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Darwin in letters, 1860: Answering critics

Summary

On 7 January 1860, John Murray published the second edition of Darwin’s Origin of species, printing off another 3000 copies to satisfy the demands of an audience that surprised both the publisher and the author. It wasn't long, however, before ‘the…

Matches: 27 hits

  • On 7 January 1860, John Murray published the second edition of Darwins  Origin of
  • in railway stations ( letter to Charles Lyell, 14 January [1860] ). By May, with the work
  • be nice easy reading.’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 22 May [1860] ). Origin : reactions and
  • his main argument ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 3 January [1860] ). Darwins magnanimous
  • utterly  smashed’ ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 3 July [1860] ). (A chronological list of all the
  • the only track that leads to physical truth’ (Sedgwick 1860) that most wounded Darwin. Having spent
  • investigation.—’ ( letter to J. S. Henslow, 8 May [1860] ). Above all else Darwin prided
  • ample lot of facts.’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 18 February [1860] ). To those who objected that his
  • as real.’ ( letter to C. J. F. Bunbury, 9 February [1860] ). This helps to explain why Darwin was
  • … . Fawcett asserted that Darwins theory accorded well with John Stuart Mills exposition of the
  • progression ( letter to Charles Lyell, 18 [and 19 February 1860] ). To this and Lyells many other
  • than a success ( see letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 February [1860] ). I think geologists
  • to reasoning.’ ( letter to A. R. Wallace, 18 May 1860 ). Darwin began to tabulate (and
  • and five botanists ( see letter to J. D. Hooker, 3 March [1860] ). Others, like François Jules
  • at it, makes me sick!’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 3 April [1860] ). By the end of 1860, Darwin
  • those of embryology ( letter to Asa Gray, 10 September [1860] ). Only his theory, he believed, …
  • of species ( see letter from T. H. Huxley, 6 August 1860 ). But Baer in fact eventually opposed
  • other animals’ ( letter to Charles Lyell, 10 January [1860] )— he and others were well aware that
  • to hear Samuel Wilberforce, the bishop of Oxford, reply to John William Drapers paper giving a
  • after 4 hours battle’ (letter from J. D. Hooker, 2 July 1860). Other correspondents informed Darwin
  • thing for subject.—’ ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 3 July [1860] ). Further details of the meeting, …
  • theological reform tract  Essays and reviews  in January 1860 as to that of  Origin  itself. …
  • … ( letter from J. S. Henslow to J. D. Hooker, 10 May 1860 ). What worried Darwin most about such
  • support altogether (letters to Charles Lyell, 1 June [1860] and 11 August [1860] ). As
  • I shall improve the Book considerably.—’ ( letter to John Murray, 5 December [1860] ). Although he
  • to convert people under 20 year,’ he told his friend John Innes, ‘though firmly convinced  now
  • good judge coming some little way with me.’ ( letter to John Innes, 28 December [1860] ). …

The Lyell–Lubbock dispute

Summary

In May 1865 a dispute arose between John Lubbock and Charles Lyell when Lubbock, in his book Prehistoric times, accused Lyell of plagiarism. The dispute caused great dismay among many of their mutual scientific friends, some of whom took immediate action…

