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To S. P. Woodward   9 [July 1860]

Summary

Regrets he cannot answer SPW’s questions.

Discusses antiquity of subaerial volcanoes.

Disagrees "entirely & absolutely" with L. von Buch’s "elevation-crater-theory".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Samuel Pickworth Woodward
Date:  9 [July 1860]
Classmark:  The Natural History Museum (General Special Collections MSS DAR 2)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2630

From Asa Gray   [10 July 1860]

Summary

Cases of "dioecio-dimorphism" as in primroses are widespread. AG always considered them the first step toward bisexuality.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [10 July 1860]
Classmark:  DAR 110 (ser. 2): 77
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2819

From J. D. Hooker   2 July 1860

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Summary

JDH reports on the debate on the Origin at Oxford [BAAS] meeting.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 July 1860
Classmark:  DAR 100: 141–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2852

To J. D. Hooker   [2 July 1860]

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Summary

CD, ill and despondent about hostile reviews, is cheered by JDH’s account of Oxford battle, particularly by willingness of JDH and Huxley to fight for CD’s theory in public.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [2 July 1860]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 64
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2853

To T. H. Huxley   3 July [1860]

Summary

Has had a report on Oxford BAAS meeting from Hooker. Asks THH to write about it. Has heard he fought nobly with Owen and Bishop Samuel Wilberforce. Regrets trouble he has caused his friends.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  3 July [1860]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 121)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2854

To Asa Gray   3 July [1860]

Summary

Origin has "stirred up the mud with a vengeance"; AG and three or four others have saved CD from annihilation and are responsible for the attention now given to the subject. Reports events at Oxford BAAS meeting.

New evidence supports AG’s view of a warm post-glacial period.

Discusses his recent orchid observations.

Poses AG a question on design in nature.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  3 July [1860]
Classmark:  Archives of the Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (41)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2855

To J. D. Hooker   [3 July 1860]

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Summary

Reread JDH’s letter "with infinite pleasure".

Plans to visit Kew.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [3 July 1860]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 66
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2856

To A. G. More   3 July [1860]

Summary

Thanks for orchid specimens.

On 10th and 11th will be at Tunbridge Wells.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alexander Goodman More
Date:  3 July [1860]
Classmark:  Royal Irish Academy (A. G. More papers RIA MS 4 B 46)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2857

To J. D. Hooker   [4 July 1860]

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Summary

CD will visit Kew on way home from E. W. Lane’s hydropathy establishment.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [4 July 1860]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 65
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2858

To John Lubbock   [4 July 1860]

Summary

Birth of JL’s child.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Lubbock, 4th baronet and 1st Baron Avebury
Date:  [4 July 1860]
Classmark:  DAR 263: 38 (EH 88206482)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2859

To Charles Lyell   5 [July 1860]

Summary

Glad CL plans trip to Amiens to investigate flints and post-glacial period.

Mentions support by Huxley, Hooker, and Lubbock at Oxford BAAS meeting. Asa Gray also goes on fighting.

Likes article by William Hopkins ["Physical theories and the phenomena of life", Fraser’s Mag. 61 (1860): 739–52; 62 (1860): 74–90].

Comments on hybrids of hare and rabbit.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  5 [July 1860]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.221)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2860

To T. H. Huxley   [5 July 1860]

Summary

THH’s long account of Oxford meeting. Has he no reverence for a bishop?

W. Hopkins’ review in Fraser’s Magazine is nothing new.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  [5 July 1860]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 123)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2861

To J. O. Westwood   9 July [1860]

Summary

Thanks JOW for the bees. The pollen-masses that were attached to one of them have unaccountably been lost.

Does not know of a paper by Charles Morren on orchids and insects, and would be glad to have the reference [see 3267, and Orchids, p. 270 n.].

Has spent so much money recently he is unwilling to subscribe for the purchase of T. V. Wollaston’s collection for the [Oxford] Museum.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Obadiah Westwood
Date:  9 July [1860]
Classmark:  Oxford University Museum (Hope Entomological collections)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2862

From Hugh Falconer   9 July [1860]

Summary

Hyaena remains show how recently Sicily was joined to Africa.

Reports on the Oxford meeting of BAAS.

Author:  Hugh Falconer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  9 July [1860]
Classmark:  DAR 164.1: 5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2863

To J. D. Hooker   12 July [1860]

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Summary

Floral anatomy; pistil curvature and pistil movement. CD’s rule that bent pistils occur in "gangway" into nectaries.

The book JDH is planning, which he and CD discussed at Kew, should deal with plant reproduction.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  12 July [1860]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 67
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2864

To Hugh Falconer   12 July [1860]

Summary

Eldest daughter [Henrietta] very ill.

CD enjoys Owen’s having had "a good setting down".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Hugh Falconer
Date:  12 July [1860]
Classmark:  DAR 144
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2865

To Emma Gärtner   14 July [1860]

Summary

Thanks for memoir of her father [G. Jäger, Zum Andenken an Dr. C. F. von Gärtner (1851)] and engravings.

Declines gift of CFvG’s collection of hybrid plants. Suggests Kew Herbarium.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Emma Gärtner
Date:  14 July [1860]
Classmark:  Department of Special Collections, Kenneth Spencer Research Library, University of Kansas (KU MSS P87: 1)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2866

To H. G. Bronn   14 July [1860]

Summary

Responds to HGB’s critique of Origin [appended to German translation of Origin]. Comments on English reviews.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Heinrich Georg Bronn
Date:  14 July [1860]
Classmark:  DAR 143
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2867

To J. S. Henslow   16 July [1860]

Summary

Discusses Charles Daubeny’s views on sexuality of plants [Rep. BAAS 30 (1860) pt 2: 109–10]. "There is no greater mystery in the whole world, as it seems to me, than the existence of sexes, – more especially since the discovery of Parthenogenesis."

Says apropos of the FitzRoy Bible incident [at Oxford BAAS meeting], "I think his mind is often on verge of insanity."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Stevens Henslow
Date:  16 July [1860]
Classmark:  DAR 93: A74–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2869

To Charles Giles Bridle Daubeny   16 July [1860]

Summary

Confirms CGBD’s impression given in a letter to J. S. Henslow that CD in the Origin did not touch directly upon the final causes of sexuality, which CD considers one of the "profoundest mysteries in nature". CD is inclined to stress sexuality as the means of keeping forms constant and checking variation although he grants its role in the origination of varieties. [See 2869.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Giles Bridle Daubeny
Date:  16 July [1860]
Classmark:  Magdalen College, Oxford (MC:F26/C1/118)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2869A
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