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From Joseph Dalton Hooker   [1 January 1862]

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Sends plant specimens. William Borrer will be glad to send seeds.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1 Jan 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 101: 5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3373

To J. D. Hooker   16 January [1862]

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Summary

Entire family down with influenza. Has done nothing for three weeks.

Asks for Haast reference on New Zealand glacial deposits.

CD’s view of the North since Trent case. Can no longer write with sympathy to Asa Gray.

Encourages JDH about his son, Willy.

Problem of relation of colour to external conditions. Hopes JDH will undertake the investigation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  16 Jan [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 140
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3391

From J. D. Hooker   [25 January 1862]

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Will send an Arethusa; offers other specimens.

Dimorphism.

Falconer contradicts Sumatra and Ceylon elephant story.

Lyell as rabid as ever about America.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [25 Jan 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 101: 6–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3394

From J. D. Hooker   [19 January 1862]

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JDH castigates the Americans after the Trent affair. The value of an aristocracy. How will CD answer Asa Gray’s letter?

His "remarkable plant" [Welwitschia mirabilis] exhibited at Linnean Society.

Genera plantarum is in press.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [19 Jan 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 101: 8–11
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3395

To J. D. Hooker   25 [and 26] January [1862]

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His answer to Asa Gray.

On JDH’s view of aristocracy. Primogeniture is dreadfully opposed to selection.

Orchid book proofs ready soon – has no idea whether it is worth publishing.

Huxley on Owen.

Feeble letter from J. H. Balfour against Huxley’s lectures ["Relation of man to lower animals", pt 2 of Man’s place in nature (1863)].

Has received the "astounding" Angraecum sesquipedale with nectary 1ft long: "what insect could suck it?"

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  25 [and 26] Jan [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 141
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3411

To J. D. Hooker   30 January [1862]

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Summary

Is JDH sure it is a Bletia, just received? Its pollen very different from any Epidendreæ he has seen. If it is Bletia, Lindley’s grand divisions are fanciful.

Accepts JDH’s offer to collect cases of dimorphism.

James Bateman has sent a lot of orchids with Angraecum sesquipedale. What a proboscis the moth that sucks its 11½ inch nectary must have!

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  30 Jan [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 142
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3421

To J. D. Hooker   [before 15 February 1862]

Summary

Asks for the address of C. W. Crocker.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [before 15 Feb 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 96: 7r
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3428

From J. D. Hooker   [before 15 February 1862]

Summary

Sends C. W. Crocker’s address.

Doubts CWC can help with Mormodes.

Will see CD at Lubbock’s.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [before 15 Feb 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 96: 7v
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3429

From J. D. Hooker   [31 January – 8 February 1862]

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Summary

Wrote a "frightful screed" about aristocracy’s being a necessary consequence of natural selection, and then burnt it.

H. W. Bates is the only man "thinking out" natural selection to any purpose. "I think I have driven Bates back to Nat. Sel. as the only way of solving his difficulties."

HWB’s mimetic butterflies.

JDH wishes he had time to do the same thing with plants.

Owen and Huxley involved in a "contemptible" squabble in the Edinburgh newspapers.

Maximovitch reports Stellaria bulbifera is a Siberian form which never ripens its seeds.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [31 Jan – 8 Feb 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 101: 14; DAR 111: 93
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3430

From J. D. Hooker   [8 February 1862]

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Sends dried specimens of Melastomataceae.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [8 Feb 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 101: 12
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3434

To J. D. Hooker   9 February [1862]

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Summary

Thanks JDH for box of melastomes

and a very valuable reference from Daniel Oliver.

Is crossing Monochaetum which he thinks is dimorphic.

Is "sometimes half tempted to give up species & stick to experiments".

Pollen of Bletia hyacinthina is quite unlike other Bletia species but exactly the same as Epipactis.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  9 Feb [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 143
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3440

From J. D. Hooker   [26 February 1862?]

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Box of Melastomataceae has arrived.

Talked with [Duke of] Argyll about Origin. He is between stools: Owen and Lyell.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [26 Feb 1862?]
Classmark:  DAR 101: 13
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3455

To J. D. Hooker   25 February [1862]

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Admires JDH’s paper on Arctic plants ["Distribution of Arctic plants", Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 23 (1862): 251–348]. Such papers compel people to reflect on modification of species;

JDH will be driven to a cooled globe.

Serious erratum in paper.

New and original evidence in case of Greenland. Its flora requires accidental means of transport by ice and currents.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  25 Feb [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 144
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3458

From J. D. Hooker   27 February 1862

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Pleased at CD’s opinion of his Arctic plants paper. CD has caught great blunder.

Lack of Arctic–Asiatic species in mountains of tropical Asia does not trouble him. Species seem to indicate some "current of migration" from Europe and W. Asia southeastward to Ceylon – an awful staggerer to bridge migrations.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  27 Feb 1862
Classmark:  DAR 101: 15–16
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3461

From J. D. Hooker   3 March 1862

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Had it not been for CD, JDH would never have written such papers as his one on Arctic flora. The "evulgation" of CD’s views is the purest pleasure he derives from them.

He too is staggered that Greenland ought to have been depopulated during the glacial period. Absence of Caltha is fatal to its re-population by chance migration.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Mar 1862
Classmark:  DAR 101: 17–19
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3465

To J. D. Hooker   7 March [1862]

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CD wishes he could sympathise with Asa Gray’s politics.

Orchids to appear soon.

Pre-glacial Arctic distribution.

Work on floral dimorphism.

High opinion of Buckle as a writer.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  7 Mar [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 185
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3468

From J. D. Hooker   [10 March 1862]

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Returns Asa Gray’s letter. Disappointed with Gray. Comments on America. British–American relations.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [10 Mar 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 101: 20–2; Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3469

To J. D. Hooker   14 March [1862]

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Thinks JDH is a bit hard on Asa Gray.

Bates’s letter is that of a true thinker. Asks to see JDH’s to Bates. Point raised in it is most difficult. "There is one clear line of distinction; – when many parts of structure as in woodpecker show distinct adaptation to external bodies, it is preposterous to attribute them to effect of climate etc. – but when a single point, alone, as a hooked seed, it is conceivable that it may thus have arisen." His study of orchids shows nearly all parts of the flower co-adapted for fertilisation by insects and therefore the result of natural selection. Mormodes ignea "is a prodigy of adaptation".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  14 Mar [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 150
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3472

From J. D. Hooker   17 March 1862

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JDH has probably influenced Bates by pointing out applicability of CD’s views to his cases.

Is greatly puzzled by difference in effect of external conditions on individual animals and plants. Cannot conceive that climate could affect even such a single character as a hooked seed.

Does not think Huxley is right about "saltus".

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 Mar 1862
Classmark:  DAR 101: 23–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3474

To J. D. Hooker   18 March [1862]

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On effect of external conditions: CD thinks all variability due to changes in conditions of life because there is more variability under unnatural domestic conditions than under nature, and changed conditions affect the reproductive organs. But why one seedling out of thousands presents some new character transcends the wildest powers of conjecture.

Not shaken by "saltus" – he had examined all cases of normal structure resembling monstrosities which appear per saltum. Has fought his tendency to attribute too much to natural selection; perhaps he has too much conquered it.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  18 Mar [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 145
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3479
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letter (84)
Author
Addressee
Correspondent
Date
1862
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