Matches: 23 hits

  • … In May 1865 a dispute arose between John Lubbock and Charles Lyell when Lubbock, in his book …
  • … implements of early humans (C. Lyell 1859). In September 1860 he visited sites in both France and …
  • … ( Correspondence vol. 8, letter to Charles Lyell, 4 May [1860] and n. 3; Hutchinson 1914, 1: 51). …
  • … the age of the human species. The visits by both Lyell and Lubbock reflected the growing interest, …
  • … to establish the age of the human race.  In 1861, Lubbock joined Thomas Henry Huxley, Busk, …
  • … recent geologico-archaeological researches in Denmark’ (Lubbock 1861) for the October 1861 issue. …
  • … (kitchen-middens) of ancient Danish settlements. Lubbock reviewed the literature on the topic and …
  • … in Danish (Morlot 1859, Forchhammer et al. 1851–5); Lubbock cited Morlot as the source of many …
  • … book, Prehistoric times (Lubbock 1865).  By 1860, Lyell had begun work on a sixth edition …
  • … completed and set in type for Elements of geology in 1860 and then re-set in 1861 for …
  • … also added the following note on page 11: *Mr. John Lubbock published, after these sheets …
  • … wrote to Henrietta Emma Darwin, ‘whereas after talking to John, he thought him not wrong, after …
  • … avoiding any mention of the note in the preface (letter to John Lubbock, 11 June [1865] ). No …
  • … well as the Swiss lake-dwellings, was originally written in 1860 for the sixth edition of the ‘ …
  • … discoveries and conclusions which had been made before 1860; but I gladly took advantage of the …
  • … to them, or to any authors of later date than the summer of 1860, I must have expanded the plan of …
  • … on page 11, C. Lyell 1863c (original version) *Mr. John Lubbock published, after these sheets …
  • … on page 11, C. Lyell 1863c (revised version) *Mr. John Lubbock published, in the October …
  • … Van Riper 1993. 2. Letter from Charles Lyell to John Lubbock, 20 February 1863 (British …
  • … 1863b, p. 214). 12. Letter from Hugh Falconer to John Lubbock, 24 May [1864], in (British …
  • … written for me by a mutual friend of ours’ (letter from John Lubbock to J. D. Hooker, 23 June 1865, …
  • … March 1865, in BL MSS ADD 49641. 16. Letter from John Lubbock to Charles Lyell, 13 March …
  • … expenditures, and condition of the institution for the year 1860  15 (1861): 284–343. Translated by …

John Lubbock

Summary

John Lubbock was eight years old when the Darwins moved into the neighbouring property of Down House, Down, Kent; the total of one hundred and seventy surviving letters he went on to exchange with Darwin is a large number considering that the two men lived…

Matches: 23 hits

  • John Lubbock was eight years old when the Darwins moved into the neighbouring
  • two men lived as close neighbours for most of their lives.  Lubbock's fatherJohn William
  • banking family, and the family seat of High Elms, which Lubbock inherited in 1865, was at the heart
  • and wide-ranging studies in anthropology and prehistory, John Lubbocks childhood interest in
  • mountain must come some Sunday to Mahomet.   ( to John Lubbock, 26 March [1867] ) …
  • meetings leave in the documentary record, it is clear that John Lubbock played a significant part in
  • and strategist.  As early as 1857 Darwin wrote to thank Lubbock for saving him from a ' …
  • on variationDarwin made constant requests of Lubbock, bombarding him with questions and
  • with me on general issue, or against me. ( to John Lubbock, 14 December [1859] ) …
  • In the weeks immediately after publication, Darwin wrote to Lubbock not once but twice demanding to
  • opinion of men like you & Hooker & Huxley & Lyell’. Lubbock spoke in Darwin&#039
  • Darwin's supporters) in 1864. Pre-historic Times (1865), Lubbock's account of human
  • to humans.  After his election as MP for Maidstone in 1870, Lubbock tried at Darwins request to
  • such as James Torbitt's research into potato blight. Lubbock was one of those consulted on
  • Descent In Descent of man , Darwin referred to Lubbocks published work on the secondary
  • … (see  Descent p. 94). But the most important aspect of Lubbocks work for Darwin was the support
  • from a single common ancestor ( Descent p. 233).  Lubbocks Origin of civilisation , …
  • much interest for the good of my internal viscera’ ( to John Lubbock, 21 July [1870] ). It seems
  • a daughter? or scrupled to carry off anothers wife? ( from John Lubbock, 18 March [1871] ). …
  • complained that he remained 'not a little in the dark' ( to John Lubbock, 26 March [1867] …
  • in a banking career, and Darwin's last known letter to John Lubbock, sent shortly before
  • children were strained.  ‘I am afraid our feeling to Sir JohnFrancis Darwin later wrotedid not
  • He signed himself, with unusual formality, “My dear Sir John, yours sincerely”. By this stage

