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From Michael Foster   25 June 1871

Summary

Regrets he cannot get to Queen Anne Street, but intends to come to Down.

Author:  Michael Foster
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 June 1871
Classmark:  DAR 164: 163
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7831

From Michael Foster   [26 June 1871]

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Summary

Has arranged to send CD a bottle of urari [curare]. Describes its effect with strychnine.

Author:  Michael Foster
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [26 June 1871]
Classmark:  DAR 58.1: 141–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7834

From A. G. Butler   29 June 1871

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Summary

Resemblance of ocelli, in a moth and the argus pheasant.

Mimicry.

Pugnacity of stickleback.

Author:  Arthur Gardiner Butler
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 June 1871
Classmark:  DAR 89: 81–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7839

From Lionel Ashburner   25 June 1871

Summary

Gives examples of animal species in which adult males castrate or kill younger males.

Author:  Lionel Robert (Lionel) Ashburner
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 June 1871
Classmark:  DAR 159: 115
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10551

From Alexander Agassiz   [before 1 June 1871]

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Summary

Instances of sexual differences in viviparous fishes, suggested by reading chapters on sexual selection [in Descent] and by Mivart’s Genesis of species.

Notes on echinoderms.

Author:  Alexander Agassiz
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [before 1 June 1871]
Classmark:  DAR 69: A43–6 DAR 89: 29–31
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7415

From Hugh Browne   June 1871

Summary

Believes his letter of 17 Apr bears also on vol. 1 of Descent.

Ability to move ears is common in his family.

Similarity of foot of man to that of gorilla continues beyond foetal stage.

Invites CD to stay overnight if visiting the area.

Author:  Hugh Browne
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  June 1871
Classmark:  DAR 160: 330
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7696

From J. T. Moggridge   [before 22] June 1871

Summary

At Wallace’s suggestion he offers CD his observations on the seed-gathering habits of ants. Suggests their role in seed dispersal.

At work on the last part of his book [Contributions to the flora of Mentone (1867–71)].

Has found that Ophrys insectifera can reproduce asexually.

Author:  John Traherne Moggridge
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [before 22] June 1871
Classmark:  DAR 171: 215
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7788

From G. H. Darwin   [after 13 June 1871]

Summary

Discusses his position at Cambridge, which is apparently under threat.

Author:  George Howard Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [after 13 June 1871]
Classmark:  DAR 210.2: 19
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7791

From Thomas Bradfield   1 June 1871

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Summary

Instance of a dog able to discriminate a note played out of tune. [See Descent, 2d ed., p. 569.]

Author:  Thomas Bradfield
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 June 1871
Classmark:  DAR 89: 181–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7795

From A. G. Butler   2 June 1871

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Summary

Facts contradicting Wallace’s views on coloration of Lepidoptera.

Author:  Arthur Gardiner Butler
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 June 1871
Classmark:  DAR 89: 108–111
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7797

From Henry Reeks   3 June 1871

Summary

Observations on habits of caribou and deer in Newfoundland.

Suggests nightingale egg coloration evolved from white to olive for protection.

Author:  Henry Stephen (Henry) Reeks
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 June 1871
Classmark:  DAR 176: 80
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7799

From Michael Foster   4 June [1871]

Summary

Sends answers to CD’s queries on expression.

Author:  Michael Foster
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 June [1871]
Classmark:  DAR 164: 162, DAR 195.1: 51
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7800

From J. B. Innes   5 June 1871

Summary

On Down parish matters.

Author:  John Brodie Innes
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 June 1871
Classmark:  DAR 167: 30
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7801

From W. E. Darwin   5 June 1871

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Summary

Follows up CD’s observation of 13 May 1871, of a New Forest pony shedding its winter coat.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 June 1871
Classmark:  DAR 90: 75, 75a
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7802

From Gerhard Rohlfs   6 June 1871

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Summary

Various observations from his experience in Africa relevant to Descent.

Fertility of hybrids of blacks and whites.

Protective coloration of Sahara animals.

Natives’ ideas of female beauty.

Author:  Gerhard Friedrich (Gerhard) Rohlfs
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 June 1871
Classmark:  DAR 89: 183–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7805

From Raphael Meldola   7 June 1871

Summary

Discusses the origin and advantages of sexual differentiation in terms of division of labour.

Discusses the origin of the giraffe’s neck and the unsoundness of St G. J. Mivart’s view with respect to it.

Points out an error in Descent.

Author:  Raphael Meldola
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 June 1871
Classmark:  DAR 171: 116
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7807

From Henry Reeks   8 June 1871

Summary

Argues that coloration of eggs is a protective adaptation.

Author:  Henry Stephen (Henry) Reeks
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 June 1871
Classmark:  DAR 176: 81
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7811

From L. H. Morgan   8 June 1871

Summary

Will call tomorrow.

Author:  Lewis Henry Morgan
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 June 1871
Classmark:  DAR 171: 239
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7812

From Paolo Mantegazza   10 June 1871

Summary

Michele Lessona will translate Descent into Italian [1871].

Sends his review from Nuova Antologia [17 (1871): 177–94].

In a letter to Archivio per l’Anthropologia he raises some doubts about sexual selection and proposes "Neogenesis" as a complement to natural selection in cases of rapid change.

Author:  Paolo Mantegazza
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 June 1871
Classmark:  DAR 171: 37
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7814

From Henry Reeks   12 June 1871

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Summary

A geologist friend leaving for Nevada offers to investigate any questions CD may have for this region.

Nesting plumage of common chaffinch resembles adult winter plumage of female brambling.

Author:  Henry Stephen (Henry) Reeks
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 June 1871
Classmark:  DAR 88: 172
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7816
Document type
letter (29)
Addressee
Darwin, C. R.[X]
Date
1871
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