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Darwin in letters, 1879: Tracing roots

Summary

Darwin spent a considerable part of 1879 in the eighteenth century. His journey back in time started when he decided to publish a biographical account of his grandfather Erasmus Darwin to accompany a translation of an essay on Erasmus’s evolutionary ideas…

Matches: 20 hits

  • There are summaries of all Darwin's letters from the year 1879 on this website.  The full texts
  • to publish a biographical account of his grandfather Erasmus Darwin to accompany a translation of an
  • the sensitivity of the tips. Despite this breakthrough, when Darwin first mentioned the book to his
  • 1879 ). He was also unsatisfied with his account of Erasmus Darwin, declaring, ‘My little biography
  • he fretted, just days before his departure ( letter to W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, [after 26] July [1879] …
  • old agea dismal time’ ( letter to Henry Johnson, 24 September 1879 ). He may have been consoled
  • all over like a baked pear’ ( enclosure in letter from R. W. Dixon, 20 December 1879 ). The year
  • has become of the Gulph Stream?’ Anthony Rich inquired on 28 December, ‘Has it lost itself, or gone
  • to complete Horaces marriage settlement ( letter from W. M. Hacon, 31 December 1879 ). …
  • his wife sent birthday greetings and a photograph of their 2-year-old son named Darwin, who, they
  • with Charles Darwin and Ernst Haeckel. Kosmos was, as Francis Darwin reported from Germany that
  • of all kinds’, he confessed to Thiselton-Dyer on 21 February , adding that the only thing worse
  • the children correctly’, mentioning in particular that Francis Galton was the son of one of Erasmus
  • to contradict false statements that had been published by Francis Galtons aunt, Mary Anne
  • and he regretted going beyond histether’ ( letter to W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, 5 June 1879 , and
  • travellerneither cross nor ennuied’ (Emma Darwin to W. E. Darwin, [4 August 1879] (DAR 219.1: 125
  • … & that it was suppressed gout. Also how well off he wd be, w. is a matter of some consequence
  • wait for three months. ‘Nothing can be more useless than T.Hs conduct’, Emma Darwin pointed out, …
  • to say that he has opposed it’ (letter from Emma Darwin to W. E. Darwin, [4 August 1879] (DAR 219.1: …
  • agreed to their engagement being made public ( letter from T. H. Farrer, 12 October 1879 ). Darwin

Movement in Plants

Summary

The power of movement in plants, published on 7 November 1880, was the final large botanical work that Darwin wrote. It was the only work in which the assistance of one of his children, Francis Darwin, is mentioned on the title page. The research for this…

Matches: 22 hits

  • 7 November 1880was the final large botanical work that Darwin wrote. It was the only work in which
  • about their research while he was away from home. Although Darwin lacked a state of the art research
  • research being pursued by other naturalists who, like Francis, had come to this centre for the study
  • methods and use the most advanced laboratory equipment. Darwin also benefitted from the instrument
  • copied but also improved on some of the apparatuses that Francis had been introduced to at Würzburg. …
  • plant physiology, but it was at its core informed by Darwins theory of evolution, particularly by
  • from all over Europe and beyond. When Darwins son Francis worked in this laboratory in the summers
  • Horace to discuss the point with his friend Francis Balfour(258). Darwin promised to reflect on
  • William Thiselton-Dyer how hesyringed the plant for 2 minutes, & it was really beautiful to
  • types of movement ( letter from RILynch, [before 28 July 1877] ). ‘ I do not believe I sh d
  • is one machine we must have. A strong horizontal axis about 2 feet long which goes round by clock
  • was reported by Francis, who added that Sachsdoesnt think very much of Pfeffer, that is he says
  • died within a couple of days ( letter from A. F. Batalin28 February 1879 ). Darwin was
  • did not act at all well. Also the tip when blackened for 1/2mm stops the geotropism of horizontally
  • FranksTransversal-Heliotropismus’ ( letter from WEDarwin10 February [1880] ). …
  • many of the caustic ones were bentso Sachs doesnt believe in it a bithe says the growth is
  • … ‘ I am very sorry that Sachs is so sceptical, for I w drather convert him than any other half
  • above others below & the difference was very striking 2 of those causticed above being more
  • aslittle discsandgreenish bodies’ ( letter to WTThiselton-Dyer29 October 1879 ). …
  • that he had not been able to observe earlier ( letter to WTThiselton-Dyer20 November 1879 ). …
  • decided to translate the work into GermanDarwin neednt have worried. Carus wasmost happy to
  • pay more for at the usual rate of charging per inch &c they w dbe over £40’; he suggested

Darwin in letters, 1878: Movement and sleep

Summary

In 1878, Darwin devoted most of his attention to the movements of plants. He investigated the growth pattern of roots and shoots, studying the function of specific organs in this process. Working closely with his son Francis, Darwin devised a series of…

