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To ?   30 March 1877


Sends autograph as requested.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  30 Mar 1877
Classmark:  L’Autographe (dealers) (1997?)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10918F

To Daniel Oliver   13 March 1877


Discusses possible cleistogamic flowers in Oxalis.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  13 Mar 1877
Classmark:  Newcastle University Special Collections (Spence Watson/Weiss Archive GB186 SW/6/7)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10891F

To C. E. Norton   16 March 1877


Thanks for Chauncey Wright’s work [Philosophical discussions (1877)].

Gladstone visited recently, and they discussed the future role of the United States as a world power.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Eliot Norton
Date:  16 Mar 1877
Classmark:  Houghton Library, Harvard University (Charles Eliot Norton Papers, MS Am 1088.14: 1596)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10895

To Pieter Harting   19 March 1877


Thanks for account of his work. Cannot read Dutch, but son has translated it.

Thanks for album sent by PH’s countrymen.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Pieter Harting
Date:  19 Mar 1877
Classmark:  Leiden University Libraries (BPL 1938)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10899

To Asa Gray   19 March [1877]


Sends an informal title-page [for Orchids, 2d ed.].

Appreciates the condolences for Frank [on death of his wife, Amy].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  19 Mar [1877]
Classmark:  Houghton Library, Harvard University (tipped into Orchids 2d ed., EC85 D2593 862oba)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10901

To J. D. Hooker   20 March [1877]



CD apologises for his burdensome request of Oliver.

Criticises JDH’s notice on Forsythia, which JDH said was dioecious. Forsythia sent to CD from Kew was heterostylous.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  20 Mar [1877]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 437–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10906

To Enrique Godínez   21 March 1877


Has received the sheets of EG’s Spanish translation of Origin. Regrets that he cannot undertake to read them because of his health, over-work, and having forgotten much of the language. What he has read seems clearly expressed.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Enrique Godínez y Esteban (Enrique Godínez)
Date:  21 Mar 1877
Classmark:  Godínez trans. 1877, p. [VIII]
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10908

To Agricultural Gazette   22 March 1877


Evidence for inheritance of constitutional diseases like scrofula so good that it seems rash to breed tainted animal.

Experiments given in Cross and self-fertilisation show that evil of inbreeding follows from near relations possessing closely similar constitution.

Size and vigour increased by breeding plants and animals from ancestors that lived some generations under different conditions of life.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Agricultural Gazette
Date:  22 Mar 1877
Classmark:  Agricultural Gazette, 2 April 1877, pp. 324–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10910

To Ernst Krause   25 March 1877


Thanks for EK’s book [Werden und Vergehen (1876)].

Regrets he cannot write for EK’s journal, but his son, Francis, may do so.

Suggests EK as editor urge on readers [of Kosmos] the investigation of the causes of variability; why, for instance, do wild Pampas cattle change colour when domesticated? Thinks experiments and observations on recently domesticated animals and cultivated plants would throw light on the subject.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Ernst Ludwig (Ernst) Krause
Date:  25 Mar 1877
Classmark:  The Huntington Library (HM 36172)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10912

To G. H. K. Thwaites   26 March 1877


Thanks for specimens [of insects].

Wonders whether difference between male and female plays part in fertilisation of fig.

Flowers of Oxalis sensitiva, sent long ago, are trimorphic and cleistogamic.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Henry Kendrick Thwaites
Date:  26 Mar 1877
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.508)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10913

To J. V. Carus   26 March 1877


Had found out his error [use of "cleistogenous" for "cleistogamous" in Cross and self-fertilisation] some timeago.

Is now writing on cleistogamic flowers [for Forms of flowers (1877)], and, with it, will have worked up all his old materials on plants. JVC will then have a rest from his labours of translation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Julius Victor Carus
Date:  26 Mar 1877
Classmark:  Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz (Slg. Darmstaedter Lc 1859: Darwin, Charles, Bl. 164–165)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10914

To W. R. S. Ralston   27 March 1877


Thanks for the reviews, particularly the one in the Times.

CD will be pleased to receive Mr Wallace.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Ralston Shedden-Ralston
Date:  27 Mar 1877
Classmark:  The Huntington Library (Inserted in Bulwer-Lytton, E. R., Life of Lord Lytton, fol. p. 244, RB 131334 v. 1)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10916

To William Saville-Kent   28 March [1877]


Regrets he cannot permit his name to be used to support WSK’s aquarium project. If WSK decides to set up an aquarium solely for scientific purposes he would consider subscribing.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Saville-Kent
Date:  28 Mar [1877]
Classmark:  DAR 202: 70
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10917

To Leonard Darwin   31 March 1877


Is "awfully glad" at LD’s appointment [as an instructor at Chatham].

Thinks LD should start reading chemistry "though reading does not do much".

Reports scientific work of George and Frank Darwin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Leonard Darwin
Date:  31 Mar 1877
Classmark:  DAR 153: 92
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10919

To Francis Darwin   [c. 20 March 1877]


Asks FD to mollify Daniel Oliver and assure him that CD asks "only for what I wd. give my life’s blood for".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  [c. 20 Mar 1877]
Classmark:  DAR 211: 19
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10752

To [John Colby?]   2 March [1877?]


Does not think the pistil behaved as JC described, except by mere accident.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Colby
Date:  2 Mar [1877]
Classmark:  National Library of Israel (Abraham Schwadron collection, Schwad 03 04 07)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10873F

To J. D. Hooker   3 March [1877]



CD counters Thiselton-Dyer’s objection to protoplasmic filaments of Dipsacus protruding beyond cell-wall, as Frank’s paper claims, by citing white "blood cells passing through vessels".

Has received Moseley’s collection of photographs.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  3 Mar [1877]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 435–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10874

To Albert Günther   3 March 1877


Discusses spider specimens.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Albrecht Carl Ludwig Gotthilf (Albert) Günther
Date:  3 Mar 1877
Classmark:  Natural History Museum, Library and Archives (Archives DF ZOO/200/11/115)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10875

To G. B. Ercolani   3 March 1877


Thanks GBE for his essay on the placenta [Sull’unità del tipo anatomico della placenta nei mammiferi e nell’umana specie (1877)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Giovanni Battista Ercolani
Date:  3 Mar 1877
Classmark:  Biblioteca Comunale dell’Archiginnasio, Bologna (Collezione degli autografi, XXIII, 6542)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10876

To J. V. Carus   4 March 1877


Apologises for sending wrong Cross and self-fertilisation erratum. The error is on p. 191 (where "cross-seeds" appears, it should read "self-fertilised"). There is no error on p. 275.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Julius Victor Carus
Date:  4 Mar 1877
Classmark:  Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz (Slg. Darmstaedter Lc 1859: Darwin, Charles, Bl. 162–163)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10877
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