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To Nature   15 August [1877]


CD forwards letter from F. J. Cohn [11093] that provides confirmation of observations by Francis Darwin on the contractile filaments protruded from the glands of Dipsacus.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Nature
Date:  15 Aug [1877]
Classmark:  Nature, 23 August 1877, p. 339
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11108

To Veitch & Sons   [before 11 August 1877]


Asks specific questions on looking after plants of Dionaea. [The correspondent’s replies to the questions are written beneath them.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Veitch & Sons
Date:  [before 11 Aug 1877]
Classmark:  DAR 202: 96
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10749

To W. E. Darwin   20 [August 1877]


Asks WED to make some observations on Acacia or Robinia.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  20 [Aug 1877]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 139
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10755

To W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   [before 24 August 1877]


Would like specimen of Cassia mimosoides.

Offers books to R. I. Lynch in return for services rendered.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Date:  [before 24 Aug 1877]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Darwin: Letters to Thiselton-Dyer, 1873–81: ff. 83–4)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11085

To W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   [20–4 August 1877]


Discusses plants sent for experiments and "bloom" on leaves of Trifolium.

Sends enclosure for R. I. Lynch.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Date:  [20–4 Aug 1877]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Darwin: Letters to Thiselton-Dyer, 1873–81: ff. 87–8) (Image reproduced with the kind permission of the Board of Trustees)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11086

To Friedrich Ludwig   1 August 1877


Much obliged for account of cleistogamic flowers.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Friedrich Ludwig
Date:  1 Aug 1877
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11087

To W. D. Whitney   1 August [1877]


Sends thanks for a newspaper abstract; will be pleased to see the paper [probably "Economy as a phonetic force", Trans. Am. Philological Assoc.8 (1877): 123–34] when printed.

Sends his own ["Biographical sketch of an infant"], saying it is of little value, the observations having been made before recent advances in philology.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Dwight Whitney
Date:  1 Aug [1877]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11088

To Alphonse de Candolle   3 August 1877


Will be interested in reading AdeC’s paper on Smilax. The transition from hermaphroditic to unisexual condition is a perplexing problem.

CD agrees that there is much justice in AdeC’s criticism of his use of the terms "object", "end", and "purpose" but thinks "those who believe that organs have been gradually modified by natural selection for a special purpose, may I think use the above terms correctly though no conscious being has intervened".

CD and Francis are hard at work on the function of "bloom" but CD doubts that the experiments will tell them much.

Does AdeC have a decided opinion on whether plants with glaucous leaves are more frequent in hot or dry than in cold or wet countries?

Francis has been getting "striking" results from feeding meat to Drosera.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alphonse de Candolle
Date:  3 Aug 1877
Classmark:  Archives de la famille de Candolle (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11092

To W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   7 August 1877


Requests plants that show movement, and any with "bloom" living near the sea.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Date:  7 Aug 1877
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Darwin: Letters to Thiselton-Dyer, 1873–81: ff. 80–1)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11094

To F. J. Cohn   8 August 1877


Asks permission to publish comments by FJC regarding paper by Francis Darwin [see 11073].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Ferdinand Julius Cohn
Date:  8 Aug 1877
Classmark:  Michael Silverman (dealer) (2003); DAR 143: 267
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11095

To Ludwig Noiré   8 August 1877


CD sends his thanks for LN’s book [Der Ursprung der Sprache] and for the obliging words on the title page.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Ludwig Noiré
Date:  8 Aug 1877
Classmark:  Stadtbibliothek Mainz (4 MS 170)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11095F

To G. J. Romanes   9 August [1877]


Comments on GJR’s papers in Nature [see 11103].

Mentions manuscript by Miss Lawless on fertilisation in plants.

Discusses work of Francis Darwin on Dipsacus

and his own experiments on Drosera.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George John Romanes
Date:  9 Aug [1877]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.518)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11096

To James Croll   9 August 1877


Comments on JC’s paper ["On the tidal retardation argument for the age of the earth", Rep. BAAS (1876): 88–9].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Croll
Date:  9 Aug 1877
Classmark:  DAR 143: 356
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11097

To Theodor von Heldreich   9 August 1877


Obliged for essay on plants of Greece.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Theodor Heinrich Hermann (Theodor) von Heldreich
Date:  9 Aug 1877
Classmark:  DAR 145: 9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11098

To G. J. Romanes   10 August [1877]


Comments on GJR’s paper in Nature.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George John Romanes
Date:  10 Aug [1877]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.519)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11099

To W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   11 August 1877


Thanks for plants.

Thanks R. I. Lynch for information about "bloom" on leaves.

WTT-D should not write to Mr Smith about plants near seashore.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Date:  11 Aug 1877
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Darwin: Letters to Thiselton-Dyer, 1873–81: ff. 85–6)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11102

To W. H. Leggett   19 August 1877


Thanks for letter about Pontederia.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Henry Leggett
Date:  19 Aug 1877
Classmark:  Redpath Museum, McGill University
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11108F

To R. I. Lynch   23 August [1877]


Asks about sleep movements of Erythrina crista-galli. Comments on movements of Averrhoa.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Richard Irwin Lynch
Date:  23 Aug [1877]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11110

To Giovanni Canestrini   26 August [1877]


Thanks GC for his new work [La teoria dell’evoluzione esposta (1877)]. CD regrets he cannot read Italian.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Giovanni Canestrini
Date:  26 Aug [1877]
Classmark:  The estate of Sandro Onestinghel (private collection), subsequently offered for sale by Marsha Malinowski (dealer), New York (, accessed 18 December 2020)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11113

To T. H. Farrer   27 August [1877]


CD is delighted with report from THF about activity of worms in Roman-British ruins at Abinger.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Farrer, 1st Baron Farrer
Date:  27 Aug [1877]
Classmark:  Linnean Society of London (LS Ms 299/26)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11114
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