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From John Scott   25 September 1872

Summary

Acting as Superintendent of Royal Botanic Garden, Calcutta.

Observations on worm-castings in India.

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Sept 1872
Classmark:  DAR 177: 121
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8534

To John Scott   26 October 1872

Summary

Acknowledges JS’s excellent letter of 25 September. May CD assume that the gigantic worm-casts were nearly circular when measured before the rain?

That a medical man should always have the place of superintendent seems a piece of jobbery.

Mentions [George] King.

JS’s thin paper renders some words on other side almost illegible.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  26 Oct 1872
Classmark:  Transactions of the Hawick Archæological Society (1908): 69
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8578F

To John Scott   1 November 1871

Summary

JS should not consider repaying CD; the money was a gift, not a loan.

JS’s information on expression is the best he has received.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  1 Nov 1871
Classmark:  DAR 185: 111
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8045

To John Scott   15 January 1872

Summary

Is resuming the study of worm-casts as he believes they will bear on the denudation of land. Requests specific information on the relative number, size, and manner of deterioration of worm-casts in India.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  15 Jan 1872
Classmark:  Transactions of the Hawick Archæological Society (1908): 68
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8159F

From John Scott   22 March 1872

Summary

Describes habits of worms.

Discusses Leersia experiments.

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 Mar 1872
Classmark:  DAR 177: 120
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8249

To John Scott   15 April [1872]

Summary

JS’s valuable observations on worms in India along with Asa Gray’s in the United States confirm CD’s opinion that worms work in the same way all over the world. Requests further information on the subject.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  15 Apr [1872]
Classmark:  Transactions of the Hawick Archæological Society (1908): 69
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8287F

To John Scott   12 August 1872

Summary

Acknowledges a box of worm-casts from India and a bottle of worms in spirits. There is no memorandum.

His book on expression is finished and includes valuable information from JS.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  12 Aug 1872
Classmark:  Transactions of the Hawick Archæological Society (1908): 69
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8465F

From John Scott   23 July [1863]

Summary

Discusses heterostyly in Hottonia.

Criticises L. C. Treviranus’ statements on Primula longiflora’s having short-styled form.

Describes his results with crossing different coloured primroses. Will let CD, when he reads his paper, decide whether his finding white and red varieties perfectly sterile when crossed, yet fertile inter se, ought to be published.

Difficulty in getting his orchid paper published in Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal.

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 July [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 177: 95
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4252

To John Scott   25 [July 1863]

Summary

Encourages JS to continue work on coloured primrose. No one has noticed this since Gärtner. CD will send his own data for JS’s use and will read MS when ready. Advises JS to repeat experiments if evidence is weak – for his reputation’s sake and for satisfaction at fully establishing a fact.

Treviranus made a slip of pen in writing of Primula longiflora as short-styled.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  25 [July 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 93: B45–6, B69
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4253

To John Scott   1 and 3 August [1863]

Summary

Thanks JS for orchid paper [Trans. Bot. Soc. Edinburgh 7 (1863): 543–50]. JS presents excellent new facts on sterility of orchids.

His argument that coloured primroses are not hybrids is good, as is idea of discovering primrose parentage by breeding for colours.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  1 and 3 Aug 1863
Classmark:  DAR 93: B24, B27–8, B70; DAR 147: 455
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4260

From John Scott   21 September [1863]

Summary

Sends Primula MS, which CD has promised to communicate to Linnean Society [see 4213].

Will soon send results on peloric Antirrhinum.

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 Sept [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 177: 96
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4301

To John Scott   7 November [1863]

Summary

Has read JS’s paper [MS of "Observations on the functions and structure of the reproductive organs in the Primulaceae", J. Linn. Soc. Lond. (Bot.) 8 (1865): 78–126] which has interested him greatly. Will communicate it to the Linnean Society if JS carries out a few corrections.

Would like to hear about his Verbascum and Passiflora experiments.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  7 Nov [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 93: B5–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4332

From John Scott   7 January [1864]

Summary

Has finished correcting Primula paper [see 4332].

Has presented paper on monoecious spikes of maize [Edinburgh New Philos. J. 2d ser. 19 (1864): 213–20].

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Jan [1864]
Classmark:  DAR 177: 98, 99 f.3; Edinburgh Courant, 19 December 1863, p. 8.
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4382

From John Scott   [13 January 1864]

Summary

Glad CD is sending his Primula paper to Linnean Society.

Sends promised Linum seeds.

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [13 Jan 1864]
Classmark:  DAR 177: 99
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4385

From John Scott   12 [February 1864]

Summary

Regrets sending his MS missing two pages.

Has proofs of his paper on the monoecious spikes of maize [Edinburgh New Philos. J. 2d ser. 19 (1864): 213–20].

J. H. Balfour objected to notion of maize descent from a hermaphrodite.

Reading of JS’s paper on Selaginella hybrid [Edinburgh New Philos. J. 2d ser. 19 (1864): 192–9] deferred until March. Believes it is first example of experimentally produced hybridity in higher cryptogams.

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 [Feb 1864]
Classmark:  DAR 177: 100
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4386

To John Scott   6 February [1864]

Summary

JS’s Primula paper was read at the Linnean Society and praised warmly by G. Bentham. Hooker was not present.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  6 Feb [1864]
Classmark:  DAR 93: B33–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4402

To John Scott   9 February [1864]

Summary

Bentham so impressed with JS’s paper that he is invited to become Associate Member of Linnean Society.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  9 Feb [1864]
Classmark:  DAR 93: B17–19
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4405

From John Scott   10 March 1864

Summary

Has left his position at Edinburgh Botanic Garden.

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Mar 1864
Classmark:  DAR 177: 101
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4423

From John Scott   19 March 1864

Summary

On fertilisation of Gongora.

His work on peloric Antirrhinum, Passiflora, and Verbascum, done at CD’s suggestion, is at CD’s disposal.

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 Mar 1864
Classmark:  DAR 177: 102
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4432

From John Scott   28 March 1864

Summary

Surprised at CD’s account of Bryanthus.

H. Crüger’s approach to Gongora fertilisation is beset with difficulties.

Reports his work on self-sterility of Oncidium.

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 Mar 1864
Classmark:  DAR 177: 103
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4438
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letter (89)
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Darwin, C. R. (89)
Scott, John[X]
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1863 (34)
1864 (23)
1865 (3)
1867 (2)
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