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List of correspondents

Summary

Below is a list of Darwin's correspondents with the number of letters for each one. Click on a name to see the letters Darwin exchanged with that correspondent.    "A child of God" (1) Abberley,…

Matches: 18 hits

  • … child of God" (1) Abberley, John (1) …
  • … Adams, A. L. (1) Addison, John (1) …
  • … (12) Agassiz, Louis (10) Agent for Mr Allen …
  • … C. J. (3) Andrews, John (1) Ann. …
  • … Arruda Furtado, Francisco d’ (10) Ashburner, Lionel (1) …
  • … Balfour, J. H. (7) Ball, John (5) …
  • … Becher, A. B. (1) Beck, John (2) …
  • … Beckhard, Martin (1) Beddoe, John (3) …
  • … C. H. (8) Blackwall, John (4) …
  • … J. A. H. de (11) Bostock, John (1) …
  • … Bridgman, W. K. (3) Brigg, John (1) …
  • … (1) Covington, Syms (10) Cowper-Temple, W. F. …
  • … (9) Errera, L. A. (10) Erskine, H. N. B. …
  • … (13) Forbes, Edward (10) Forbes, J. D. …
  • … François de Chaumont, F. S. B. (10) Fraser, George (3) …
  • … (1) Gosse, P. H. (10) Goubert, E. M. J. M. P. …
  • … (1) Harcourt, E. W. V. (10) Hardwicke’s …
  • … Job, R. A. (1) John Murray (181) …

Darwin in letters, 1867: A civilised dispute

Summary

Charles Darwin’s major achievement in 1867 was the completion of his large work, The variation of animals and plants under domestication (Variation). The importance of Darwin’s network of correspondents becomes vividly apparent in his work on expression in…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … of the size of the two-volume work from his publisher, John Murray, he wrote to Murray on 3 …
  • … a chapter ‘on Man’. After a few days, he wrote back to Murray proposing that some of the more …
  • … is as good as praise for selling a Book’ ( letter to John Murray, 31 January [1867] ). A …
  • … and the tedious work of correction began. Darwin wrote to Murray on 18 March to say that he …
  • … to translate  Variation . Indeed, he told his publisher, John Murray, in a letter of 4 April …
  • … time it took William Sweetland Dallas to prepare the index. John Murray had engaged Dallas and …
  • … was sure that the colours were protective and suggested that John Jenner Weir might conduct …
  • … into a scientific book’ ( letter to Charles Kingsley, 10 June [1867] ). With respect to …
  • … of the hostile kind’ ( letter to Charles Kingsley, 10 June [1867] ). Kingsley himself had remarked …
  • … beaks shorter than average’ ( letter to Charles Kingsley, 10 June [1867] ). Typically, …
  • … letters about  Variation . Darwin wrote to Carus on 10 December , informing him of errors …

Darwin in letters, 1872: Job done?

Summary

'My career’, Darwin wrote towards the end of 1872, 'is so nearly closed. . .  What little more I can do, shall be chiefly new work’, and the tenor of his correspondence throughout the year is one of wistful reminiscence, coupled with a keen eye…

Matches: 13 hits

  • to spread my views’, he wrote to his publisher, John Murray, on 30 January , shortly after
  • The public are accustomed to novels for 1s’, he wrote to Murray on 8 January , but Murray
  • the new edition in the United States, Darwin arranged with Murray to have it stereotyped. Before the
  • … `in another world’ ( letter from St GJMivart,  10 January 1872 ).  Darwin, determined to have
  • Hookers cause was taken up by his friends, in particular John Lubbock and John Tyndall, as one
  • to Gladstone a week later ( enclosure to letter from John Lubbock to WEGladstone, 20 June 1872
  • photographic plates with his overseas publishers, and with John Murrays assistant, the excitable
  • of the booksellers, encouraged an originally cautious John Murray to gamble on the books success: & …
  • attractive dishes in his `Literary Banquet’ (letters from John Murray, 6 November [1872] and 9
  • doubted he would ever use it ( letter to CLDodgson, 10 December 1872 ). Darwin
  • in those born blind, and filed away other letters, but Murrays confidence proved misplaced; demand
  • to supply comparative observations, and Darwins protégé John Scott, now employed as a curator in
  • a copy of  Expression  to another old Cambridge friend, John Maurice Herbert, who when they were