Matches: 17 hits

  • … lessen injury to leaves from radiation In 1878, Darwin devoted most of his attention to …
  • … organs in this process. Working closely with his son Francis, Darwin devised a series of experiments …
  • … of most advanced plant laboratories in Europe. While Francis was away, Darwin delighted in …
  • … from botanical research was provided by potatoes, as Darwin took up the cause of an Irish …
  • … would rid Ireland of famine. Several correspondents pressed Darwin for his views on religion, …
  • … closed with remarkable news of a large legacy bequeathed to Darwin by a stranger as a reward for his …
  • … birthday ( letter to Ernst Haeckel, 12 February [1878] ), Darwin reflected that it was ‘more …
  • … all seedlings come up arched’ ( letter to Sophy Wedgwood, 24 March [1878–80] ). While Darwin was …
  • … (see Movement in plants , pp. 112–13). He explained to Francis on 2 July : ‘I go on maundering …
  • … out that he missed sensitiveness of apex’ ( letter to Francis Darwin, [11 May 1878] ). …
  • … the bassoon & apparently more by a high than a low note.’ Francis apparently played the musical …
  • … tomorrow to Wurzburg,’ Darwin wrote to Thiselton-Dyer on 2 June , ‘& work by myself will be …
  • … you to discuss it with’ ( letter to Francis Darwin, 20 [July 1878] ). It is unclear why the …
  • … [before 17 July 1878] ), ‘a strong horizontal axis about 2 feet long which goes round by clockwork …
  • … & read him,’ he reported ( letter from Francis Darwin, [22 June 1878] ). ‘Sachs doesn’t …
  • … he was unwell. ‘I was rather seedy last night & didn’t appear at the laboratory & this …
  • … ill favour because however civilly I may word it a man can’t like to have his work torn to shreds …

List of correspondents

Summary

Below is a list of Darwin's correspondents with the number of letters for each one. Click on a name to see the letters Darwin exchanged with that correspondent.    "A child of God" (1) Abberley,…

Matches: 12 hits

  • … Below is a list of Darwin's correspondents with the number of letters for each one. …
  • … Émile (8) Alice (2) Alison, R. E. …
  • … (1) Allen, Thomas (2) Allman, G. J. …
  • … Aveling, E. B. (7) Axon, W. E. A. (2) …
  • … Beale, L. S. (2) Beall, T. B. (1) …
  • … Boole, M. E. (3) Boott, Francis (7) …
  • … Dareste, Camille (9) Darwin family (1) …
  • … Darwin, Emma (191) Darwin, Francis (287) …
  • … Everest, Robert (1) Ewbank, Francis (1) …
  • … Fox, W. D. (225) Francis, George (1) …
  • … Galton, Erasmus (1) Galton, Francis (118) …
  • … Archibald (1) Lloyd, Francis (1) …

Darwin in letters, 1877: Flowers and honours

Summary

Ever since the publication of Expression, Darwin’s research had centred firmly on botany. The year 1877 was no exception. The spring and early summer were spent completing Forms of flowers, his fifth book on a botanical topic. He then turned to the…

Matches: 24 hits

  • Ever since the publication of Expression , Darwins research had centred firmly on botany. The
  • of these projects would culminate in a major publication. Darwins botany was increasingly a
  • assisted his fathers research on movement and bloom, and Darwin in turn encouraged his sons own
  • The year 1877 was more than usually full of honours. Darwin received two elaborate photograph albums
  • from Germany, Austria, and the Netherlands. Closer to home, Darwin received an honorary Doctorate of
  • sites for possible earthworm activity. Now in his 69th year, Darwin remained remarkably productive, …
  • no controversy. In his autobiographical reflections, Darwin remarked: ‘no little discovery of
  • … & stigmas’, Darwin remarked to Joseph Dalton Hooker on 25 January . He had been troubling
  • value, it is not likely that more than a few hundred copies w d . be sold’. His publisher knew
  • He requested a large number of plants from Hooker on 25 May , adding, ‘I often wish that I could
  • to Down if it lay in my power and you thought it w d . help you.’ ‘I declare had it not been for
  • In the end, Darwin did not publish on the subject, but Francis later reported some of the results of
  • his son to continue the observations. ‘I got out within 2 minutes of a very heavy shower’, William
  • Hookers suspicion of ambitious gardeners ( letter from W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, 25 August 1877 ). …
  • with thread, card, and bits of glass. Encouraging Francis Darwin greatly enjoyed
  • Society of London by Darwin, who confessed to Hooker on 25 January , ‘I know that it will make
  • … & make him think better of his work’. Hooker replied on 2 March , ‘I cannot tell you with
  • A disgruntled Darwin reported to George John Romanes on 23 May , ‘the Council have refused to
  • eminent German botanist Ferdinand Julius Cohn, who confirmed Franciss observations: ‘the most
  • copies of Kosmos covering the German debate (letters to W. E. Gladstone, 2 October 1877 and
  • of form and of motion was exact and lively’ ( letter from W. E. Gladstone, 23 October 1877 ). …
  • Siebolds study of medical monstrosity ( letter from C. T. E. Siebold, 10 October 1877 ). An
  • blood and thus keep back our civilization’ ( letter from W. B. Bowles, 17 May 1877 ). Bowles
  • to hide the absence of humanity beneath’ ( letter from W. B. Bowles, 18 May 1877 ). More

