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From Henry Gillman   31 October 1871

Summary

Sends details of his discoveries of relics and bones of the "mound-builders", and Jeffries Wyman’s comments on them.

Author:  Henry Gillman
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  31 Oct 1871
Classmark:  DAR 165: 48
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8038

From Osbert Salvin   30 October 1871

Summary

Sends CD some more ducks’ skins so that he can examine the lamellae.

Author:  Osbert Salvin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  30 Oct 1871
Classmark:  DAR 177: 25
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8035

From J. D. Hooker   31 October 1871

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Summary

Details of the JDH–Ayrton–Gladstone imbroglio.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  31 Oct 1871
Classmark:  DAR 103: 93–5; Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Directors’Correspondence vol. 156, Indian Letters, Calcutta Botanic Garden II 1860–1905, ff. 1066–7)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8036

From Albert Günther   1 October 1871

Summary

Sorry to hear of CD’s poor health.

Is hard at work examining Ceratodus.

Encloses discussion of Mus species with functionally prehensile tails.

Encloses argument against freshwater fish entering the sea.

Author:  Albrecht Carl Ludwig Gotthilf (Albert) Günther
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Oct 1871
Classmark:  DAR 165: 246; DAR 205.3: 274
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7980

From J. D. Hooker   [2 October 1871]

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Summary

On Huxley’s article for Contemporary Review [see 7977] confuting Mivart. It has cheered him,

for he is very low about his mother’s state.

Is also in detestable position with "my lord and master", A. S. Ayrton. JDH has denounced him to the [First] Lord of the Treasury [W. E. Gladstone] for his conduct.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [2 Oct 1871]
Classmark:  DAR 103: 80–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7981

From J. L. A. Hope   4 October 1871

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Summary

Anecdote about a gathering of kangaroos.

Author:  James Louis Alexander Hope
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 Oct 1871
Classmark:  DAR 88: 112–13
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7985

From St G. J. Mivart   4 October 1871

Summary

Thanks for Chauncey Wright’s article. Admits it is clever, but hardly expected CD to think it a serious defence of his position.

Author:  St George Jackson Mivart
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 Oct 1871
Classmark:  DAR 171: 196
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7986

From H. B. Dobell   6 October 1871

Summary

Asks CD’s opinion of his suggestion that a distinctive mark of species may be the duration of pregnancy, incubation, or germination.

Author:  Horace Benge Dobell
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Oct 1871
Classmark:  DAR 162: 191
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7989

From T. N. Gill   6 October 1871

Summary

Sends some articles on mammals [possibly "On the relations of the orders of mammals", Proc. Am. Assoc. Adv. Sci. 19 (1870): 267–70, and "On the characteristics of the primary groups of the class of mammals", ibid. 20 (1871): 284–306].

He is a disciple, convinced of CD’s theory of evolution and of natural selection.

In the U. S. almost all refuse to recognize natural selection.

Author:  Theodore Nicholas Gill
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Oct 1871
Classmark:  DAR 165: 46
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7990

From J. V. Carus   7 October 1871

Summary

Publisher would like to produce a translation of Expression. JVC offers to translate it.

Sends passage from Albertus Magnus on colour of horses.

Offers explanation of white colour of sea-birds.

Schweizerbart is now reprinting Descent, nearly all the first 3000 copies having been sold;

new editions of Origin

and of Variation are also planned.

Possibility of a new German translation of Journal of researches.

Author:  Julius Victor Carus
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Oct 1871
Classmark:  DAR 161: 80, DAR 161: 81/2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7991

From Hermann Müller   9 October 1871

Summary

Is preparing a work on fertilisation of flowers, and wants to add a list of works containing observations on cross-fertilisation of plants. Asks CD for any references he may have.

Author:  Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  9 Oct 1871
Classmark:  DAR 171: 297
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7997

From J. K. Fowler   9 October 1871

Summary

Is preparing paper on breeding ["Breeding facts and principles", J. Farmers’ Club (1871): 45–53]. Seeks CD’s advice and assistance. Believes male parent influences external appearance and female the internal organisation.

Author:  John Kersley Fowler
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  9 Oct 1871
Classmark:  DAR 164: 169
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7998

From T. H. Huxley   10 October 1871

Summary

Answers CD on transitional forms. Has no doubt Zeuglodon is transitional form between Carnivora and Cetacea.

Met Mivart in Manchester. Some doubt that he was the author of Quarterly Review article.

Author:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Oct 1871
Classmark:  DAR 166: 326
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8000

From Osbert Salvin   10 October 1871

Summary

Encloses notes [missing] that he has made for CD on looking through his dried skins of American Anatidae.

Author:  Osbert Salvin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Oct 1871
Classmark:  DAR 177: 21
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8001

From Chauncey Wright   11 October 1871

Summary

Thanks CD for copies of the pamphlet [Darwinism (1871)].

His memoir on phyllotaxy [Mem. Am. Acad. Arts & Sci. n.s. 9 (1867–73): 379–415] will soon be printed.

Has met CD’s sons.

Author:  Chauncey Wright
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  11 Oct 1871
Classmark:  DAR 181: 166
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8002

From Asa Gray   12 October 1871

Summary

Has seen CD’s sons.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Oct 1871
Classmark:  DAR 165: 177
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8004

From W. H. Flower   12 October 1871

Summary

On structure and function of the cetacean larynx.

Author:  William Henry Flower
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Oct 1871
Classmark:  DAR 164: 139
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8005

From R. F. Albrecht   13 October 1871

Summary

CD has omitted in all his works one of the most interesting causes of variation, domestic or wild – i.e., frightening of a pregnant animal; quotes case of eight-footed horse from a French translation of G. S. W. von Adler.

Author:  R. F. Albrecht
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  13 Oct 1871
Classmark:  DAR 159: 34
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8006

From Osbert Salvin   14 October 1871

Summary

Is glad his notes on ducks are useful; would like them back when CD has finished with them as they might help him to put the South American Anatidae in order.

Author:  Osbert Salvin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 Oct 1871
Classmark:  DAR 177: 22
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8009

From Edward Bartlett   16 October 1871

Summary

Replies on how Egyptian geese feed in the water; they do not move heads laterally like ducks sifting water; they tear herbage like common geese.

Author:  Edward Bartlett
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 Oct 1871
Classmark:  DAR 160: 51
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8011
Document type
letter (36)
Addressee
Darwin, C. R.[X]
Date
1871
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