. de 11 March 1871 Woolston, …
  • … Crichton-Browne, James 3 April 1871 West Riding …
  • … Donders, F.C. 28 March 1871 Utrecht, Netherlands …
  • … Foster, Michael 4 June [1871] Trinity College, …
  • … Gray, Asa 14 April 1871 Cambridge, Massachusetts, …
  • … Gray, Asa 10 & 14 March [1871] Cambridge, …
  • … Mivart, G.J. 26 Jan 1871 North Bank, London, England …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 1 Feb 1871 11 St Mary Abbot's …
  • … Rejlander, O.G. [1871] Victoria Street, London, …
  • … Smith, Andrew 1 Feb. 1871 11 Saint Mary Abbot's …
  • … Smith, Andrew 17 April 1871 16 Alexander Square, …
  • … Swinhoe, Robert 14 March 1871 33 Oakley Square, …

Frank Chance

Summary

The Darwin archive not only contains letters, manuscript material, photographs, books and articles but also all sorts of small, dry specimens, mostly enclosed with letters. Many of these enclosures have become separated from the letters or lost altogether,…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … first is undated but we know it was written before 25 April 1871 because Darwin alluded to a case …
  • … report by the pigeon-fancier W. B. Tegetmeier, 25 April [1871] . In his letter Chance is …
  • … (Letter from Frank Chance, [before 25 April 1871] ) Responding to this meticulous self …
  • … were very rare. When we were editing volume 19 (1871), Chance’s enclosure of beard and …
  • … : In your work on the ""Descent of Man"" (ed. 1871) ii. 298, 299, in …
  • … followed up on a similar case that CD had observed on 13 May 1871. William’s letter of 5 June 1871

Henrietta Emma Darwin

Summary

Henrietta “Etty” Darwin (1843–1927) was the eldest of Charles Darwin’s daughters to reach adulthood. She married Richard Buckley Litchfield in 1871. She was a valued editor to her father as well as companion and correspondent to both of her parents.…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … reach adulthood. She married Richard Buckley Litchfield in 1871. She was a valued editor to her …
  • … by her father for his scientific writing, particularly his 1871 work,   The Descent of Man .  In …

Darwin and the Church

Summary

The story of Charles Darwin’s involvement with the church is one that is told far too rarely. It shows another side of the man who is more often remembered for his personal struggles with faith, or for his role in large-scale controversies over the…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … [1850] and n. 6; and letter to J. B. Innes, 29 May [1871] ). Their true friendship does …
  • … request favourably—’ (letter from J. B. Innes, 26 May 1871 ). Indeed Innes had such a high …
  • … school and organ funds (letter to J. B. Innes, 13 January 1871 ). Down’s next clergyman …
  • … very dull sermons’ (letter to J. B. Innes, 18 January [1871] ). Mr Powell was happy to take up …
  • … qualifications’ (letter from J. B. Innes, 5 June 1871 ). Particularly in the early days of …

Moral Nature

Summary

In Descent of Man, Darwin argued that human morality had evolved from the social instincts of animals, especially the bonds of sympathy and love. Darwin gathered observations over many decades on animal behavior: the heroic sacrifices of social insects,…

Matches: 8 hits

  • … Letter 7048 : Darwin, W. E., to Darwin, C. R., [April? 1871] In Descent of man (1: 71 …
  • … Letter 7645 : Morley, John to Darwin, 30 March 1871 The politician and man of letters, …
  • … of Descent of Man in the Pall Mall Gazette (Morley 1871). Darwin admired the review, and …
  • … Letter 7685 : Darwin to Morley, John, 14 April [1871] "When I speak of intellectual …
  • … Letter 7691 , Morley, John, to Darwin, 17 April 1871 "I don't think Mr. Mill& …
  • … 7470 : Wedgwood, Hensleigh to Darwin, [before 3 March 1871] Darwin exchanged long letters …
  • … Letter 7537 : Darwin, C. R. to Wenslow, Hensleigh, 3 March [1871] Using the example of …
  • … 3. [ available at Darwinonline ] Cobbe, F. P. 1871. 'Darwinism in morals'. …

Strange things sent to Darwin in the post

Summary

Some of the stranger things Darwin received in the post can tell us a lot about how Darwin worked at home. In 1863, Darwin was very excited when the ornithologist Alfred Newton sent him a diseased, red-legged partridge foot with an enormous ball of clay…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … have germinated out of the dung ’.   In 1871, Darwin asked Ray Lankester to …
  • … enclosed with the letter from Hinrich Nitsche, 18 April 1871 (DAR 87: 46r) In Variation …

Darwin and vivisection

Summary

Darwin played an important role in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals brought an unsuccessful prosecution against a French physiologist who…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … heart’ ( Correspondence vol. 19, letter to ?, 19 May [1871] ). As a magistrate in Down, he had …
  • … vol. 19, letter to E. R. Lankester, 22 March [1871] ). In the same year, Darwin had published …
  • … of the British Association for the Advancement of Science in 1871 that outlined principles for …

Henrietta Darwin's diary

Summary

Darwin's daughter Henrietta kept a diary for a few momentous weeks in 1871. This was the year in which Descent of Man, the most controversial of her father's books after Origin itself, appeared, a book which she had helped him write. The small…