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 26 hits

  • had been in two volumes and had cost twenty-four shillings.) Murrays partner, Robert Francis Cooke, …
  • Quarterly Review  discussing works on primitive man by John Lubbock and Edward Burnett Tylor. It
  • of anonymous reviews. Its proprietor was none other than John Murray, Darwins publisher. So
  • wording of both the letter to the editor and the letter to Murray to accompany it. The depth of
  • a new publisherand advised that Darwin should not push Murray to the point of cutting off
  • … [6 or 7 August 1874] ). When the letter was finally sent to Murray, Darwin referred only to their
  • … ‘asking a favour ‘. He explained why he had written to Murray and not the editor of the  Quarterly
  • to review me in a hostile spirit’ ( letter to John Murray, 11 August 1874 ). Darwin was
  • St G. J. Mivart, 11 January [1872] ). To Darwins relief, Murray replied immediately: ‘I have lost
  • number of the Review & in the same type’  ( letter from John Murray, 12 August 1874 ). George
  • anonymous reviews. While staying with Hooker over Christmas, John Tyndall, professor at and
  • asthe natural outflow of his character’ ( letter from John Tyndall, 28 December 1874 ). …
  • in almost total failure of observations in New Zealand (see G. B. Airy ed. 1881). Darwins
  • in prettiness & snugness’ ( letter from Emma Darwin to J. B. Innes, 12 October [1874] ).   …
  • position of vicar of Deptford ( letter from Emma Darwin to J. B. Innes, 12 October [1874] ), but
  • to purchase the wooded land, which he had been renting from John Lubbock, led to a straining of
  • the sale was agreed in April for £300 ( letter from John Lubbock, 2 April 1874 ), a high price
  • for about a week ( letter from E. E. Klein, 14 May 1874 ). John Burdon Sanderson sent the results
  • an insignificant figure, as a cube of cartilage of  1 / 10  inch is almost beyond their
  • of other insect-eating plants. The surgeon and botanist John Ralfs sent  Utricularia  from
  • in order to work on its difficult structures ( letter to John Ralfs, 13 July [1874] ). The
  • children shedding tears as tiny babies ( letter from F. S. B. François de Chaumont, 29 April 1874
  • 1874 ). Darwin immediately sent a donation of £100, and £10 each from his sons George and Francis ( …
  • … ( Circular to John Lubbock, P. L. Sclater, Charles Lyell, W. B. Carpenter, and Michael Foster, [7
  • and sent a copy to Darwin ( letter from G. J. Romanes, 10 July 1874 ). After a second letter from
  • the Beagle) in December ( letter from C.-F. Reinwald , 10 December 1874 ). Samuel Jean Pozzi and

Origin

Summary

Darwin’s most famous work, Origin, had an inauspicious beginning. It grew out of his wish to establish priority for the species theory he had spent over twenty years researching. Darwin never intended to write Origin, and had resisted suggestions in 1856…

Matches: 18 hits

  • While still on the Isle of Wight, Darwin also heard from John Stevens Henslow, his old mentor and
  • have just killed all the scores of cross-breds’, he told W. B. Tegetmeier on 8 September, inviting
  • In late March, Lyell had a word with his own publisher, John Murray, who had already published
  • light of this, Darwin asked Lyell whether he shouldtell Murray that my Book is not more  un
  • … ’  Even before seeing Darwins manuscript, Murray objected to the termsabstractand ‘ …
  • … ’, he told Lyell. On 31 March 1859, Darwin wrote to Murray describing his work on the origin of
  • length, and the terms he expected; he also acknowledged that Murray wished to see the manuscript
  • I publish for Sir Charles Lyell ’. Darwin was uneasy. Murray, he thought, should see the manuscript
  • origin of all animate forms.’  Moreover, Darwin warned Murray, ‘ it would be a stigma on my work
  • Reading Darwins first three chapters was sufficient for Murray to confirm his offer on 10 April
  • old draftthe loss would have killed me! ’ Although Murray was committed to publishing Origin, …
  • George Frederick Pollock. The former, in a long letter to Murray, believed that Darwin shouldre
  • the latter not only recommended publication but advised Murray to increase the print run from 500 to
  • are very heavy,—as heavy as possible ’, he told Murray on 14 JuneHe tried to make the textclear
  • … ‘Abstract on Origin of specieshad taken 13 months and 10 days ( Darwin's Journal ). The
  • As the trade publication day of 22 November approached, Murray sent Darwin a boundspecimen copy’ …
  • … & proud at the appearance of my child ’, and agreed to Murrays proposed priceAccording to
  • I will attend to. ’ Darwin was confounded to hear from Murray on 24 November that thewhole

