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To Nature   18 April [1874]

Summary

CD has observed hundreds of primrose flowers cut off their stalks, and conjectures that this was done by birds to obtain the nectar. Asks readers of Nature in England and abroad whether primroses are subject to such destruction in their localities.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Nature
Date:  18 Apr [1874]
Classmark:  Nature, 23 April 1874, p. 482
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9418

From E. T. S.   [23–30 April 1874]

Summary

Cancelled: third-party letter from ’ETS’.

Author:  Unidentified
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [23-30 Apr 1874]
Classmark:  Nature, 30 April 1874, p. 509
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9425J

To Nature   7 and 11 May [1874]

Summary

Thanks Nature correspondents for their observations on destruction of primroses [Nature 9 (1874): 509; 10 (1874): 6–7]. Reports an error in his observations: ovules, as well as nectar, are taken by the birds. As the habit of cutting off primrose flowers is widespread, CD concludes it is instinctive in bullfinches.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Nature
Date:  7 and 11 May [1874]
Classmark:  Nature, 14 May 1874, pp. 24–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9444

To ?   11 March 1874

Summary

Thanks correspondent for offer of [unidentified] rare book but does not accept it.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  11 Mar 1874
Classmark:  Harry Ransom Center, The University of Texas at Austin
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9351

To Nature   6 April [1874]

Summary

Comments on J. T. Moggridge’s article on the fertilisation of Fumaria capreolata [Nature 9 (1874): 423].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Nature
Date:  6 Apr [1874]
Classmark:  Nature, 16 April 1874, p. 460
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9393

To Nature   11 February [1874]

Summary

Prefaces Fritz Müller’s observations on termites and stingless bees [see 9281].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Nature
Date:  11 Feb [1874]
Classmark:  Nature, 19 February 1874, pp. 308–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9283

To ?   15 February [1872–4]

Summary

Seeks permission for his son to look for a paper for him.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  15 Feb [1872-4]
Classmark:  University of California Berkeley, Marian Koshland Bioscience, Natural Resources and Public Health Library Special Collections (Darwin Collection QH365.D251)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9292

To ?   [1874–5?]

Summary

Although he formed a high opinion of one of the correspondent’s papers, regrets that he could not presume to give an opinion of the merits of a candidate in chemistry.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  [1874–5?]
Classmark:  DAR 97: C40
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9217

To ?   1 January 1874

Summary

CD sends thanks for the honour conferred by his election as an honorary member, though ill health may prevent his taking advantage of the privileges granted.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  1 Jan 1874
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9222

To ?   3 January 1874

Summary

Has no objection to having his name appear as honorary member of [unidentified] club.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  3 Jan 1874
Classmark:  Cleveland Health Sciences Library (Robert M. Stecher collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9224

To ?   8 June 1874

Summary

Asks about insects and seeds on leaves of Pinguicula.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  8 June 1874
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.435)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9230

To ?   28 April 1873

Summary

"I was born in the town of Shrewsbury Feb. 12, 1809."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  28 Apr 1873
Classmark:  Swann Galleries (dealer) (26 April 1984)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8888A

To ?   4 May [1873]

Summary

Explains that his publisher has erred in announcing his book [Cross and self-fertilisation] prematurely. [See 8890 and 8897.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  4 May [1873]
Classmark:  Remember When Auctions (Catalogue 41: 16 March 1997)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8897A

To ?   [before 22 May 1877?]

Summary

Writes as Treasurer of the Down Friendly Society; discusses financial matters related to the Society.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  [before 22 May 1877?]
Classmark:  DAR 96: 166
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8932

To ?   18 July [1873?]

Summary

Comments on ability of recipient to move his scalp.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  18 July [1873?]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.430)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8982

To Nature   [before 24 July 1873]

Summary

Sends a letter from J. D. Hague confirming his earlier observation [see 8788] of frightened behaviour of ants when they come upon dead ants. CD had asked for confirmation because J. T. Moggridge had suggested that the ants’ behaviour was alarm at the scent of the observer’s fingers.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Nature
Date:  [before 24 July 1873]
Classmark:  Nature, 24 July 1873, p. 244
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8985

To Nature   20 September [1873]

Summary

CD, in commenting on Wyville Thomson’s "Notes from the Challenger" [Nature 8 (1873): 347–9], recapitulates his work on rudimentary male cirripedes [Living Cirripedia], especially the complementary males attached to hermaphrodites. Offers an explanation, on evolutionary grounds, of their function and size.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Nature
Date:  20 Sept [1873]
Classmark:  Nature, 25 September 1873, pp. 431–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9061

To ?   28 November [1873]

Summary

Will not require assistance of correspondent’s cousin in correcting his MS [2d ed. of Descent]. His son [George] will undertake it.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  28 Nov [1873]
Classmark:  Cleveland Health Sciences Library (Robert M. Stecher collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9163

To Nature   [before 3 April 1873]

Summary

Comments on article ["Perception and instinct in lower animals", Nature 7 (1871): 377–8].

Explains his contention that "many of the most wonderful instincts have been acquired, independently of habit, through the preservation of useful variations of pre-existing instincts". Cites examples: sterile workers of several species of social insects have acquired different instincts; movements of tumbler pigeons. Speculates that "many instincts have originated from modification or variations in the brain".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Nature
Date:  [before 3 Apr 1873]
Classmark:  Nature, 3 April 1873, pp. 417–18
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8838

To Nature   [before 3 April 1873]

Summary

"The following fact with respect to the habits of ants, which I believe to be quite new, has been sent to me by a distinguished geologist, Mr J. D. Hague [see 8788]; and it appears well worth publishing."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Nature
Date:  [before 3 Apr 1873]
Classmark:  Nature, 10 April 1873, pp. 443–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8853
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