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Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?


Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

Matches: 25 hits

  • evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost
  • … (1875) and  Cross and self fertilisation  (1876). Darwins son Francis became increasingly
  • career to become his fathers scientific secretary. Darwin had always relied on assistance from
  • Franciss decision. A large portion of the letters Darwin received in 1873 were in response
  • the previous year. As was typical, readers wrote to Darwin personally to offer suggestions, …
  • some of which were incorporated in a later edition. Darwin also contributed to discussions in the
  • Francis Galtons work on inherited talent, which prompted Darwin to reflect on the traits and
  • to have observed” ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ).  Drosera  was the main focus of
  • leaf & branch!” ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 12 January 1873 ). Darwin found that the
  • Drosera filiformis . Hooker, with the assistance of William Turner Thiselton-Dyer, was engaged in a
  • copy of the  Handbook for the physiological laboratory  (1873), a detailed guide to animal
  • Cross- and self-fertilisation Darwins other main focus of botanical investigation in 1873
  • … & correlated” ( letter to T. H. Farrer, 14 August 1873 ). Darwin worried, however, that
  • … (letter from ?, [1873?]). The Scottish physician William Main suggested that facial movements could
  • … & sadness & decay with the reverse—” ( letter from William Main, 2 April 1873 ). The
  • without instruction or previously acquired knowledge” (A. R. Wallace 1870, p. 204). Moggridge
  • in  Nature  magazine, forwarding a letter from William Huggins on a case of inherited instinct in
  • noted his passion for collecting, the value of Euclid and William Paley as educational influences, …
  • began to sound out Huxleys friends on the matter. The main difficulty was how to raise the money
  • Lubbock, Herbert Spencer, John Tyndall, George Busk, and William Spottiswoode met with Darwin in
  • June, stayed with the Farrers in Surrey and with their son William in Southampton in August, and
  • believes whether or not they are sound” ( letter to A. R. Wallace, 17 November 1873 ). But no
  • pattern that Darwin had used for previous publications, his main assistant in the past having been
  • unorthodoxy, troubling and potentially undermining (J. R. Moore 1985, pp. 4712). A courted
  • a personification of Natural Filosofy” ( letter from J. C. Costerus and N. D. Doedes, 18 March 1873

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year


The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 24 hits

  • 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working
  • dispute over an anonymous review that attacked the work of Darwins son George dominated the second
  • and traveller Alexander von Humboldts 105th birthday, Darwin obliged with a reflection on his debt
  • during prolonged intervals’ ( letter to D. T. Gardner, [ c . 27 August 1874] ). The death of a
  • from W. D. Fox, 8 May [1874] ).  Such reminiscences led Darwin to the self-assessment, ‘as for one
  • I feel very old & helpless The year started for Darwin with a weeks visit to
  • Andrew Clark, whom he had been consulting since August 1873. Darwin had originally thought that
  • included George Darwin, the psychic researcher Frederick William Henry Myers, and Thomas Henry
  • had suggested a new edition of the coral book in December 1873, when he realised the difficulty a
  • …  vol. 21, letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 17 December [1873] ). Darwin himself had some trouble
  • 22 June 1874 ). A civil servant in the Colonial Office, William Dealtry, also provided information
  • Descent  was published in November 1874 ( letter from R. F. Cooke, 12 November 1874 ). Though
  • on subsequent print runs would be very good ( letter from R. F. Cooke, 12 November 1874 ). …
  • of human evolution and inheritance himselfIn August 1873, he had published in the  Contemporary
  • and communicating theswellof his indignation through William Walter Roberts, a Catholic priest
  • the use of the Down schoolroom as a winter reading room in 1873 (see  Correspondence , vol. 21, …
  • Taking stock of what he had achieved, he wrote to his cousin William Darwin Fox: ‘I am preparing a
  • in a few hours dissolve the hardest cartilage, bone & meat &c. &c.’ ( letter to W. D. …
  • … ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 20 July [1874] ). In 1873, Hooker had begun a series of
  • Although the sundew and the Venus fly trap were the main plant groups in Darwins study, he also
  • whether at theclose of the putrefaction of flesh, skin &c, any substance is produced before
  • details of an Australian variety of sundew ( letter from T. C. Copland, 23 June 1874 ). …
  • Sharpe for promotion at the British Museum ( letter to R. B. Sharpe, 24 November [1874] ).  He
  • head that M r  Spencers terms of equilibration &c always bother me & make everything less

