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To J. D. Hooker   21 January [1871]

Summary

Finished the last proofs of Descent a few days ago. "I shall be well abused."

St George Mivart’s Genesis [of species]: very good, unfortunately theological. Will tell heavily against natural selection but not against evolution, and this is "infinitely more important".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  21 Jan [1871]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 186–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7448

To J. D. Hooker   1 February [1871]

Summary

Returns pamphlets.

B. T. Lowne’s observation [Mon. Microsc. J. 4 (1870): 326–30] that boiling does not kill certain moulds is curious, but then how account for absence of all living things in Pasteur’s experiment?

Always delighted to see a word in favour of Pangenesis.

Thiselton-Dyer’s paper ["On spontaneous generation and evolution", Q. J. Microsc. Sci. 10 (1870): 333–54] is Spencerian.

The chemical conditions for first production of life are said to exist at present, but in some warm little pond today such matter would be absorbed or devoured, which would not have been the case before living creatures were formed.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  1 Feb [1871]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 188–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7471

From J. D. Hooker   19 March 1871

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Summary

Describes plans for travel in Morocco with George Maw and John Ball.

Has not yet read Descent.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 Mar 1871
Classmark:  DAR 103: 63–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7600

To J. D. Hooker   21 March [1871]

Summary

Asks name of an Abutilon from Fritz Müller.

Questions about Drosophyllum for experiments;

the meaning of "Sirdar".

Wonderful success of Descent. Astonished by liberality of public. No abuse yet.

Marvels at JDH’s plans for a trip to Morocco. Asks him to look for alpine insects.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  21 Mar [1871]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 190–192
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7607

From J. D. Hooker   26 March 1871

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Summary

Answers CD’s questions.

Reception of Descent. Evolution accepted everywhere; descent of man accepted calmly.

Morocco plans.

Fears for Huxley, who is overworked.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  26 Mar 1871
Classmark:  DAR 103: 65–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7627

To J. D. Hooker   28 March [1871]

Summary

Sends Hibiscus

and enclosure [Queries about expression?] on chance of "any point being observed" in Morocco.

Murray informs him edition of Descent will probably be 6500 copies.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  28 Mar [1871]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 193–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7630

To J. D. Hooker   29 [June 1871]

Summary

Delighted to hear from Lyell of JDH’s return from successful ascent of the Atlas Mts.

Fears JDH found no Madeira or Canary types, but CD is pleased at his moraine discovery.

Thinks Lyell’s health is serious.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  29 [June 1871]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 195–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7838

From J. D. Hooker   3 July 1871

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Summary

Plans to write an account of his trip to Morocco and, with John Ball, the botanical geography, for Linnean Society.

Results mainly negative; the Atlas exhibits "the dying out of European flora".

Only two or three beetles above 8000ft.

Disappointed that Canary Island species are absent from Atlas mountains; but an ocean current along Moroccan coast should help migration of Spanish, Portuguese, and Moroccan seeds to Canaries and Madeira.

Describes Lyell’s poor physical condition. Asks CD for his observations of symptoms.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 July 1871
Classmark:  DAR 103: 69–70, DAR 205.2 (Letters): 240
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7848

To J. D. Hooker   5 July [1871]

Summary

Lady Lyell’s anxiety over Lyell’s health.

Preparing new edition of Origin.

Asks whether anything was observed [in Morocco] on expressions.

Did JDH notice whether pollen-masses in Ophrys apifera in N. Africa fall on the stigma, as in England?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  5 July [1871]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 197–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7850

From J. D. Hooker   6 July 1871

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Summary

He did observe that Ophrys apifera fertilised itself as CD described and O. lutea as well.

Moroccans are too civilised, taciturn, and unfriendly to make anything of them for expressions of emotions.

Moraines and negative results on Atlas alpine flora are the only points of the journey worth much.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 July 1871
Classmark:  DAR 103: 71–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7851

From J. D. Hooker   22 July 1871

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Summary

Has given CD’s name to a species of Abutilon found by Fritz Müller.

Pleased at Henrietta [Darwin]’s engagement.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 July 1871
Classmark:  DAR 103: 61–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7877

To J. D. Hooker   23 July [1871]

Summary

Honoured by Abutilon name; describes observations on its fertilisation.

Henrietta’s marriage a great loss to him.

Latest Quarterly Review has article, "evidently by Mivart", that cuts CD into mincemeat.

Asks for name of species of mouse J. S. Henslow used to keep [see 598].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  23 July [1871]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 199–200
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7878

From J. D. Hooker   23 July 1871

Summary

Identifies Henslow’s mouse that used tail as prehensile climbing organ as Mus messorius.

Has not seen the Quarterly Review.

Inquires after Lyell’s health.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 July 1871
Classmark:  DAR 166: 264
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7879

To J. D. Hooker   26 July [1871]

Summary

Thanks for information about Henslow’s mouse.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  26 July [1871]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 201
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7881

From J. D. Hooker   5 August 1871

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Summary

Lengthy discussion of William Thomson’s address [BAAS, Edinburgh 1871].

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 Aug 1871
Classmark:  DAR 103: 73–77
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7896

To J. D. Hooker   6 August [1871]

Summary

Has read Thomson’s address with "greatest interest", but JDH has said exactly what he [CD] thinks of it.

Herschel’s was a good sneer. It made him add the Raphael Madonna simile in Descent [2: 142].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  6 Aug [1871]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 202–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7898

From J. D. Hooker   15 August 1871

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Summary

Differences in violet and honeysuckle cases.

Huxley basted Thomson awfully in Section D [of BAAS].

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 Aug 1871
Classmark:  DAR 103: 78–79
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7905

To J. D. Hooker   16 September [1871]

Summary

Is preparing new edition of Origin [6th] in which he will introduce new chapter to answer Mivart’s criticisms. Mivart is unfair: suppresses facts in CD’s later editions.

Sends article [by Chauncey Wright, see 7940] reviewing Genesis of species.

Mivart writes to CD full of respect, but reviles him in print.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  16 Sept [1871]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 204–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7949

To J. D. Hooker   30 September [1871]

Summary

Sends proofs of Huxley’s article on Mivart, to be published in Contemporary Review ["Mr Darwin’s critics", 18 (1871): 443–76].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  30 Sept [1871]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 206
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7977

From J. D. Hooker   [2 October 1871]

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Summary

On Huxley’s article for Contemporary Review [see 7977] confuting Mivart. It has cheered him,

for he is very low about his mother’s state.

Is also in detestable position with "my lord and master", A. S. Ayrton. JDH has denounced him to the [First] Lord of the Treasury [W. E. Gladstone] for his conduct.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [2 Oct 1871]
Classmark:  DAR 103: 80–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7981
Document type
letter (33)
Author
Correspondent
Date
1871
01 (1)
02 (1)
03 (4)
06 (1)
07 (7)
08 (3)
09 (3)
10 (7)
11 (2)
12 (4)
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