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To ?   [1870–82?]


Suggests the recipient catch the 4.12 train.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  [1870–82?]
Classmark:  The National Library of Wales (NLW Dolaucothi L 5984)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7088F

To Nature   13 November [1869]


Comments on A. W. Bennett’s letter [Nature 1 (1869): 58] on fertilisation of winter-flowering plants. CD used net, not a bell-glass to cover Lamium.

Refers to F. Delpino’s observations on fertilisation of grasses; CD is glad to say these observations are compatible with "the very general law that distinct individual plants must be occasionally crossed".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Nature
Date:  13 Nov [1869]
Classmark:  Nature 1 (1869): 85
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6987

To ?   13 December [1869]


Has given the right of translation [of Descent] to Julius Victor Carus of Leipzig, so the recipient should inform Alexander Duncker to communicate with JVC.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  13 Dec [1869]
Classmark:  National Library of Israel (Abraham Schwadron collection, Schwad 03 04 07)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7028F

To [?]   21 September [1869]


Thanks correspondent for sending curious facts about his cats.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  21 Sept [1869]
Classmark:  National Library of Australia (MS 760/2/571)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6952

To ?   30 October [1869 or 1870]


Comments on a case of crossing distant plants of Habenaria

and on hermaphroditism in hybrid plants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  30 Oct [1869-70]
Classmark:  King Edward VI High School, Stafford
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6961A

To Francis Henry Salvin?   31 October 1869


Thanks correspondent for sending extracts about the jackal.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  31 Oct 1869
Classmark:  McGill University Library, Department of Rare Books
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6962

To the Athenæum   19 June 1869


Thanks correspondent, "Ponderer", for pointing out his erroneous calculation of the rate of increase of elephants in Origin [p. 64]. [!?or p. 74!? (see 6775f), or 75, (see 6790)]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Athenæum
Date:  19 June 1869
Classmark:  Athenæum, 26 June 1869, p. 861
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6787

To ?   23 June 1869


[A quotation in CD’s hand, signed and dated, from the introduction to Orchids.] "I have never once expressed a wish for aid or for information, which has not been granted, as far as possible, in the most liberal spirit."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  23 June 1869
Classmark:  The Morgan Library and Museum, New York (Heineman Collection MA 6512)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6795

To the Athenæum   7 [July] 1869


Because readers have arrived at different answers to the problem of the rate of increase of elephants, CD offers a rule, used by his son George, for calculating the product for any number of generations.

[Letter erroneously dated June.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Athenæum
Date:  7 [July] 1869
Classmark:  Athenæum, 17 July 1869, p. 82
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6820

To ?   2 May [1869 or later]


"When a man has laboured hard in science & has proved that he is capable of original research, he may [some]times indulge in speculation [&] the public will indulge him. But even in this case it is a common error to speculate too largely, for speculation is far easier than observation or experiments . . ."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  2 May [1869-82]
Classmark:  Sotheby’s (dealers) (28 March 1983)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13866A

To ?   6 April [1869–71]


"My experiment was intended solely to show that colour reappeared, and I choose kinds which breed [true] to colour, as is certainly the case with [sports] and those which I tried . . .

I have recorded an undoubted case of wild rock Pigeons caught in Scotland having bred in confinement …"

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  6 Apr [1869-71]
Classmark:  L’Autographe S.A. (dealers) (Catalogue 21)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6098A

To ?   20 February [1869]


Gives his opinion of Rolla Charles Meadows Rouse, who is tutoring Horace Darwin in mathematics.

Has not heard that Horace has a chance of a minor scholarship.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  20 Feb [1869]
Classmark:  Xiling Yinshe Auction Company (dealers) (Spring 2014, lot 188)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6624F

To the registrar of friendly societies   18 May [1869, 1870, 1875, 1880 or 1881]


CD has misplaced the annual audited balance sheet for the Down Friendly Society and wonders whether he has sent it to his correspondent in error.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Registrar of Friendly Societies
Date:  18 May [1869-70, 1875 or 1880-1]
Classmark:  DAR 97: C25
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9983

From Fritz Müller   18 December 1869


Discusses dimorphic and trimorphic plants; mentions especially Rubiaceae and a dimorphic monocotyledon.

Notes observations on the monstrous male flowers of Begonia,

and on self-sterile plants.

Author:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  18 Dec 1869
Classmark:  DAR 109: B125–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7029

From John Scott   21 December 1869



Observations on expression and variation in Asian peoples: when colour of beard and hair differ, beard is always lighter. Differences in swimming strokes. Polydactylism.

Has just sent Hooker a paper on Sikkim tree-ferns [Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 30 (1875): 1–44, read 1870].

Has had fever since the end of the rains.

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 Dec 1869
Classmark:  DAR 85: A106–6a
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7030

To Francis Galton   23 December [1869]


Praises FG’s book [Hereditary genius (1869)]. CD is converted by its argument. Previously CD believed men did not differ much in intellect, but only in zeal and hard work.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Galton
Date:  23 Dec [1869]
Classmark:  UCL Library Services, Special Collections (GALTON/1/1/9/5/7/8)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7032

From Francis Galton   24 December 1869


Greatly pleased by approbation from CD, whom he admires and whose Origin did much for him.

Author:  Francis Galton
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 Dec 1869
Classmark:  DAR 105: 3–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7034

To Anton Dohrn   25 December 1869


Thanks AD for his work. CD regrets he is not a better German scholar, but he must endeavour to understand AD’s views.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Felix Anton (Anton) Dohrn
Date:  25 Dec 1869
Classmark:  Bayerische Staatsbibliothek München (Ana 525. Ba696)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7035

From W. W. Reade   26 December 1869


Has seen some natives who express surprise by clapping the hand to mouth.

Reports on a tribe that sells its ugliest slaves in order to maintain its uniformly fine appearance.

In America in 1867 Darwinism was a fait accompli. Asa Gray’s religious defence unnecessary after Theodore Parker and Emerson.

Author:  William Winwood Reade
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  26 Dec 1869
Classmark:  DAR 176: 35
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7036

From L. E. Becker   29 December 1869


Asks CD to which journal she should send her Lychnis paper and whether she may quote extracts from his letters to her.

Author:  Lydia Ernestine Becker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 Dec 1869
Classmark:  DAR 160: 118
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7037
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