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … chapters of Origin of Species to his publisher, John Murray. He hopes that his views are …
  • … Letter 6110 - Samuelson, J. to Darwin, [10 April 1868] James Samuel, editor of …

Darwin in letters,1866: Survival of the fittest

Summary

The year 1866 began well for Charles Darwin, as his health, after several years of illness, was now considerably improved. In February, Darwin received a request from his publisher, John Murray, for a new edition of  Origin. Darwin got the fourth…

Matches: 14 hits

  • … of scientific admirers at Down, among them Robert Caspary, John Traherne Moggridge, and Ernst …
  • … of coffee to two cups a day, since coffee, with the ‘10 drops of Muriatic acid twice a day (with …
  • … daily to make the chemistry go on better’ ( letter from H. B. Jones, 10 February [1866] ). …
  • … regime led to Darwin’s being teased by his neighbour, John Lubbock, about the prospect of riding to …
  • … with our beagles before the season is over’ ( letter from John Lubbock, 4 August 1866 ). More …
  • … On 21 February Darwin received notification from John Murray that stocks of the third edition of  …
  • … George Henslow, the son of his Cambridge mentor, John Stevens Henslow, stayed for two days in April …
  • … In June, Darwin was visited by the orchid specialist John Traherne Moggridge, whose work on the self …
  • … you are in for it’ ( letter from H. E. Darwin, [  c . 10 May 1866] ). Henrietta’s letter …
  • … know how to begin’ ( letter to Fritz Müller, [before 10 December 1866] ). The intrusion of …
  • … other German states and Austria in June and July. Writing on 10 May from Württemberg, one of the …
  • … out, ‘business would be totally paralysed’. Similarly, John Murray gave as a reason for his decision …
  • … ‘gaieties travelling & War Bulletins’ ( letter from John Murray, 18 July 1866 ). I …
  • … for the criminal prosecution of the colonial governor Edward John Eyre. In his efforts to suppress …

Darwin in letters, 1862: A multiplicity of experiments

Summary

1862 was a particularly productive year for Darwin. This was not only the case in his published output (two botanical papers and a book on the pollination mechanisms of orchids), but more particularly in the extent and breadth of the botanical experiments…

Matches: 21 hits

  • … of sterility between varieties of  Verbascum . When John Scott, foreman of the propagating …
  • … Darwin, impressed, gave him the commission ( see letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] ). …
  • … lengthy dialogue on the subject (see Correspondence vol. 10, Appendix VI). His paper, ‘Dimorphic …
  • … labour is great’, he told Gray ( letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] ), ‘I have lately counted …
  • … to publish on  Linum  ‘at once’ ( letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] ), writing up his …
  • … buy it. When he submitted the manuscript to his publisher, John Murray, he boasted: ‘I can say with …
  • … in the least , whether the Book will sell’ ( letter to John Murray, 9 [February 1862] ). To his …
  • … to whom the book should be sent (see Correspondence vol. 10, Appendixes III and IV) and …
  • … paper for the  Natural History Review  ( see letter to John Lubbock, 16 [December 1862] ). Aware …
  • … additions that he would send (see Correspondence vol. 10, Appendix VIII). Bronn complied …
  • … of the old  Beagle  crew, Bartholomew James Sulivan, John Clements Wickham, and Arthur Mellersh, …
  • … of this, he prescribed strict conditions for a meeting with John Lubbock: ‘if you could … let me go …
  • … at 9 o clock I do not think it would hurt me’ ( letter to John Lubbock, 23 October [1862] ). …
  • … on botany. Even at the start of their correspondence he told John Scott: ‘Botany is a new subject to …
  • … odds & ends of botany & you know far more’ ( letter to John Scott, 19 November [1862] ). …
  • … Lyell, 14 October [1862] ). Moreover, when the physicist John Tyndall, fresh from a summer in the …
  • … caution into Tyndall’s ears’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 10–12 November [1862] ). Another of …
  • … discovered prehistoric lake-dwellings ( see letter from John Lubbock, 23 August 1862 ). Lubbock …
  • … to view the prehistoric sites near Amiens ( see letter from John Lubbock, 15 May 1862 ), and he …
  • … about the antiquity of the human species ( see letter from John Lubbock, 6 January 1862 ). …
  • … referred him back to  Origin  (l etter to T. H. Huxley, 10 May [1862] ): 'I fully agree …

