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To J. D. Hooker   [4 March 1868]


Arrangements to dine at JDH’s club.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [4 Mar 1868]
Classmark:  Cleveland Health Sciences Library
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13816

To Charles Lyell   [9 March 1868]


Asks to borrow Philosophical Transactions, vol. 157, pt 2 (1868).

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  [9 Mar 1868]
Classmark:  Department of Special Collections, Kenneth Spencer Research Library, University of Kansas (KU MSS P87: 2)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5768

To Rolla Charles Meadows Rouse   [after 12 March 1868]


Discusses tuition arrangements for Horace Darwin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Rolla Charles Meadows Rouse
Date:  [after 12 Mar 1868]
Classmark:  DAR 96: 39-40
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5962

To Edward Hewitt   [c. 22 March 1868]


Asks for facts relating to courtship of birds and especially cases of females preferring particular males.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Edward Hewitt
Date:  [c. 22 Mar 1868]
Classmark:  DAR 96: 41
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5963

From J. J. Weir   [before 3] March 1868


Aggressive behaviour of a bullfinch toward new arrival in JJW’s aviary.

Sexual differences in goldfinches: size of beaks.

Sexual selection in Lepidoptera.

Thinks Dr Alex Wallace’s observations on Bombyx not conclusive in proving that no preference is shown by females.

Author:  John Jenner Weir
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [before 3] Mar 1868
Classmark:  DAR 84.1: 51–2 and DAR 82: A107–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5964

From A. R. Wallace   1 March 1868


Offers enclosure demonstrating that natural selection could produce sterility of hybrids.

More on Pangenesis and the inadequacy of H. Spencer’s approach.

Author:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Mar 1868
Classmark:  DAR 106: B49–50, B53–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5966

To Henry Doubleday   1 March [1868]


Has been interested in copy of HD’s letter to H. T. Stainton on numerical proportions of the sexes of insects. Do they vary during different years?

Does he have opinions about the courtships of butterflies?

Will send a copy of his paper on Primula when it is published. [See 5997.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Doubleday
Date:  1 Mar [1868]
Classmark:  George W. Platzman (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5966A

To H. T. Stainton   2 March [1868]


Thanks HTS for his valuable information. Hopes to arrive at probable answer to question of proportion of males to females in the progeny of butterflies bred in domestication.

On courtship of butterflies, CD believes something more than chance is involved in determining which male is successful.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Tibbats Stainton
Date:  2 Mar [1868]
Classmark:  Natural History Museum (General Manuscripts MSS DAR 23)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5967

From George Henry Lewes   2 March 1868


Is engaged on an article for Fortnightly Review on Variation ["Mr Darwin’s hypotheses", n.s. 9: 353–73, 611–28; n.s. 10: 61–80, 492–509]. Asks CD some questions.

While he agrees with natural selection, he believes many "organic details" develop irrespective of advantage.

Author:  George Henry Lewes
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 Mar 1868
Classmark:  DAR 106: D5–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5969

From J. E. Gray   2 March 1868



Canine teeth in males are always larger than in females and certainly so in Cervulus moschus.

Author:  John Edward Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 Mar 1868
Classmark:  DAR 83: 159–60
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5970

From W. E. Darwin   3 March [1868]


Asks CD to collect from the Jermyn Street Museum a box containing a skull and bones which belong to Mr Cumberbatch.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Mar [1868]
Classmark:  Cornford Family Papers (DAR 275: 35)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5970F

To J. E. Gray   2 March [1868]


Thanks JEG for answering questions so fully and clearly, especially as he is troubled with his eyes.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Edward Gray
Date:  2 Mar [1868]
Classmark:  Winterbourne House and Garden, University of Birmingham (University Herbarium) (WBHERB.HST.L.25.1)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5970G

From J. D. Hooker   [3 March 1868]



Now quite understands Pangenesis. Satisfaction given by it, as CD says, may depend on one’s mental constitution. In all cases of descent JDH has always thought "all the properties of the parents are transmitted in the one cell and were diffused to every part of the future offspring".

Tyndall believes he feels atoms as firmly as St Paul believed he saw Christ.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [3 Mar 1868]
Classmark:  DAR 102: 204–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5971

From John Murray   3 March [1868]


JM offers a note for 400 guineas as author’s payment on sale of 1250 copies of 2d issue of Variation.

Author:  John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Mar [1868]
Classmark:  DAR 171: 357
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5972

From C. S. Bate   3 March 1868



Quotes information from Dr Power on colour of sexes of Crustacea in Mauritius [see Descent 1: 335].

Author:  Charles Spence Bate
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Mar 1868
Classmark:  DAR 82: A65–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5973

To William Sedgwick   4 March [1868]


Thanks WS for information about moss roses and the Le Compte family.

Mentions WS’s recent papers on inheritance [Brit. & Foreign Med.-Chirurg. Rev. (1867)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Sedgwick, William
Date:  4 Mar [1868]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.347)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5975

To C. S. Vesselofski   4 March 1868


Acknowledges his election as a Corresponding Member of the Imperial Academy of Sciences, St Petersburg.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Constantin Stepanovich Vesselofski
Date:  4 Mar 1868
Classmark:  Archive of the Russian Academy of Sciences, St Petersburg branch: SPBB ARAS (Fond 1. Register 2-1868. Folder 17. P65, 65 r)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5976

From Jonathan Peel   4 March 1868



Sends copy of a paper on his flock of sheep, which confirms much of what CD says in Variation,

together with a note he made of an instance of cattle "determining the existence" of a tree [cf. Origin, ch. 3].

Author:  Jonathan Peel
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 Mar 1868
Classmark:  DAR 46.1: 96–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5977

To John Murray   4 March [1868]


Payment of 400 guineas [Variation royalties] delights CD.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  4 Mar [1868]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42153 f. 36)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5978

To V. O. Kovalevsky   4 March [1868]


Sends sheets with alterations to be made [in Russian translation of Variation]. VOK should consider adding to the title-page that CD is a Corresponding Member of the Imperial Academy of Sciences (St Petersburg).

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Vladimir Onufrievich Kovalevsky (Владимир Онуфриевич Ковалевский)
Date:  4 Mar [1868]
Classmark:  Institut Mittag-Leffler
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5979
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