British Association meeting 1860

Summary

Several letters refer to events at the British Association for the Advancement of Science held in Oxford, 26 June – 3 July 1860. Darwin had planned to attend the meeting but in the end was unable to. The most famous incident of the meeting was the verbal…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … the Advancement of Science meeting in Oxford, June–July 1860 Several letters in the year 1860
  • … Advancement of Science held in Oxford, 26 June – 3 July 1860. Darwin had planned to attend the …
  • … broken down” (letter to Charles Lyell, 25 [June 1860] ). Undoubtedly the most famous …
  • … 521–4); Charles Lyell (K. M. Lyell ed. 1881, 2: 335–6); John Lubbock (Hutchinson 1914, 1: 50); John
  • … are less well known. The following account of the 1860 meeting of the British Association in …
  • … by their precise attribution. Athenæum , 7 July 1860, p. 19: Introduction to the reports …
  • … lively during the week. Athenæum , 7 July 1860, pp. 25–6: Thursday session of Section D. …
  • … monkey was the gift of speech. Athenæum , 14 July 1860, pp. 64–5: Saturday session, …
  • … which seemed independent of all external agents.— Mr. LUBBOCK expressed his willingness to accept …

Darwin in letters, 1862: A multiplicity of experiments

Summary

1862 was a particularly productive year for Darwin. This was not only the case in his published output (two botanical papers and a book on the pollination mechanisms of orchids), but more particularly in the extent and breadth of the botanical experiments…

Matches: 17 hits

  • … of sterility between varieties of  Verbascum . When John Scott, foreman of the propagating …
  • … Darwin, impressed, gave him the commission ( see letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] ). …
  • … to publish on  Linum  ‘at once’ ( letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] ), writing up his …
  • … buy it. When he submitted the manuscript to his publisher, John Murray, he boasted: ‘I can say with …
  • … in the least , whether the Book will sell’ ( letter to John Murray, 9 [February 1862] ). To his …
  • … paper for the  Natural History Review  ( see letter to John Lubbock, 16 [December 1862] ). Aware …
  • … plant,  Drosera . As he had at Eastborne in the summer of 1860 (see Correspondence vol. 8), Darwin …
  • … of the old  Beagle  crew, Bartholomew James Sulivan, John Clements Wickham, and Arthur Mellersh, …
  • … of this, he prescribed strict conditions for a meeting with John Lubbock: ‘if you could … let me go …
  • … at 9 o clock I do not think it would hurt me’ ( letter to John Lubbock, 23 October [1862] ). …
  • … on botany. Even at the start of their correspondence he told John Scott: ‘Botany is a new subject to …
  • … odds & ends of botany & you know far more’ ( letter to John Scott, 19 November [1862] ). …
  • … Lyell, 14 October [1862] ). Moreover, when the physicist John Tyndall, fresh from a summer in the …
  • … of Darwin’s circle was in Switzerland in the summer: John Lubbock briefly met up with Tyndall and …
  • … discovered prehistoric lake-dwellings ( see letter from John Lubbock, 23 August 1862 ). Lubbock …
  • … to view the prehistoric sites near Amiens ( see letter from John Lubbock, 15 May 1862 ), and he …
  • … about the antiquity of the human species ( see letter from John Lubbock, 6 January 1862 ). …

Darwin in letters, 1863: Quarrels at home, honours abroad

Summary

At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of The variation of animals and plants under domestication, anticipating with excitement the construction of a hothouse to accommodate his increasingly varied botanical experiments…