Darwin in letters, 1868: Studying sex

Summary

The quantity of Darwin’s correspondence increased dramatically in 1868 due largely to his ever-widening research on human evolution and sexual selection.Darwin’s theory of sexual selection as applied to human descent led him to investigate aspects of the…

Matches: 16 hits

  • … March 1868, Darwin wrote to the entomologist and accountant John Jenner Weir, ‘If any man wants to …
  • … domestication . Having been advertised by the publisher John Murray as early as 1865, the two …
  • … increased the amount of work substantially. Darwin asked Murray to intervene, complaining on 9 …
  • … a great loss to the Book’. But Darwin’s angry letter to Murray crossed one from Dallas to himself, …
  • … a cheque to Dallas for £55  s ., and recommended to Murray that Dallas receive additional payment. …
  • … of the book were sold within a month of its release, and Murray made immediate arrangements for a …
  • … profound contempt of me. I feel convinced it is by Owen’. John Edward Gray, a colleague of Richard …
  • … me in the face, but not behind my back’ ( letter to John Murray, 25 February [1868] ). Wallace …
  • … R. Wallace, 24 February [1868] ). The review was in fact by John Robertson, a Scottish journalist …
  • … a letter of thanks to the naturalist and customs offcial John Jenner Weir for a paper on apterous …
  • … depends on the actions of the female’, and of rats, John Bush observed on 30 March that two …
  • … am not sure’, Darwin reflected in a letter dated [8–10 September 1868] , ‘whether it w d  not …
  • … the whole System is sustained.’ The former Down clergyman, John Brodie Innes, passed easily over …
  • … walked with village girls at night ( letter to J. B. Innes, 10 December [1868] ). ‘The Church will …
  • … and joy. Satisfaction in one’s children, Darwin wrote to John Price on 26 November , was ‘the …
  • … poets, and men of science, including Adam Sedgwick, John Stevens Henslow, and William Jackson Hooker …

Darwin in letters, 1876: In the midst of life

Summary

1876 was the year in which the Darwins became grandparents for the first time.  And tragically lost their daughter-in-law, Amy, who died just days after her son's birth.  All the letters from 1876 are now published in volume 24 of The Correspondence…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … however, continued to be raised in various ways. On 10 January, Charles O’Shaughnessy , an Irish …
  • … had been founded in March 1876 by the London physiologist John Scott Burdon Sanderson to discuss how …
  • … them to such extent?’ enthused Hermann Hoffmann on 10 January , while on 23 June, Auguste Forel …
  • … of plant digestion further, had already reported on 10 January that he had confirmed the ‘more …
  • … Darwin rejoiced to hear that the Cambridge astronomer John Couch Adams not only approved of George’s …
  • … Caroline home, they had experienced a further calamity. On 10 May, William suffered serious …
  • … mentioned his oldest daughter Annie, who died at the age of 10 in 1851, but William, who was 11 …
  • … at the pre-publication sale dinner held by his publisher, John Murray ( letter to John Murray, 15 …
  • … ). In England, the clergyman botanist George Henslow, son of John Stevens Henslow, Darwin’s …

Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 25 hits

  • the transcript) and the non-scientific on the right (labelledb’). He continued this separation of
  • Marcel de Serres Cavernes dOssements 7 th  Ed. 10  8 vo . [Serres 1838] good to trace Europ. …
  • Archipelago [Crawfurd 1820] Raffeles d[itt]o [T. S. B. Raffles 1817] Buffon Suites
  • on wheat [Le Couteur 1836] Bechstein on Caged Birds. 10 s  6 d . translated by Rennie
  • 183941]— in Geograph Soc Siebolds Japan [P. F. B. von Siebold 183350]— d[itt]o Kalm
  • Domestic Improvement ] Loudons. Journal of Nat Hist Z & B [ Magazine of Natural History
  • Nemesis to China [Bernard 1844]. The Emigrant, Head [F. B. Head 1846] St. Johns
  • Soc read Prichards. Nat: History of Man. Bailliere. 1.10 [Prichard 1843must be studied . …
  • of Birds from distant countries Birds of Japan [P. F. B. von Siebold 183350] Zoolog. Soc
  • Des ). De leur Anatomie, Reproduction et Culture. 4to. Avec 10 planches. Amsterdam, 1768. 12 s . …
  • 1766] Count Dandalo on silk worm Eng. Translat 1825Murray [Dandolo 1825] /good/ M rs
  • B.M. 6. 6. Black Edin. Longman [Ramsay 1848] St. Johns Nat. Hist. of Sutherlanshire, Murray
  • Liebigs Lectures on Chemistry [Liebig 1851]. Sir John Davies. China during the War and Peace
  • G. Browne 1799]— well skimmed 1839 Jan 10 All life of W. Scott [Lockhart 18378] …
  • Voyage of Kolff to the Molucca Sea [Kolff 1840] 10 th  Surville-Marion [Crozet 1783]. …
  • 1839]. References at end. chiefly on instincts 10 th . Blackwalls Researches in Zoology
  • 1801]. well Skimmed B. Edwards Hist. of W. Indies [B. Edwards 17931801]. d[itt]o. …
  • 1766]. good Bas. Montagus Select from old Divines [B. Montagu 1805] [DAR 119: 10a] …
  • … ] to end of Vol: XVIII & Part I. of V. 19 (1843) 25. Murray Domestic Poultry.— Domestic
  • d . Series. vol 3. p. 1 to 312 30 th  Colquhoun (John) The Moor & the Loch [Colquhoun
  • Buffon [Milne-Edwards 183440]. March 5 th  St. Johns Highlands [Saint John 1846] 8
  • many vols. I have read.— [DAR *128: 149] Murray Geograph. Distrib. Price William
  • up the River   Amazon, including a residence at Pará . (Murrays Home and Colonial Library.) …
  • Translated from the German and French by Lady Duff Gordon. (Murrays Home and Colonial Library.) …
  • in DAR 71: 18091.]  *119: 22v.; 119: 22a Murray, Andrew. 1866The geographical

Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

Matches: 12 hits

  • … Thomas Lauder Brunton, a specialist in pharmacology, and John Scott Burdon Sanderson, a professor at …
  • … “for Heaven knows when it will be ready” ( letter to John Murray, 4 May [1873] ). Keeping …
  • … with leading physiologists such as David Ferrier and John Hughlings Jackson. Darwin declined to …
  • … Instinct  In February, Darwin received a letter from John Traherne Moggridge on the nature of …
  • … fund was first suggested in early April by Katharine Murray Lyell in conversation with Emma Darwin, …
  • … A group of Huxley’s close friends, including Hooker, John Lubbock, Herbert Spencer, John Tyndall, …
  • … edition was called for. There were commercial advantages for Murray in bringing out a substantially …
  • … your own power & usefulness”, citing the examples of John Stuart Mill and Charles Lyell, who …
  • … from Ernst Meitzen, 17 January 1873 ). A poor-law officer, John Farr, wrote: “Faith like Species, …
  • … more permanent than species are permanent” ( letter from John Farr, 7 July 1873 ). Further …
  • … with natural selection” ( letter from M. D. Conway, 10 September [1873] ). In the village …
  • … closer to home, when he was graced by an invitation from John Jenner Weir to act as a patron of the …

Darwin in letters, 1864: Failing health

Summary

On receiving a photograph from Charles Darwin, the American botanist Asa Gray wrote on 11 July 1864: ‘the venerable beard gives the look of your having suffered, and … of having grown older’.  Because of poor health, Because of poor health, Darwin…