Darwin’s queries on expression


When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 24 hits

  • When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect
  • ease of distribution sometime in late 1867 or early 1868. Darwin went over his questions, refining
  • was about the shape of the mouth in sulky children). But the main impetus was the collection of
  • cultural and conventional, or instinctive and universal. Darwin used his existing correspondence
  • and with the mouth a little drawn back at the corners?” Darwins questionnaire was an extension of
  • was also carefully devised so as to prevent the feelings of Darwins remote observers from colouring
  • and not the susceptibilities of a moral nature.” Darwin did not typically countenance such
  • the collection of information to its display in print. After Darwin received all of the replies to
  • exceptyesorno.” “The same state of mindDarwin would later assert in Expression of the
  • uniformity.” Table of Correspondence about Darwins Questionnaire (click on the letter
  • could available online ahead of schedule as part of theDarwin and Human Natureproject, funded by
  • nodding vertically Blair, R.H. 11 July
  • answers not found Bowman, William 5 Aug
  • Fuegians Brooke, C.A.J. 30 Nov 1870
  • Dyaks Brooke, C.A.J. 30 April 1871
  • Southampton, England letter to W.E. Darwin shrugging/pouting of
  • blushing Darwin, Francis 20 June 1867
  • Bartlett and S. Sutton Darwin, Francis
  • pouting Darwin, W.E. [after 29 March 1868] …
  • blushing in blind students Darwin, W.E. [7
  • blushing Darwin, W.E. [22? April 1868] …
  • Reade, Winwood W. [c.8 or 9 Apr 1870] Accra, West
  • in Hottentots Smyth, R. Brough 13 Aug 1868
  • Weale, J.P.M. [Jan 1873] Bedford, Cape of Good Hope, …

Darwin in letters, 1877: Flowers and honours


Ever since the publication of Expression, Darwin’s research had centred firmly on botany. The year 1877 was no exception. The spring and early summer were spent completing Forms of flowers, his fifth book on a botanical topic. He then turned to the…

Matches: 28 hits

  • Ever since the publication of Expression , Darwins research had centred firmly on botany. The
  • of these projects would culminate in a major publication. Darwins botany was increasingly a
  • assisted his fathers research on movement and bloom, and Darwin in turn encouraged his sons own
  • The year 1877 was more than usually full of honours. Darwin received two elaborate photograph albums
  • from Germany, Austria, and the Netherlands. Closer to home, Darwin received an honorary Doctorate of
  • sites for possible earthworm activity. Now in his 69th year, Darwin remained remarkably productive, …
  • no controversy. In his autobiographical reflections, Darwin remarked: ‘no little discovery of
  • … (‘Recollections’, p. 419). During the winter and spring, Darwin was busy preparing the manuscript of
  • and presented to the Linnean Society of London. In the book, Darwin adopted the more recent term
  • as dimorphic without comparing pollen-grains & stigmas’, Darwin remarked to Joseph Dalton
  • little understood. Darwin had begun studying bloom in August 1873, but had broken off to concentrate
  • Darwin corresponded most often with the assistant director, William Turner Thiselton-Dyer, who
  • as rain, wind, temperature, and light. While staying with William in Southampton he made notes on
  • … ‘I got out within 2 minutes of a very heavy shower’, William wrote on 24 August 1877 . ‘The
  • one of the young leaves with a delicate twig’ ( letter to R. I. Lynch, 14 September 1877 ). …
  • but I think the great honour of its being printed in the R. Soc. Transactions, (sh d . the
  • he had begun in 1839 with the birth of his first child, William. He had used some of this material
  • attracted immediate attention from other researchers. William Preyer requested a copy and shared
  • and classical scholars, including the eminent politician William Ewart Gladstone. Darwin wrote to
  • larger aim was announced in the subtitle: Zeitschrift für einheitliche Weltanschauung auf Grund
  • … ‘but found him as soft & smooth as butter’ ( letter to C. E. Norton, 16 March 1877 ). Hooker
  • 14 June 1877 ). Darwin was staying in Southampton with William during the emperors visit, and so
  • I hope it may remain for centuries to come’ ( letter from C. C. Graham, 30 January 1877 ). Graham
  • … , he was criticised for having quoted from an article by William Rathbone Greg on thecareless, …
  • of Siebolds study of medical monstrosity ( letter from C. T. E. Siebold, 10 October 1877 ). An
  • any recognition by any public bodies of England & that y r . own University w d . like to be
  • at the Senate House yesterday, with a suspended monkey &c; but I believe the cheering was more
  • Aside from plants and infants, worms were Darwins main object of study and reflection in 1877. In