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From J. D. Hooker   [after 11 December 1854]

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List of most anomalous Leguminosae [from George Bentham].

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [after 11 Dec 1854]
Classmark:  DAR 205.9: 391
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1546

To J. D. Hooker   [9 or 16 February 1854]

Summary

Has received JDH’s book [Himalayan journals (1854)]. Is very gratified by the dedication to him.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [9 or 16] Feb 1854
Classmark:  Oliver N. Hooker (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1552F

To J. D. Hooker   1 March [1854]

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Thanks JDH for dedication of Himalayan journals. CD praises the work and suggests stylistic revisions.

Lyell’s remarks on lava beds in letter from Madeira are not original – they refer exclusively to Élie de Beaumont’s data.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  1 Mar [1854]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 118
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1556

From J. D. Hooker   [26 February 1854]

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Is relieved his book [Himalayan journals] has been well received and glad he has successfully completed it.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [26 Feb 1854]
Classmark:  DAR 100: 86–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1557

To J. D. Hooker   10 March [1854]

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More praise for Himalayan journals.

How remote was glacial action in Himalayas?

Implies Himalayas were birthplace of many plants.

Final volume of Cirripedia to be printed in two or three months.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  10 Mar [1854]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 119
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1558

From J. D. Hooker   [c. 25 March 1854]

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JDH summarises letter from Humboldt.

JDH answers CD’s questions on glacial action in Himalayas.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [c. 25 Mar 1854]
Classmark:  DAR 205.9: 382
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1559

To J. D. Hooker   26 March [1854]

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CD welcomes the prospect of the Philosophical Club of the Royal Society as means for seeing old acquaintances and making new ones. Will try to go up to London regularly.

Admits that the warning from JDH and Asa Gray (that more harm than good will come from combat over the species issue) makes him feel "deuced uncomfortable".

Reflects upon the complexity of Agassiz; how singular that a man of his eminence and immense knowledge "should write such wonderful stuff & bosh".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  26 Mar [1854]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 120
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1562

From J. D. Hooker   [24 June 1854]

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Birth of JDH’s second child.

Asks CD’s view of "highness" and "lowness" in animals. Gives his own for plants; extent of deviation from type, e.g., floral parts deviating from leaf.

Reading B. C. Brodie’s Psychological inquiries [1854].

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [24 June 1854]
Classmark:  DAR 104: 202–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1572

To J. D. Hooker   27 [June 1854]

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CD gives his definition of "highness" and "lowness" as "morphological differentiation" from a common embryo or archetype. JDH’s view, with which CD agrees when it can be applied, is the same as Milne-Edwards’, i.e., the physiological division of labour. There is little agreement among zoologists and CD admits his own lack of clarity.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  27 [June 1854]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 121
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1573

To J. D. Hooker   29 [May 1854]

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CD "lectures" JDH on taking care of his health.

CD’s pleasure in London trip.

CD and Emma have taken season tickets to Crystal Palace.

Edward Forbes’s "Introductory Lecture" is the best CD ever read.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  29 [May 1854]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 122
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1575

From J. D. Hooker   [29 June 1854]

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JDH on "highness" of Coniferae: they are genuine Dicotyledons, not a link to cryptogams; that is a geologists’ fallacy. Thus they are highest plants in Carboniferous.

Does not agree with CD’s "elastic" species theory. Long correspondence with Lyell on this.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [29 June 1854]
Classmark:  DAR 205.9: 383
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1576

To J. D. Hooker   7 July [1854]

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CD’s view requires only that ancient organisms resemble embryological stages of existing ones. Thus "highness" in plants is difficult to evaluate because they have no larval stages. Would compare highest members of two groups, rather than archetype, to determine which group was higher. Against Forbes’s polarity and parallelism.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  7 July [1854]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 123
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1577

From J. D. Hooker   25 August 1854

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JDH and F. W. Binney identify Calamites specimens as pith casts. They are cryptogams related to, but higher than, Lycopodiaceae and contradict progression.

Insects found in coal.

Lyell says Stonesfield slate marsupials are actually placentals.

JDH reading Alexander Braun on individuality ["Das Individuum der Pflanze in seinem Verhältniss zur Species", Abh. K. Akad. Wiss. Berlin (Phys. Kl.) (1853): 19–122].

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Aug 1854
Classmark:  DAR 205.9: 384
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1581

To J. D. Hooker   7 September [1854]

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On individuality.

Huxley’s review exquisite, but too severe on Vestiges; sorry for ridicule of Agassiz’s embryonic fishes.

Stonesfield mammals.

J. O. Westwood deserves Royal Society Medal.

Will begin species work in a few days.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  7 Sept [1854]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 124
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1588

To J. D. Hooker   [November–December 1854]

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[Recto:] CD defines "aberrant genus".

[Verso:] JDH’s list of families, [presumably] with aberrant genera, and [presumably] the number of species in each genus.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [Nov–Dec 1854]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 222a
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1596

To J. D. Hooker   5 November [1854]

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Congratulates JDH on receipt of Royal Medal.

CD gathering facts on aberrant genera of insects.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  5 Nov [1854]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 152
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1597

From J. D. Hooker   [6 November 1854]

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Fossil leaves from Disko Island.

JDH to begin working out the botanical geography of the polar sea.

Has not forgotten CD’s request on aberrant species.

Has taken a house on Richmond Hill.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [6 Nov 1854]
Classmark:  DAR 205.9: 385
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1600

To J. D. Hooker   15 November [1854]

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Calculating small number of species in aberrant genera of insects and plants.

Joachim Barrande’s "Colonies", Élie de Beaumont’s "lines of Elevation", Forbes’s "Polarity" make CD despair, as these theories lead to conclusions opposite to CD’s from the same classes of facts.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  15 Nov [1854]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 156
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1601

From J. D. Hooker   [15 November 1854]

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George Bentham’s list of aberrant plant genera. JDH appended the number of species in each genus according to E. G. Steudel’s catalogue [Nomenclator botanicus (1840–1)] and according to JDH and Bentham.

JDH speculates on effect of splitting Australia longitudinally on distribution; it becomes an argument for new creations.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [15 Nov 1854]
Classmark:  DAR 205.9: 386
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1607

To J. D. Hooker   2 December [1854]

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JDH’s "grand speech" on receiving the Royal Medal.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  2 Dec [1854]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 158
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1609
Document type
letter (24)
Author
Addressee
Correspondent
Date
1854
02 (2)
03 (4)
05 (1)
06 (3)
07 (1)
08 (1)
09 (1)
11 (6)
12 (5)
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