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To J. D. Hooker   30 March [1869]

Summary

Interested in Barkly’s letter about Mauritius. Doubts non-volcanic origin. Urges collection of all forms of terrestrial life to determine whether they are of a former continent or "waifs and strays". He leans to latter view, as snakes and reptiles are different.

Huxley’s address wonderfully "brilliant", but it is a mistake to separate evolutionists from uniformitarians.

Bentham has come out "splendidly" on descent of species.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  30 Mar [1869]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 121–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6688

To J. D. Hooker   [before 7 May 1869]

Summary

Asks whether in Slavonic races the hair of the beard and head are different colours.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [before 7 May 1869]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 133
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6731

From J. D. Hooker   6 June 1869

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Summary

Account of his Russian trip.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 June 1869
Classmark:  DAR 103: 14–17
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6776

To J. D. Hooker   22 June [1869]

Summary

The house at Barmouth.

His poor health.

Bentham’s interesting Linnean Society Address ["On geographical biology", Proc. Linn. Soc. Lond. (1869): lxv–c].

CD particularly wishes to know how botanists agreed with zoologists on distribution.

Still thinks isolation more important in preserving old forms than Bentham is inclined to believe.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  22 June [1869]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 134–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6793

From J. D. Hooker   24 June 1869

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Summary

Recounts the trip back from St Petersburg – visits to botanic gardens and museums throughout Western Europe.

Pleased that CD admired Bentham’s address [see 6793]. JDH had read it in MS and modified some very heterodox passages about insularity. CD has hit the flaw in it.

F. A. W. Miquel is a convert.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 June 1869
Classmark:  DAR 103: 18–21
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6800

To J. D. Hooker   8 July [1869]

Summary

Simeon Habel of New York has returned from Galapagos. CD has asked him to send any plants to JDH.

Reading Nägeli convinces him that it is all-important to learn all about polymorphic or protean genera for the "Laws of Variability".

New Zealand genera are interesting and have perplexed him for years.

Has read paper on snakes. Thinks it is not fascination but fear that makes the victim fall into snake’s power.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  8 July [1869]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 137–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6822

From J. D. Hooker   17 July 1869

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Summary

On reading F. Müller’s Facts and arguments for Darwin [1869].

Pangenesis.

Agrees with CD on fascination [of snakes].

Huxley is at Comte again.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 July 1869
Classmark:  DAR 103: 22–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6832

To J. D. Hooker   24 July [1869]

Summary

An article in North British Review by mathematician against Hooker and Huxley and for William Thomson [P. G. Tait, "Geological time", North Br. Rev. 50 (1869): 406–39]. Feels a conviction that world will be found older than reviewer makes it.

Article on "Design" [by J. B. Mozley] in Quarterly Review [127 (1869): 134–76].

Has JDH studied Drosophyllum?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  24 July [1869]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 140–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6841

From J. D. Hooker   5 August 1869

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Summary

Huxley has shown him the jaws of an Anoplotherium brought from the Gallegos by R. O. Cunningham.

Saw Hallett’s wheat crops at Brighton; results of his selection very striking.

Huxley is assembling his Darwiniana papers for republication.

Has written a crushing reply to Richard Congreve ["The scientific aspects of positivism", Fortn. Rev. n.s. 5 (1869): 653–70] and JDH feels "infantine" beside him.

Comments on Sabine’s being offered and accepting K.C.B.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 Aug 1869
Classmark:  DAR 103: 25–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6853

To J. D. Hooker   7 August [1869]

Summary

Replies to JDH on Hallett; doubts that already improved varieties do not vary in other respects.

The North British Review article [see 6841] is worth reading "scientifically"; it made CD feel small.

Awaits JDH’s decision on affinities of Drosophyllum and Drosera.

Is curious to see proportion of males to females in recent census in India.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  7 Aug [1869]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 144–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6855

From J. D. Hooker   13 August 1869

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Summary

Did not intend to imply that Hallett said variation stopped, but that it arrives at a point where further accumulation in direction sought is so slow as to result practically in fixity of type – but not absolute fixity.

Duke of Argyll has requested JDH to superintend publication of a flora of India. JDH thinks he [Argyll] is paying him off for his kick at natural theology.

Willy [Hooker] returning from New Zealand.

A unique character in Drosophyllum.

Sees no reason for CD to contribute to Ross and Faraday memorials.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  13 Aug 1869
Classmark:  DAR 103: 27–9, DAR 100: 156
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6862

To J. D. Hooker   14 August [1869]

Summary

Faraday memorial is an exception.

George [Darwin] has convinced CD that North British Review article is by P. G. Tait [see 6841].

Surprised that leaves of Drosophyllum are always rolled backwards at their tips, but did not know it was unique character.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  14 Aug [1869]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 149-50
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6863

From J. D. Hooker   7 September 1869

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Summary

Reports on events at Exeter [BAAS] meeting. G. G. Stokes made a first-rate President.

Huxley "poured boiling oil" over James McCann in answer to his "conceited dogmatic sermon".

F. A. W. Miquel is coming to stay.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Sept 1869
Classmark:  DAR 103: 30–1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6879

To J. D. Hooker   10 September [1869]

Summary

F. C. Donders has been to lunch – a good "Darwinian"!

JDH’s speech of resignation [as BAAS President] at Exeter was charming [Rep. BAAS (1869)]. JDH should have been an ambassador.

Has received Indian census.

Is unusually well.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  10 Sept [1869]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 151–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6886

From J. D. Hooker   17 September 1869

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Summary

Will come to Down on 25 Sept.

Thanks CD for supplementaries ["Fertilization of orchids", Collected papers 2: 138–56] which he will quote in the British flora [The student’s flora of the British Islands (1870)].

F. A. W. Miquel could not come.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 Sept 1869
Classmark:  DAR 103: 32–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6895

To J. D. Hooker   18 [September 1869]

Summary

Asks JDH to consult colleagues learned in physiology for answer to query: when a large piece of bark is removed from a tree, does the bark ever regrow in isolated points [separate] from the growing margin of the surrounding bark? Query bears on Pangenesis and on power of repair in plants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  18 [Sept 1869]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 153–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6896

From J. D. Hooker   24 September 1869

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Summary

Time of his arrival.

Will bring bark story with him.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 Sept 1869
Classmark:  DAR 103: 34
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6908

To J. D. Hooker   2 October [1869]

Summary

Sends letter from Candolle [6915] proposing an experiment with seeds that seems excellent. CD has little time and strength but will do his best. If the staff at Kew could do it, it would be wisest to hand the whole lot over to JDH.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  2 Oct [1869]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 155
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6923

To J. D. Hooker   11 October 1869

Summary

Is glad that JDH is willing to try Candolle’s experiment [see 6915]. Encloses all the seeds except a few taken from the Moscow and Palermo packets.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  11 Oct 1869
Classmark:  Kenneth W. Rendell (dealer) (catalogue 123)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6932

To J. D. Hooker   13 November [1869]

Summary

Congratulates JDH on his becoming a C.B.

Hard at work on sexual selection – weary of everlasting males and females, cocks and hens.

Has read J. H. Stirling vs Huxley on protoplasm [As regards protoplasm (1869)]

and E. B. Tylor on survival of old thoughts in modern civilisation.

Bentham’s Linnean Society [Presidential] Address [see 6793] is worth its weight in gold in making converts. C. J. F. Bunbury is impressed by it.

Likes JDH’s review of K. F. Schimper’s work [Paléontologie végétale, in Nature 1 (1869): 48].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  13 Nov [1869]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 156–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6985
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