Matches: 14 hits

  • … of a paper by another of his orchid correspondents, John Traherne Moggridge, who in June sent him …
  • … of insect pollinators in 1864 and following years. John Scott again Much of Darwin’s …
  • … plight of another of Darwin’s fellow orchid-experimenters, John Scott. Their correspondence had been …
  • … five years. Scott felt that his superiors, James McNab and John Hutton Balfour, no longer treated …
  • … indomitable perseverance, and his knowledge’ ( letter to John Scott, 10 June 1864 ). Hooker met …
  • … support ‘on the grounds of science’ ( letter to John Scott, 9 April 1864 ), but Scott declined …
  • … “Darwin–Mann” ’ ( letter from Ernst Haeckel, 10 August 1864 ). Haeckel sent Darwin a number of his …
  • … 1864 ). A notably rambling and long letter arrived from John Beck, a Shrewsbury schoolfellow of …
  • … by a merciful deity for the use of humankind ( letter from John Beck, 6 October 1864 ). …
  • … his brother Erasmus told him of a subscription fund for John William Colenso, bishop of Natal, South …
  • … most of the old Testament’ ( Correspondence vol. 10, letter to Asa Gray, 6 November [1862] ). …
  • … that a Neanderthal race once extended across Europe. John Lubbock mentioned his forthcoming volume …
  • … of the Royal Society, Edward Sabine, to the geologist John Phillips revealed Sabine’s fears that in …
  • … ever so little degree the Council’s award’ ( letter to John Lubbock, 21 December [1864] ). In …

Forms of flowers

Summary

Darwin’s book The different forms of flowers on plants of the same species, published in 1877, investigated the structural differences in the sexual organs of flowers of the same species. It drew on and expanded five articles Darwin had published on the…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … of Lythrum salicaria ’, was sent to the Society on 10 June 1864 and read six days later at the …
  • … results of similar work carried out by correspondents like John Scott . Scott had been studying …
  • … to write Forms of flowers . He contacted his publisher John Murray in early April 1877, …

Darwin in letters,1870: Human evolution

Summary

The year 1870 is aptly summarised by the brief entry Darwin made in his journal: ‘The whole of the year at work on the Descent of Man & Selection in relation to Sex’.  Descent was the culmination of over three decades of observations and reflections on…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … November [1868] ; this volume, letter to Thomas Woolner, 10 March [1870] ). Darwin included …
  • … the mother and foetus during pregnancy. As a case in point, John Jenner Weir described the offspring …
  • … also discussed recent experiments by Louis Pasteur and John Tyndall that provided evidence for the …
  • … a memorandum. He asked his neighbour, the naturalist John Lubbock, who was now MP for Maidstone, to …
  • … reference to mankind of much importance ’ ( letter to John Lubbock, 17 July 1870 ). The motion to …

Darwin in letters, 1869: Forward on all fronts

Summary

At the start of 1869, Darwin was hard at work making changes and additions for a fifth edition of  Origin. He may have resented the interruption to his work on sexual selection and human evolution, but he spent forty-six days on the task. Much of the…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … and amphibians, while Roland Trimen in South Africa and John Jenner Weir in London sent more …
  • … and broadening the forums in which Darwinism was discussed. John Murray brought out the first issue …
  • … that to me would have been a pleasing sight’ ( letter to John Murray, [after 18 September 1869] ). …
  • … Henrietta Emma Darwin wrote to her brother George on  10 April (DAR 245: 291) about the incident: …

Darwin in letters, 1880: Sensitivity and worms

Summary

‘My heart & soul care for worms & nothing else in this world,’ Darwin wrote to his old Shrewsbury friend Henry Johnson on 14 November 1880. Darwin became fully devoted to earthworms in the spring of the year, just after finishing the manuscript of…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … in zoology. New studies of animal instincts by George John Romanes drew upon Darwin’s early …
  • … shake their heads in the same dismal manner as you & M r . Murray did, when I told them my …
  • … had worked on the nerves of marine animals, suggested on 10 December that Darwin try experiments …
  • … Association were received in the drawing room and veranda on 10 July. According to the report of the …
  • … of Epping Forest’. In October, Darwin had discussions with John Lubbock and Huxley and was …
  • … present’ (letters to C. W. Fox, 29 March 1880 and 10 [April] 1880 ).                 …
  • … the year’s end, a Christmas card from another old friend, John Maurice Herbert, inspired happy …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … to Darwin, [1873] Ellen Lubbock, wife of naturalist John Lubbock, responds to Darwin’s …
  • … 6815 - Scott, J. to Darwin, [2 July 1869] John Scott responds to Darwin’s queries …
  • … Letter 385  - Wedgwood, S. E. & J. to Darwin, [10 November 1837] Emma’s sister, …
  • …  - Weir, J. J. to Darwin, [24 March 1868] John Weir describes experiments he is undertaking …
  • … editorial criticism of a paper written by English naturalist John Lubbock. In addition to offering …
  • … Letter 347  - Darwin to Whewell, W., [10 March 1837] Darwin seeks to decline the …
  • …  - Weir, J. J. to Darwin, [24 March 1868] John Weir describes experiments he is undertaking …

