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CD memorandum   July 1857


Memorandum about £250 investment in Patent Siliceous Stone Company, owned by David Thomas Ansted and Frederick Ransome.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  unknown
Date:  July 1857
Classmark:  DAR 210.10: 23
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2115F

To [W. W. Baxter?]   [after June 1857]


Requests a quart of distilled water for photography to be sent in a clean bottle via the postman on the following day.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Walmisley Baxter
Date:  [after June 1857]
Classmark:  Hunt Institute for Botanical Documentation (Archives, Autograph Letters and Manuscripts Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13889F

To W. E. Darwin   21 [July 1857]


Writes of WED’s recent excursion to Manchester and his future educational plans.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  21 [July 1857]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 16
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2097

To W. B. Tegetmeier   [19 July 1857]


Has acquired some runts. Thanks WBT for information. Lists pigeons he is sending.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Date:  [19 July 1857]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2115

To J. D. Hooker   1 July [1857]



George Henslow’s curtness to JDH: "an attack of religion".

Embryonic leaves. Adaptive functions and taxonomic significance of cotyledons.

Asa Gray. Separation of sexes in U. S. trees.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  1 July [1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 198
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2116

To J. D. Hooker   5 July [1857]



Does JDH’s Wahlenbergia confirm CD’s law? Variations of one species assume the character of a distinct but allied species or genus.

Seed-salting: old ones float and germinate.

Owen’s "grand paper" [? J. Proc. Linn. Soc. Lond. (Zool.) 2 (1858): 1–37].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  5 July [1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 203
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2117

To T. H. Huxley   5 July [1857]


Asks THH’s opinion on embryological views of G. A. Brullé [Ann. & Mag. Nat. Hist. 13 (1844): 484–6] and F. M. Barnéoud [Ann. des Sci. Nat. ser. 3, Bot. 6 (1846): 268–96] and on Milne-Edwards’ classification.

Has been reading John Goodsir ["On the morphological constitution of the skeleton of the vertebrate head", Edinburgh New Philos. J. 2d ser. 5 (1857): 123–78].

Has embryology of bats ever been worked out?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  5 July [1857]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology, and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 67)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2118

To Francis Galton   7 July [1857]


Encloses signed document.

"Much interested about all domestic animals of all savage nations."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Galton
Date:  7 July [1857]
Classmark:  UCL Library Services, Special Collections (GALTON/3/2/1/27)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2121

To T. H. Huxley   9 July [1857]


Thanks THH for his cautionary response on Brullé, but departs from THH in thinking that Barnéoud, if true, would shed light on Milne-Edwards’ proposition that the wider apart classes of animals are the earlier they depart from common embryonic plan.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  9 July [1857]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology, and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 50)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2122

To John Lubbock   14 [July 1857]


Thanks JL for saving him from "a disgraceful blunder". Following their conversation he has divided the New Zealand flora as JL suggested and finds genera with four or more species are more variable than those with three or less. It will take several weeks to go back over all his material.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Lubbock, 4th baronet and 1st Baron Avebury
Date:  14 [July 1857]
Classmark:  DAR 263: 18 (EH88206467)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2123

To J. D. Hooker   14 July [1857]



Asks to borrow several Floras. Must redo calculations as John Lubbock has shown him an important error.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  14 July [1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 204
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2124

To Asa Gray   20 July [1857]


Believes species have arisen, like domestic varieties, with much extinction, and that there are no such things as independently created species. Explains why he believes species of the same genus generally have a common or continuous area; they are actual lineal descendants.

Discusses fertilisation in the bud and the insect pollination of papilionaceous flowers. His theory explains why, despite the risk of injury, cross-fertilisation is usual in the animal and vegetable kingdoms, even in hermaphrodites.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  20 July [1857]
Classmark:  Archives of the Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (9b)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2125

To T. C. Eyton   22 [July 1857]


Sends TCE West African dog’s skin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Campbell Eyton
Date:  22 [July 1857]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.148)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2126

To Gardeners’ Chronicle   [before 25 July 1857]


CD has saved an enormous amount of labour since he replaced the chain on his deep well with wire rope. He now asks readers whether they have had experience of saving on the weight of the bucket by using some material other than oak.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Gardeners’ Chronicle
Date:  [before 25 July 1857]
Classmark:  Gardeners’ Chronicle and Agricultural Gazette, 25 July 1857, p. 518
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2127

To W. B. Tegetmeier   27 July [1857]


Arrangements for delivery of pigeons and poultry to Down.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Date:  27 July [1857]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2128
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Darwin, C. R.[X]
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