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To ?   25 February 1876


Sends his autograph.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  25 Feb 1876
Classmark:  Det Kongelige Bibliotek, Copenhagen (Palsbo Ac, sp. 100)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10410

To ?   3 February 1876


Sends autograph.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  3 Feb 1876
Classmark:  Swann Auction Galleries (dealers) (19 March 2015)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10378

To ?   15 February 1876


Thanks correspondent for present of book [unspecified].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  15 Feb 1876
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.485)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10393

From Lawson Tait   21 February 1876


RLT to review 2d ed. of Variation and write an article on Pangenesis.

Discussion of "Survival of the Fittest".

Author:  Robert Lawson (Lawson) Tait
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 Feb 1876
Classmark:  DAR 178: 28–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10405

To Lawson Tait   22 February [1876]


Herbert Spencer invented the term "survival of the fittest". CD used it but found "natural selection" more convenient.

He has often spoken of natural selection’s destruction of individuals which do not come up to "proper standards of structure", which comes to nearly the same thing as RLT’s suggested distinction.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Robert Lawson (Lawson) Tait
Date:  22 Feb [1876]
Classmark:  Randall House, Santa Barbara (dealers) catalogue XXV (1993)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10406

From Arthur Nicols   24 February 1876


Is putting together a natural history book for intelligent children [The puzzle of life (1877)]; would like CD’s opinion on the project in general and on the completed first chapter in particular.

Author:  Robert Arthur (Arthur) Nicols
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 Feb 1876
Classmark:  DAR 172: 65
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10408

To Arthur Nicols   [after 24 February 1876]


Supports AN’s idea [of a natural history book for children].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Robert Arthur (Arthur) Nicols
Date:  [after 24 Feb 1876]
Classmark:  DAR 172: 65/1v
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10409

To J. B. Innes   7 February [1876]


Sends forms to be signed so that the trustees of the Down Friendly Society may be properly registered.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Brodie Innes
Date:  7 Feb [1876]
Classmark:  Robert M. Stecher Collection, Historical Division, Cleveland Health Sciences Library
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10833

To J. M. F. Ludlow   11 February 1876


Writes as a trustee of the Down Friendly Society regarding difficulties over the recording of the names of the trustees.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Malcolm Forbes Ludlow
Date:  11 Feb 1876
Classmark:  The National Archives (TNA) (FS 1/232, no. 643)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10840

To J. J. Weir   14 February [1876]


Declines invitation to accompany JJW to Crystal Palace.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Jenner Weir
Date:  14 Feb [1876]
Classmark:  DAR 148: 338
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10392

From Francis Galton   16 February 1876



Sends packets of seeds of peas of different sizes [i.e., weights] for CD’s experiments; identifies size of the seeds that produced them. FG is experimenting "in the same direction" and is curious how his results will compare with CD’s.

Author:  Francis Galton
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 Feb 1876
Classmark:  DAR 76: B3–B11
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10395

From Hermann Müller   16 February 1876



Observations on hive- and humble-bees. Perforating habits differ in different individuals of the same species.

Author:  Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 Feb 1876
Classmark:  DAR 46.2: C61–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10396

From B. J. Edwards & Co.   16 February 1876


Sends set of illustrations for Expression marked to show those that could be improved for a future edition.

Author:  B. J. Edwards & Co.
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 Feb 1876
Classmark:  DAR 163: 2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10398

To J. H. Gilbert   16 February 1876


Describes self- and cross-fertilisation experiments.

Asks JHG’s advice on setting up an experiment designed to test whether the cause of variation in cultivated plants lies in different substances absorbed from the soil when absorption is not interfered with by other plants in a state of nature. Can JHG suggest how he can get soil free of all the substances which plants naturally absorb?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Henry Gilbert
Date:  16 Feb 1876
Classmark:  Rothamsted Research (GIL13)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10399

To Fritz Müller   [18 February 1876]


Has received seeds of Cecropia pellata from Kew.

Has asked Hermann Müller to send copy of FM’s paper as soon as published.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Date:  [18 Feb 1876]
Classmark:  The British Library (Loan MS 10 no 39) (EH 88205869)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10400

From D. Appleton & Co.   18 February 1876


Encloses statement of sales of Origin, Expression, Descent, and Insectivorous plants to 1 Feb 1876.

Has charged against CD’s account half the cost of old plates from Judd for Variation. When will plates for new edition be sent?

Insectivorous plants not selling well because of general depression in business.

Author:  D. Appleton & Co
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  18 Feb 1876
Classmark:  DAR 159: 98
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10401

To J. N. Lockyer   18 February [1876]


Asks that the copy of Nature containing letter from Fritz Müller be forwarded to FM [see 10324].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Norman (Norman) Lockyer
Date:  18 Feb [1876]
Classmark:  Kenneth W. Rendell (dealer) catalogue 112 (no date)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10403

From John Tyndall   2 February 1876


Tells CD of his engagement to Louisa, eldest daughter of Lord Claud Hamilton.

His investigations [into spontaneous generation] continue. He will deal with Bastian’s work [The modes of origin of lowest organisms (1871)].

The medical journals see that the end of the nonsense they have so long countenanced is nigh.

Author:  John Tyndall
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 Feb 1876
Classmark:  DAR 106: C20–1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10377

To John Tyndall   4 February 1876


Sends congratulations and a teapot on the occasion of JT’s engagement.

Is pleased JT is not giving up on the spontaneous generation question. Feels strongly that subject will not be clear until it is understood how J. S. Burdon Sanderson and others succeeded in getting bacteria in infusions they had boiled for a long time.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Tyndall
Date:  4 Feb 1876
Classmark:  DAR 261.8: 24 (EH 88205962)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10379

To W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   [4 February 1876]


Congratulates WTT-D on [election of E. Ray Lankester to] Linnean Society.

Mentions visit to Royal Society.

Pleased to see George Bentham looking well.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Date:  [4 Feb 1876]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Thiselton-Dyer, W.T., Letters from Charles Darwin 1873–81: 56–7)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10380
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letter (35)
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