Matches: 8 hits

  • … wrote the following journal entries in March and July 1871 in a small lockable, leather-bound …
  • … by Henrietta herself. Darwin’s letters in 1870 and 1871 ( Correspondence , vols 18 and 19) …
  • … missions due to take place between 26 February and 5 March 1871 in four towns within the deanery of …
  • … from Charles and Emma Darwin to F. J. Wedgwood, [March 1871?], and letter from F. J. Wedgwood to H. …
  • … University Library. Henrietta Darwin | March 1871 1871 March— Sea Grove …
  • … away what they have no equivalent for. July 4th 1871. How hard it is to wait—the …
  • … I think I am a very happy woman. Sunday July 9 th . 1871 I want to think why I shd …
  • … mission leaders in the  Hampshire Advertiser , 21 January 1871, p. 7. 4 Probably John …

William Winwood Reade

Summary

On 19 May 1868, an African explorer and unsuccessful novelist, William Winwoode Reade (1838–1875) offered to help Darwin, and started a correspondence and, arguably, a collaboration, that would last until Reade's death. After a first 1861 tour of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … of it" – Winwood Reade to Charles Darwin, 31 January 1871 ) and sought Darwin’s advice on …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Letter 7624 - Bathoe, M . B. to Darwin, [25 March 1871] Mary Bathoe responds …
  • … Letter 7644 - Barnard, A. to Darwin, [30 March 1871] J. S. Henslow’s daughter, …
  • … 7651 - Wedgwood, F. J. to Darwin, H. E., [1 April 1871] Frances Wedgwood offers …
  • … 7411 - Pfeiffer, E. J. to Darwin, [before 26 April 1871] The poet Emily Pfeiffer …
  • … Letter 8055 - Hennell, S. S. to Darwin, [7 November 1871] Sarah Hennell writes to Darwin …

Francis Galton

Summary

Galton was a naturalist, statistician, and evolutionary theorist. He was a second cousin of Darwin’s, having descended from his grandfather, Erasmus. Born in Birmingham in 1822, Galton studied medicine at King’s College, London, and also read mathematics…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … his results tended to disprove Darwin’s theory (Galton 1871). This brought a quick rejoinder from …
  • … together to facilitate cross-circulation ( 13 September 1871 ). His views on inheritance continued …

Capturing Darwin’s voice: audio of selected letters

Summary

On a sunny Wednesday in June 2011 in a makeshift recording studio somewhere in Cambridge, we were very pleased to welcome Terry Molloy back to the Darwin Correspondence Project for a special recording session. Terry, known for his portrayal of Davros in Dr…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … politely worded rebuke to St G. J. Mivart ( 21 April [1871] ) for  the inadequacies, as Darwin saw …

Have you read the one about....

Summary

... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some serious - but all letters you can read here.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … ... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some …

Darwin on human evolution

Summary

'I hear that Ladies think it delightful reading, but that it does not do to talk about it, which no doubt promotes the sale.' For the first time online you can now read the full texts of nearly 800 letters Darwin wrote and received during 1871,…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Darwin wrote and received more than 800 letters during 1871, the year in which Descent of man , …
  • … and work for this year in  Darwin's life in letters, 1871: An emptying nest . …
  • … had published a short paper on the action of earthworms; in 1871, he was able to make exact …
  • … margin: 10px;","class":"media-element file-default"}}]] In 1871, Darwin& …

Darwin in public and private

Summary

Extracts from Darwin's published works, in particular Descent of man, and selected letters, explore Darwin's views on the operation of sexual selection in humans, and both his publicly and privately expressed views on its practical implications…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … in relation to sex , (London: John Murray, 1st ed., 1871), vol. 1., pp. 207 – 208. 3) “Man …
  • … and has a more inventive genius…”   Descent (1871), vol. 2, pp. 316 – 317. 4) …
  • … greater tenderness and less selfishness…” Descent (1871), vol. 2, pp. 326 – 327. 5) “The …
  • … merely the use of the senses and hands….”  Descent (1871), vol. 2, pp. 327. 6) “…Thus man …
  • … is in ornamental plumage to the peahen.”   Descent (1871), vol. 2, pp. 328 – 329. 7) …
  • … chiefly to her adult daughters….”  Descent (1871), vol. 2, p. 329. 8) “Man is more …
  • … should have gained the power of selection…” Descent (1871), vol. 2, pp. 371 – 372. …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Letter 7433  - Wedgwood,  F. to Darwin, [9 January 1871] Darwin’s brother-in-law, …
  • … Letter 8113 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [20 December 1871] Mary Treat describes her …
  • … Letter 7605  - Darwin to Darwin,  H. E., [20 March 1871] Darwin reports to …
  • … Letter 7858 - Darwin to Wa llace, A. R., [12 July 1871] Darwin tells Wallace that …
  • … 8089 - Darwin to Litc hfield, H. E., [2 December 1871] Darwin sends a chapter on …

John Lubbock

Summary

John Lubbock was eight years old when the Darwins moved into the neighbouring property of Down House, Down, Kent; the total of one hundred and seventy surviving letters he went on to exchange with Darwin is a large number considering that the two men lived…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … parliament to include a question on cousin-marriage in the 1871 census.  This was unsuccessful, but …
  • … to carry off anothers wife? ( from John Lubbock, 18 March [1871] ). It was Lubbock who drew …

Darwin's bad days

Summary

Despite being a prolific worker who had many successes with his scientific theorising and experimenting, even Darwin had some bad days. These times when nothing appeared to be going right are well illustrated by the following quotations from his letters:

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Despite being a prolific worker who had many successes with his scientific theorising and …

Science: A Man’s World?

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters Darwin's correspondence show that many nineteenth-century women participated in the world of science, be it as experimenters, observers, editors, critics, producers, or consumers. Despite this, much of the…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 8055 - Hennell, S. S. to Darwin, [7 November 1871] Sarah Hennell writes to Darwin …
  • … Letter 8079 - Norton, S. R. to Darwin, [20 November 1871] Sarah Norton passes on to …
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