Darwin in letters, 1876: In the midst of life

Summary

1876 was the year in which the Darwins became grandparents for the first time.  And tragically lost their daughter-in-law, Amy, who died just days after her son's birth.  All the letters from 1876 are now published in volume 24 of The Correspondence…

Matches: 19 hits

  • The year 1876 started out sedately enough with Darwin working on the first draft of his book on the
  • Emmas backgammon games. ‘I have won, hurrah, hurrah, 2795 games’, Darwin boasted; ‘my wifepoor
  • regarding the ailments that were so much a feature of Darwin family life. But the calm was not to
  • the first member of the next generation of the family, with Francis and Amys child expected in
  • four days later. ‘I cannot bear to think of the future’, Darwin confessed to William on 11
  • beloved daughter-in-law and relief from his anxiety about Francis. By the end of the year there was
  • left in him fornew matter’ (letter to Asa Gray, 28 January 1876). The preparation of the second
  • edition of Climbing plants ( letter from R. F. Cooke, 23 February 1876 ). When Smith, Elder
  • he cheerfully observed to Carus. ( Letter to J. V. Carus, 24 April 1876. ) Darwin focused
  • for theadvantages of crossing’ (letter to Asa Gray, 28 January 1876). Revising Orchids was
  • year to write about his life ( Correspondence vol. 23, letter from Ernst von Hesse-Wartegg, 20
  • Darwin reassured his close friend Joseph Hooker that he and Francis would attend the meeting. Darwin
  • been cast by thepoorest curs in London’ ( letter to W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, [4 February 1876] ). …
  • subject takes an opposite line’. Although he conceded that Francis had the best of an argument with
  • to propose the young rising star of Cambridge morphology, Francis Maitland Balfour, for fellowship
  • of the earliest available commercial models of typewriter. Francis Darwin and his wife, Amy, …
  • of illness & misery there is in the world’ ( letter to W. D. Fox, 26 May [1876] ). A
  • we have & you are one of the best of all’ ( letter to W. E. Darwin, 11 September [1876] ). …
  • been the subject of mere observation’ ( letter from T. H. Farrer, 31 December 1876 ). The Swiss

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 24 hits

  • Editions Plants always held an important place in Darwins theorising about species, and
  • his periods of severe illness. Yet on 15 January 1875 , Darwin confessed to his close friend
  • way to continuous writing and revision, activities that Darwin found less gratifying: ‘I am slaving
  • bad.’ The process was compounded by the fact that Darwin was also revising another manuscript
  • on some Marantaceous plant to make out meaning of 2 sets of differently coloured stamens.’ At
  • zoologist St George Jackson Mivart. In April and early May, Darwin was occupied with a heated
  • chapter of the controversy involved a slanderous attack upon Darwins son George, in an anonymous
  • and a mere mouthpiece ofJesuitical Rome’ ( Academy , 2 January 1875, pp. 1617). ‘How grandly
  • to other men of science when the chance arose. On 28 January , he sent a note on Royal Society
  • great fondness for dogs (see Correspondence vols. 19 and 20). The vivisection issue was a
  • Darwin had become acquainted with Klein when his son Francis was studying medicine in London. Klein
  • Down House in April 1874 (see Correspondence vol. 22, letters from E. E. Klein, 14 May 1874
  • and Fayrers experiments to Insectivorous plants , pp. 2069, remarking on the pronounced
  • of the books appeal to readers, for he warned Murray on 29 April that it mightsell very
  • Darwin offered to pay the costs for printing an additional 250 ( letter to John Murray, 3 May 1875
  • sold some 1700 Copies!!!’ After the initial publication on 2 July, two further printings were needed
  • very much obliged to you For now of course we shant Be taken in or done for By
  • performed on animals in previous years by Darwins cousin Francis Galton. These had been
  • manuscripts and proofs, Darwin now relied heavily on his son Francis, who had made the decision in
  • wrote, ‘I beg ten thousand pardon & more’ ( letter to Francis Darwin, [ c . February 1875?] …
  • plants , and moved on to Variation 2d ed., Francis signed himself, ‘Your affect sonthe
  • 219.1: 89). The most eminent of Darwins guests was Francis, duke of Teck, a German prince
  • Darwin could not keep up, and on 22 July , he had Francis reply: ‘My Father desires me to say
  • agreed to see him at Down with Thiselton-Dyer ( letter to W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, 7 July 1875 ). It