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From Andrew Smith   [November? 1862]


AS has been seriously ill with rheumatic fever.

Is studying the natives of South Africa to see whether he can trace any connection between them and the populations of North Africa.

Author:  Andrew Smith
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [Nov? 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 177: 184
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3362

From W. E. Darwin   [2 November 1862]


Counted seeds by tens. Sends some.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [2 Nov 1862]
Classmark:  Cornford Family Papers (DAR 275: 10)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3362F

From J. D. Hooker   2 November 1862



Stupefied by CD’s five forms of Lythrum.

Asa Gray busy with Cypripedium. JDH offers some to CD if he wants to challenge Gray.

J. W. Dawson’s review of JDH’s paper on Arctic plants.

Louis Lucien Bonaparte’s views on Basque and Finnish language [Langue basque et langues finnoises (1862)] suggest to JDH that Basques are Finns left behind after the glacial period, like the Arctic plants!

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 Nov 1862
Classmark:  DAR 101: 66–7, 70
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3792

From J. B. Jukes   3 November 1862


The statement on p. 87 of Origin that birds break the eggs with their own beaks should be revised.

Author:  Joseph Beete Jukes
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Nov 1862
Classmark:  DAR 168: 92
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3794

From J. D. Hooker   7 November 1862



JDH admits he wrote Gardeners’ Chronicle and Natural History Review articles on orchids [Gard. Chron. (1862): 789–90, 863, 910; Nat. Hist. Rev. n.s. 2 (1862): 371–6].

JDH’s objections to CD’s idea of how Greenland was repopulated. Temperate Greenland has as Arctic a flora as Arctic Greenland – a fact of astounding force. Why should certain Scandinavian species be absent? Migration by sea-currents can no more account for the present distribution in Greenland than can special creation.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Nov 1862
Classmark:  DAR 101: 68–9, 73–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3797

From Asa Gray   10 November 1862


AG has Cypripedium to send to CD.

Civil War and English feelings.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Nov 1862
Classmark:  DAR 165: 122
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3799

From John Scott   11 November 1862


CD is mistaken in considering Acropera unisexual, with only male flowers [Orchids, pp. 203–10]. JS has successfully fertilised two A. loddigesii flowers. One is ripening. Dissection of the other shows the pollen accomplishes fertilisation without contacting any stigmatic surface. Abortive ovules found in flowers that did not become fertilised when pollinated. JS suggests Acropera has both unisexual male and hermaphrodite flowers.

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  11 Nov 1862
Classmark:  DAR 177: 77
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3800

From J. D. Hooker   12 November 1862



Samuel Haughton was the prejudiced reviewer of the Origin. JDH’s opinion of SH.

Has heard from a W. African collector that P. B. Du Chaillu’s accounts [Explorations and adventures in equatorial Africa (1861)] are all false.

R. F. Burton has impudently stolen credit for Gustav Mann’s Cameroon expedition.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Nov 1862
Classmark:  DAR 101: 75–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3802

From Robert Swinhoe   12 November 1862


Sends CD a specimen of the domestic pigeon of China.

Discusses a race of ducks he believes are hybrids between the Muscovy and Chinese domestic duck.

Author:  Robert Swinhoe
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Nov 1862
Classmark:  DAR 177: 326
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3803

From Hugh Falconer   12 November [1862]


Sends paper on affinities of Plagiaulax ["On Plagiaulax from the Purbeck beds", Q. J. Geol. Soc. Lond. 18 (1862): 348–69].

Author:  Hugh Falconer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Nov [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 164: 9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3804

From J. D. Hooker   [15 and] 20 November [1862]



Sends CD West Ireland soundings.

More detail on his review "a la Lindley" [see 3797].

Bates’s paper ["Contributions to an insect fauna of the Amazon valley", Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 23 (1862): 495–566] is capital.

Andrew Murray’s article plays into CD’s hands through sheer ignorance.

JDH is on Royal Society Council.

Has no recollection of applying natural selection to Polynesians. None but a German would dig out such a passage if it exists [see 3812].

Has caused Tyndall to modify his pseudo-geology.

Has not seen Duke of Argyll’s review [Edinburgh Rev. 116 (1862): 378–97]. [The Duke] did not understand Orchids the least little bit, nor the Origin, when JDH saw him.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 and 20 Nov 1862
Classmark:  DAR 101: 71–2, 79
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3807

From John Scott   15 November [1862]


Appreciates CD’s acknowledging his letter and his comments on Acropera. Will send CD the Acropera capsule which is now maturing.

Experimenting on vegetable parthenogenesis.

Structure of Acropera.

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 Nov [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 177: 78
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3808

From Asa Gray   17 November 1862


Flower structure of Cypripedium insigne.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 Nov 1862
Classmark:  DAR 165: 123
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3811

From Adam Fitch   18 November 1862



In reply to CD’s letter, "Peas" in Gardeners’ Chronicle [8 Nov 1862; Collected papers 2: 70] sends information on the duration of some of A. Knight’s crossed varieties.

Author:  Adam Fitch
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  18 Nov 1862
Classmark:  DAR 77: 166–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3813

From John Scott   [20 November – 2 December 1862]


JS does not fully accept natural selection.

Has never raised oxlips from cowslips or primroses; reports of such must be cases of crossing.

Discusses relative fertility of varieties, self-fertility of hybrids, and plans for experiments on enhanced hybrid fertility.

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [20 Nov – 2 Dec 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 177: 79
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3815

From Edward Blyth   23 November 1862


EB has had his pension disallowed; is coming to England.

Author:  Edward Blyth
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 Nov 1862
Classmark:  DAR 160.2: 204, DAR 205.2: 216
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3821

From Asa Gray   24 November 1862


Gives reference to his observations on tendrils [Proc. Am. Acad. Arts & Sci. 4: 98–9].

Notes cases in which the pollen of the fertilising plant affects the form of the fruit of the fertilised plant, e.g., gourds and maize.

Discusses the Civil War and the attitudes of the English press.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 Nov 1862
Classmark:  DAR 165: 124
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3823

From C. W. Crocker   24 November 1862


Answers on Begonia.

Snapdragon crossing experiments.

Thanks for offer of plants.

Author:  Charles William Crocker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 Nov 1862
Classmark:  DAR 161.2: 259
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3824

From H. W. Bates   24 November 1862


Gratified by CD’s approval of paper which was also praised by Hooker and Wallace. Only cares for one other opinion, that of C. Felder of Vienna. He finds ordinary entomologists are not scientific men. Asks for more criticisms; desires to publish paper in a widely circulating journal to advertise his book.

Author:  Henry Walter Bates
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 Nov 1862
Classmark:  DAR 160.1: 72
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3825

From Daniel Oliver   25 November 1862


Informs CD of possible dimorphism of Epilobium angustifolium.

Author:  Daniel Oliver
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Nov 1862
Classmark:  DAR 111 (ser. 2): 61–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3828
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