Matches: 17 hits

  • … that he was ‘unwell & must write briefly’ ( letter to John Scott, 31 May [1863] ), and in a …
  • …  vol. 8, letter to Charles Lyell, 10 January [1860] ). In the same letter he reminded Lyell of …
  • … who was already ill-disposed towards Owen following his 1860 review of  Origin , wrote to Falconer …
  • … were himself, Hooker, Huxley, Alfred Russel Wallace, and John Lubbock. Honours abroad …
  • … of the Royal Society ( see letter from Edward Sabine to John Phillips, 12 November 1863 ). …
  • … exercise Darwin was Huxley’s assertion, first made in his 1860 review of  Origin , that in order …
  • … year with the Hertfordshire nurseryman Thomas Rivers. John Scott Darwin had found a …
  • … of hybridity and sterility at the end of the previous year. John Scott, a gardener at the Royal …
  • … the results of which were published in 1868 ( see letter to John Scott, 25 and 28 May [1863] ). …
  • … hoped would counteract Huxley’s criticism ( letter from John Scott, 23 July [1863] ). Darwin …
  • … Darwin had also encouraged him to write ( see letter to John Scott, 12 April [1863] ). In this …
  • … that your paper will have permanent value’ ( letter to John Scott, 31 May [1863] ). Scott received …
  • … the “Origin” is not at all palatable!’ ( letter from John Scott, [3 June 1863] ). Darwin’s …
  • … a position offered in Darjeeling, India ( see letter from John Scott, 22 May 1863 , and letter …
  • …  and  Viola species, had interested Darwin since 1860; it continued to capture his attention ( …
  • … to Malvern the following week. Three letters in August from John Goodsir, professor of anatomy at …
  • … of all such matters as your stomach’ ( see letter from John Goodsir, 21 August [1863] ; letter …

Darwin in letters, 1865: Delays and disappointments

Summary

The year was marked by three deaths of personal significance to Darwin: Hugh Falconer, a friend and supporter; Robert FitzRoy, captain of the Beagle; and William Jackson Hooker, director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and father of Darwin’s friend…

Matches: 20 hits

  • … on a paper on  Verbascum (mullein) by CD’s protégé, John Scott, who was now working in India. …
  • … also a serious dispute between two of Darwin’s friends, John Lubbock and Charles Lyell . These …
  • … Appendix II). In May, he invited a new doctor, John Chapman, to Down and began a course of Chapman’s …
  • … of illness.  Variation , which he had begun in January 1860, and which was intended to explain his …
  • … Variation . In March Darwin wrote to his publisher, John Murray, ‘Of present book I have 7 …
  • … forward, except the last & concluding one’ ( letter to John Murray, 31 March [1865] ). In …
  • … will be ready for the press in the autumn’ ( letter to John Murray, 4 April [1865] ). In early …
  • … ‘I am never idle when I can do anything’ ( letter to John Murray, 2 June [1865] ). It was not …
  • … questions and suggesting new lines of research. John Scott A similar, though not so …
  • … effort took place in the beginning of the year when John Scott, a protégé of Darwin’s whom Darwin …
  • … varieties (see  Correspondence  vol. 10, letter to John Scott, 19 November [1862] ). Darwin had …
  • … in 1863 (see Correspondence  vol. 11, letter from John Scott, 21 September [1863] ), and wrote …
  • … 1864, despite suffering from sea-sickness ( letter from John Scott, 21 July 1865 ). This may have …
  • … would take up the work again when he had time ( letter from John Scott, 21 July 1865 ); at the …
  • … serenity of the Christian world’ (Brewster 1862, p. 3). John Hutton Balfour, though he had sent …
  • … 1862 ). According to Hooker, Balfour’s prejudice against John Scott, who had worked under Balfour …
  • … At the end of May, the dispute between Charles Lyell and John Lubbock over alleged plagiarism by …
  • … in Correspondence vol. 13, Appendix V. In 1865, Lubbock published  Prehistoric times , …
  • … now ready to make observations for him in India (John Scott) and Brazil (Fritz Müller). Although not …
  • … George Henslow, the son of Darwin’s mentor at Cambridge, John Stevens Henslow, from John Traherne …

Darwin in letters,1866: Survival of the fittest

Summary

The year 1866 began well for Charles Darwin, as his health, after several years of illness, was now considerably improved. In February, Darwin received a request from his publisher, John Murray, for a new edition of  Origin. Darwin got the fourth…