Darwin in letters, 1847-1850: Microscopes and barnacles

Summary

Darwin's study of barnacles, begun in 1844, took him eight years to complete. The correspondence reveals how his interest in a species found during the Beagle voyage developed into an investigation of the comparative anatomy of other cirripedes and…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … exchanges on geology with David Milne, Robert Chambers, John Phillips, and Daniel Sharpe, …
  • … travellers in general. Darwin was asked by the editor, Sir John Frederick William Herschel, to write …
  • … (see Correspondence vol. 2, letter to Leonard Jenyns, 10 April [1837]) and it was intended that …
  • … fully. Sometime before the end of December 1847, John Edward Gray, keeper of the zoological …
  • … theory is all gospel.—’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 10 May 1848 ). Once Darwin had decided to …
  • … or either remained unmarried. Each daughter was bequeathed £10,000, Charles was bequeathed £15,500, …

Books on the Beagle

Summary

The Beagle was a sort of floating library.  Find out what Darwin and his shipmates read here.

Matches: 21 hits

  • … books were kept in the poop cabin where CD worked and slept. John Lort Stokes and Philip Gidley King …
  • … Antoine de.  A voyage round the world.  Translated by John Reinhold Forster. London, 1772. ( …
  • … Travels through Norway and Lapland . . .Translated . . . by John Black. With Notes . . . by Robert …
  • … etc. London, 1743. (DAR 36.1: 447). Burchell, William John.  Travels in the interior of …
  • … 1826. (DAR 31.2: 333; Stoddart 1962, p.4). Byron, John.  The narrative of the Honourable …
  • … Voyages  (editions unidentified; see also Hawkesworth, John). (DAR 32.2: 89v.; Robert FitzRoy’s …
  • … round the world.  London, 1697. ( Red notebook , pp. 8e, 10;  ‘Beagle’ diary , p. 407). …
  • … and western coasts of Australia. Fleming, John.  The philosophy of zoology . . .  2 vols. …
  • … atlas.  London, 1814. (DAR 30.1: 30v.). Forster, John Reinhold.  Observations made during a …
  • … vols. Edinburgh, 1824. (DAR 37.1: 662). Hawkesworth, John.  An account of the voyages …
  • … 36.1: 469v.). Darwin Library–Down. ‡ Henslow, John Stevens. Geological description of …
  • … essay on the kingdom of New Spain.  Translated by John Black. 2 vols. New York, 1811. (Inscription, …
  • …  2d ed. London, n.d. [1802]. (Letter to Robert FitzRoy, [10 October 1831]). DAR 196.2 †. * …
  • … (see Jones, T.)). Darwin Library–CUL †. * Mawe, John.  Travels in the gold and diamond …
  • …  3 vols. London, 1820. (DAR 32.1: 51v.). Michell, John. Conjectures concerning the cause . . …
  • … notebook,  p. 80). Darwin Library–CUL †. Miers, John.  Travels in Chile and La Plata . . . …
  • … 28 August 1834). Darwin Library–CUL †. Milton, John.  Paradise lost.  ( ’Beagle’ diary , …
  • … 1831’). Darwin Library–CUL †. § Narborough, John.  An account of several late voyages.  2 …
  • … Darwin Library–CUL, 4th ed., 1837. ‡ Playfair, John.  Illustrations of the Huttonian theory …
  • … 1821. (DAR 30.1: 30). Darwin Library–CUL. Thompson, John Vaughan.  Zoological researches and …
  • … world in the years 1766, 1767, and 1768 , in Hawkesworth, John  An account of the voyages . . . …
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