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To Joseph Dalton Hooker   [10 and 12 January 1864]

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Summary

CD very ill.

Suspects F. Boott’s widow is illegitimate granddaughter of Erasmus Darwin.

CD, like JDH, has speculated that agrarian weeds have become adapted to cultivated ground. Suggests comparison with country of origin.

Wallace’s praise of Herbert Spencer’s Social statics baffles CD.

[Letter completed by E. A. Darwin.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  10 and 12 Jan 1864
Classmark:  DAR 115: 216
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4389

From J. D. Hooker   24 January 1864

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JDH’s opinion of Herbert Spencer.

Rejects CD’s view of inheritance of induced modifications.

Huxley grows fat.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 Jan 1864
Classmark:  DAR 101: 176–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4396

To J. D. Hooker   [25 January 1864]

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Summary

CD’s illness.

The difficulty of getting John Scott to publish his work. Has sent Scott’s paper [on Primulaceae] to Linnean Society. CD is sure it is valuable.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [25 Jan 1864]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 217
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4397

To J. D. Hooker   [27 January 1864]

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Summary

CD continues very ill.

His only work is a little on tendrils and climbers. Asks whether all tendrils are modified leaves or whether some are modified stems.

Last number [Jan 1864?] of Natural History Review is best that has appeared.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [27 Jan 1864]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 218
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4398

From J. D. Hooker   [before 9 February 1864]

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Summary

Bentham proposes John Scott be made an associate of the Linnean Society.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [before 9 Feb 1864]
Classmark:  DAR 101: 182
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4399

From J. D. Hooker   5 February 1864

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Summary

John Scott’s paper [see 4332] read at Linnean Society; praised by George Bentham.

Himalayan pine in Macedonia.

JDH is in a quarrel with H. C. Watson.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 Feb 1864
Classmark:  DAR 100: 161; DAR 101: 180–1, 201
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4401

To J. D. Hooker   [8 February 1864]

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Summary

Compares Clematis and Tropaeolum with respect to touch response. Tropaeolum shows a momentary response and quick recovery. Clematis takes hours to respond, and shows no recovery.

CD can show the gradations between leaves and tendrils, but how a branch passes into a tendril utterly puzzles him.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [8 Feb 1864]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 219
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4403

From J. D. Hooker   9 [March] 1864

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Summary

Reception of Scott’s paper.

Difficulty of writing Boott’s obituary.

Critical of Edward Frankland’s glacial theory.

Falconer’s and Ramsay’s views on Himalayan lakes lack support of basic evidence.

Taxonomic distribution of climbing plants.

Huxley picks quarrels with minor figures and thus magnifies them.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  9 [Mar] 1864
Classmark:  DAR 101: 189–92
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4404

From J. D. Hooker   16 February 1864

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Summary

CD’s climbing plant experiments make it impossible to deny nerve force in plants.

Has discussed Frankland’s new glacial theory with Lyell.

Bishop Colenso’s trial.

Possibility of Scott’s coming to Kew as a curator.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 Feb 1864
Classmark:  DAR 101: 183–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4408

To J. D. Hooker   [20–]22 February [1864]

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Summary

Does not know Scott’s qualifications to be curator at Kew.

Frankland’s theory of glaciers is absurd.

Has JDH heard claim that plants in Northern and Southern Hemispheres turn in opposite directions?

Are there plant families with no twining and climbing plants?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [20–]22 Feb [1864]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 221a–c
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4412

From J. D. Hooker   [20 February 1864]

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Summary

Sends a Corydalis.

Hermann Crüger’s paper [see 4394] splendid, but he has made a mess of propagating Cinchona in Trinidad.

JDH’s opinion of Germans.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [20 Feb 1864]
Classmark:  DAR 101: 186–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4413

To J. D. Hooker   24 [February 1864]

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Summary

Asks for a Smilax to study movement.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  24 [Feb 1864]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 222
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4414

From J. D. Hooker   16 March 1864

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Summary

List of four plants sent.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 Mar 1864
Classmark:  DAR 101: 188
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4428

To J. D. Hooker   26[–7] March [1864]

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Summary

John Scott has left Edinburgh Botanic Garden.

Asks JDH to ask Tyndall whether Frankland exaggerates the effect of snowfall on advance of European glaciers.

Huxley and Falconer squabble too much in public.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  26[–7] Mar [1864]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 225
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4436

From J. D. Hooker   29 March 1864

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Summary

John Scott’s career.

Huxley’s vicious attack on anthropologists.

Critique of Joseph Prestwich’s theory of rivers.

Bitter feelings between the Hookers and the Veitch family of nurserymen.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 Mar 1864
Classmark:  DAR 101: 193–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4439

To J. D. Hooker   [1 April 1864]

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Summary

Proposes to support John Scott in research on relative fertility and self-incompatibility of plants. CD would pay him for a year or two but wants JDH to give him research facilities at Kew.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [1 Apr 1864]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 226a–b
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4444

From J. D. Hooker   [2 April 1864]

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Summary

JDH explains why he cannot take Scott on at Kew.

John Tyndall cannot answer CD’s questions on glaciers. Edward Frankland’s ignorance. In JDH’s opinion, heaviness of winter snowfall is the greatest element in size of glaciers and this is a function of low mean temperature. Discusses descent of glaciers.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [2 Apr 1864]
Classmark:  DAR 101: 198–200, 203; DAR 104: 222
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4445

From J. D. Hooker   [4 April 1864]

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Summary

JDH has written to J. H. Balfour for a character reference for John Scott.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [4 Apr 1864]
Classmark:  DAR 101: 202
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4448

To J. D. Hooker   5 April [1864]

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Sees difficulty of placing Scott at Kew. Suspects Balfour is prejudiced because Scott is a Darwinian.

CD’s former letter on Clematis [4403] blundered; work now being revised.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  5 Apr [1864]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 227a–c
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4450

From J. D. Hooker   6 April 1864

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Summary

J. H. Balfour gives Scott excellent character reference, but says he is unfit either to superintend or be subordinate.

Herbert Spencer’s review of J. M. Schleiden is interesting [see 4457].

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Apr 1864
Classmark:  DAR 101: 204–5; Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Directors’ Correspondence English letters Balfour 1866–1900 vol. 78: 311)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4452
Document type
letter (83)
Addressee
Date
1864
01 (4)
02 (8)
03 (6)
04 (14)
05 (6)
06 (8)
07 (6)
08 (11)
09 (7)
10 (4)
11 (4)
12 (5)
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