Matches: 13 hits

  • of scientific admirers at Down, among them Robert Caspary, John Traherne Moggridge, and Ernst
  • regime led to Darwins being teased by his neighbour, John Lubbock, about the prospect of riding to
  • with our beagles before the season is over’ ( letter from John Lubbock, 4 August 1866 ). More
  • On 21 February Darwin received notification from John Murray that stocks of the third edition of  …
  • Henry Walter Batess article on mimetic butterflies, Lubbocks observations of diving Hymenoptera
  • George Henslow, the son of his Cambridge mentor, John Stevens Henslow, stayed for two days in April
  • In June, Darwin was visited by the orchid specialist John Traherne Moggridge, whose work on the self
  • … , translated by Heinrich Georg Bronn, had been published in 1860 and 1863 by the firm E. …
  • Darwin and the New York publisher D. Appleton and Co. in 1860. Unfortunately, Appleton had produced
  • to the famous Oxford meeting of the British Association in 1860, where the bishop of Oxford, Samuel
  • out, ‘business would be totally paralysed’. Similarly, John Murray gave as a reason for his decision
  • … ‘gaieties travelling & War Bulletins’ ( letter from John Murray, 18 July 1866 ). I
  • for the criminal prosecution of the colonial governor Edward John Eyre. In his efforts to suppress

New material added to the American edition of Origin

Summary

A ‘revised and augmented’ American edition of Origin came on the market in July 1860, and was the only authorised edition available in the US until 1873. It incorporated many of the changes Darwin made to the second English edition, but still contained…

Matches: 12 hits

  • … response to Darwin (see letters from Asa Gray, [10 January 1860], [17 January 1860], and 23 January …
  • … of stereotyping (see letter from Asa Gray, 23 January [1860] and n. 2). The firm agreed, however, to …
  • … of species (two letters to Baden Powell, 18 January 1860), Darwin subsequently changed his mind. On …
  • … this off to Gray enclosed in his letter of [8 or 9 February 1860]. He had earlier sent Gray some …
  • … given by Hewett Cottrell Watson in his letter of [3? January 1860]) that Darwin wanted inserted at …
  • … American edition in the letter to Lyell, 18 [and 19 February 1860]. Darwin suggested to Gray that …
  • … additional corrections” (letter to Asa Gray, 1 February [1860]). By 1 May 1860, D. Appleton …
  • … printings of Origin (see letter to Asa Gray, 22 May [1860] and enclosure) and were preparing to …
  • … American edition of Origin was available in July 1860 (see [Gray] 1860b, p. 116). It is …
  • … ‘‘a regular, not a casual, phenomenon,’’ or, as Sir John Herschel expresses it, ‘‘a natural in …
  • …   Charles Darwin Down, Bromley, Kent, Feb. 1860   [Darwin’s …
  • … ( Origin 3d ed., pp. 363–6). See also letter from John Lubbock, [after 28 April 1860?]. …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Letter 2814 — Darwin, C. R. to Gray, Asa, 22 May [1860] Darwin writes to Gray about the …
  • … Letter 2855 — Darwin, C. R. to Gray, Asa, 3 July [1860] Darwin writes to Gray and tells him …
  • … Letter 12041 — Darwin, C. R. to Fordyce, John, 7 May 1879 In this letter marked “private”, …
  • … R. to Down School Board, [Nov–Dec 1873] Darwin, Sir John Lubbock, Ellen Frances Lubbock, and S. …
  • … vicar of Down is concerned about the rumours regarding John Robinson [curate of Down]. He will seek …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … 6815 - Scott, J. to Darwin, [2 July 1869] John Scott responds to Darwin’s queries …
  • … Letter 2781  - Doubleday, H. to Darwin, [3 May 1860] Doubleday describes his …
  • …  - Weir, J. J. to Darwin, [24 March 1868] John Weir describes experiments he is undertaking …
  • … J., [5 April 1859] Darwin asks his publisher, John Murray, to forward a manuscript copy of …
  • … writing. Letter 3001  - Darwin to Lubbock, J., [28 November 1860] Darwin …
  • …  - Weir, J. J. to Darwin, [24 March 1868] John Weir describes experiments he is undertaking …

Darwin in letters, 1861: Gaining allies

Summary

The year 1861 marked an important change in the direction of Darwin’s work. He had weathered the storm that followed the publication of Origin, and felt cautiously optimistic about the ultimate acceptance of his ideas. The letters from this year provide an…

