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To Joseph Dalton Hooker   12 January [1858]

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On papilionaceous flowers and CD’s theory that there are no eternal hermaphrodites. Connects this theory to absence of small-flowered legumes in New Zealand and the absence of small bees as pollinators.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  12 Jan [1858]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 220
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2201

To J. D. Hooker   15 January [1858]

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CD has never doubted probability of Bering Strait land connection.

Family illness.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  15 Jan [1858]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 221
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2203

From J. D. Hooker   15 January 1858

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Has gone over to CD’s side on the fertilisation of clover in New Zealand by bees.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 Jan 1858
Classmark:  DAR 100: 120–1; L. Huxley 1918, 1: 453
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2204

To J. D. Hooker   [17 February 1858]

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General success of survey makes CD very concerned about sources of error. Wants to meet JDH for an important talk about big genera. Arranges meeting.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [17 Feb 1858]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 222
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2209

To J. D. Hooker   4 [February 1858]

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Summary

Returns books by Candolle and Robert Brown.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  4 [Feb 1858]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 219
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2210

To J. D. Hooker   9 February [1858]

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Six volumes of Candolle’s Prodromus confirm rule that small genera vary less than large. Labiatae an exception to rule.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  9 Feb [1858]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 223
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2212

To J. D. Hooker   23 February [1858]

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Fertilisation of clover by bees in New Zealand.

Uneasy about biggest genera and their varieties.

H. T. Buckle’s sophistry [History of civilisation in England (1857)].

Working on bees’ cells.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  23 Feb [1858]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 224
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2222

From J. D. Hooker   [25] February 1858

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Botanical practice can confuse CD’s compilations. Many small genera would have been species had the whole natural order [family] been known.

JDH’s low opinion of Buckle;

high opinion of Mrs Farrer.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [25] Feb 1858
Classmark:  DAR 100: 115a–d
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2225

To J. D. Hooker   28 February [1858]

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JDH has confirmed CD’s opinion on the affinities of species in great genera. Is looking at large genera in several local Floras to find the "range & commonness of varying species".

Has been "beyond measure interested" in the construction instincts of the hive-bee.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  28 Feb [1858]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 225
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2228

To J. D. Hooker   5 [March 1858]

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C. C. Babington agrees with JDH that botanists tend to note varieties more in large genera than in very small ones.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  5 [Mar 1858]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 226
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2235

To J. D. Hooker   10 [March 1858]

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Heartened that tabulations of small and large genera done in different ways yield good results. JDH has done some tabulations but has not followed CD’s method of getting equal numbers of small and large genera.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  10 [Mar 1858]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 227
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2237

To J. D. Hooker   11 March [1858]

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JDH’s "objection" that small local genera do not vary and mundane ones do, is exactly CD’s point. Local floras useful to test idea that varieties are incipient species. Same genus in different countries cannot be lumped.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  11 Mar [1858]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 228
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2239

From J. D. Hooker   [14 March 1858]

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Summary of JDH’s objections to CD’s survey of floras and conclusion that large genera vary more than small.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [14 Mar 1858]
Classmark:  DAR 104: 182–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2240

To J. D. Hooker   16 [March 1858]

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Summary

Thanks JDH for his objections; will respond by sending fair copy of MS when written.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  16 [Mar 1858]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 229
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2242

From J. D. Hooker   18 March 1858

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Continued objections to methods and conclusions of CD’s survey.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  18 Mar 1858
Classmark:  DAR 100: 115e–f
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2243

To J. D. Hooker   31 March [1858]

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Writing section on large and small genera [for Natural selection, ch. 4].

Huxley supersedes Owen on parthenogenesis.

Buckle’s History of civilisation in England extremely interesting.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  31 Mar [1858]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 230
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2248

To J. D. Hooker   10 April [1858]

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Asa Gray’s criticism of Buckle and his comments on large and small genera.

CD suspects glacial epoch immensely long. Rates of organic change too variable to make them a good measure of geological time.

Bees’ cells are a difficulty for theory.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  10 Apr [1858]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 231
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2254

To J. D. Hooker   26 [April 1858]

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Confidential revelation concerning W. F. Daniell.

Georg Hartung confirms CD’s supposition from flora of Azores that icebergs had been stranded there.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  26 [Apr 1858]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 232
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2263

To J. D. Hooker   6 May [1858]

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Sends MS on large and small genera.

Observed slave-making ants at Moor Park.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  6 May [1858]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 234
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2269

To J. D. Hooker   16 May [1858]

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Arranges meeting with JDH at Thatched House Tavern.

Eager for JDH’s reaction to MS on large and small genera.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  16 May [1858]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 235
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2274
Document type
letter (55)
Author
Addressee
Correspondent
Darwin, C. R.[X]
Hooker, J. D. (55)
Date
1858
01 (3)
02 (6)
03 (7)
04 (2)
05 (4)
06 (5)
07 (7)
08 (2)
10 (5)
11 (9)
12 (5)
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