Matches: 15 hits

  • … of notes on variation at Down House. During the summer of 1860, he had become interested in  …
  • … presented in  Origin . Having learned from his publisher John Murray in November 1860 that a new …
  • … out for praise in 1861. He had been disappointed to learn of John Frederick William Herschel’s …
  • … Moreover, Darwin found an important philosophical ally in John Stuart Mill. Through Henry Fawcett, a …
  • … recommended that Bates offer the manuscript to the publisher John Murray with a view to obtaining …
  • … fourth child, remained desolate over the death in September 1860 of their first-born, Noel, he and …
  • … consolation to his friend Hooker whose father-in-law, John Stevens Henslow, died after a brief …
  • … in the voyage of the  Beagle  is well known. As late as 1860, Henslow had defended Darwin against …
  • … to contribute to Leonard Jenyns’s  Memoir of the Rev. John Stevens Henslow  (see Correspondence …
  • … ). Later in the year, he went even further, writing to John Lindley on 17 October: ‘Orchids have …
  • … volume that would reach a wider public. Having approached John Murray with some hesitation, and …
  • … Erasmus. Late in May, Darwin’s young friend and neighbour, John Lubbock, a partner with his father …
  • … form of typhus fever’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 11 May 1860 ). This hope was realised. By the end …
  • … any suitable south-coast introductions for William. Through John Bonham Carter, Darwin arranged for …
  • … America that threatened peace in Britain in 1861. The end of 1860 and the beginning of 1861 saw …

Darwin in letters, 1864: Failing health

Summary

On receiving a photograph from Charles Darwin, the American botanist Asa Gray wrote on 11 July 1864: ‘the venerable beard gives the look of your having suffered, and … of having grown older’.  Because of poor health, Because of poor health, Darwin…

Matches: 12 hits

  • … of a paper by another of his orchid correspondents, John Traherne Moggridge, who in June sent him …
  • … of insect pollinators in 1864 and following years. John Scott again Much of Darwin’s …
  • … plight of another of Darwin’s fellow orchid-experimenters, John Scott. Their correspondence had been …
  • … five years. Scott felt that his superiors, James McNab and John Hutton Balfour, no longer treated …
  • … indomitable perseverance, and his knowledge’ ( letter to John Scott, 10 June 1864 ). Hooker met …
  • … support ‘on the grounds of science’ ( letter to John Scott, 9 April 1864 ), but Scott declined …
  • … 1864 ). A notably rambling and long letter arrived from John Beck, a Shrewsbury schoolfellow of …
  • … by a merciful deity for the use of humankind ( letter from John Beck, 6 October 1864 ). …
  • … his brother Erasmus told him of a subscription fund for John William Colenso, bishop of Natal, South …
  • … that a Neanderthal race once extended across Europe. John Lubbock mentioned his forthcoming volume …
  • … of the Royal Society, Edward Sabine, to the geologist John Phillips revealed Sabine’s fears that in …
  • … ever so little degree the Council’s award’ ( letter to John Lubbock, 21 December [1864] ). In …

Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 22 hits

  • … 1851; the second (DAR 128) continues the list from 1852 to 1860, when, except for a few odd entries, …
  • … The Emigrant, Head [F. B. Head 1846] St. John’s Highlands [C. W. G. Saint John 1846] …
  • … B.M. 6. 6. Black Edin. Longman [Ramsay 1848] St. John’s Nat. Hist. of Sutherlanshire, Murray …
  • … Liebigs Lectures on Chemistry [Liebig 1851]. Sir John Davies. China during the War and Peace …
  • … d . Series. vol 3. p. 1 to 312 30 th  Colquhoun (John) The Moor & the Loch [Colquhoun …
  • … Buffon [Milne-Edwards 1834–40]. March 5 th  St. John’s Highlands [Saint John 1846] 8 …
  • … Tone Autobiography [Tone 1826] very amusing March 10 John Galt Autobiography [Galt 1833] poor …
  • … 1848] Madam Malguet [Torrens] 1848] —— Lives of John & Alex. Belthune [?Bethune 1840 and …
  • … Ireland [Thompson 1849–56]. Vol. I. II & 3 May. St. John’s Tour in Sutherlandshire [Saint …
  • … 171] Pagets Travels in Hungary & Transylvania [John Paget 1839]— account of Dogs like …
  • … [Macclintock 1859] [DAR *128: 153] 1860 Owen in Trans. Zoolog. Soc. Vol …
  • … of a Naturalist in Australasia. 1. 1. 0 [G. Bennett 1860] Read 114 Village Bells [Manning] …
  • … Empire [Huc 1855] Feb 16 th  Pagets Hungary [John Paget 1839] —— Bechsteins …
  • … 23] 1858 Life of Montaigne by B. St. John [B. Saint John 1858].— Miss …
  • … to end of VI. vol.— [DAR 128: 26] 1860 Quatrefages on Maladies of Silk …
  • … . 1 & 2. 1854 & 1855.— [DAR 128: 27] 1860 Friends in Council [Helps …
  • …  2 vols. London.  *119: 12v. Bennett, George. 1860.  Gatherings of a naturalist in   …
  • …  2 vols. London.  *119: 23; 119: 22b ——. 1860.  The woman in white . New York and London …
  • … 71: 149.]  *128: 173; 128: 18 Samuelson, James. 1860.  The honey-bee; its natural history …
  • … feeding, and medical treatment of swine . London. [2d ed. (1860) in Darwin Library.]  *119: 22v. …
  • … companion) . London. 1848–61. [Nos. from 1855, 1856, and 1860 in Darwin Library.]  *128: 153 …
  • … series, 1847–51. Fourth series, 1852–9. New series, 1860–.  *128: 151 Scientific Memoirs …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … for other peoples or vice versa. The Scottish botanist John Scott wrote from Calcutta, 4 May 1868 …
  • … funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council, and the John Templeton Foundation. …
  • … Bridges, Thomas (b) [Oct 1860 or after] [Keppel …
  • … to East Asia Scott, John 4 May 1868 …
  • … India   Scott, John 2 July 1869 …

Discussion Questions and Essay Questions

Summary

There are a wide range of possibilities for opening discussion and essay writing on Darwin’s correspondence.  We have provided a set of sample discussion questions and essay questions, each of which focuses on a particular topic or correspondent in depth.…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … theories?[Mary Boole (1864), F. E. Abbot (1871-4), John Fordyce (1879), William Graham (1881)] …
  • … What was Darwin’s influence on experimental practice? [John Scott and sexual dimorphism (1862), …
  • … (1871-4)] Did Darwin believe in progress? [Lyell (1860, 1881), Hooker (1862), Lubbock (1865), …
  • … J. Wedgwood, Asa Gray, J. F. W. Herschel, Charles Lyell (c. 1860--1)] How did Darwin …

Suggested reading

Summary

  Contemporary writing Anon., The English matron: A practical manual for young wives, (London, 1846). Anon., The English gentlewoman: A practical manual for young ladies on their entrance to society, (Third edition, London, 1846). Becker, L. E.…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … science: Flora’s daughters and botany in England, 1760 - 1860 . (John Hopkins University Press, …

Have you read the one about....

Summary

... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some serious - but all letters you can read here.

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  • … ... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some …

Darwin's bad days

Summary

Despite being a prolific worker who had many successes with his scientific theorising and experimenting, even Darwin had some bad days. These times when nothing appeared to be going right are well illustrated by the following quotations from his letters:

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  • … Despite being a prolific worker who had many successes with his scientific theorising and …

Insectivorous plants

Summary

Darwin’s work on insectivorous plants began by accident. While on holiday in the summer of 1860, staying with his wife’s relatives in Hartfield, Sussex, he went for long walks on the heathland and became curious about the large number of insects caught by…

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  • … plants began by accident. While on holiday in the summer of 1860, staying with his wife’s relatives …
  • … the two men exchanging over twenty letters in the autumn of 1860 alone. Darwin started by asking …
  • … physiology ’, he consulted his former Cambridge teacher John Stevens Henslow. But Henslow knew …
  • … In 1873 Darwin wrote to the Institute’s superintendent, John Burdon Sanderson, about acquiring a …
  • … plants together in the same book but his publisher John Murray found the manuscript so large that …
  • … following in 1876. Darwin’s neighbour Ellen Lubbock celebrated the publication with a poem …